Famous Artists from Germany Artists

Famous Artists from Germany

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List of the most popular artists from Germany, listed alphabetically with photos when available. For centuries artists have been among the world's most important people, helping chronicle history and keep us entertained with one of the earliest forms of entertainment. Whether they're known for painting, sculpting, etching or drawing, the famous German artists on this list have kept that tradition alive by creating renowned pieces of art that have been praised around the world. You can find useful information below about these notable German artists, such as when they were born and where their place of birth was.

This list below has everything from Bernhard Plockhorst to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

This list answers the questions, "Which famous artists are from Germany?" and "Who are the most well-known German artists?"

For further information on these historic German artists, click on their names. If you're a fine art lover use this list of celebrated German artists to discover some new paintings that you will enjoy.



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  1. 1
    Paul Klee
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Paul Klee was a Swiss-German painter. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included expressionism, cubism, and surrealism. Klee was a natural draftsman who experimented with and eventually deeply explored color theory, writing about it extensively; his lectures Writings on ...more

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    • Birthplace: Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland
    • Associated periods or movements: German Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter, Cubism, Surrealism, Expressionism, + more
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting, Drawing
  2. 2
    Hans Bellmer
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    Hans Bellmer was a German artist, best known for the life-sized pubescent female dolls he produced in the mid-1930s. Historians of art and photography also consider him a Surrealist photographer.more

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    • Birthplace: Katowice, Poland
    • Associated periods or movements: Dada, Surrealism
    • Nationality: France, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  3. 3

    Lucian Michael Freud, OM, CH was a German-born British painter. Known chiefly for his thickly impastoed portrait and figure paintings, he was widely considered the pre-eminent British artist of his time. His works are noted for their psychological penetration, and for their often discomforting ...more

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    • Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Contemporary art, Realism, Realism, Surrealism, Expressionism
    • Nationality: United Kingdom
    • Art Forms: Painting
  4. 4
    Lyonel Feininger
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    Lyonel Charles Feininger was a German-American painter, and a leading exponent of Expressionism. He also worked as a caricaturist and comic strip artist. He was born and grew up in New York City, traveling to Germany at 16 to study and perfect his art. He started his career as a cartoonist in 1894 and ...more

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    • Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: German Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter, Die Brücke, Cubism, Expressionism
    • Nationality: United States of America, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  5. 5

    Joseph Beuys was a German Fluxus, happening and performance artist as well as a sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art. His extensive work is grounded in concepts of humanism, social philosophy and anthroposophy; it culminates in his "extended definition of art" ...more

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    • Birthplace: Krefeld, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Fluxus, Conceptual art
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Performance, Sculpture
  6. 6
    Caspar David Friedrich
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Caspar David Friedrich was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, ...more

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    • Birthplace: Greifswald, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Romanticism, German Romanticism
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  7. 7
    Max Ernst
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    Max Ernst was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism.more

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    • Birthplace: Brühl, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Dada, Surrealism
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting
  8. 8
    Albrecht Dürer
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Albrecht Dürer was a German painter, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist from Nuremberg. His high-quality woodcuts established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, and he has been conventionally regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance. His ...more

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    • Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
  9. 9
    Hans Hartung
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Hans Hartung was a German-French painter, known for his gestural abstract style. He was also a decorated World War II veteran of the French Foreign Legion.more

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    • Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Lyrical abstraction
    • Nationality: France, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  10. 10
    Andrew Dasburg
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Andrew Michael Dasburg was an American modernist painter and "one of America's leading early exponents of cubism".more

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    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Cubism, American modernism
    • Nationality: France, United States of America, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  11. 11
    Hermann Hesse
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Hermann Hesse was a German-born Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. His best-known works include Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass Bead Game, each of which explores an individual's search for authenticity, self-knowledge and spirituality. In 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature.more

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    • Birthplace: Calw, Germany
    • Nationality: Switzerland, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  12. 12
    Hans Holbein the Younger
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    Hans Holbein the Younger was a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century. He also produced religious art, satire, and Reformation propaganda, and made a significant contribution to the history of book ...more

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    • Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Northern Renaissance
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  13. 13

    Hans Hofmann was a German-born American abstract expressionist painter.more

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    • Birthplace: Weißenburg in Bayern, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Abstract expressionism
    • Nationality: United States of America, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  14. 14

    Lucas Cranach the Elder

    Lucas Cranach the Elder
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Lucas Cranach the Elder was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation, whose cause he embraced ...more

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    • Birthplace: Kronach, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: German Renaissance
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  15. 15
    Sebastian Stoskopff
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    Sebastian Stoskopff was an Alsatian painter. He is considered one of the most important German still life painters of his time. His works, which were rediscovered after 1930, portray goblets, cups and especially glasses. The reduction to a few objects, which is characteristic of early still life ...more

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    • Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
    • Nationality: France, Germany
  16. 16

    Eric Goldberg

    Eric Goldberg was a Jewish-Canadian painter, born in 1890 in Berlin, Germany. Goldberg was influenced by the art of Pierre-Auguste Renoir at an early age. He studied at Paris, France's École des Beaux-Arts and Académie Julian under Tony Robert-Fleury, Jules Joseph Lefebvre and Jean-Paul Laurens, and ...more

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    • Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Eastern Group of Painters
    • Nationality: Canada, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  17. 17

    Oscar Krackow Von Wickerode

    Oscar Krackow Graf von Wickerode was a German animal painter. Wickerode was born at Thine in Pomerania. At the age of seventeen he entered the studio of Wilhelm Krause. In 1849 he went to Munich, in order to pursue his studies under Albert Zimmermann; during 1856-59 he lived in Paris; he then travelled ...more

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    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  18. 18

    Stefan Jäger

    Stefan Jäger was a painter known for his depiction of and deep identification with the Danube Swabian community to which he belonged. There are some grounds for categorising him as a Hungarian painter - since in the first half of his life he lived in what was part of Hungary, and some of his early ...more

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    • Nationality: Hungary, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  19. 19

    Master M. S. was a 16th-century painter who specialized in late Gothic art and in early Renaissance art. He was active in Banská Štiavnica and probably led a workshop there. Since his true name is unknown, he is sometimes identified with various other Gothic "masters". German art historians generally ...more

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    • Associated periods or movements: Renaissance
    • Nationality: Hungary, Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
  20. 20
    Matthias Grünewald
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    Matthias Grünewald was a German Renaissance painter of religious works who ignored Renaissance classicism to continue the expressive and intense style of late medieval Central European art into the 16th century. His first name is also given as Mathis and his surname as Gothart or Neithardt. Only ten ...more

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    • Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
    • Associated periods or movements: Renaissance
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting
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