Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked Artists

Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked

649 votes 108 voters 45,732 views 83 items tags f p @

List of famous Modernism artists, with images, bios, and information about their notable works. All the greatest artists associated with the Modernism movement are included here, along with clickable names for more details on that particular painter or sculptor. These notable Modernism period artists are organized by popularity, so the best artists are at the top of the list. If you think the best Modernism artist isn't as high as they should be then be sure to give them an upvote.

List features artists like Georgia O'Keeffe, Robert Rauschenberg and more!

This list answers the questions, "Who are the most famous Modernism artists?" and "Who are the best Modernism artists?"

Almost every well-known or influential figure in this movement is listed below. You may want to copy this factual list to build your own just like it, re-rank it to fit your views, then publish it to share it on Facebook, Twitter or any other social sites you frequent. (83 items)


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    Henri Matisse
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three ...more

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    • Artworks: Woman with a Hat, Blue Nude II, Les toits de Collioure, Green Stripe, Madras Rouge, + more
    • Birthplace: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Fauvism, Modernism, Impressionism, Neo-impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Collage, Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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    Pablo Picasso
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso, was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist ...more

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    • Artworks: Guernica, The Old Guitarist, Family of Saltimbanques, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Las Meninas (after Velázquez), + more
    • Birthplace: Hispania, Málaga, Europe, Province of Málaga, Andalusia, + more
    • Associated periods or movements: Picasso's African Period, Analytic cubism, Cubism, Picasso's Rose Period, Picasso's Blue Period, + more
    • Nationality: Spain
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Ceramic art, Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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    Constantin Brâncuși
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter and photographer who made his career in France. Considered a pioneer of modernism, one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture. As a child he displayed an aptitude for carving wooden ...more

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    • Artworks: Bird in Space, The Endless Column, The Kiss, Madame L.R., The Newborn, + more
    • Birthplace: Peștișani, Romania
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism
    • Nationality: Romania
    • Art Forms: Sculpture
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    Henry Spencer Moore OM CH FBA RBS was an English sculptor and artist. He was best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art. His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother-and-child or reclining ...more

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    • Artworks: Nuclear Energy, Oval with Points, Three Piece Reclining Figure Draped, Family Group, Man Enters the Cosmos, + more
    • Birthplace: Castleford, United Kingdom
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism
    • Nationality: United Kingdom
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Drawing
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    James Sidney Edouard, Baron Ensor was a Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life. He was associated with the artistic group Les XX.more

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    • Artworks: Skeletons Fighting for the Body of a Hanged Man, Tribulations of Saint Anthony, Masks Confronting Death, Portrait of the Artist Surrounded by Masks, Christ's Entry Into Brussels in 1889, + more
    • Birthplace: Ostend, Belgium
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, Surrealism, Expressionism, Symbolist literature
    • Nationality: Belgium
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Fernand Léger
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Joseph Fernand Henri Léger was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, populist style. His boldly simplified treatment of modern subject matter has caused him to be regarded as a forerunner of ...more

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    • Artworks: The Baluster, Woman with a Book, Three Women, Mural Painting, The Divers, + more
    • Birthplace: Argentan, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, Cubism, Section d'Or
    • Nationality: France, French Third Republic
    • Art Forms: Painting, Printmaking
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    Paul Klee
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Paul Klee was a Swiss-German painter. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included expressionism, cubism, and surrealism. Klee was a natural draftsman who experimented with and eventually deeply explored color theory, writing about it extensively; his lectures Writings on ...more

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    • Artworks: Angelus Novus, Revolution des Viadukts, Der Goldfisch, Garten der Leidenschaft (Garden of Passion), Little Castle in the Air, + more
    • Birthplace: Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland
    • Associated periods or movements: German Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter, Cubism, Surrealism, Expressionism, + more
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Painting, Drawing
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    Paul Cézanne
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    Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly ...more

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    • Artworks: The Basket of Apples, The Large Bathers, Still Life with Apples, Madame Cézanne in a Yellow Chair, Mont Sainte-Victoire seen from Bellevue, + more
    • Birthplace: Aix-en-Provence, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Post-Impressionism, Cubism, Impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting, Drawing
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    Charles Demuth
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    Charles Demuth was an American watercolorist who turned to oils late in his career, developing a style of painting known as Precisionism. "Search the history of American art," wrote Ken Johnson in The New York Times, "and you will discover few watercolors more beautiful than those of Charles Demuth.more

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    • Artworks: Eggplant and Green Pepper, Sail: In Two Movements, Trees and Barns: Bermuda, I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold, Eggplant, + more
    • Birthplace: Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, American modernism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Emily Carr
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Emily Carr was a Canadian artist and writer heavily inspired by the Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. One of the first painters in Canada to adopt a Modernist and Post-Impressionist painting style, Carr did not receive widespread recognition for her work until late in her life. As she ...more

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    • Artworks: Kitwancool, Breton church, Odds and Ends, Blunden Harbour, Tree Trunk, + more
    • Birthplace: Victoria, Canada
    • Associated periods or movements: Post-Impressionism, Modernism, Expressionism
    • Nationality: Canada
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Dame Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth DBE was an English artist and sculptor. Her work exemplifies Modernism and in particular modern sculpture. She was "one of the few women artists to achieve international prominence." Along with artists such as Ben Nicholson and Naum Gabo, Hepworth was a leading figure in ...more

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    • Artworks: Winged Figure, Curved Form (Bryher), Landscape Sculpture, Two Figures, Elegy III, + more
    • Birthplace: Wakefield, United Kingdom
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, Abstract art
    • Nationality: United Kingdom
    • Art Forms: Sculpture
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    Raoul Dufy was a French Fauvist painter. He developed a colorful, decorative style that became fashionable for designs of ceramics and textiles, as well as decorative schemes for public buildings. He is noted for scenes of open-air social events. He was also a draftsman, printmaker, book illustrator, ...more

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    • Artworks: Open Window, Nice, Sailing Boat at Sainte-Adresse
    • Birthplace: Le Havre, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Fauvism, Modernism, Cubism, Impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Roland David Smith was an American Abstract Expressionist sculptor and painter, best known for creating large steel abstract geometric sculptures.more

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    • Artworks: Agricola I, Untitled (Brooklyn), Cubi XXVI, Medal for Dishonor: Death by Gas, Cubi XII, + more
    • Birthplace: Decatur, Root Township, Indiana, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Abstract expressionism, Modernism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Sculpture
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    Frank Stella
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    Frank Stella is an American painter and printmaker, noted for his work in the areas of minimalism and post-painterly abstraction. Stella continues to live and work in New York.more

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    • Artworks: Giufà, la luna, i ladri e le guardie, 4X, Firuzabad, + more
    • Birthplace: Malden, Massachusetts, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Hard-edge painting, Geometric abstraction, Contemporary art, Color Field, Monochrome painting, + more
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting, Printmaking
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    Alfredo Volpi, was a famous painter of the artistic and cultural Brazilian modernist movement. He was born in Lucca, Italy but, less than two years later, he was brought by his parents to São Paulo, Brazil, where he lived for most part of his life. He was one of the most important artists of the ...more

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    • Artworks: Bandeirinhas estruturadas, Festa de São João, Pássaro de Papelão, Catedral, Bandeirinhas com mastros e fitas, + more
    • Birthplace: Lucca, Italy
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, Naturalism
    • Nationality: Italy, Brazil
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Cecília Meireles
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    Cecília Benevides de Carvalho Meireles was a Brazilian writer and educator, known principally as a poet. She is a canonical name of Brazilian Modernism, one of the great female poets in the Portuguese language, and is widely considered the best female poet from Brazil, though she combatted the word ...more

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    • Birthplace: Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism
    • Nationality: Brazil
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    Max Beckmann Added by: John Stringfellow

    Max Beckmann
    Photo: Freebase

    Max Beckmann was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, and writer. Although he is classified as an Expressionist artist, he rejected both the term and the movement. In the 1920s, he was associated with the New Objectivity, an outgrowth of Expressionism that opposed its introverted ...more

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    • Artworks: Self-Portrait with a Cigarette, Landschaft, Cannes (Landscape, Cannes), Departure, + more
    • Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
    • Nationality: Germany
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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    Beatriz Milhazes
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    Beatriz Milhazes is a Brazilian artist. She is known for her work juxtaposing Brazilian cultural imagery and references to western Modernist painting.more

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    • Artworks: Succulent Eggplants
    • Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism
    • Nationality: Brazil
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Sir Anthony Alfred Caro, OM, CBE was an English abstract sculptor whose work is characterised by assemblages of metal using 'found' industrial objects. His style was of the modernist school, having worked with Henry Moore early in his career. He was lauded as the greatest British sculptor of his ...more

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    • Artworks: Twenty Four Hours, Pavane, Midday, Tundra, Woman Waking Up, + more
    • Birthplace: New Malden, United Kingdom
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, Abstract art
    • Nationality: United Kingdom
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Drawing
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    Robert Hitchcock

    Robert Charles Hitchcock is an Australian sculptor. He commenced his career in 1970 and works in a wide variety of subjects and materials. Hitchcock is one of the leading portrait sculptors currently working in Australia today. He is known for his life size bronze sculptures which are located in private ...more

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    • Birthplace: Perth, Australia
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Drawing
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