Central Nervous System Diseases & Nerve Disorders Diseases / Medical Conditions

Central Nervous System Diseases & Nerve Disorders

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Central Nervous System diseases affect millions of Americans. Diseases of the nervous system can range from the nerve disorder that causes Tourette's to the serious CNS disease of Alzheimer's. What diseases affect the central nervous system? Central Nervous system disorders aren't something to take lightly. CNS disorders can seriously affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerve endings in your body. Feel free to use this list as a starting point to make your own medical diseases flash card list. Diseases of the central nervous system are horrible but there are other diseases you should be aware of. One for example is AIDS which is sexually transmitted and you can see more information about that at the aids symptoms page. Another one that affects so many people is Chrone's Disease which you can find the symptoms of at the Chrone's disease page. Finally, take a look at the most common illnesses as its much more likely that you may be affected by one of those.


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    Alzheimer's Disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of function and death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain leading to loss of cognitive function such as memory and language.more

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    Expressive aphasia is characterized by the loss of the ability to produce language. It is one subset of a larger family of disorders known collectively as aphasia. Expressive aphasia differs from dysarthria, which is typified by a patient's inability to properly move the muscles of the tongue and mouth ...more

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    Choroid Plexus Papilloma

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    Huntington's disease
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    Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and leads to mental decline and behavioral symptoms. Symptoms of the disease can vary between individuals and affected members of the same family, but usually progress predictably. The earliest symptoms are ...more

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    Klüver–Bucy syndrome is a syndrome resulting from bilateral lesions of the anterior temporal lobe. Klüver–Bucy syndrome may present with hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, visual agnosia, and docility.more

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    Locked-In Syndrome
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    Locked-in syndrome is a condition in which a patient is aware but cannot move or communicate verbally due to complete paralysis of nearly all voluntary muscles in the body except for the eyes. Total locked-in syndrome is a version of locked-in syndrome wherein the eyes are paralyzed as well. Fred Plum ...more

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    Multiple sclerosis
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    Multiple sclerosis, also known as disseminated sclerosis or encephalomyelitis disseminata, is an inflammatory disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged. This damage disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate, resulting in a ...more

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    Parkinson's disease
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    Parkinson's disease is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. The motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease result from the death of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the midbrain; the cause of this cell death is unknown. Early in the course of the disease, the ...more

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    Parinaud Syndrome

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    Pituitary adenomas are tumors that occur in the pituitary gland. Pituitary adenomas are generally divided into three categories dependent upon their biological functioning: benign adenoma, invasive adenoma, and carcinomas, with carcinomas accounting for 0.1% to 0.2%, approximately 35% being invasive ...more

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    Tourette syndrome
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    Tourette syndrome is an inherited neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple physical tics and at least one vocal tic. These tics characteristically wax and wane, can be suppressed temporarily, and are preceded by a premonitory urge. Tourette's is defined as part of a ...more

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    Wallenberg Syndrome

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    Weber Syndrome

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    Wernicke Aphasia

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    Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
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    Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome, also called wet brain, Korsakoff's psychosis, and alcoholic encephalopathy, is the combined presence of Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff's syndrome. Due to the close relationship between these two disorders, patients suffering from both are usually diagnosed with WKS, ...more

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    Wilson's disease
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    Wilson's disease or hepatolenticular degeneration is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder in which copper accumulates in tissues; this manifests as neurological or psychiatric symptoms and liver disease. It is treated with medication that reduces copper absorption or removes the excess copper from ...more

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