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Famous Female Mathematicians

List of famous female mathematicians, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female mathematicians list contains the most prominent and top females known for being mathematicians. There are thousand of females working as mathematicians in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic mathematicians have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a mathematician then the people below should give you inspiration.

This list contains people like Judith Grabiner and Cecilia Krieger.

While this isn't a list of all female mathematicians, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female mathematicians?" and "Who are the best female mathematicians?"

Famous Female Mathematicians People
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    Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 37 (1815-1852)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Programmer, Mathematician, Computer scientist, Scientist, Writer
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    Grace Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. She was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer in 1944, and invented the first compiler for a computer programming language, and the one of those who popularized the idea of ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 86 (1906-1992)
    • Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Programmer, Mathematician, Computer scientist, Scientist
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    Hypatia was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Byzantine Empire. She was the head of the Neoplatonic school at Alexandria, where she taught philosophy and astronomy. According to contemporary sources, Hypatia was murdered by a Christian mob after being ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 65 (350-415)
    • Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
    • Profession: Librarian, Mathematician, Scientist, Philosopher, Astronomer
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    Marjorie Lee Browne was a noted mathematics educator. She was one of the first African-American women to receive a doctorate in mathematics. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 65 (1914-1979)
    • Birthplace: Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America
    • Profession: Mathematician, Professor
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    Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya was the first major Russian female mathematician, responsible for important original contributions to analysis, differential equations and mechanics, and the first woman appointed to a full professorship in Northern Europe. She was also one of the first women to work for a ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 41 (1850-1891)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
    • Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist
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    Cathleen Synge Morawetz is a mathematician. Morawetz's research was mainly in the study of the partial differential equations governing fluid flow, particularly those of mixed type occurring in transonic flow. She is Professor Emerita at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at the New York ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 92
    • Birthplace: Toronto, Canada
    • Profession: Editor, Mathematician, Educator, Scientist
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    Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet was a French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment. Her achievement is considered to be her translation and commentary on Isaac Newton's work Principia Mathematica. The translation, published posthumously in ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 43 (1706-1749)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist, Writer
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    Anna Nagurney

    Anna Nagurney is a Ukrainian-American mathematician, economist, educator and author in the field of Operations Management. Nagurney holds the John F. Smith Memorial Professorship in the Isenberg School of Management at the University of Massachusetts Amherst at Amherst. Anna Nagurney is also a close ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Profession: Mathematician, Scientist, Economist
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    Mary P. Dolciani

    Mary P. Dolciani was an American mathematician, known for her work with secondary-school mathematics teachers. Dolciani earned her Bachelor of Arts degree at Hunter College in New York City, and she completed her doctor of philosophy at Cornell University in 1947 with B. W. Jones as thesis advisor. She ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 72 (1923-1995)
    • Profession: Mathematician
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    Emmy Noether was an influential German mathematician known for her contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. She was described by Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean Dieudonné, Hermann Weyl, and Norbert Wiener as the most important woman in the history of mathematics. As one of the ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 53 (1882-1935)
    • Birthplace: Erlangen, Germany
    • Profession: Mathematician
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    Mileva Marić was a Serbian physicist. She was the only woman among Albert Einstein's fellow students at the Zurich Polytechnic. They developed a relationship and had a daughter before their marriage, Lieserl, who either died young or was given up for adoption. After their marriage in 1903, they had two ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 73 (1875-1948)
    • Birthplace: Titel, Serbia
    • Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist
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    Karen Keskulla Uhlenbeck is a professor and Sid W. Richardson Foundation Regents Chairholder in the Department of Mathematics at The University of Texas in Austin. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 73
    • Birthplace: Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America
    • Profession: Mathematician
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    Maria Gaetana Agnesi, was an Italian mathematician and philosopher. She is credited with writing the first book discussing both differential and integral calculus and was an honorary member of the faculty at the University of Bologna. She devoted the last four decades of her life to studying theology ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 81 (1718-1799)
    • Birthplace: Milan, Italy
    • Profession: Mathematician, Philosopher
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    Marie-Sophie Germain was a French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. Despite initial opposition from her parents and difficulties presented by society, she gained education from books in her father's library and from correspondence with famous mathematicians such as Lagrange, Legendre, and ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 55 (1776-1831)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Mathematician, Physicist
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    2007 winner of the John Bates Clark medal; professor at Harvard. fields of economic theory, applied economics, econometrics, industrial theory, auction theory more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 45
    • Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    • Profession: Mathematician, Computer scientist, Economist
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    Charlotte Froese Fischer is a Canadian-American applied mathematician and computer scientist who gained world recognition for the development and implementation of the Multi-Configurational Hartree–Fock approach to atomic-structure calculations and for her theoretical prediction concerning the existence ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 86
    • Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Chemist, Computer scientist
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    Phoebe Sarah Hertha Ayrton was an English engineer, mathematician, physicist, and inventor. She was awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society for her work on electric arcs and ripples in sand and water. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 69 (1854-1923)
    • Birthplace: Portsea, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Mathematician, Scientist, Electrical engineer, Engineer
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    Sister Juana Inés de la Cruz, O.S.H., was a self-taught scholar and poet of the Baroque school, and Hieronymite nun of New Spain, known in her lifetime as "The Tenth Muse." Although she lived in a colonial era when Mexico was part of the Spanish Empire, she is considered today both a Mexican writer and ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 44 (1651-1695)
    • Birthplace: Tepetlixpa, Mexico
    • Profession: Nun, Poet, Mathematician, Writer
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    Julia Hall Bowman Robinson was an American mathematician best known for her work on decision problems and Hilbert's Tenth Problem. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 66 (1919-1985)
    • Birthplace: St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
    • Profession: Mathematician, Scientist, Teacher
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    Annie J. Easley was an African-American computer scientist, mathematician, and rocket scientist. She worked for the Lewis Research Center of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. She was a leading member of the team which ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 78 (1933-2011)
    • Birthplace: Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
    • Profession: Mathematician, Computer scientist
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