Hurricane Katrina was one of the top five deadliest and most expensive hurricanes in the history of the United States. At least 1,833 people died from the hurricane and the aftermath, and the estimated cost was at $81 billion (2005 USD). The hurricane began as a Category 1 hurricane in August 2005 when it hit the Bahamas and Florida, but strengthened to a Category 5 in the Gulf of Mexico before landing in Louisiana as a Category 3. 80% of New Orleans was completely flooded, and stayed that way for weeks. Because of this, the largest diaspora in the history of the US occurred, with over one million people moving to other parts of the country. By January 2006, only 200,00 were living there, which was less than half of the pre-storm population. As of 2013, nearly 380,000 people are living in New Orleans.
Typhoon Nina 1975
Not to be known as some regular typhoon, Super Typhoon Nina landed onto the scene with a bang, hitting China hard and quickly destroying the Banqiao Dam. The collapse of the Banqiao Dam led to such great flooding that it set off a series of dam collapses throughout China, greatly magnifying the damage caused by Typhoon Nina.
With a 100,000+ death toll, Super Typhoon Nina is the 2nd deadliest Typhoon in recorded history, though we think it should be #1 since the most deadly typhoon, which hit Haiphong, Vietnam in 1881, didn't even get a name.
Hurricane Andrew was the only named hurricane for the 1992 season, but boy, did it make it's mark. Wreaking havoc across the northwestern Bahamas, southern Florida and southwest Louisiana, Andrew caused $26.5 billion (USD 1992) in damage, though some sources place this number closer to $34 billion.
Even with all the destruction caused by Hurricane Andrew, the death toll was very low, with 26 deaths caused directly by the hurricane and 39 as secondary deaths.
The Great Hurricane of 1780
Holding the record as the deadliest Atlantic hurricane, this storm devastated Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Lesser Antilles, Bermuda, and possibly Florida and other States.
While the total damages are unknown, the death toll was well over 22,000 people, more than any other decade of Atlantic hurricanes.
Kenna, a category 5 hurricane, was the 3rd most intense Pacific hurricane to ever strike Mexico's West Coast. Hitting San Blas, Nayarit on October 25th, 2002, was the 3rd category 5 hurricane of the hurricane season. 140 mph winds and a 16-foot surge devastated the coastline, causing $101 million dollars in damage.
When people think of Hawaii, they often imagine lazy days of surfing and long luaus that go into the night. The last thing most people think of is hurricanes, yet in September of 1992 that's just what they got.
Born from the strong El Nino warm phase of 91-94, Hurricane Iniki reached cateogry 4 level winds as the eye passed over the island of Kauaʻi.
Not surprisingly, the Hawaiians handled the effects of Hurricane Iniki amazingly well. Communities held parties to cook all the perishable food since the power was knocked out. Grocery stores offered free food to anyone who needed it, while most insisted on paying anyways. While there was some looting in the aftermath of the storm, it was very limited in comparison to what happened after Hurricane Katrina and other disasters.
Amazingly, there were only six deaths attributed to Hurricane Iniki even though the islanders were given less than 24 hours notice. The monetary damage, however, was huge for the small island, totalling over $1.8 billion (USD 1992).
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