The Irish Find Them Offensive And It Is Probably Disney's FaultAlthough we love leprechauns in America and quite often feature them in commercials, cartoons, horror movies and breakfast cereals, the Irish find them to be brute, bastardized versions of a Celtic legend ruined (like a lot of old, amazing stories) by Walt Disney.
A film called Darby O'Gill and The Little People received great critical reception after Walt Disney did it following a trip to Ireland, and it was seen as a great fantasy of Gaelic tall stories (pun intended).
Unfortunately, it reinvented the leprechaun and actually changed its colors in popular culture forever (see item #5). This movie has been attributed to part of what has cemented the leprechaun to St. Patrick's Day, even though the creatures had absolutely nothing to do with the patron saint of Ireland or his esteemed day.
It's kind of like if they made Satan, or some random demon, part of Christmas just because they're part of Christian lore. Although fans of anagrams will say that it has happened.
01:55 Speed up to this part for a singing, Disney-fied, really young Sean Connery... you're welcome, ladies.
They Are Trickster DeitiesArguably the most popular trickster deity in popular culture, the Leprechaun rivals Norse trickster Loki in its mischief.
The first recorded reference to leprechauns appears in a medieval tale called The Adventure of Fergus, Son of Leti. In one of the stories, Fergus mac Leti, a King, ends up passing out on a beach and wakes up to find himself being dragged to sea by three "luchorpain". He then subdues his captors and they grant him three wishes in exchange for their freedom.
Its entire existence is a cruel joke on humanity. A leprechaun's Pot of Gold is held at the end of a rainbow, which is a place that's literally impossible to reach because a rainbow is an optical effect that moves farther away the closer you get to it.
Since they are mythical descendants of Gods that were fabled to have inhabited Ireland in a Pre-Christian period, they, along with their cousins the Clurichauns (#4), are the closest that Irish mythology comes to a trickster deity (in Christianity, it would be compared to a kind of demon).
They Are The Remnants of Awesome SuperPowered GodsThe Tuatha Dé Danann are a race of Pre-Christian Gods who, in later Christian periods, were revered as mortal kings and heroes. They hailed from the 4 northern ancient cities of Falias, Finias, Gorias and Murias, which is where they got their awesome superpowers.
They could accomplish awesome feats, like replacing severed arms with working, silver-plated arms (take THAT Star Wars and X-Men) and poison people with their eyes.
But when they ran into the Milesians (read: peaceful enemies), they tried to drown them because the Milesians were closing in on their turf. This didn't work, and the awesome, superpowered Tuatha Dé Danann were finally defeated.
After their defeat, the Milesians were supposed to divide the land between themselves and the awesome former-superheroes. So what they did, cleverly, was keep the above-ground part of the land and gave the Tuatha Dé Danann the underground.
Over time, leprechauns were seen popping up from secret, magical entrances to the underground world all over Ireland, said to be remnant ancestors of the Tuatha Dé Danann.
Leprechauns can, therefore, pop in and out of these magical entrances in the blink of an eye, and are said to be seen mostly at night... which might explain why the community in this classic viral video in Mobile, Alabama says that their local nocturnal leprechaun disappears when you shine a light on it.
They're just that quick.
Speaking of nocturnal...
They Are The COOLER Of Two Small Irish Mythical CreaturesYou know that friend you have that you hang out with all the time, but never bring to parties because he/she always gets a little too drunk and embarrasses you?
That's what the Clurichaun (pictured to the left) is to the Leprechaun.
The Clurichaun, often considered the Leprechaun's "cousin" and even confused with the Leprechaun himself, is an Irish fairy who is said to be an alcoholic who finishes his daily work and then goes out and gets OBLITERATED on a nightly basis.
He's a nocturnal creature who is supposedly always drunk and often rides sheep and dogs for sport.
If you treat a Clurichaun with the respect and courtesy he doesn't deserve, he will protect your wine cellar. If you don't, he'll royally screw up your wine and generally wreak havoc and chaos on your home and loved ones.
They Used To Look Like SantaOriginally, the leprechaun wore colors of red, not green. Another reason that the American/World/Breakfast Cereal view of leprechauns is so offensive to some traditional and purist Irish people.
Up until the early 20th century he looked like a little more like a Mini-Me for Santa Clause wearing a "red square-cut coat, richly laced with gold [and a] crooked hat, shoes and buckles" (Samuel Lover, 1831)
According to Irish literary figure Yeats, there were two kinds of leprechauns. The ones you usually saw hanging out alone wore red and the ones who hung out in troops wore green.
So, either way, unless Lucky here has a huge family or posse that these children keep kidnapping him from (and stealing food from the mouths of), he should be wearing red.
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