russia Famous Astronomers from Russia

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List of notable or famous astronomers from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top astronomers born in Russia and even some popular astronomers who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian astronomers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These astronomers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known astronomer from Russia is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of different people like George Gamow and Iosif Shklovsky.

This historic astronomers from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian astronomers of note?" and "Who are the most famous astronomers from Russia?" These prominent astronomers of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian astronomers.

Use this list of renowned Russian astronomers to discover some new astronomers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (11 items)
Boris Numerov is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Astronomers from Russia
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Boris Numerov


Boris Vasilyevich Numerov was a Russian astronomer, land-surveyor and geophysicist. Born in Novgorod, he created various astronomic and mineralogical instruments, as well as for various algorithms and methods that bear his name. He was a member of the Academy of Sciences, observer at Pulkovo from ...more

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Age: Died at 50 (1891-1941)

Profession: Astronomer

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George Gamow is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Astronomers from Russia
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George Gamow, born Georgiy Antonovich Gamov, was a theoretical physicist and cosmologist – notably an early advocate and developer of Lemaître's Big Bang theory. He discovered a theoretical explanation of alpha decay via quantum tunneling, and worked on radioactive decay of the atomic nucleus, star ...more

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Age: Died at 64 (1904-1968)

Birthplace: Odessa, Ukraine

Profession: Physicist, Chemist, Science writer, Astronomer

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Grigory Abramovich Shajn is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Astronomers from Russia
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Grigory Abramovich Shajn


Grigory Abramovich Shajn was a Soviet/Russian astronomer. In modern English transliteration, his surname would be given as Shayn, but his astronomical discoveries are credited under the name G. Shajn. Nonetheless, his last name is sometimes given as Schajn. He was the husband of Pelageya Shajn née ...more

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Age: Died at 64 (1892-1956)

Profession: Astronomer

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Iosif Shklovsky is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Astronomers from Russia
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Iosif Samuilovich Shklovsky was a Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist. He is remembered for work in theoretical astrophysics and other topics, as well as for his 1962 book on extraterrestrial life, the revised and expanded version of which was co-authored by American astronomer Carl Sagan in 1966 ...more

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Age: Died at 69 (1916-1985)

Birthplace: Hlukhiv, Ukraine

Profession: Scientist, Astronomer

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Lyudmila Chernykh is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Astronomers from Russia
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Lyudmila Chernykh


Lyudmila Ivanovna Chernykh is a Russian, Ukrainian and Soviet astronomer. In 1959 she graduated from Irkutsk State Pedagogical University. Between 1959 and 1963 she worked in the 'Time and Frequency Laboratory' of the All-Union Research Institute of Physico-Technical and Radiotechnical Measurements ...more

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Age: 80

Birthplace: Shuya^! Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Profession: Astronomer

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Mikhail Lomonosov is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Astronomers from Russia
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Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov was a Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of Venus. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, ...more

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Age: Died at 54 (1711-1765)

Birthplace: Arkhangelsk, Russia

Profession: Physicist, Chemist, Geographer, Writer Astronomer

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Nikolai Chernykh


Nikolay Stepanovich Chernykh was a Soviet and Ukrainian astronomer. Chernykh was born in the city of Usman in Voronezh Oblast. He specialized in astrometry and the dynamics of small bodies in the solar system and worked at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in the Ukraine from 1963. Chernykh ...more

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Age: Died at 73 (1931-2004)

Profession: Astronomer

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Otto Struve is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Astronomers from Russia
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Otto Struve was a Ukrainian–American astronomer. In Russian, his name is sometimes given as Otto Lyudvigovich Struve; however, he spent most of his life and his entire scientific career in the United States. Otto was the descendant of famous astronomers of the Struve family; he was the son of Ludwig ...more

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Age: Died at 66 (1897-1963)

Birthplace: Kharkiv, Soviet Union

Profession: Astronomer

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