# Famous Mathematicians from Germany

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List of notable or famous mathematicians from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top mathematicians born in Germany and even some popular mathematicians who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German mathematicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These mathematicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known mathematician from Germany is included when available.

These people, like Albert Einstein and Charles Proteus Steinmetz include images when available.

This historic mathematicians from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German mathematicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous mathematicians from Germany?" These prominent mathematicians of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German mathematicians.

Use this list of renowned German mathematicians to discover some new mathematicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (394 items)

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- 1
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 76 (1879-1955)**Birthplace:**Eurasia, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, Ulm**Profession:**Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist, Theoretical Physicist, Author, + more

- 2
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium just before his death in 1543 is considered a major event in ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 70 (1473-1543)**Birthplace:**Toruń, Second Polish Republic**Profession:**Mathematician, Diplomat, Physician, Economist, Artist, + more

- 3
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz developed calculus independently of Isaac Newton, and Leibniz's notation has been widely used ever since it was ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 70 (1646-1716)**Birthplace:**Leipzig, Germany**Profession:**Librarian, Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist, Philosopher, + more

- 4
Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his works Astronomia nova, Harmonices Mundi, and Epitome of Copernican Astronomy. These works also provided one of ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 59 (1571-1630)**Birthplace:**Weil der Stadt, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist, Astrologer, Astronomer

- 5
Charles Proteus Steinmetz was a German-born American mathematician and electrical engineer. He fostered the development of alternating current that made possible the expansion of the electric power industry in the United States, formulating mathematical theories for engineers. He made ground-breaking ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 58 (1865-1923)**Birthplace:**Wrocław, Poland**Profession:**Mathematician, Inventor, Scientist, Electrical engineer, Engineer

- 6
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, mechanics, electrostatics, astronomy, matrix theory, and optics. Sometimes referred to as the Princeps ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 78 (1777-1855)**Birthplace:**Braunschweig, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist, Astronomer

- 7
Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege was a German mathematician, logician and philosopher. He is considered to be one of the founders of modern logic and made major contributions to the foundations of mathematics. He is generally considered to be the father of analytic philosophy, for his writings on the ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 77 (1848-1925)**Birthplace:**Wismar, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician, Logician, Philosopher

- 8
David Rittenhouse was a renowned American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the first director of the United States Mint.more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 64 (1732-1796)**Birthplace:**Pennsylvania, Paper Mill Run, Contiguous United States, United States of America, United States, + more**Profession:**Mathematician, Inventor, Scientist, Astronomer

- 9
Hermann of Reichenau, also called Hermannus Contractus or Hermannus Augiensis or Herman the Cripple, was an 11th-century scholar, composer, music theorist, mathematician, and astronomer. He composed the Marian prayer Alma Redemptoris Mater. He was beatified in 1863.more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 41 (1013-1054)**Birthplace:**Altshausen, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician, Scientist, Astrologer

- 10
Robert Jeffrey Zimmer is an American mathematician and academic administrator. He is the 13th president of the University of Chicago and serves as Chair of the Board for Argonne National Lab, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, and the Marine Biological Laboratory. As a mathematician, Zimmer ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**age 68**Profession:**Mathematician

- 11
Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor was a German mathematician, best known as the inventor of set theory, which has become a fundamental theory in mathematics. Cantor established the importance of one-to-one correspondence between the members of two sets, defined infinite and well-ordered sets, and ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 73 (1845-1918)**Birthplace:**Saint Petersburg, Russia**Profession:**Mathematician, Philosopher

- 12
Bruno Wilhelm Augenstein was a German-born mathematician and physicist who made important contributions in space technology, ballistic missile research, satellites, antimatter, and many other areas.more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 82 (1923-2005)**Birthplace:**Germany**Profession:**Mathematician, Physicist

- 13
Emmy Noether was an influential German mathematician known for her contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. She was described by Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean Dieudonné, Hermann Weyl, and Norbert Wiener as the most important woman in the history of mathematics. As one of the ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 53 (1882-1935)**Birthplace:**Erlangen, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician

- 14
Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was an influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity.more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 40 (1826-1866)**Birthplace:**Jameln, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician

- 15
Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl, ForMemRS was a German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher. Although much of his working life was spent in Zürich, Switzerland and then Princeton, he is associated with the University of Göttingen tradition of mathematics, represented by David Hilbert and Hermann ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 70 (1885-1955)**Birthplace:**Elmshorn, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician, Philosopher

- 16
Fritz Gunter Sachs was a German photographer, author, industrialist, and latterly head of an institute that researched claims of astrology. As a young man he became a sportsman, then gained international fame as a documentary film-maker and documentary photographer. He was interested in astrology and ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 79 (1932-2011)**Birthplace:**Schweinfurt, Germany**Profession:**Business magnate, Author, Photographer

- 17
Mileva Marić was a Serbian physicist. She was the only woman among Albert Einstein's fellow students at the Zurich Polytechnic. They developed a relationship and had a daughter before their marriage, Lieserl, who either died young or was given up for adoption. After their marriage in 1903, they had two ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 73 (1875-1948)**Birthplace:**Titel, Serbia**Profession:**Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist

- 18
Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind was a German mathematician who made important contributions to abstract algebra, algebraic number theory and the foundations of the real numbers.more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 85 (1831-1916)**Birthplace:**Braunschweig, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician, Philosopher

- 19
Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass was a German mathematician often cited as the "father of modern analysis". Despite leaving university without a degree, he studied mathematics and trained as a teacher, eventually teaching mathematics, physics, botany and gymnastics. Weierstrass formalized the definition ...more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 82 (1815-1897)**Birthplace:**Ennigerloh, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician

- 20
David Hilbert was a German mathematician. He is recognized as one of the most influential and universal mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Hilbert discovered and developed a broad range of fundamental ideas in many areas, including invariant theory and the axiomatization of geometry.more

*more***ABOUT****Age:**Died at 81 (1862-1943)**Birthplace:**Königsberg, Germany**Profession:**Mathematician

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