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female professionals Famous Female Scientists

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List of famous female scientists, listed by their level of prominence with photos when available. This greatest female scientists list contains the most prominent and top females known for being scientists. There are thousand of females working as scientists in the world, but this list highlights only the most notable ones. Historic scientists have worked hard to become the best that they can be, so if you're a female aspiring to be a scientist then the people below should give you inspiration.

List ranges from Émilie du Châtelet to Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos, plus much more.

While this isn't a list of all female scientists, it does answer the questions "Who are the most famous female scientists?" and "Who are the best female scientists?"
Margaret Thatcher is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century and is the only woman to have held the office. ...more

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Age: Died at 88 (1925-2013)

Birthplace: Grantham, United Kingdom

Profession: Statesman, Politician, Chemist, Barrister Scientist, + more

Credits: Tracking Down Maggie: The Unofficial Biography of Margaret Thatcher, The Gulf War, Video Nasties: Moral Panic, Censorship & Videotape Ban the Sadist Videos!

Also Ranked

#52 on The Most Enlightened Leaders in World History

#6 on The Most Powerful Women In The World

#69 on The Most Important Leaders in World History

#1 on The Best Political Nicknames

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Hedy Lamarr is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian and American inventor and film actress. After an early and brief film career in Germany, which included a controversial love-making scene in the film Ecstasy, she fled her husband and secretly moved to Paris. While there, she met MGM head Louis B. Mayer, who offered her a ...more

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Age: Died at 86 (1914-2000)

Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

Profession: Pin-up girl, Inventor, Scientist, Actor Engineer

Credits: Samson and Delilah, Ecstasy, The Strange Woman, Algiers

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Marie Curie is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences, and was part of the ...more

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Age: Died at 67 (1867-1934)

Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic

Profession: Physicist, Chemist, Scientist

Also Ranked

#2 on The Most Inspiring (Non-Hollywood) Female Role Models

#16 on The All-Time Greatest People in History

#43 on People We Wish Were Still Alive

#13 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

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Ada Lovelace is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is ...more

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Age: Died at 37 (1815-1852)

Birthplace: London, United Kingdom

Profession: Programmer, Mathematician, Computer scientist, Scientist Writer

Also Ranked

#11 on The Most Influential Software Programmers of All Time

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Angela Merkel is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany and the head of the political party CDU in Germany. In addition to being the first female German Chanchellor, she is also considered by Forbes magazine to be the most powerful woman in the world. ...more

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Age: 61

Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany

Profession: Politician, Physicist, Scientist

Also Ranked

#84 on Famous Politicians You'd Want to Have a Beer With

#29 on Guests You Hope to See on Late Show with Stephen Colbert

#94 on If You Fought To The Death, Who Would You Want By Your Side?

#15 on Real World Avengers Villains

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Dian Fossey is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Dian Fossey was an American zoologist, primatologist, and anthropologist who undertook an extensive study of gorilla groups over a period of 18 years. She studied them daily in the mountain forests of Rwanda, initially encouraged to work there by anthropologist Louis Leakey. Her 1983 book, Gorillas ...more

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Age: Died at 53 (1932-1985)

Birthplace: USA, California, San Francisco

Profession: Anthropologist, Researcher, Scientist, Zoologist

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Grace Hopper is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Grace Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. She was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer in 1944, and invented the first compiler for a computer programming language, and the one of those who popularized the idea of ...more

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Age: Died at 86 (1906-1992)

Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America

Profession: Programmer, Mathematician, Computer scientist, Scientist

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#14 on The Most Influential Software Programmers of All Time

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Temple Grandin is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Female Scientists
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Mary Temple Grandin is an American professor of animal science at Colorado State University, a best-selling author, an autistic activist, and a consultant to the livestock industry on animal behavior. She also invented the "hug box", a device to calm those on the autism spectrum. The subject of an ...more

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Age: 68

Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Profession: Professor, Screenwriter, Scientist, Author Consultant

Credits: In the Woods, ARTS: A Film About Possibilities, Disabilities & the Arts

Also Ranked

#28 on The Most Inspiring (Non-Hollywood) Female Role Models

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