Visual Artist Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked

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List of famous Modernism artists, with images, bios, and information about their notable works. All the greatest artists associated with the Modernism movement are included here, along with clickable names for more details on that particular painter or sculptor. These notable Modernism period artists are organized by popularity, so the best artists are at the top of the list. If you think the best Modernism artist isn't as high as they should be then be sure to give them an upvote.

List features artists like Georgia O'Keeffe, Robert Rauschenberg and more!

This list answers the questions, "Who are the most famous Modernism artists?" and "Who are the best Modernism artists?"

Almost every well-known or influential figure in this movement is listed below. You may want to copy this factual list to build your own just like it, re-rank it to fit your views, then publish it to share it on Facebook, Twitter or any other social sites you frequent. (81 items)
Collection Photo: vincent van gogh
List Photo: Freebase/Public domain
Henri Matisse is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/Public domain
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Henri Matisse


Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three ...more

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Artworks: Woman with a Hat, Blue Nude II, Les toits de Collioure, Green Stripe Madras Rouge, + more

Birthplace: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France

Associated periods or movements: Fauvism, Modernism, Impressionism, Neo-impressionism

Nationality: France

Art Forms: Sculpture, Collage, Painting, Printmaking Drawing

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Pablo Picasso is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/Public domain
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Pablo Picasso


Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso, was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist ...more

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Artworks: Guernica, The Old Guitarist, Family of Saltimbanques, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon Las Meninas (after Velázquez), + more

Birthplace: Málaga, Spain

Associated periods or movements: Picasso's African Period, Analytic cubism, Cubism, Picasso's Rose Period Picasso's Blue Period, + more

Nationality: Spain

Art Forms: Sculpture, Ceramic art, Painting, Printmaking Drawing

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Constantin Brâncuși is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/Public domain
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Constantin Brâncuși


Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter and photographer who made his career in France. Considered a pioneer of modernism, one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture. As a child he displayed an aptitude for carving ...more

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Artworks: Bird in Space, The Endless Column, The Kiss, Madame L.R. The Newborn, + more

Birthplace: Peștișani, Romania

Associated periods or movements: Modernism

Nationality: Romania

Art Forms: Sculpture

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Henry Moore is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/CC-BY-2.5
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Henry Moore


Henry Spencer Moore OM CH FBA RBS was an English sculptor and artist. He was best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art. His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother-and-child or ...more

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Artworks: Nuclear Energy, Oval with Points, Three Piece Reclining Figure Draped, Family Group Man Enters the Cosmos, + more

Birthplace: Castleford, United Kingdom

Associated periods or movements: Modernism

Nationality: United Kingdom

Art Forms: Sculpture, Drawing

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Paul Klee is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/Public domain
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Paul Klee


Paul Klee was a Swiss-German painter. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included expressionism, cubism, and surrealism. Klee was a natural draftsman who experimented with and eventually deeply explored color theory, writing about it extensively; his lectures ...more

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Artworks: Angelus Novus, Revolution des Viadukts, Der Goldfisch, Garten der Leidenschaft (Garden of Passion) Little Castle in the Air, + more

Birthplace: Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland

Associated periods or movements: German Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter, Cubism, Surrealism Expressionism, + more

Nationality: Germany

Art Forms: Painting, Drawing

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James Ensor is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/GNU Free Documentation License
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James Ensor


James Sidney Edouard, Baron Ensor was a Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life. He was associated with the artistic group Les XX. ...more

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Artworks: Skeletons Fighting for the Body of a Hanged Man, Tribulations of Saint Anthony, Masks Confronting Death, Portrait of the Artist Surrounded by Masks Christ's Entry Into Brussels in 1889, + more

Birthplace: Ostend, Belgium

Associated periods or movements: Modernism, Surrealism, Expressionism, Symbolist literature

Nationality: Belgium

Art Forms: Painting

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Paul Cézanne is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/Public domain
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Paul Cézanne


Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly ...more

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Artworks: The Basket of Apples, The Large Bathers, Still Life with Apples, Madame Cézanne in a Yellow Chair Mont Sainte-Victoire seen from Bellevue, + more

Birthplace: Aix-en-Provence, France

Associated periods or movements: Post-Impressionism, Cubism, Impressionism

Nationality: France

Art Forms: Painting, Drawing

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Charles Demuth is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked
Photo: Freebase/Public domain
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Charles Demuth


Charles Demuth was an American watercolorist who turned to oils late in his career, developing a style of painting known as Precisionism. "Search the history of American art," wrote Ken Johnson in The New York Times, "and you will discover few watercolors more beautiful than those of Charles Demuth. ...more

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Artworks: Eggplant and Green Pepper, Sail: In Two Movements, Trees and Barns: Bermuda, I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold Eggplant, + more

Birthplace: Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Associated periods or movements: Modernism, American modernism

Nationality: United States of America

Art Forms: Painting

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