List of Famous Martyrs People

List of Famous Martyrs

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List of famous martyrs, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top martyrs in the world? This includes the most prominent martyrs, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable martyrs is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic martyrs were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned martyrs.

From reputable, prominent, and well known martyrs to the lesser known martyrs of today, these are some of the best professionals in the martyr field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous martyrs ever?" and "What are the names of famous martyrs?" then you're in the right place. (32 items)

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  1. 1
    Paul the Apostle
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Paul the Apostle, originally known as Saul of Tarsus, was an apostle who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world. He is generally considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age. In the mid-30s to the mid-50s, he founded several churches in Asia Minor and Europe. Paul ...more

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    • Birthplace: Tarsus, Turkey
    • Profession: Missionary, Prophet, Tentmaker, Writer
  2. 2
    John Brown
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    John Brown was a white American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. During the 1856 conflict in Kansas, Brown commanded forces at the Battle of Black Jack and the Battle of Osawatomie. Brown's followers also killed ...more

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    • Age: Died at 59 (1800-1859)
    • Birthplace: Torrington, Connecticut, United States of America
  3. 3

    Joan of Arc, nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans", is considered a heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle, a peasant family, at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan said she received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret and Saint Catherine ...more

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    • Age: Died at 19 (1412-1431)
    • Birthplace: Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
    • Profession: Military Leader
  4. 4
    Thomas Becket
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Thomas Becket was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict with Henry II of England over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 52 (1118-1170)
    • Birthplace: Cheapside, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Priest, Bishop
  5. 5
    Saint Peter
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Saint Peter, also known as Simon Peter, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Church. The Catholic Church considers him to be the first Pope, ordained by Jesus in the "Rock of My Church" dialogue in Matthew 16:18. The ancient ...more

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    • Birthplace: Bethsaida, Syria
    • Profession: Bishop, Fisherman
  6. 6
    Thomas Cranmer
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Thomas Cranmer was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 67 (1489-1556)
    • Birthplace: Aslockton, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Priest, Diplomat
  7. 7
    Jan Hus
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Jan Hus, often referred to in English as John Hus or John Huss, was a Czech priest, philosopher, early Christian reformer and Master at Charles University in Prague. After John Wycliffe, the theorist of ecclesiastical Reformation, Hus is considered the first Church reformer, as he lived before Luther, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 46 (1369-1415)
    • Birthplace: Husinec, Czech Republic
    • Profession: Priest, Philosopher
  8. 8

    Saint Stephen

    Saint Stephen
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Stephen or Stephan, traditionally regarded as the Protomartyr or first martyr of Christianity, was according to the Acts of the Apostles a deacon in the early church at Jerusalem who aroused the enmity of members of various synagogues by his teachings. Accused of blasphemy, at his trial he made a long ...more

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    • Profession: Deacon
  9. 9

    Abraham ben Abraham

    Abraham ben Abraham, also known as Count Valentine Potocki, was a purported Polish nobleman of the Potocki family who converted to Judaism and was burned at the stake by the Roman Catholic Church because he had renounced Catholicism and had become an observant Jew. According to Jewish oral traditions, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 49 (1700-1749)
  10. 10

    Francisco Maldonado da Silva was an Argentine marrano physician, was burned at the stake with eleven other Jews in Lima, in the largest Auto-da-fé recorded in history. Francisco was born in San Miguel de Tucumán to a marrano family of Portuguese Jewish background. He learned about his Jewishness through ...more

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    • Age: Died at 47 (1592-1639)
    • Profession: Physician
  11. 11
    Guru Arjan
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Guru Arjan was the first martyr of Sikh faith and the fifth of the eleven Sikh Gurus, who compiled writings to create the eleventh, the living Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval, Punjab the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Sikh ...more

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    • Age: Died at 43 (1563-1606)
    • Birthplace: Punjab, India, Goindval, Eurasia, India
    • Profession: Guru, Publisher, Composer, Writer
  12. 12
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Vladimir, baptismal name: Vasily Nikiforovich Bogoyavlensky, was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church. He was appointed the position of Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna between 1898–1912, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg and Ladoga between 1912–1915, and Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich between ...more

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    • Age: Died at 70 (1848-1918)
    • Birthplace: Tambov, Russia
    • Profession: Priest, Monk
  13. 13
    Dietrich Bonhoeffer
    Photo: Freebase/Fair use

    Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a German Lutheran pastor, theologian, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church. His writings on Christianity's role in the secular world have become widely influential, and his book The Cost of Discipleship became a modern classic. Apart from his ...more

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    • Age: Died at 39 (1906-1945)
    • Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
    • Profession: Theologian, Pastor, Writer
  14. 14

    Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Plato's ...more

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    • Birthplace: Classical Athens
    • Profession: Philosopher
  15. 15
    Joseph Smith, Jr.
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Joseph Smith, Jr. was an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism. When he was twenty-four, Smith published the Book of Mormon; by the time of his death fourteen years later, he had attracted tens of thousands of followers and founded a religion and religious culture that continues to the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 39 (1805-1844)
    • Birthplace: Sharon, Vermont, United States of America
    • Profession: Tradesman, Politician
  16. 16

    Yekusiel Yehudah Halberstam was an Orthodox rabbi and the founding rebbe of the Sanz-Klausenburg Hasidic dynasty. Halberstam became one of the youngest rebbes in Europe, leading thousands of followers in the town of Klausenburg, Romania, before World War II. His wife, eleven children and most of his ...more

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    • Age: Died at 89 (1905-1994)
    • Birthplace: Rudnik nad Sanem, Poland
    • Profession: Rabbi
  17. 17
    Rabbi Akiva
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Rabbi Akiva Joseph, widely known as Rabbi Akiva, was a tanna of the latter part of the 1st century and the beginning of the 2nd century. Rabbi Akiva was a leading contributor to the Mishnah and Midrash Halakha. He is referred to in the Talmud as "Rosh la-Chachamim". As he recognised Bar Kokba as another ...more

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    • Age: Died at 85 (50-135)
    • Profession: Shepherd, Rabbi
  18. 18

    Andrew the Apostle

    Andrew the Apostle
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Andrew the Apostle, also known as Saint Andrew and called in the Orthodox tradition Prōtoklētos or the First-called, was a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter. The name "Andrew", like other Greek names, appears to have been common among the Jews, Christians, and other Hellenized people of ...more

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    • Birthplace: Bethsaida, Syria
    • Profession: Fisherman
  19. 19

    Elchonon Wasserman

    Elchonon Wasserman
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Elchonon Wasserman was a prominent rabbi and rosh yeshiva in pre-World War II Europe. He was one of the Chofetz Chaim's closest disciples and a noted Torah scholar.more

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    • Age: Died at 67 (1874-1941)
    • Birthplace: Biržai, Lithuania
    • Profession: Rabbi
  20. 20
    Maximilian Kolbe
    Photo: ckowalik

    Maximilian Maria Kolbe, O.F.M. Conv. was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar, who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the Nazi German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II. He was active in promoting the veneration of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 47 (1894-1941)
    • Birthplace: Zduńska Wola, Poland
    • Profession: Priest, Publisher
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