Disease or medical condition List of Endocrine Disorders

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List of all possible Endocrine disorders and diseases affecting the Endocrine System. The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce and release hormones that help control many important body functions, especially the body's ability to change calories into energy that powers cells and organs. The endocrine system influences how your heart beats, how your bones and tissues grow, even your ability to make a baby. It plays a vital role in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders.

See also: Thyroid Diseases List
Collection Photo:  Ephraim Chambers
Diabetes mellitus is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many ...more

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Symptoms: Polyphagia, Acanthosis nigricans, Hyperglycemia, Weight gain Fatigue, + more

Treatments: Smoking cessation, Insulin lispro, Anti-diabetic medication, Physical examination Chromium(III) picolinate, + more

Risk Factors: Tobacco smoking, Personal History of Gestational Diabetes, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Asian American Hispanic, + more

Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Nutrition disorder

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#71 on The Scariest Diseases of All Time

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Type 2 diabetes is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by hyperglycemia in the context of insulin resistance and relative lack of insulin. This is in contrast to diabetes mellitus type 1, in which there is an absolute lack of insulin due to breakdown of islet cells in the pancreas. ...more

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Symptoms: Polyphagia, Acanthosis nigricans, Fatigue, Polydipsia Glycosuria, + more

Treatments: Metformin, Tolazamide, Chlorpropamide, Glibenclamide Blood glucose monitoring, + more

Risk Factors: Personal History of Gestational Diabetes, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Asian American, Hispanic Old age, + more

Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Diabetes mellitus

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Type 1 diabetes is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The subsequent lack of insulin leads to increased blood and urine glucose. The classical symptoms are polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and weight ...more

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Symptoms: Polyphagia, Fatigue, Polydipsia, Blurred vision Polyuria, + more

Treatments: Insulin detemir, Pramlintide, Edmonton protocol, Insulin glargine Pancreas transplantation, + more

Risk Factors: Personal History of Autoimmunity, Viral Infection

Parent Disease: Diabetes mellitus, Autoimmune Disease

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Growth Disorders is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Treatments: Oxandrolone

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Osteoporosis is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone are ...more

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Symptoms: Back pain, Kyphosis, Loss of height

Treatments: Hormone replacement therapy, Cholecalciferol, Sodium fluoride, Vitamin D Teriparatide, + more

Risk Factors: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Vitamin D Deficiency, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Nulliparity Depression, + more

Parent Disease: Musculoskeletal disorder

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Polycystic ovary syndrome is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Polycystic ovary syndrome, also called hyperandrogenic anovulation, or Stein–Leventhal syndrome, is a set of symptoms due to a hormone imbalance in women. Symptoms include: irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, trouble getting pregnant, and ...more

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Symptoms: Type 2 diabetes, Acanthosis nigricans, Amenorrhoea, Seborrheic dermatitis Obesity, + more

Treatments: Urofollitropin, Clomiphene, Surgery, Follicle-stimulating hormone Low-carbohydrate diet, + more

Risk Factors: Uterine cancer, Diabetes mellitus, Breast cancer, Obesity Prediabetes, + more

Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Female urologic disease, Complications of pregnancy, Ovarian dysfunction

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Adrenal insufficiency is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Adrenal insufficiency is a condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce adequate amounts of steroid hormones, primarily cortisol; but may also include impaired production of aldosterone, which regulates sodium conservation, potassium secretion, and water retention. Craving for salt or salty ...more

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Treatments: Triamcinolone, Prednisolone, Prednisone, Cortisone Dehydroepiandrosterone, + more

Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases

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Addison's disease is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Endocrine Disorders
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Addison’s disease is a rare, chronic endocrine system disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones. It is characterised by a number of relatively nonspecific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and weakness, but under certain circumstances, these may progress to ...more

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Symptoms: Weight loss

Treatments: Dexamethasone sodium phosphate, Fludrocortisone, Dexamethasone

Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Autoimmune Disease

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