- 1Joan of Arc, or the Maiden of Orleans, is considered a heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint. During the Hundred Years War, she had visions that the Archangel Michael instructed her to support King Charles VII and recover France from English control. In 1430 she was caught by English supporters and put on trial and was sentenced to burn at the stake in 1431. 25 years later, she was declared innocent and martyr to the French.
Joan of Arc, nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans", is considered a heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle, a peasant family, at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan said she received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret and Saint Catherine ...moremore ABOUT
- Age: Died at 19 (1412-1431)
- Birthplace: Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
- Profession: Military Leader
- 2One of the first mothers of mathematics, Hypatia was a Greek Alexandrine Neoplantonist in Egypt, where she was also head of the Platonist school of Alexandria. While there are differing stories on what exactly happened that caused Hypatia to be murdered, it's known for sure that she opposed the Christian government with her teachings of science and mathematics during a tense time between the Jews and Christians of Alexandria, and was captured, stripped of her clothes and murdered, then her body was burned in 415 C.E.
Hypatia was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Byzantine Empire. She was the head of the Neoplatonic school at Alexandria, where she taught philosophy and astronomy. According to contemporary sources, Hypatia was murdered by a Christian mob after being ...moremore ABOUT
- Age: Died at 65 (350-415)
- Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
- Profession: Librarian, Mathematician, Scientist, Philosopher, Astronomer
- 3Giordano Bruno was an Italian Dominican friar, astrologer, poet, mathematician, and philosopher who was imprisoned and tried for blasphemy and heresy against Venice, as well as his belief in a plurality of worlds during the Roman Inquisition. He was burned at the stake in 1600, and his ashes were dumped into the Tiber River.
Giordano Bruno, born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and astrologer. He is celebrated for his cosmological theories, which went even further than the then-novel Copernican model. He proposed that the stars were just distant suns surrounded by their own ...moremore ABOUT
- Age: Died at 52 (1548-1600)
- Birthplace: Nola, Italy
- Profession: Mathematician, Astrologer, Writer, Philosopher
- 4Archbishop of Canterbury and leader of the English Reformation, Thomas Cranmer was instrumental in reforming the church while King Edward VI had the throne. However, once he died and Roman Catholic Mary I took the throne, Cranmer was imprisoned for heresy and treason. Though eventually claiming faith for the Catholic church, he retreated on his new religious claims the day of his execution, becoming a martyr and a Roman Catholic heretic. He was burned at the stake in 1556.
Thomas Cranmer was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the ...moremore ABOUT
- Age: Died at 67 (1489-1556)
- Birthplace: Aslockton, United Kingdom
- Profession: Priest, Diplomat
- 5Nicholas Ridley was an English Bishop of London who was burned at the stake for his support for Lady Jane Grey and for the Christian reform when Roman Catholic Mary I took the throne. He spoke out publicly against Mary, causing him, Lady Grey, and her lead supporters to all be killed. Ridley was burned at the stake in 1555. He and Thomas Cranmer are known now as the Oxford Martyrs.
Nicholas Ridley was an English Bishop of London Ridley was burned at the stake, as one of the Oxford Martyrs, during the Marian Persecutions, for his teachings and his support of Lady Jane Grey. Ridley is remembered with a commemoration in the calendar of saints in some parts of the Anglican Communion ...moremore ABOUT
- Age: Died at 55 (1500-1555)
- Birthplace: Tynedale, United Kingdom
- 6Jacques de Molay was the last Grand Master of the Knights of Templar, leading the Order until it dissolved in 1307. The Crusades were waning during this time, especially due to a lack of support from Europe, and de Molay's duty was to revive it and regain support from European kings. However, claims of the Templar acting out against the church caused them to get arrested for heresy. de Molay spent seven years in prison before finally being executed, being burned upon a scaffold on an island in the River Seine in Paris in 1314.
Jacques de Molay was the 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, leading the Order from 20 April 1292 until it was dissolved by order of Pope Clement V in 1307. Though little is known of his actual life and deeds except for his last years as Grand Master, he is the best known Templar, along ...moremore ABOUT
- Age: Died at 70 (1244-1314)
- Birthplace: Haute-Saône, France
- 7Lisbeth Nypan was an alleged Norwegian witch and was the penultimate person to be burned at the stake for witchcraft in Norway in 1670, and one of the most famous victims of the witch hunts of Norway.
Lisbet Nypan was an alleged Norwegian witch. As one of the most famous victims of the witch-hunts in her country, she was also the penultimate defendant to be executed for witchcraft in Norway. The case against Lisbet and her husband, Ole Nypan, is the only Norwegian witch-hunt described by Rossell Hope ...moremore ABOUT
- Age: Died at 60 (1610-1670)
- Birthplace: Sør-Trøndelag, Norway
- 8William Tyndale was a leader in the Protestant reform and is best known for translating the Bible into English and for his published book, The Obedience of a Christian Man. However, his translation of the Bible led to accusations of heresy, and Tyndale was imprisoned and then sentenced to be strangled to death, and then his body burned at the stake in 1536.
William Tyndale was an English scholar who became a leading figure in Protestant reform in the years leading up to his execution. He is well known for his translation of the Bible into English. He was influenced by the work of Desiderius Erasmus, who made the Greek New Testament available in Europe, and ...moremore ABOUT
- Birthplace: North Nibley, United Kingdom
- Profession: Writer
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