russia Famous Physicians from Russia

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List of notable or famous physicians from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Russia and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Russia is included when available.

Boris Morukov and Boris Yegorov are included on this list.

This historic physicians from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Russia?" These prominent physicians of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian physicians.

Use this list of renowned Russian physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (15 items)

Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov was a Russian/Soviet pathologist, full member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences. He published a lot of works about pathological morphology of tuberculosis and tumors. One benign neuroectodermal tumor, described by Abrikosov as ...more

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Age: Died at 80 (1875-1955)

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Profession: Physician

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Boris Morukov is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicians from Russia
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Boris Vladimirovich Morukov was a Russian physician at the State Research Center RF-Institute for Biomedical Problems. He trained with the Russian Federal Space Agency as a research-cosmonaut and flew aboard NASA Space Shuttle mission STS-106 as a mission specialist. ...more

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Age: 66

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Profession: Physician

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Boris Borisovich Yegorov was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut who became the first physician to make a space flight. Yegorov came from a medical background, with his father a prominent heart surgeon, and his mother an ophthalmologist. He also selected medicine as a career and graduated from the "First ...more

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Age: Died at 57 (1937-1994)

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Profession: Astronaut, Physician

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Christian Rakovsky is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicians from Russia
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Christian Rakovsky was a Bulgarian socialist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and Soviet diplomat; he was also noted as a journalist, physician, and essayist. Rakovsky's political career took him throughout the Balkans and into France and Imperial Russia; for part of his life, he was also a ...more

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Age: Died at 68 (1873-1941)

Birthplace: Gradets, Bulgaria

Profession: Politician, Journalist, Physician, Writer Lawyer

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Gavriil Ilizarov is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicians from Russia
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Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery. ...more

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Age: Died at 71 (1921-1992)

Birthplace: Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union

Profession: Physician, Surgeon

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Ivan Pavlov is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicians from Russia
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Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. From his childhood days Pavlov demonstrated intellectual brilliance along with an unusual energy which he named "the instinct for research". Inspired by the progressive ideas which D. I. Pisarev, ...more

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Age: Died at 87 (1849-1936)

Birthplace: Ryazan, Russia, Ryazan Oblast, EuropeAsia, + more

Profession: Physiologist, Psychologist, Physician

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7

Nikolai Korotkov


Nikolai Sergeyevich Korotkov was a Russian surgeon, a pioneer of 20th century vascular surgery, and the inventor of auscultatory technique for blood pressure measurement. ...more

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Age: Died at 46 (1874-1920)

Birthplace: Kursk, Russia

Profession: Physician, Surgeon

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Nikolay Pirogov is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicians from Russia
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Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov was a prominent Russian scientist, medical doctor, pedagogue, public figure, and corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is considered to be the founder of field surgery, and was one of the first surgeons in Europe to use ether as an anaesthetic. He was ...more

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Age: Died at 71 (1810-1881)

Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Profession: Scientist, Physician

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