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Famous Scientists from Brazil

List of notable or famous scientists from Brazil, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Brazil and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Brazil. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Brazilian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Brazil is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of a variety of different people, including Émil Goeldi and Drauzio Varella.

This historic scientists from Brazil list can help answer the questions "Who are some Brazilian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Brazil?" These prominent scientists of Brazil may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Brazilian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Brazilian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (39 items)

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  1. 1

    Adib Domingos Jatene

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    Adib Domingos Jatene was a noted Brazilian physician of Lebanese background, university professor, scientist and thoracic surgeon, one of the founders of the University of São Paulo Heart Institute and internationally respected as the inventor of the Jatene operation, a technique to correct ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Profession: Scientist
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    Adolfo Lutz

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    Adolfo Lutz was a Brazilian physician, father of tropical medicine and medical zoology in Brazil, and a pioneer epidemiologist and researcher in infectious diseases. Lutz was born in Rio de Janeiro, on December 18, 1855, son of Gustav Lutz and Mathilde Oberteuffer, a family of Bern. He studied medicine ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 85 (1855-1940)
    • Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
  3. 3

    Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira

    Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira was a naturalist born in the Portuguese colony of Brazil. He undertook an extensive journey which crossed the interior of the Amazon Basin to Mato Grosso, between 1783 and 1792. During this journey, he described the agriculture, flora, fauna, and native inhabitants. Because ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 59 (1756-1815)
    • Birthplace: Salvador, Brazil
    • Profession: Scientist
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    Anita Dolly Haubenstock Panek is a Brazilian biochemist. She emigrated to Brazil because of World War II. She received a B.Sc. in Chemistry, 1954 and a Ph.D. in 1962. She became a professor at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. She currently works as a chemist. In 1988 she showed that ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 85
    • Profession: Chemist, Scientist
  5. 5
    Aristides de Azevedo Pacheco Leão was one of the most noted Brazilian biologists and scientists, one of the founders of the Biophysics Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the discoverer of cortical spreading depression, an electrophysiological phenomenon of the central nervous ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 79 (1914-1993)
    • Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • Profession: Scientist
  6. 6
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    Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão, was a Portuguese priest and naturalist, noted for his early work on lighter-than-air airship design. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 39 (1685-1724)
    • Birthplace: Santos, São Paulo, Brazil
    • Profession: Scientist
  7. 7
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    Carlos Justiniano Ribeiro Chagas, or Carlos Chagas, was a Brazilian sanitary physician, scientist and bacteriologist who worked as a clinician and researcher. He discovered Chagas disease, also called American trypanosomiasis in 1909, while working at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Rio de ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 55 (1879-1934)
    • Birthplace: Oliveira, Brazil
    • Profession: Bacteriologist, Researcher, Scientist, Physician, Clinician
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    Cesare Mansueto Giulio Lattes, also known as Cesar Lattes, was a Brazilian experimental physicist, one of the discoverers of the pion, a composite subatomic particle made of a quark and an antiquark. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 81 (1924-2005)
    • Birthplace: Curitiba, Brazil
    • Profession: Physicist, Scientist
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    Crodowaldo Pavan

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    Crodowaldo Pavan was a Brazilian biologist and geneticist, and a scientific leader in Brazil. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 90 (1919-2009)
    • Birthplace: Campinas, Brazil
    • Profession: Scientist, Science writer
  10. 10
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    Drauzio Varella, MD, is a Brazilian physician, educator, scientist and noted medical science popularizer in the press and TV, as well as best-selling author. In addition to medicine, Varella is noted as a public commentator on issues such as prison conditions, social welfare, government, literature and ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 72
    • Birthplace: São Paulo, Brazil
    • Profession: Educator, Scientist, Author, Physician, Science writer
    • Credits: Carandiru
  11. 11

    Eduardo Krieger

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    Eduardo Moacyr Krieger is an influential Brazilian physician, physiologist and scientific leader, current president of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 87
    • Birthplace: Brazil
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
  12. 12
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    Émil August Goeldi, was a Swiss-Brazilian naturalist and zoologist. He was the father of Oswaldo Goeldi, a noted Brazilian engraver and illustrator. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 58 (1859-1917)
    • Birthplace: St. Gallen, Switzerland
    • Profession: Scientist
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    Evandro Chagas

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    Evandro Serafim Lobo Chagas, was a Brazilian physician and biomedical scientist specializing in tropical medicine. He was born in Rio de Janeiro, the eldest son of Carlos Chagas, noted physician and scientist who discovered Chagas disease, and brother of Carlos Chagas Filho, also a noted physician and ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 35 (1905-1940)
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
  14. 14

    Gastão Rosenfeld

    Gastão Rosenfeld, was a Brazilian physician and biomedical scientist, one of the co-discoverers of bradykinin, together with Maurício Rocha e Silva and Wilson Teixeira Beraldo, in 1949. Rosenfeld was born in 1912 in Budapest, Hungary, to a family of Jewish origin, and came with his parents to Brazil in ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 78 (1912-1990)
    • Profession: Scientist
  15. 15
    Gauss Moutinho Cordeiro is a Brazilian engineer, mathematician and statistician of international recognition who has made significant contributions to the theory of statistical inference, mainly through asymptotic theory and applied probability. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 63
    • Profession: Mathematician, Scientist, Writer, Statistician
  16. 16

    Giovanni Gazzinelli

    Giovanni Gazzinelli is a Brazilian medical doctor and scientist, with a PhD in biochemistry from the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, with a specialization in immunology. He was born in Araçuaí. more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 88
    • Profession: Scientist
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    Hélio Lourenço de Oliveira

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    Hélio Lourenço de Oliveira was a Brazilian physician, and academic. Hélio Lourenço de Oliveira was professor of Internal medicine and a former Dean of the University of São Paulo in Ribeirão Preto. Due to oppression during Brazil's Military dictatorship, he was forced to leave the country with part of ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 68 (1917-1985)
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
  18. 18

    João Barbosa Rodrigues

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    João Barbosa Rodrigues was a Brazilian botanist and engineer. He was born in São Gonçalo do Sapucaí and raised in Campanha, in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. He returned to Rio de Janeiro with his family in 1858. He first dedicated to the commerce, but he was always interested in natural science, ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: Died at 67 (1842-1909)
    • Birthplace: Brazil
    • Profession: Scientist, Botanist
  19. 19
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    Jorge Stolfi is a full professor of computer science at the State University of Campinas, working in computer vision, image processing, splines and other function approximation methods, graph theory, computational geometry, and several other fields. According to the ISI Web Of Science, as of 2010 he was ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 65
    • Profession: Programmer, Scientist
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    José Aristodemo Pinotti

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    José Aristodemo Pinotti was a Brazilian physician, gynecological surgeon, university professor, scientific and educational leader and politician. At the time of his death he was a federal congressman by the state of State of São Paulo, in his second mandate. He had retired from his professorship at the ... more on Wikipedia
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    • Age: age 81
    • Profession: Politician, Scientist, Physician
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