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Famous Female Scientists

List of famous female scientists, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female scientists list contains the most prominent and top females known for being scientists. There are thousand of females working as scientists in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic scientists have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a scientist then the people below should give you inspiration.

List ranges from Émilie du Châtelet to Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos, plus much more.

While this isn't a list of all female scientists, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female scientists?" and "Who are the best female scientists?"

Famous Female Scientists People
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    Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century and is the only woman to have held the office. A ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 88 (1925-2013)
    • Birthplace: Grantham, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Statesman, Politician, Chemist, Barrister, Scientist + 1 more
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    Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian and American inventor and film actress. After an early and brief film career in Germany, which included a controversial love-making scene in the film Ecstasy, she fled her husband and secretly moved to Paris. While there, she met MGM head Louis B. Mayer, who offered her a ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 86 (1914-2000)
    • Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
    • Profession: Pin-up girl, Inventor, Scientist, Actor, Engineer
    • Credits: Samson and Delilah, Boom Town, Algiers, Come Live with Me, My Favorite Spy + 26 more
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    Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences, and was part of the Curie ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 67 (1867-1934)
    • Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic
    • Profession: Physicist, Chemist, Scientist
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    Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 37 (1815-1852)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Programmer, Mathematician, Computer scientist, Scientist, Writer
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    Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany and the head of the political party CDU in Germany. In addition to being the first female German Chanchellor, she is also considered by Forbes magazine to be the most powerful woman in the world. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 61
    • Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
    • Profession: Politician, Physicist, Scientist
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    Dian Fossey was an American zoologist, primatologist, and anthropologist who undertook an extensive study of gorilla groups over a period of 18 years. She studied them daily in the mountain forests of Rwanda, initially encouraged to work there by anthropologist Louis Leakey. Her 1983 book, Gorillas in ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 53 (1932-1985)
    • Birthplace: California, United States of America
    • Profession: Anthropologist, Researcher, Scientist, Zoologist
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    Grace Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. She was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer in 1944, and invented the first compiler for a computer programming language, and the one of those who popularized the idea of ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 86 (1906-1992)
    • Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Programmer, Mathematician, Computer scientist, Scientist
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    Mary Temple Grandin is an American professor of animal science at Colorado State University, a best-selling author, an autistic activist, and a consultant to the livestock industry on animal behavior. She also invented the "hug box", a device to calm those on the autism spectrum. The subject of an ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 68
    • Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    • Profession: Professor, Screenwriter, Scientist, Author, Consultant
    • Credits: In the Woods, ARTS: A Film About Possibilities, Disabilities & the Arts
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    Mae Carol Jemison is an American physician and NASA astronaut. She became the first African American woman to travel in space when she went into orbit aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on September 12, 1992. After her medical education and a brief general practice, Jemison served in the Peace Corps ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 59
    • Birthplace: Decatur, Alabama, United States of America
    • Profession: Professor, Astronaut, Scientist, Physician
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    Judith Arlene Resnik was an American engineer and a NASA astronaut who died when the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed during the launch of mission STS-51-L. Resnik was the second American female astronaut, logging 145 hours in orbit. She was a graduate of Carnegie Mellon University and had a Ph.D. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 37 (1949-1986)
    • Birthplace: Akron, Ohio, United States of America
    • Profession: Astronaut, Scientist, Engineer
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    Hypatia was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Byzantine Empire. She was the head of the Neoplatonic school at Alexandria, where she taught philosophy and astronomy. According to contemporary sources, Hypatia was murdered by a Christian mob after being ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 65 (350-415)
    • Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
    • Profession: Librarian, Mathematician, Scientist, Philosopher, Astronomer
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    Kalpana Chawla was born in Karnal, India. She was the first Indian-American astronaut and first Indian woman in space. She first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 as a mission specialist and primary robotic arm operator. In 2003, Chawla was one of the seven crew members killed in the Space Shuttle ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 41 (1962-2003)
    • Birthplace: Karnal, India
    • Profession: Pilot, Astronaut, Scientist, Mechanical engineer, Aerospace Engineer + 1 more
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    Rosalind Elsie Franklin was an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who made critical contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite. Although her works on coal and viruses were appreciated in her lifetime, her DNA work posthumously ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 38 (1920-1958)
    • Birthplace: Notting Hill, London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Physicist, Chemist, Scientist
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    Roberta Bondar OC O.Ont FRCP FRSC is Canada's first female astronaut and the first neurologist in space. Following more than a decade as NASA's head of space medicine, Bondar became a consultant and speaker in the business, scientific, and medical communities. Bondar has received many honours including ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 70
    • Birthplace: Sault Ste. Marie, Canada
    • Profession: Neurologist, Educator, Astronaut, Scientist, Author + 3 more
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    Kirsten "Kiki" Sanford is an American science communicator. After working at the University of California, Davis as a research scientist in neurophysiology, she left research work to pursue a career in science communication. Her work has included multiple audio and video programs, including the This ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 41
    • Birthplace: Santa Rosa, California, United States of America
    • Profession: Radio producer, Biologist, Journalist, Physiologist, Television producer + 6 more
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    Lillian Evelyn Moller Gilbreth was an American psychologist and industrial engineer. One of the first working female engineers holding a Ph.D., she is held to be the first true industrial/organizational psychologist. She and her husband Frank Bunker Gilbreth, Sr. were efficiency experts who contributed ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 94 (1878-1972)
    • Birthplace: Oakland, California, United States of America
    • Profession: Professor, Scientist, Engineer
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    Tamara Elizabeth "Tammy" Jernigan, Ph.D. is an American scientist and former NASA astronaut and a veteran of five shuttle missions. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 56
    • Birthplace: Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States of America
    • Profession: Astronaut, Scientist
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    Dame Jane Morris Goodall, DBE is an English primatologist, ethologist, anthropologist, and UN Messenger of Peace. Considered to be the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees, Goodall is best known for her 55-year study of social and family interactions of wild chimpanzees in Gombe Stream National Park, ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 81
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Anthropologist, Researcher, Primatologist, Ethologist
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    Bonnie Jeanne Dunbar is a former NASA astronaut. She retired from NASA in September 2005. She then served as president and CEO of The Museum of Flight until April 2010. Dr. Dunbar now leads the new University of Houston's STEM Center and joined the faculty of the Cullen College of Engineering. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 66
    • Birthplace: Sunnyside, Washington, United States of America
    • Profession: Astronaut, Scientist, Engineer
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    Virginia Apgar was an American obstetrical anesthesiologist. She was a leader in the fields of anesthesiology and teratology, and introduced obstetrical considerations to the established field of neonatology. To the public, however, she is best known as the inventor of the Apgar score, a way to quickly ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 65 (1909-1974)
    • Birthplace: Westfield, New Jersey, United States of America
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
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