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Cure Ourselves of SalveryAbraham Lincoln: "Abolishing slavery settles the fate for all coming time, not only of the millions in bondage but of unborn millions to come. Shall we stop this bleeding? We must cure ourselves of slavery. This amendment is that cure. Here stepped out upon the world's stage now with the fate of human dignity upon our hands. Blood's been spilled to afford us this moment."
Lincoln continues to express his feelings that slavery needs to go and push for the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment which would abolish slavery. This battle however was not as easy as many historical texts remember.
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By the People, For the PeopleAbraham Lincoln: "We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address during the American Civil War noting that democracy is a new birth of freedom, one that brings equality to all citizens, regardless of skin color.
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Fitted to the Times We're Born IntoAbraham Lincoln: "Can we choose to be born? Are we fitted to the times we're born into? We begin with equality, that's the origin isn't it? That's justice. See we've shown that a people can endure awful sacrifice and yet cohere."
Abraham Lincoln ponders life in general, specifically if we are born destined to impact the times we're born into and the origins of equality.
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President Lincoln Has Asked UsRadical Republican Congressional leader Thaddeus Stevens: "Abraham Lincoln has asked us to work with him to accomplish the death of slavery."
Though Radical Republican Congressional leader Thaddeus Stevens was all for the abolition of slavery, he did have his doubts about what President Lincoln would have to sacrifice to pass the Thirteenth Amendment, something that made Stevens' efforts to convince his party to support the bill difficult.
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Euclid's First Common NotionAbraham Lincoln: "Euclid's first common notion is this: Things which are equal to the same things are equal to each other. That's a rule of mathematical reasoning and its true because it works - has done and always will do. In his book Euclid says this is self evident. You see there it is even in that 2000 year old book of mechanical law it is the self evident truth that things which are equal to the same things are equal to each other."
Abraham Lincoln tries to explain his idea of equality in a different sense, not one that relates to persons but rather mathematical reasoning. This analogy helps those who are against his proposal to end slavery to think about the situation less personally.
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Seeking a Negotiated PeaceFrancis Preston Blair: "We can't tell our people they can vote yes on abolishing slavery less at the same time we can tell em that you're seeking a negotiated peace."
Though Francis Preston Blair was quite the influential Republican at the time and in favor of ending the Civil War, he was also honest about his capabilities, including wanting reassurance from President Lincoln that peace would come if his party voted to abolish slavery.
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Equality Before the LawThaddeus Stevens: "I don't hold with equality in all things, just equality before the law, nothing more."
Trying to find a compromise with those opposing the bill, Thaddeus Stevens addresses the House by telling them that true equality is not what is happening here, simply equality of all personals in a legal sense of freedom.
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Proof That Some Men Are InferiorThaddeus Stevens: "How can I hold that all men are created equal when here before me stands stinking the moral carcass of the gentleman from Ohio? Proof that some men are inferior. Endowed by their maker with dim wits, impermeable to reason, with cold pallid slime in their veins instead of hot red blood. You are more reptile than man George, so low and flat that the foot of man is incapable of crushing you."
In a speech before the House, Thaddeus Stevens knocks it out of the park by noting that even within their ranks many are not equal, such as an opposing Representative from Ohio. This causes the supports of ending slavery to laugh but the message resonates even with the opposition.