Famous Poets from France People

Famous Poets from France

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List of notable or famous poets from France, with bios and photos, including the top poets born in France and even some popular poets who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French poets then this list is the perfect resource for you. These poets are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known poet from France is included when available.

People on this list include Henry David Thoreau and Arthur Rimbaud.

This historic poets from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French poets of note?" and "Who are the most famous poets from France?" These prominent poets of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French poets.

Use this list of renowned French poets to discover some new poets that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (94 items)


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  1. 1
    Adam de la Halle is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Poets from France
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    Adam de la Halle, also known as Adam le Bossu was a French-born trouvère, poet and musician, whose literary and musical works include chansons and jeux-partis in the style of the trouveres, polyphonic rondel and motets in the style of early liturgical polyphony, and a musical play, "Jeu de Robin et ...more

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    • Birthplace: Arras, France
    • Profession: Poet, Composer
  2. 2
    Adélaïde Dufrénoy is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Poets from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Adélaïde-Gillette Dufrénoy was a French poet and painter from Brittany. The daughter of Jacques Billet, a jeweller for the Crown of Poland, she had a lavish education and learnt Latin to a proficient enough level that she was able to translate the works of Horace and Virgil. A M. Laya would later ...more

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    • Age: Died at 60 (1765-1825)
    • Birthplace: Nantes, France
    • Profession: Painter, Poet, Translator
  3. 3
    Aimé Césaire is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Poets from France
    Photo: Freebase/Fair use

    Aimé Fernand David Césaire was a Francophone and French poet, author and politician from Martinique. He was "one of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature". He wrote such works as A Tempest, a response to Shakespeare’s play The Tempest, and Discourse on Colonialism, an essay ...more

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    • Age: Died at 95 (1913-2008)
    • Birthplace: Basse-Pointe, Martinique
    • Profession: Poet, Politician
  4. 4
    Alexandre Soumet is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Poets from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Alexandre Soumet was a French poet.more

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    • Age: Died at 57 (1788-1845)
    • Birthplace: France
    • Profession: Poet, Librettist
  5. 5
    Alfred de Musset is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Poets from France
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    Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry, he is known for writing La Confession d'un enfant du siècle from 1836.more

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    • Age: Died at 47 (1810-1857)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Poet, Novelist, Physician, Writer, Playwright
    • Credits: The Student of Prague, Confession of a Child of the Century, Never Say... Never!
  6. 6
    Alphonse Daudet is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Poets from France
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    Alphonse Daudet was a French novelist. He was the father of writers Léon Daudet and Lucien Daudet.more

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    • Age: Died at 57 (1840-1897)
    • Birthplace: Nîmes, France
    • Profession: Poet, Novelist, Writer, Playwright
    • Credits: Inspiration, The Eternal Sapho, Las Aventuras de Jack, La Mujer sin Alma, The Leopard, + more
  7. 7

    Alphonse de Lamartine

    Alphonse de Lamartine is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Poets from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, chevalier de Pratz, was a French writer, poet and politician who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France.more

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    • Age: Died at 79 (1790-1869)
    • Birthplace: Mâcon, France
    • Profession: Poet, Politician, Writer
    • Credits: Graziella, Chi è senza peccato
  8. 8
    Anatole France is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Poets from France
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Anatole France was a French poet, journalist, and novelist. He was born in Paris, and died in Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire. He was a successful novelist, with several best-sellers. Ironic and skeptical, he was considered in his day the ideal French man of letters. He was a member of the Académie française, and ...more

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    • Age: Died at 80 (1844-1924)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Poet, Journalist, Novelist, Writer
    • Credits: Gulf Stream Under the Iceberg, Chasing Yesterday, Juggler of Notre Dame, Twilight, Chasing Yesterday
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