Famous Artists from France

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List of the most popular artists from France, listed alphabetically with photos when available. For centuries artists have been among the world's most important people, helping chronicle history and keep us entertained with one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Whether they're known for painting, sculpting, etching or drawing, the famous French artists on this list have kept that tradition alive by creating renowned pieces of art that have been praised around the world. You can find useful information below about these notable French artists, such as when they were born and where their place of birth was.

This list has a variety of artists in it, from Pauline Auzou to Jacques Monory.

This list answers the questions, "Which famous artists are from France?" and "Who are the most well-known French artists?"

For further information on these historic French artists, click on their names. If you're a fine art lover use this list of celebrated French artists to discover some new paintings that you will enjoy.
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  1. 1

    Roger de La Fresnaye

    Roger de La Fresnaye is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Roger de La Fresnaye was a French cubist painter.more

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    • Artworks: The Conquest of the Air
    • Birthplace: Le Mans, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Cubism, Section d'Or
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
  2. 2
    Marcel Duchamp is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: Freebase

    Marcel Duchamp was a French, naturalized American painter, sculptor, chess player, and writer whose work is associated with Dadaism and conceptual art, although careful about his use of the term Dada and direct association with Dada groups. Duchamp is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso and ...more

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    • Artworks: Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2, La Boîte-en-valise (Box in a Suitcase), Why Not Sneeze, Rose Sélavy?, + more
    • Birthplace: Blainville-Crevon, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Dada, Surrealism, Conceptual art, Section d'Or
    • Nationality: France, United States of America
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting
  3. 3
    Hans Bellmer is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: Freebase/Fair use

    Hans Bellmer was a German artist, best known for the life-sized pubescent female dolls he produced in the mid-1930s. Historians of art and photography also consider him a Surrealist photographer.more

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    • Artworks: The Machine Gun(neress) in a State of Grace, La Poupee, The Doll, The Machine-Gunneress in a State of Grace, Doll
    • Birthplace: Katowice, Poland
    • Associated periods or movements: Dada, Surrealism
    • Nationality: France, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  4. 4
    Fernand Léger is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Joseph Fernand Henri Léger was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, populist style. His boldly simplified treatment of modern subject matter has caused him to be regarded as a forerunner of ...more

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    • Artworks: The Baluster, Woman with a Book, Three Women, Mural Painting, The Divers, + more
    • Birthplace: Argentan, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, Cubism, Section d'Or
    • Nationality: France, French Third Republic
    • Art Forms: Painting, Printmaking
  5. 5
    Paul Cézanne is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly ...more

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    • Artworks: The Basket of Apples, The Large Bathers, Still Life with Apples, Madame Cézanne in a Yellow Chair, Mont Sainte-Victoire seen from Bellevue, + more
    • Birthplace: Aix-en-Provence, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Post-Impressionism, Cubism, Impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting, Drawing
  6. 6
    Yves Klein is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: user uploaded image

    Yves Klein was a French artist considered an important figure in post-war European art. He is the leading member of the French artistic movement of Nouveau réalisme founded in 1960 by art critic Pierre Restany. Klein was a pioneer in the development of performance art, and is seen as an inspiration to ...more

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    • Artworks: Anthropometry: Princess Helena, Untitled (ANT154), IKB74, Eponge (SE180) (Sponge [SE180]), Eponge, + more
    • Birthplace: Nice, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Monochrome painting, Nouveau réalisme, Conceptual art
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
  7. 7
    Pierre-Auguste Renoir is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Working closely with Paul Cezanne, Edgar Degas, and other artists, he helped shape the Impressionism movement.more

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    • Artworks: Bal du moulin de la Galette, Pont Neuf, Paris, By the Seashore, The Canoeist's Luncheon, + more
    • Birthplace: Limoges, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
  8. 8
    Jean Metzinger is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Artists from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Jean Dominique Antony Metzinger was a major 20th-century French painter, theorist, writer, critic and poet, who along with Albert Gleizes, developed the theoretical foundations of Cubism. His earliest works, from 1900 to 1904, were influenced by the Neo-impressionism of Georges Seurat and Henri-Edmond ...more

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    • Artworks: L'Oiseau bleu, Femme assise (Woman with Book), Landscape, Still Life, Woman with Fan, + more
    • Birthplace: Nantes, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Fauvism, Divisionism, Cubism, Neo-impressionism, Section d'Or
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
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