scotland Famous Scientists from Scotland

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List of notable or famous scientists from Scotland, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Scotland and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Scotland. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Scottish scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Scotland is included when available.

Everything from Lyon Playfair, 1st Baron Playfair to James Crichton is included on this list.

This historic scientists from Scotland list can help answer the questions "Who are some Scottish scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Scotland?" These prominent scientists of Scotland may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Scottish scientists.

Use this list of renowned Scottish scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (32 items)
Alexander Fleming is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Scotland
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Sir Alexander Fleming, FRSE, FRS, FRCS was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist and botanist. He wrote many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the antibiotic substance penicillin from the mould Penicillium notatum in ...more

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Age: Died at 74 (1881-1955)

Birthplace: Lochfield

Profession: Pharmacologist, Biologist, Scientist

Also Ranked

#38 on The All-Time Greatest People in History

#88 on The Most Influential People of All Time

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Profession: Scientist

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3

Charles Bruce


Charles Edward Rhodes Bruce FIEE FInstP was a Scottish electrical engineer and amateur astrophysicist. ...more

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Age: Died at 77 (1902-1979)

Profession: Scientist, Writer

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4

Charles Normand


Sir Charles William Blyth Normand CIE was a Scottish meteorologist. ...more

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Age: Died at 93 (1889-1982)

Profession: Scientist

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Charlotte Auerbach is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Scotland
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Charlotte Auerbach FRS FRSE, known by her friends as 'Lotte', was a German-Jewish zoologist and geneticist who contributed to founding the science of mutagenesis. She became well known after 1942 when she discovered with A. J. Clark and J. M. Robson that mustard gas could cause mutations in fruit ...more

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Age: Died at 95 (1899-1994)

Birthplace: Krefeld, Germany

Profession: Scientist, Writer

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David Cromwell is a Scottish-born media campaigner and oceanographer. With David Edwards, he is a co-editor of the Media Lens website. Cromwell was born in Glasgow. His mother was a practising Catholic while his father was an activist and communist sympathiser. He spent his formative years in ...more

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Age: 53

Birthplace: Europe, Eurasia, United Kingdom, Scotland Glasgow, + more

Profession: Journalist, Scientist

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David Ferrier is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Scotland
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Sir David Ferrier FRS was a pioneering Scottish neurologist and psychologist. ...more

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Age: Died at 85 (1843-1928)

Birthplace: Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Profession: Scientist, Physician

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David Forbes Martyn FRS was a Scottish-born Australian physicist and radiographer. ...more

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Age: Died at 64 (1906-1970)

Birthplace: Cambuslang, United Kingdom

Profession: Scientist

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