Famous Realism Artists Artists

Famous Realism Artists

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List of famous Realism artists, with images, bios, and information about their notable works. All the greatest artists associated with the Realism movement are included here, along with clickable names for more details on that particular painter or sculptor. These notable Realism period artists are organized by popularity, so the best artists are at the top of the list. If you think the best Realism artist isn't as high as they should be then be sure to give them an upvote.

Realism was an artistic movement that was a direct response to Romanticism. The subjects of Realist paintings were industrial, non-exotic, and often ugly. Less about appearing realistic, Realist artists seeked to show their subject's reality without sugarcoating it. Working class people were often subjects in realist paintings. Ths list of artists includes Rembrandt, Edward Hooper, Gustave Courbet, and many additional artists as well.

This list answers the questions, "Who are the most famous Realism artists?" and "Who are the best Realism artists?"

Almost every well-known or influential figure in this movement is listed below. You can use the artists in this list to create a new list, re-rank it to fit your opinion, then publish it. 


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    Rembrandt
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the ...more

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    • Artworks: The Night Watch, Artemisia, David and Uriah, Self-Portrait, The Storm on the Sea of Galilee, + more
    • Birthplace: Leiden, Kingdom of the Netherlands
    • Associated periods or movements: Dutch Golden Age, Realism, Baroque
    • Nationality: Dutch Republic
    • Art Forms: Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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    Gustave Courbet
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. Committed to painting only what he could see, he rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists. His independence set an example that was ...more

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    • Artworks: Young Ladies of the Village, La rencontre (Bonjour Monsieur Courbet), The Stone Breakers, A Burial At Ornans, The Wounded Man, + more
    • Birthplace: Ornans, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting
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    Winslow Homer
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Winslow Homer was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects. He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art. Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator. He ...more

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    • Artworks: Breezing Up, The Blue Boat, West Point, Prout's Neck, Prisoners from the Front, + more
    • Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Tile Club, Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting, Drawing
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    Edward Hopper
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Edward Hopper was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal ...more

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    • Artworks: Nighthawks, Automat, Self-Portrait, Self-Portrait, American Village, + more
    • Birthplace: Nyack, New York, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Ashcan School, Realism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Etching, Painting, Printmaking
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    Juan Luna
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Juan Luna y Novicio was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of the first recognized Philippine artists. His winning the gold medal in the 1884 Madrid Exposition of Fine Arts, along with the silver win of fellow ...more

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    • Artworks: Spoliarium, The Death of Cleopatra, The Blood Compact, España y Filipinas, Las Damas Romanas, + more
    • Birthplace: Badoc, Philippines
    • Associated periods or movements: Impressionism, Romanticism, Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: Philippines
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting, Drawing
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    William-Adolphe Bouguereau
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    William-Adolphe Bouguereau, November 30, 1825 – August 19, 1905, was a French academic painter and traditionalist. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. During his life he enjoyed ...more

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    • Artworks: Dante and Virgil in Hell, The Birth of Venus, Breton Brother and Sister, The First Mourning, Cupidon, + more
    • Birthplace: La Rochelle, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Academic art, L'art pompier, Neoclassicism, Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Fresco, Painting, Drawing
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    Thomas Eakins
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins was an American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator. He is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history. For the length of his professional career, from the early 1870s until his health began to fail some 40 ...more

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    • Artworks: The Chess Players, Miss Amelia Van Buren, Max Schmitt in a Single Scull, Salutat, Self-portrait, + more
    • Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism, American realism, Realism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Édouard Manet
    Photo: Freebase/CC-BY-2.5

    Édouard Manet was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. His early masterworks, The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia, both 1863, caused great controversy and served as rallying points for ...more

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    • Artworks: Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe, The Monet Family in Their Garden at Argenteuil, The Railway, Rochefort's Escape, Music in the Tuileries, + more
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Impressionism, Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting, Printmaking
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    Edgar Degas
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Edgar Degas was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, although he rejected the term, preferring to be called a ...more

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    • Artworks: Little Dancer of Fourteen Years, Ballet Rehearsal, Arabesque, Young Spartans Exercising, Interior, + more
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Impressionism, Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting, Drawing
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    Iman Maleki

    Imān Maleki is an Iranian Realist painter. Iman Maleki's fascination with painting began as a child. He started taking lessons in painting at the age of fifteen. His first and only teacher in painting was the celebrated Iranian painter Mortezā Kātouziān. His career as a professional painter began during ...more

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    • Artworks: Omens of Hafez, 2 sisters and a book, The Old Album, Portrait of a young man, Composing music secretly, + more
    • Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism
    • Nationality: Iran
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Rosa Bonheur
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Rosa Bonheur, born Marie-Rosalie Bonheur, was a French animalière, realist artist, and sculptor. As a painter she became famous primarily for two chief works: Ploughing in the Nivernais, which was first exhibited at the Salon of 1848, and is now in the Musée d’Orsay in Paris, depicts a team of oxen ...more

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    • Artworks: The Horse Fair, Study for The Horse Fair, Ploughing in the Nivernais, Lion, Going to Market
    • Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting
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    Andrew Wyeth
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Andrew Newell Wyeth was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist style. He was one of the best-known U.S. artists of the middle 20th century. In his art, Wyeth's favorite subjects were the land and people around him, both in his hometown of Chadds Ford, ...more

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    • Artworks: Christina's World
    • Birthplace: Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Regionalism, Realism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Jean-François Millet
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Jean-François Millet was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. Millet is noted for his scenes of peasant farmers; he can be categorized as part of the Realism art movement.more

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    • Artworks: The Gleaners, The Angelus, Haystacks: Autumn, The Sower, Peasants Bringing Home a Calf Born in the Fields, + more
    • Birthplace: Gréville-Hague, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Barbizon school, Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Painting
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    Théodore Rousseau

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    Théodore Rousseau
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Étienne Pierre Théodore Rousseau was a French painter of the Barbizon school.more

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    • Artworks: The Chestnut Avenue, Bridge in the Jura, The Edge of the Forest, Les chênes d'Apremont, Market-Place in Normandy, + more
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Julien Dupré

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    Julien Dupré
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Julien Dupré was a French painter. He was born in Paris on March 18, 1851 to Jean Dupré and Pauline Bouillié and began his adult life working in a lace shop in anticipation of entering his family's jewelry business. The war of 1870 and the siege of Paris forced the closure of the shop and Julien began ...more

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    • Artworks: Faucheurs de Luzerne, The Haymakers, Young Woman Watering Cattle, Return From the Fields, Haymaking, + more
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism, Realism
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    John Singleton Copley
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    John Singleton Copley was an American painter, active in both colonial America and England. He was probably born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Richard and Mary Singleton Copley, both Anglo-Irish. He is famous for his portrait paintings of important figures in colonial New England, depicting in particular ...more

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    • Artworks: Watson and the Shark, Watson and the Shark (1782), Watson and the Shark (1778 Copley Replica), John Hancock, The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, + more
    • Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Jia Lu

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    Jia Lu
    Photo: Freebase

    Jia Lu is an oil painter working in America, known for blending Asian and European imagery in her paintings, predominantly of women.more

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    • Artworks: Palace Performer
    • Birthplace: Beijing, China
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting, Drawing
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    Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro

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    Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro, who is usually referred to as Columbano, was a Portuguese Realist painter. Usually considered the greatest Portuguese painter of the 19th century, he has been compared to the likes of Wilhelm Leibl and Thomas Eakins.more

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    • Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
    • Associated periods or movements: Realism, Realism
    • Nationality: Portugal
    • Art Forms: Painting
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    Thomas Miller

    Thomas Miller was a prolific graphic designer and visual artist, whose best known publicly accessible work is the collection of mosaics of the founders of DuSable Museum of African American History in Chicago, Illinois. The mosaics are a prominent feature of the lobby of the museum, the original portion ...more

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    • Birthplace: Virginia, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Abstract expressionism, Modernism, Realism, Realism
    • Art Forms: Mosaic, Sculpture
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    Henry Ossawa Tanner
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Henry Ossawa Tanner was an African-American artist. He was the first African-American painter to gain international acclaim. He moved to Paris in 1891 to study, and decided to stay there, being readily accepted in French artistic circles. His painting entitled Daniel in the Lions' Den was accepted into ...more

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    • Artworks: Flight Into Egypt, The Banjo Lesson, The Two Disciples at the Tomb, Gateway, Tangiers, + more
    • Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    • Associated periods or movements: Harlem Renaissance, Realism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting, Drawing
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