writers The Best Short Story Writers of All Time  

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List Rules Vote based on only each writer's short fiction, no other work

List of the best short story writers of all time. From Voltaire to George Saunders, a complete list of the greatest short story authors who have written works in English or whose works have been translated into English. Usually, short fiction features a small cast of characters and is focused on one incident or anecdote and one overall mood. Complex stories with sweeping timelines and superfluous characters are not often written in the short story medium, because there is simply not enough time to develop more than one or two cohesive thoughts. The best short story writers think that writing short-fiction is a completely separate art form than writing a novel, but some would argue that writing short stories is great practice for writing a full length work of fiction. 

Because of the constraints of page length, great short story writers have to use language that is descriptive and quickly sets the scene or develops their characters. Hemingway is notoriously good at short, pithy stories. One of his most famous is the world's shortest short story: “For Sale, Baby Shoes, Never Worn.” Very short stories are also known as flash-fiction.

Like Hemingway, the best short story authors can paint a picture with their words in a short amount of time. If you like books but don't have time to read novels, reading short stories could be a great option for you. Many of the best novelists of all time  have also written good short stories. Often, this type of fiction is sold in short story collections or anthologies. Use this list to discover new authors of short-fiction and vote on your favorites.

1
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Edgar Allan Poe is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Edgar Allan Poe Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America - The Tell-Tale Heart, The Cask of Amontillado, The Pit and the Pendulum, The Black Cat

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2
+ - 543 181
Franz Kafka is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Franz Kafka Prague, Czech Republic - The Metamorphosis, In the Penal Colony, Description of a Struggle, The Village Schoolmaster

3
+ - 763 145
Anton Chekhov is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Anton Chekhov Taganrog, Russia - The Lady with the Dog, The Bet, The Darling, Vanka, The Death of a Clerk, The Duel, A Boring Story

4
+ - 424 124
Mark Twain is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Mark Twain Monroe County, Florida, United States of America - The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, The War Prayer, The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg, Eve's Diary

5
+ - 339 122
Oscar Wilde is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Oscar Wilde Ireland, Ireland, Europe - The Nightingale and the Rose, The Happy Prince, A House of Pomegranates

6
+ - 601 167
Ernest Hemingway is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Ernest Hemingway Oak Park, USA, Illinois - The Snows of Kilimanjaro, The Capital of the World, Indian Camp, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber

7
+ - 348 138
O. Henry is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
O. Henry Greensboro, North Carolina, United States of America - The Gift of the Magi, The Ransom of Red Chief, After Twenty Years, A Retrieved Reformation

8
+ - 486 99
Jorge Luis Borges is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Jorge Luis Borges Buenos Aires, Argentina - The Library of Babel, The Other, The Circular Ruins, The Garden of Forking Paths

9
+ - 400 139
Flannery O'Connor is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Flannery O'Connor Savannah, Georgia, United States of America - A Good Man Is Hard to Find, Everything That Rises Must Converge, The Geranium, The River

10
+ - 309 93
William Faulkner is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
William Faulkner New Albany, Mississippi, United States of America - A Rose for Emily, Barn Burning, Dry September, That Evening Sun, Red Leaves

11
+ - 357 98
Guy de Maupassant is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Guy de Maupassant Tourville-sur-Arques, France - Boule de Suif, Deux Amis, Mother Savage, Mademoiselle Fifi

12
+ - 327 114
Arthur Conan Doyle is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Arthur Conan Doyle Edinburgh, United Kingdom - The Adventure of the Speckled Band, A Scandal in Bohemia, The Final Problem, The Man with the Twisted Lip

13
+ - 179 100
Herman Melville is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Herman Melville Manhattan, New York City, New York - Bartleby, the Scrivener, The Lighning-Rod Man, Encantadas

14
+ - 227 109
Rudyard Kipling is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Rudyard Kipling Mumbai, India - Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, The Man Who Would Be King, Lispeth, Mowgli's Brothers

15
+ - 269 88
Leo Tolstoy is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Leo Tolstoy Yasnaya Polyana, Russia - The Three Questions, What Men Live By, Ivan the Fool, Father Sergius

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16
+ - 265 88
James Joyce is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
James Joyce Rathgar, Republic of Ireland - The Dead, Araby, The Sisters, Eveline, The Boarding House, An Encounter

17
+ - 326 90
Ray Bradbury is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Ray Bradbury Waukegan, USA, Illinois - All Summer in a Day, There Will Come Soft Rains, The Pedestrian, The Last Night of the World

18
+ - 221 96
H. P. Lovecraft is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
H. P. Lovecraft Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America - At the Mountains of Madness, The Shadow Over Innsmouth, The Dunwich Horror, History of the Necronomicon

19
+ - 155 56
Nikolai Gogol is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Nikolai Gogol Velyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine - The Overcoat, The Nose, Diary of a Madman, The Portrait

20
+ - 311 102
Raymond Carver is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Raymond Carver Clatskanie, Oregon, United States of America - Where I'm Calling From, Cathedral, Neighbors, So Much Water Close to Home

21
+ - 187 85
H. G. Wells is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
H. G. Wells Bromley, United Kingdom - The Red Room, The Country of the Blind, The New Accelerator, The Stolen Body

22
+ - 256 133
J. D. Salinger is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
J. D. Salinger New York City, New York, United States of America - A Perfect Day for Bananafish, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenter, For ‎Esmé—with Love and Squalor

23
+ - 202 82
Kurt Vonnegut is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Kurt Vonnegut Indianapolis, United States of America, United States - Harrison Bergeron, 2 B R 0 2 B, Miss Temptation, The Report on the Barnhouse Effect

24
+ - 151 79
Washington Irving is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Washington Irving Manhattan, New York City, New York - Rip Van Winkle, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, The Devil and Tom Walker

25
+ - 236 93
Roald Dahl is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Roald Dahl Llandaff, Cardiff, United Kingdom - The Landlady, Skin, Man from the South 

26
+ - 224 86
F. Scott Fitzgerald is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
F. Scott Fitzgerald Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America - The Lost Decade, Bernice Bobs Her Hair, A Diamond as Big as the Ritz, The Offshore Pirate

27
+ - 150 50
Julio Cortázar is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Julio Cortázar Ixelles, Belgium - Axolotl, Blow-Up, Headache

28
+ - 196 56
Jack London is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Jack London USA, California, San Francisco - To Build a Fire, The Mexican, A Piece of Steak, Batard

29
+ - 104 64
Shirley Jackson is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Shirley Jackson California, United States of America - The Lottery, Louise Please Come Home, Charles, The Possibility of Evil, The Lovely House

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+ - 205 72
Gabriel García Márquez is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Gabriel García Márquez Aracataca, Colombia - A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings, Eva Is Inside Her Cat, The Autumn of the Patriarch

31
+ - 104 56
Rabindranath Tagore is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Rabindranath Tagore Kolkata, India

32
+ - 126 36
Joseph Conrad is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Joseph Conrad Berdychiv, Ukraine - Youth, The Lagoon, The Idiot, Tales of Unrest, An Outpost of Progress

33
+ - 79 21
Hans Christian Andersen is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Hans Christian Andersen Odense, Denmark

34
+ - 208 84
Alice Munro is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Alice Munro Wingham, Ontario, Canada - The Boy Came Over the Mountain, Deep Holes, The View from Castle Rock, Voices

35
+ - 141 91
Charles Bukowski is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Charles Bukowski Andernach, Germany - All the Assh*les in the World Plus Mine, Confessions of a Man Insane Enough to Live with Beasts

36
+ - 153 78
John Cheever is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
John Cheever USA, Massachusetts, Quincy - The Swimmer, Goodbye My Brother, The Enormous Radio, The Five-Forty-Eight

37
+ - 90 51
Thomas Mann is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Thomas Mann Eurasia, Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein - Death in Venice, Felix Krull, Mario and the Magician, Little Herr Friedemann, The Clown

38
+ - 119 56
D. H. Lawrence is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
D. H. Lawrence Eastwood, United Kingdom - The Rocking-Horse Winner, The Princess, St Mawr, The Fox, The Woman Who Rode Away

39
+ - 132 68
Philip K. Dick is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Philip K. Dick Chicago, Illinois, United States of America - The Minority Report, Second Variety, We Can Remember It for You Wholesale, Paycheck

40
+ - 137 72
Agatha Christie is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Agatha Christie Torquay, United Kingdom - The Witness for the Protection, Accident, Philomel Cottage, The Chocolate Box, The Second Gong

41
+ - 167 77
Nathaniel Hawthorne is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Nathaniel Hawthorne Salem, Massachusetts, United States of America - Young Goodman Brown, The Birth-Mark, Rappaccini's Daughter, The Minister's Black Veil

42
+ - 67 22
Brothers Grimm is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time

43
+ - 222 151
Stephen King is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Stephen King Portland, Maine, United States of America - The Mangler, The Lawnmower Man, Graveyard Shift, The Boogeyman, Sometimes They Come Back

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44
+ - 77 57
P. G. Wodehouse is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
P. G. Wodehouse South East England, Surrey, Eurasia - Carry On Jeeves, The Custody of Pumpkin, Extricating Young Gussie, Lord Emsworth and the Girl Friend

45
+ - 83 43
W. Somerset Maugham is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
W. Somerset Maugham Paris, France

46
+ - 117 54
Saki is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Saki (H. H. Munro) Sittwe, Myanmar - The Interlopers, Gabriel-Ernest, The Toys of Peace, The Open Window

47
+ - 104 46
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Vladimir Nabokov Saint Petersburg, Russia - Signs and Symbols, The Vane Sisters, Terra Incognita, A Nursery Tale

48
+ - 96 38
Isaac Asimov is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Isaac Asimov Petrovichi, Russia - The Bicentennial Man, Nightfall, The Last Question, The Fun They Had, The Last Answer

49
+ - 51 43
James Thurber is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
James Thurber Area code 614, Columbus, Ohio

50
+ - 56 6
Fyodor Dostoyevsky is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list The Best Short Story Writers of All Time
Fyodor Dostoyevsky Moscow, Russia