List of Famous Neurologists People

List of Famous Neurologists

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List of famous neurologists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top neurologists in the world? This includes the most prominent neurologists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable neurologists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic neurologists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned neurologists.

Roberta Bondar and Alastair Buchan are only the beginning of the people on this list.

From reputable, prominent, and well known neurologists to the lesser known neurologists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the neurologist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous neurologists ever?" and "What are the names of famous neurologists?" then you're in the right place. (51 items)


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  1. 1
    Oliver Sacks
    Photo: Freebase/CC-BY

    Oliver Sacks is a film story contributor.more

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    • Age: age 82
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Neurologist, Author, Physician, Writer, Teacher
  2. 2
    Sigmund Freud
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis. Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at the Vienna General Hospital. Upon completing his ...more

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    • Age: Died at 83 (1856-1939)
    • Birthplace: Příbor, Czech Republic
    • Profession: Psychiatrist, Neurologist, Psychoanalyst, Psychologist, Scientist, + more
  3. 3
    Roberta Bondar
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Roberta Bondar OC O.Ont FRCP FRSC is Canada's first female astronaut and the first neurologist in space. Following more than a decade as NASA's head of space medicine, Bondar became a consultant and speaker in the business, scientific, and medical communities. Bondar has received many honours including ...more

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    • Age: age 70
    • Birthplace: Sault Ste. Marie, Canada
    • Profession: Neurologist, Educator, Astronaut, Scientist, Author, + more
  4. 4
    Ernest Jones
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Alfred Ernest Jones, FRCP, MRCS was a British neurologist and psychoanalyst, and Sigmund Freud's official biographer. Jones was the first English-speaking practitioner of psychoanalysis and became its leading exponent in the English-speaking world. As President of both the British Psycho-Analytical ...more

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    • Age: Died at 79 (1879-1958)
    • Birthplace: Glamorgan, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Neurologist, Psychoanalyst
  5. 5

    Professor Alastair Buchan is a neurologist and researcher in stroke medicine. His main research interest has always been how to make neuroprotection a reality in the clinic. Since October 2008 he has served as the Head of the Medical Sciences Division at the University of Oxford. Buchan was educated at ...more

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    • Age: age 60
    • Profession: Neurologist, Researcher
  6. 6
    António Egas Moniz
    Photo: Freebase/CC-BY

    António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, known as Egas Moniz, was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of cerebral angiography. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern psychosurgery, having developed the surgical procedure leucotomy—​known better today as lobotomy—​for which he became ...more

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    • Age: Died at 81 (1874-1955)
    • Birthplace: Avanca
    • Profession: Neurologist, Physician
  7. 7
    Steven Novella
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Steven Paul Novella is an American clinical neurologist and assistant professor at Yale University School of Medicine. Novella is best known for his involvement in the skeptical movement.more

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    • Age: age 51
    • Birthplace: United States of America
    • Profession: Neurologist
  8. 8
    William Benjamin Carpenter
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    William Benjamin Carpenter CB FRS was an English physician, invertebrate zoologist and physiologist. He was instrumental in the early stages of the unified University of London.more

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    • Age: Died at 72 (1813-1885)
    • Birthplace: Exeter, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Neurologist
  9. 9

    Louann Brizendine M.D. is an American scientist, a neuropsychiatrist who is both a researcher and a clinician. She is the author of two books: The Female Brain, and The Male Brain. Brizendine's research concerns women's moods and hormones. She graduated in neurobiology from UC Berkeley, attended Yale ...more

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    • Age: age 63
    • Birthplace: United States of America
    • Profession: Psychiatrist, Neurologist, Author, Physician
  10. 10
    Alois Alzheimer
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Dr. Aloysius "Alois" Alzheimer was a Bavarian-born German psychiatrist and neuropathologist and a colleague of Emil Kraepelin. Alzheimer is credited with identifying the first published case of "presenile dementia", which Kraepelin would later identify as Alzheimer's disease.more

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    • Age: Died at 51 (1864-1915)
    • Birthplace: Marktbreit, Germany
    • Profession: Psychiatrist, Physician
  11. 11
    Paul Broca
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Pierre Paul Broca was a French physician, surgeon, anatomist, and anthropologist. He was born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Gironde. He is best known for his research on Broca's area, a region of the frontal lobe that has been named after him. Broca’s Area is involved with articulated language. His work ...more

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    • Age: Died at 56 (1824-1880)
    • Birthplace: Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France
    • Profession: Scientist, Physician
  12. 12

    Herbert Henri Jasper, OC GOQ FRSC was a Canadian psychologist, physiologist, anatomist, chemist and neurologist. Born in La Grande, Oregon, he attended Reed College in Portland, Oregon and received his PhD in psychology from the University of Iowa in 1931 and earned a Doctor of Science degree from the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 93 (1906-1999)
    • Birthplace: La Grande, Oregon, United States of America
    • Profession: Neurologist, Physiologist, Chemist, Professor, Psychologist, + more
  13. 13

    Alfonso Vallejo is a Spanish playwright, poet, painter and neurologist. He has published 34 plays and 25 poetry books. Vallejo was awarded the Lope de Vega prize in 1976 for his play "El desgüace". "Ácido Sulfúrico" was the runner up prize in 1975. In 1978 he received the Internacional Tirso de Molina ...more

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    • Age: age 72
    • Birthplace: Santander, Spain
    • Profession: Neurologist, Painter, Poet, Playwright
  14. 14
    Franz Joseph Gall
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Franz Josef Gall was a neuroanatomist, physiologist, and pioneer in the study of the localization of mental functions in the brain. Claimed as the founder of phrenology, Gall was an early and important researcher in his fields. His contributions to the field of neuropsychology were controversial at the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 70 (1758-1828)
    • Birthplace: Baden
    • Profession: Neurologist, Physiologist, Philosopher
  15. 15

    Louis R. Caplan is an American physician who is a senior member of the Division of Cerebrovascular Disease at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston. He is a Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School, Boston, and the founder of the Harvard Stroke Registry at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical ...more

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    • Age: age 79
    • Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    • Profession: Neurologist, Author, Physician
  16. 16

    Erwin Straus was a German-American phenomenologist and neurologist who helped to pioneer anthropological medicine and psychiatry, a holistic approach to medicine that is critical of mechanistic and reductionistic approaches to understanding and treating human beings. Some of his work can also be ...more

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    • Age: Died at 84 (1891-1975)
    • Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
    • Profession: Neurologist, Psychologist, Author
  17. 17
    Ayad Allawi
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Ayad Allawi is an Iraqi politician who was the interim Prime Minister of Iraq from 2004 to 2005. He has been Vice President of Iraq since 2014. A prominent Iraqi political activist who lived in exile for almost 30 years, Allawi, a Shia Muslim, became a member of the Iraq Interim Governing Council, which ...more

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    • Age: age 70
    • Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
    • Profession: Neurologist, Politician, Physician
  18. 18
    Korbinian Brodmann
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Korbinian Brodmann was a German neurologist who became famous for his definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions from their cytoarchitectonic characteristics, known as Brodmann areas.more

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    • Age: Died at 50 (1868-1918)
    • Birthplace: Hohenfels, Konstanz, Germany
    • Profession: Neurologist
  19. 19

    Morris Bender

    Morris Bender was an American neuroscientist and professor of neurology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. He joined the faculty of Mount Sinai in 1933 and became chairman of the neurology department in 1951. Bender was among the most widely published neuorologists of his generation, publishing more ...more

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    • Age: Died at 78 (1905-1983)
  20. 20

    Ralph Shearer Northam, MD is an American physician and politician, currently serving as the 40th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. On November 5, 2013, Northam became the first Democrat since Tim Kaine in 2001 to be elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, defeating the Republican nominee, E.W. Jackson, ...more

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    • Age: age 56
    • Birthplace: Nassawadox, Virginia, United States of America
    • Profession: Neurologist, Politician, Pediatrician, Physician
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