In August of 1989 Troy Davis was convicted of the murder of Mark MacPhail, a local off-duty police officer in Savannah Georgia.
The crime occurred in a Burger King parking lot where Mark MacPhail was working as a security officer while off duty. There was an altercation between Davis and his two friends, Darrell Collins and Redd Coles, and Walter Young, a homeless man. When MacPhail came to check on the situation he was shot in the chest and face.
The next evening Coles went to the police and told them that Davis had been the one that had shot MacPhail. A few days later Davis, who was out of town, was taken back to Savannah and charged with the murder.
Davis was indicted for murder and assault. He plead not guilty. During the trial multiple witness stated that he had beaten the homeless man and shot the officer as well as shooting another person earlier in the evening while driving to the Burger King. Cole was one of the people testifying against Davis, even though there was evidence that he had the same type of gun used in the crimes, though he stated that he had given the gun to another person that night.
The jury found Davis guilty of murder and charged him with the death penalty.
The case went through both state and federal appeals. Multiple witness came forward in affidavits admitting that they felt bullied by the police running the investigation and were forced to give false testimony against Davis.
The case went before the US Supreme Court in 2011. The appeal was rejected however and the execution was carried out on the evening of September 21, 2011.
There is still question about whether Davis was guilty or innocent.
Johnny Frank Garrettv
On October 31st, 1981, Johnny Frank Garrett was accused of both raping and murdering Sister Tadea Benz, a 76-year-old nun.
Garrett, then 17, had admitted guilt to the crime when examined by a forensic psychiatrist brought in by his defense team. During the interview the doctor said that she found him to have both severe brain damage as well as multiple personalities, only one of which confessed to the crime.
Garrett later stated that he did not confess anything and there were no tapes made of the interview.
His mother plead with the state of Texas to exonerate her son with the DNA evidence that they had. Texas has refused to do so to this day.
Johnny Frank Garrett was executed on February 11th 1992. He protested his innocence from the time of his conviction until his last words, which were, "I'd like to thank my family for loving me and taking care of me. And the rest of the world can kiss my everloving ass, because I'm innocent."
12 years later, cold case DNA testing found Leoncio Perez Rueda guilty of the rape and murder of Narnie Bryson, another elderly victim that was killed 4 months before Sister Benz.
Both cases had similar evidence, including white t shirts and curly brown hairs found on both scenes. Rueda confessed to the crime against Bryson and also confessed to killing a nun later. It was also caught on camera that Rueda stated that it was indeed his shirt found at the site of Sister Benz' murder.
Ellis Wayne Felker
Ellis Wayne Felker was convicted for murder of Evelyn Ludlum in 1981. Her last known whereabouts were visiting Felker at his leathershop in the hopes of receiving a job with him. Felker was put under surveillance for two weeks, after Ludlum's abandoned car was found and a datebook noted that he was her last point of contact.
The body was found shortly afterward in a creek, raped, and murdered by asphyxiation. When an autopsy was originally performed it was determined that Ludlum had been dead for 5 days when she was found. This eliminated Felker as a suspect as he was under surveillance during this time. The findings were changed however when another autopsy was ordered and it was found that Ludlum could not have been dead for more than 3 days, since she was found in running water though, the exact time of death could not be determined.
Felker was convicted of the murder and rape and later sentenced to death. In September 1996 Felker's attorneys received evidence that had been withheld unlawfully by the prosecution during the trial. The DA in charged denied under oath that such evidence did not exist. Included in the evidence was possible DNA samples and a signed confession that was made by another suspect who was mentally retarded.
In spite of all the evidence and doubts of guilt, the Supreme Court of Georgia refused to have a new trial and proceeded with Felker's execution later that year after the Summer Olympics since they were held in Atlanta at the time.
Timothy Evans was charged with the murder of both his wife and their daughter at their home in London in November 1949.
He was tried in January 1950 where he was sentenced to death by hanging. During the trial it came down to his word against his neighbor, John Christie. Christie stated that Evans and his wife often quarreled and he also refused to abort her unborn child. The other evidence that was used for conviction was that Evans had changed his story multiple times during his interviews with the police. This was later found to be caused by unlawful instigation and violence used by the police during the interviews. The trial only lasted 3 days after which Evans was found guilty and the sentence carried out.
3 years later it was uncovered that Christie was in fact a serial killer and he had in fact been the one who had killed both Evans' wife and daughter. Evans was granted a pardon posthumously.
Derek Bentley, a teenager from Britain, was accused and convicted of being an accomplice to the murder of a police officer during a robbery attempt.
In November 1952 the 19-year-old Bentley and 16-year-old friend, Christopher Craig set forth to rob a local warehouse. While scaling the building, a girl from the neighborhood saw them and had her father call the police. They confronted the boys on the roof of the building. One of the officers caught Bentley and held him down while another officer went after Craig. Craig opened fire and killed the officer.
During the trial both boys were convicted of murder, even though there was doubt and ballistic proof that Craig could have hit the officer if he was aiming for him. Since Craig was underage, he was sentenced to imprisionment, which he served for 10 years. Bentley, being an adult in the eyes of the court, was sentenced to death by hanging. There was an appeal after the trial to convince the court to lower the charges due to Bentley mental incapacity. This was overruled and the sentence was carried out in January 1953.
There was an effort to get the conviction overturned and Bentley a posthumous pardon. Finally, in 1998, the English court granted the pardon due to misleading evidence committed at the trial. Unfortunately by that time, all of Bentley's relatives were dead. Christopher Craig accepted the pardon in their stead.
Cameron Todd Willinghamv
Cameron Todd Willingham was charged with the arson deaths of his three daughters when the house they were living in burned down in 1991 in Texas.
During the trial there was multiple conflicting pieces of evidence that could either prove that the fire was started by a liquid acceleration or by faulty electronics. There was much debate between the various fire authorities. Throw in the fact that there was various witness testifying either for or against him.
In the end Willingham was convicted of arson and murder and sentenced to death. After 12 years of appeals, he was executed by lethal injection.
The case is still receiving attention due to the fact that there may be evidence that Governor Rick Perry might have influenced conviction by firing the original forensic scientist who argued against conviction. Investigation is ongoing.
Jesse Tafero and his partner, Sonia Jacobs, were convicted for the killings of two police officers in 1976.
The crime occurred on the morning of February 20th when the two officers spotted a car pulled over on the side of the road. When they investigated it they discovered Tafero, Jacobs, her two children and Walter Rhoades all sleeping inside.
When they awoke the occupants the officers had them all come out of the car. It was then that, according to Rhodes, Tafero shot and killed both officers. They fled the scene only to be pulled over at a blockade. After a search of everyone's person, the murder weapon was found stuck in Tafero's waistband. It was found that Jacobs was the one that had purchased the gun, as Jesse Tafero was a previously convicted felon. (He served 7 years on a 25 year sentence for robbery.)
During the trial Rhodes testified that Tafero was the lone shooter, a statement that would change multiple times throughout the years. They were all three found guilty and sentenced. Rhodes was given 3 consecutive life sentences while Jacobs and Tafero both received the death penalty.
Jesse Tafero was executed by electric chair in one of the worst botches in history. The person in charge had used a synthetic sponge instead of a sea sponge which caused a six inch flame to leap from the top of his head. It took 13 minutes for the execution to be completed.
Later Sonia Jacobs was released from prison when the case was overturned by the appeals court. Since both she and Tafero were convicted of the same crime, this means that he would have been released as well if he hadn't already been executed.
In 1981, Larry Griffin was convicted of the murder of 19 year-old Quintin Moss. Moss was a drug dealer who was killed in a drive by shooting.
While there were only a few eye witnesses, the conviction was based. almost solely, on the testimony of Robert Fitzgerald, a career criminal. The jury pronounced him guilty, and Griffin was executed by lethal injection in 1995 after a failed appeal process.
In 2005 though an investigation was reopened by the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund. It was found that there were crucial pieces of evidence withheld during the trial. These included the fact that Griffin was left-handed, even though Fitzgerald testified that the gun was shot by someone right-handed. Also, there was no DNA or fingerprint evidence the Griffin ever even held the murder weapon and an alibi witness the could put Griffin in a different place at the time of the murder.
The investigation concluded with Griffin being presumed innocent.
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