Famous Scientists from France People

Famous Scientists from France

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List of notable or famous scientists from France, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in France and even some popular scientists who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from France is included when available.

List people range from Marie Curie to Jean-Paul Marat.

This historic scientists from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from France?" These prominent scientists of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French scientists.

Use this list of renowned French scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (106 items)



List Photo: Moyan Brenn
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  1. 1

    Albert Abram Aftalion was a French Jewish economist. He taught at the Paris University. He co-founded the academic journal Revue économique in 1950 and presided over its board of directors.more

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    • Age: Died at 82 (1874-1956)
    • Birthplace: Ruse, Bulgaria, Severen tsentralen, Bulgaria
    • Profession: Scientist, Economist
  2. 2
    Albert Calmette
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Léon Charles Albert Calmette ForMemRS was a French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist, and an important officer of the Pasteur Institute. He discovered the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, an attenuated form of Mycobacterium used in the BCG vaccine against tuberculosis. He also developed the first ...more

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    • Age: Died at 70 (1863-1933)
    • Birthplace: Nice, France
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
  3. 3

    Albert Châtelet was a French politician and mathematician. Châtelet was a student at the École Normale Supérieure from 1905 to 1908, succeeding to the Agrégation in 1908. After earning a doctorate in 1911 and serving first in the health service, then in a ballistic research unit during the First World ...more

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    • Age: Died at 77 (1883-1960)
    • Birthplace: Valhuon, France
    • Profession: Politician, Scientist
  4. 4

    Alberte Pullman

    Alberte Pullman
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Alberte Pullman. She was a theoretical and quantum chemist. She studied at the Sorbonne starting in 1938. During her studies she worked on calculations at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. From 1943 she worked with Raymond Daudel. She completed her doctorate in 1946. On his return from war ...more

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    • Age: age 95
    • Profession: Scientist
  5. 5
    Alfred Joseph Naquet
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Alfred Joseph Naquet, French chemist and politician, was born at Carpentras, on the 6th of October 1834. He became professor in the faculty of medicine in Paris in 1863, and in the same year professor of chemistry at Palermo, where he delivered his lectures in Italian. He lost his professorship in 1867 ...more

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    • Age: Died at 82 (1834-1916)
    • Birthplace: Carpentras, France
    • Profession: Politician, Chemist, Scientist
  6. 6
    Alphonse Milne-Edwards
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Alphonse Milne-Edwards was a French mammalologist, ornithologist and carcinologist. He was English in origin, the son of Henri Milne-Edwards and grandson of Bryan Edwards, a Jamaican planter who settled at Bruges. Milne-Edwards obtained a medical degree in 1859 and became assistant to his father at the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 65 (1835-1900)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Scientist, Ornithologist, Zoologist, carcinologist
  7. 7
    Anatole Abragam
    Photo: Freebase

    Anatole Abragam was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance. Originally from Griva, Courland Governorate, Russian Empire, Abragam and his family emigrated to France in 1925. After being educated at the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 97 (1914-2011)
    • Birthplace: Russia
    • Profession: Physicist, Scientist
  8. 8

    André Guinier was a French physicist who did important work in the field of X-ray diffraction and solid-state physics. He worked at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, then taught at the University of Paris and later at the University of Paris-Sud in Orsay, where he co-founded the Laboratory ...more

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    • Age: Died at 89 (1911-2000)
    • Profession: Physicist, Scientist
  9. 9

    André Michel Lwoff was a French microbiologist.more

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    • Age: Died at 92 (1902-1994)
    • Birthplace: Ainay-le-Château, France
    • Profession: Scientist
  10. 10

    André Pichot

    André Pichot is a researcher in Epistemology and History of Science, based at CNRS in Strasbourg. He was a pupil of Georges Canguilhem. He is known in France for his critical writings on issues related to genetics, in particular the influence modern biology has had on ideologies supporting eugenics.more

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    • Profession: Scientist
  11. 11

    Antoine-Augustin Parmentier

    Antoine-Augustin Parmentier
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Antoine-Augustin Parmentier is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source for humans in France and throughout Europe. His many other contributions to nutrition and health included establishing the first mandatory smallpox vaccination campaign and pioneering the extraction of sugar ...more

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    • Age: Died at 76 (1737-1813)
    • Birthplace: Montdidier, France
    • Profession: Scientist
  12. 12

    Arnaud Denjoy was a French mathematician. Denjoy was born in Auch, Gers. His contributions include work in harmonic analysis and differential equations. His integral was the first to be able to integrate all derivatives. Among his students is Gustave Choquet. He is also known for the more general broad ...more

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    • Age: Died at 90 (1884-1974)
    • Birthplace: Auch, France
    • Profession: Mathematician, Scientist
  13. 13

    Auguste Ambroise Tardieu

    Auguste Ambroise Tardieu was a French medical doctor and the pre-eminent forensic medical scientist of the mid-19th century. The son of artist and mapmaker Ambroise Tardieu, he achieved his Doctorate in Medicine at the Faculté de Médecine of Paris. He was President of the French Academy of Medicine, as ...more

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    • Age: Died at 61 (1818-1879)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
  14. 14

    Benoit B. Mandelbrot was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician, noted for developing a "theory of roughness" and "self-similarity" in nature and the field of fractal geometry to help prove it, which included coining the word "fractal". He later discovered the Mandelbrot set of intricate, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 86 (1924-2010)
    • Birthplace: Warsaw, Second Polish Republic
    • Profession: Mathematician, Professor, Scientist
  15. 15

    Bernard Brunhes

    Antoine Joseph Bernard Brunhes was a French geophysicist known for his pioneering work in paleomagnetism, in particular, his 1906 discovery of geomagnetic reversal. The Brunhes–Matuyama reversal is named for him. Brunhes was educated at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, from which he graduated as ...more

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    • Age: Died at 43 (1867-1910)
    • Profession: Scientist
  16. 16

    Bernard Cabane

    Bernard Cabane is a French Scientist, director in the French National Center for Scientific Research in ESPCI ParisTech and corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences. Expert in wine tannins, polymers and surfactants, and fluid dynamics. List of publications, articles, and research: ...more

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    • Profession: Scientist
  17. 17

    Bernard Pullman

    Bernard Pullman was a French theoretical quantum chemist and quantum biochemist. Pullman studied at the Sorbonne, then spent the Second World War as a French Army officer in Africa and the Middle East. Returning to Paris in 1946, he completed the Licence-es-Sciences in 1946 and the Docteur-es-Science in ...more

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    • Age: Died at 77 (1919-1996)
    • Profession: Scientist
  18. 18

    Camille Guérin

    Jean-Marie Camille Guérin was a French veterinarian, bacteriologist and immunologist who, together with Albert Calmette, developed the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, a vaccine for immunization against tuberculosis.more

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    • Age: Died at 89 (1872-1961)
    • Birthplace: Poitiers, France
    • Profession: Scientist
  19. 19

    Caroline Moreau

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    • Profession: Scientist
  20. 20

    Charles Athanase Walckenaer

    Charles Athanase Walckenaer
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Baron Charles Athanase Walckenaer was a French civil servant and scientist.more

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    • Age: Died at 81 (1771-1852)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
    • Profession: Scientist
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