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Famous Poets from France

List of notable or famous poets from France, with bios and photos, including the top poets born in France and even some popular poets who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French poets then this list is the perfect resource for you. These poets are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known poet from France is included when available.

People on this list include Henry David Thoreau and Arthur Rimbaud.

This historic poets from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French poets of note?" and "Who are the most famous poets from France?" These prominent poets of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French poets.

Use this list of renowned French poets to discover some new poets that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (94 items)


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    Adam de la Halle, also known as Adam le Bossu was a French-born trouvère, poet and musician, whose literary and musical works include chansons and jeux-partis in the style of the trouveres, polyphonic rondel and motets in the style of early liturgical polyphony, and a musical play, "Jeu de Robin et ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Birthplace: Arras, France
    • Profession: Poet, Composer
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    Adélaïde-Gillette Dufrénoy was a French poet and painter from Brittany. The daughter of Jacques Billet, a jeweller for the Crown of Poland, she had a lavish education and learnt Latin to a proficient enough level that she was able to translate the works of Horace and Virgil. A M. Laya would later ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 60 (1765-1825)
    • Birthplace: Nantes, France
    • Profession: Painter, Poet, Translator
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    Aimé Fernand David Césaire was a Francophone and French poet, author and politician from Martinique. He was "one of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature". He wrote such works as A Tempest, a response to Shakespeare’s play The Tempest, and Discourse on Colonialism, an essay ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 95 (1913-2008)
    • Birthplace: Basse-Pointe, Martinique
    • Profession: Poet, Politician
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    Alexandre Soumet was a French poet. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 57 (1788-1845)
    • Birthplace: France
    • Profession: Poet, Librettist
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    Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry, he is known for writing La Confession d'un enfant du siècle from 1836. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 47 (1810-1857)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Poet, Novelist, Physician, Writer, Playwright
    • Credits: The Student of Prague, Confession of a Child of the Century, Never Say... Never!
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    Alphonse Daudet was a French novelist. He was the father of writers Léon Daudet and Lucien Daudet. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 57 (1840-1897)
    • Birthplace: Nîmes, France
    • Profession: Poet, Novelist, Writer, Playwright
    • Credits: Inspiration, The Eternal Sapho, Las Aventuras de Jack, La Mujer sin Alma, The Leopard + 8 more
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    Alphonse de Lamartine

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    Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, chevalier de Pratz, was a French writer, poet and politician who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 79 (1790-1869)
    • Birthplace: Mâcon, France
    • Profession: Poet, Politician, Writer
    • Credits: Graziella, Chi è senza peccato
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    Anatole France was a French poet, journalist, and novelist. He was born in Paris, and died in Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire. He was a successful novelist, with several best-sellers. Ironic and skeptical, he was considered in his day the ideal French man of letters. He was a member of the Académie française, and ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 80 (1844-1924)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Poet, Journalist, Novelist, Writer
    • Credits: Gulf Stream Under the Iceberg, Chasing Yesterday, Juggler of Notre Dame, Twilight, Chasing Yesterday
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    André Breton was a French writer and poet. He is known best as the founder of Surrealism. His writings include the first Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism". more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 70 (1896-1966)
    • Birthplace: Tinchebray, France
    • Profession: Poet, Novelist, Writer
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    André Frénaud

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    First known for his war-time poems written from a German labour camp - notably his sombre reworkings of the myth of the Magi - André Frénaud is one of the most searching of French poets. His work is structured by a sense of quest, which gives it its labyrinthine patterns, underground tensions and ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 86 (1907-1993)
    • Birthplace: Montceau-les-Mines, France
    • Profession: Poet
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    Anna, Comtesse Mathieu de Noailles was a Romanian-French writer. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 57 (1876-1933)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Poet, Novelist, Writer
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    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, officially Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger, comte de Saint Exupéry was a French aristocrat, writer, poet, and pioneering aviator. He became a laureate of several of France's highest literary awards and also won the U.S. National Book Award. He is best remembered for his ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 44 (1900-1944)
    • Birthplace: Lyon, France
    • Profession: Pilot, Poet, Novelist, Writer
    • Credits: The Little Prince, Night Flight, Conquest of the Air, My Little Prince, The Little Prince
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    Armand Gatti is a French playwright, poet, journalist, screenwriter, filmmaker and former WW II resistance fighter. His debut film Enclosure was entered into the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival where he won the Silver Prize for Best Director. Two years later, his film El Otro Cristóbal was ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 91
    • Birthplace: France
    • Profession: Poet, Journalist, Screenwriter, Film Director
    • Credits: El Otro Cristóbal, Enclosure
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    Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud was a French poet born in Charleville, Ardennes. He influenced modern literature and arts, inspired various musicians, and prefigured surrealism. He started writing poems at a very young age, while still in primary school, and stopped completely before he turned 21. He was ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 37 (1854-1891)
    • Birthplace: Charleville-Mézières, France
    • Profession: Poet, Writer
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    Bernard Casadesus was a musicologist, singer and poet. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 71 (1923-1994)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Poet, Musicologist, Singer
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    Frédéric-Louis Sauser, better known as Blaise Cendrars, was a Swiss-born novelist and poet who became a naturalized French citizen in 1916. He was a writer of considerable influence in the European modernist movement. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 74 (1887-1961)
    • Birthplace: La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
    • Profession: Poet, Novelist, Actor, Film Director
    • Credits: Sutter's Gold, Venom and Eternity, Um Filme 100% Brazileiro, Autour de la roue
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    Breyten Breytenbach is a South African writer and painter of great eminence. He is informally considered as the national poet laureate by Afrikaans speaking South Africans of the region. He also holds French citizenship. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 76
    • Birthplace: Bonnievale, Western Cape
    • Profession: Painter, Poet, Author, Writer
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    Carlos Alvarado-Larroucau is an Argentine-born French author. Born in Argentina in 1964. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 51
    • Birthplace: San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
    • Profession: Poet, Professor, Essayist, Writer
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    Jean-François Casimir Delavigne was a French poet and dramatist. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 50 (1793-1843)
    • Birthplace: Le Havre, France
    • Profession: Poet, Librettist, Playwright
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    Charles Pierre Baudelaire was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, Les Fleurs du mal, expresses the changing nature of beauty in modern, industrializing Paris during the 19th century. Baudelaire's ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 46 (1821-1867)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Poet, Art critic, Essayist, Translator, Writer
    • Credits: Les dites cariatides, The Dancing Snake
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