2015 The Greatest Scientific Breakthroughs of 2015  

Amy Boal
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Science is amazing! Scientists and researchers all over the globe are constantly making new and exciting discoveries that will continue to change the course of human life on Earth, and 2015 is no different. The greatest scientific discoveries inspire us to learn more about the world around us and never just accept the way things are. Because you know what? Someone created the first man-made leaf that produces oxygen! And NASA is constantly making discoveries far, far away! Scientific breakthroughs are crazy cool! 

This list of scientific discoveries features interesting stories of researchers making breakthroughs in all kinds of different fields, with many important implications for human life. The scientific discoveries of 2015 will amaze and inspire a new generation of curious scientists, who will push the boundaries of what we know even further.

When it comes to recent scientific breakthroughs, 2015 is full of them. From the first new antibiotic in decades, to lab grown human muscle, and a man-made leaf that can go through photosynthesis, the scientific discoveries made in 2015 will boggle your mind and change your view of the world.
 
So what were the biggest discoveries in science and tech in 2015? Read on to find out!

Four New Elements Officially Join the Periodic Table


Four New Elements Officially J... is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list The Greatest Scientific Breakthroughs of 2015
Photo:  uploaded by Amy Boal
In late 2015, a Russian/United States collaboration attained sufficient evidence to claim the discovery of elements 115, 117, and 118. As well, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) awarded credit for the discovery of element 113 to scientists at RIKEN in Wako, Japan.

The elements will be given official names in due time, with "Uu" prefixes serving as placeholders on the Periodic Table for the time being.

Source: Science News

Astronomers Discover "Fat Jupiter" and Twin Planets That Could Share Life


Astronomers Discover "Fat ... is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Greatest Scientific Breakthroughs of 2015
Photo:  uploaded by Amy Boal
It's hard to believe that there are planets even larger than our own solar system's giant, but in December 2015, researchers at the University of California, Berkeley announced in the discovery of HD-106906b - a planet 11 times more massive than Jupiter. The "Fat Jupiter," as some scientists call it, is also 16 times further away from its sun than Pluto. Astronomers like Paul Kalas speculate that it was "kicked out" of its solar system by a relatively recent "violent gravitational interaction."

The scientists also
discussed the existence of twin Earth-like plants in another solar system. They said that although Earth is the only planet in our system that lies in the habitable zone (not to far away or to close to the sun), other solar systems can have more than one planet orbiting at just the right distance. What's more, "Life in a multi-habitable system may have a higher probability of surviving," according to University of Nevada's Jason Steffen.

Researchers Discover New Phase of Carbon


Researchers Discover New Phase... is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Greatest Scientific Breakthroughs of 2015
Photo: christina rutz/Flickr
Researchers at the University of North Carolina discovered a new phase of carbon, called "Q-carbon" that could have important implications for developing new types of electronic display technologies. A "phase" is a distinct form of the same material, with diamond and graphite two carbon phases joined by Q-carbon. The new phase gives researchers the ability to create a diamond at room temperature and ambient atmospheric pressure.

Source: Phys.org

Doctors Grow Human Vocal Cords from Scratch


Doctors Grow Human Vocal Cords... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list The Greatest Scientific Breakthroughs of 2015
Photo:  uploaded by Amy Boal
Using cells from human donors, doctors have, for the first time, built a set of vocal cords from scratch. The cells were urged to form a tissue that mimics vocal fold mucosa - vibrating flaps in the larynx that create the sounds of the human voice. This amazing breakthrough could someday restore speech to patients who lost their vocal cords due to illness or surgery.
 

Source: New Scientist