List of Endocrine Disorders Diseases / Medical Conditions

List of Endocrine Disorders

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List of all possible Endocrine disorders and diseases affecting the Endocrine System. The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce and release hormones that help control many important body functions, especially the body's ability to change calories into energy that powers cells and organs. The endocrine system influences how your heart beats, how your bones and tissues grow, even your ability to make a baby. It plays a vital role in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders.

See also: Thyroid Diseases List



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  1. 1

    Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many ...more

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    • Symptoms: Polyphagia, Acanthosis nigricans, Hyperglycemia, Weight gain, Fatigue, + more
    • Treatments: Smoking cessation, Insulin lispro, Anti-diabetic medication, Physical examination, Chromium(III) picolinate, + more
    • Risk Factors: Tobacco smoking, Personal History of Gestational Diabetes, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Asian American, Hispanic, + more
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Nutrition disorder
  2. 2

    Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by hyperglycemia in the context of insulin resistance and relative lack of insulin. This is in contrast to diabetes mellitus type 1, in which there is an absolute lack of insulin due to breakdown of islet cells in the pancreas. The ...more

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    • Symptoms: Polyphagia, Acanthosis nigricans, Fatigue, Polydipsia, Glycosuria, + more
    • Treatments: Metformin, Tolazamide, Chlorpropamide, Glibenclamide, Blood glucose monitoring, + more
    • Risk Factors: Personal History of Gestational Diabetes, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Asian American, Hispanic, Old age, + more
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Diabetes mellitus
  3. 3

    Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The subsequent lack of insulin leads to increased blood and urine glucose. The classical symptoms are polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and weight ...more

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    • Symptoms: Polyphagia, Fatigue, Polydipsia, Blurred vision, Polyuria, + more
    • Treatments: Insulin detemir, Pramlintide, Edmonton protocol, Insulin glargine, Pancreas transplantation, + more
    • Risk Factors: Personal History of Autoimmunity, Viral Infection
    • Parent Disease: Diabetes mellitus, Autoimmune Disease
  4. 4
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    • Treatments: Oxandrolone
  5. 5

    Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone are altered.more

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    • Symptoms: Back pain, Kyphosis, Loss of height
    • Treatments: Hormone replacement therapy, Cholecalciferol, Sodium fluoride, Vitamin D, Teriparatide, + more
    • Risk Factors: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Vitamin D Deficiency, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Nulliparity, Depression, + more
    • Parent Disease: Musculoskeletal disorder
  6. 6

    Polycystic ovary syndrome, also called hyperandrogenic anovulation, or Stein–Leventhal syndrome, is a set of symptoms due to a hormone imbalance in women. Symptoms include: irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, trouble getting pregnant, and ...more

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    • Symptoms: Type 2 diabetes, Acanthosis nigricans, Amenorrhoea, Seborrheic dermatitis, Obesity, + more
    • Treatments: Urofollitropin, Clomiphene, Surgery, Follicle-stimulating hormone, Low-carbohydrate diet, + more
    • Risk Factors: Uterine cancer, Diabetes mellitus, Breast cancer, Obesity, Prediabetes, + more
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Female urologic disease, Complications of pregnancy, Ovarian dysfunction
  7. 7

    Adrenal insufficiency is a condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce adequate amounts of steroid hormones, primarily cortisol; but may also include impaired production of aldosterone, which regulates sodium conservation, potassium secretion, and water retention. Craving for salt or salty ...more

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    • Treatments: Triamcinolone, Prednisolone, Prednisone, Cortisone, Dehydroepiandrosterone, + more
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases
  8. 8

    Addison’s disease is a rare, chronic endocrine system disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones. It is characterised by a number of relatively nonspecific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and weakness, but under certain circumstances, these may progress to ...more

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    • Symptoms: Weight loss
    • Treatments: Dexamethasone sodium phosphate, Fludrocortisone, Dexamethasone
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Autoimmune Disease
  9. 9

    Conn's Syndrome

  10. 10

    Cushing's syndrome, also known as hypercortisolism, Itsenko-Cushing syndrome, and hyperadrenocorticism, is a collection of signs and symptoms due to prolonged exposure to cortisol. Signs and symptoms may include: high blood pressure, abdominal obesity but with thin arms and legs, reddish stretch marks, ...more

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    • Symptoms: Weight gain, Depression, Acne, Hypertension, Polyuria, + more
    • Treatments: Ketoconazole, Radiation therapy, Surgery, Adrenalectomy, Aminoglutethimide, + more
    • Risk Factors: Prolonged use of corticosteroid, Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Female
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Adrenal gland disease
  11. 11

    Glucocorticoid remediable aldosteronism, also describable as aldosterone synthase hyperactivity, is an autosomal dominant disorder in which the increase in aldosterone secretion produced by ACTH is no longer transient. It is a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism.more

  12. 12

    A pheochromocytoma or phaeochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands, or extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue that failed to involute after birth and secretes high amounts of catecholamines, mostly norepinephrine, plus epinephrine to a lesser extent. Extra-adrenal ...more

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    • Treatments: Propranolol, Metirosine
    • Parent Disease: Cancer
  13. 13

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia are any of several autosomal recessive diseases resulting from mutations of genes for enzymes mediating the biochemical steps of production of cortisol from cholesterol by the adrenal glands. Most of these conditions involve excessive or deficient production of sex ...more

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    • Treatments: Hydrocortisone
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Genetic disorder
  14. 14

    Adrenocortical carcinoma, also adrenal cortical carcinoma and adrenal cortex cancer, is an aggressive cancer originating in the cortex of the adrenal gland. Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare tumor, with incidence of 1–2 per million population annually. Adrenocortical carcinoma has a bimodal ...more

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    • Parent Disease: Cancer
  15. 15

    Gestational diabetes is a condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is caused when insulin receptors do not function properly. This is likely due to pregnancy-related factors such as the presence of human ...more

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    • Symptoms: Candidiasis, Nausea, Fatigue, Polydipsia, Asymptomatic, + more
    • Treatments: Insulin, Diabetic diet, Physical exercise
    • Risk Factors: Tobacco smoking, Personal History of Gestational Diabetes, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Obesity, + more
    • Parent Disease: Endocrine diseases, Nutrition disorder, Diabetes mellitus, Female urologic disease, Complications of pregnancy
  16. 16

    Hypoglycemia is a medical emergency that involves an abnormally diminished content of glucose in the blood. The term literally means low blood sugar. Such blood sugar levels can produce a variety of symptoms and effects, but the principal problems arise from an inadequate supply of glucose to the brain, ...more

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    • Treatments: Glucagon, D-Glucose
    • Parent Disease: Preterm birth, Endocrine diseases
  17. 17

    Idiopathic Hypoglycemia

  18. 18

    An insulinoma is a tumor of the pancreas that is derived from beta cells and secretes insulin. It is a rare form of a neuroendocrine tumor. Most insulinomas are benign in that they grow exclusively at their origin within the pancreas, but a minority metastasize. Insulinomas are one of the functional ...more

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    • Parent Disease: Gastrointestinal Disorder, Endocrine diseases, Cancer
  19. 19

    A glucagonoma is a rare tumor of the alpha cells of the pancreas that results in the overproduction of the hormone glucagon. Alpha cell tumors are commonly associated with glucagonoma syndrome, though similar symptoms are present in cases of pseudoglucagonoma syndrome in the absence of a ...more

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    • Parent Disease: Gastrointestinal Disorder, Endocrine diseases, Cancer
  20. 20
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    • Parent Disease: Simple and unspecified goiter
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