List of Famous Theologians People

List of Famous Theologians

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List of famous theologians, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top theologians in the world? This includes the most prominent theologians, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable theologians is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic theologians were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned theologians.

The list you're viewing is made up of many different people, including Martin Luther and Ian Bradley.

From reputable, prominent, and well known theologians to the lesser known theologians of today, these are some of the best professionals in the theologian field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous theologians ever?" and "What are the names of famous theologians?" then you're in the right place. (206 items)


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  1. 1
    Pope Benedict XVI
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Pope emeritus Benedict XVI served as pope of the Catholic Church from 2005 until his resignation in 2013. Benedict was elected on 19 April 2005 in a papal conclave following the death of Pope John Paul II and was inaugurated on 24 April 2005. Ordained as a priest in 1951 in his native Bavaria, Ratzinger ...more

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    • Age: age 88
    • Birthplace: Marktl, Germany
    • Profession: Priest, Pianist, Theologian, Professor, Author
  2. 2
    Albert Schweitzer
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    Albert Schweitzer, OM was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in the province of Alsace-Lorraine, at that time part of the German Empire, considered himself French and wrote ...more

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    • Age: Died at 90 (1875-1965)
    • Birthplace: Kaysersberg, France
    • Profession: Theologian, Physician, Actor, Philosopher
  3. 3
    Martin Luther
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Martin Luther was a German friar, priest and professor of theology who was a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Initially an Augustinian friar, Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment ...more

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    • Age: Died at 63 (1483-1546)
    • Birthplace: Eisleben, Germany
    • Profession: Priest, Theologian, Professor, Physician, Monk, + more
  4. 4

    Kevin Darnell Hart is an American actor, comedian, writer, and producer. Born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Hart began his career by winning several amateur comedy competitions at clubs throughout New England, culminating in his first real break in 2000 when he was cast by Judd Apatow for a ...more

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    • Age: age 36
    • Birthplace: USA, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    • Profession: Comedian, Television producer, Film Producer, Screenwriter, Actor
    • Credits: The 40-Year-Old Virgin, This Is the End, Scary Movie 3, Scary Movie 4, Little Fockers, + more
  5. 5
    John Calvin
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    John Calvin was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrine of predestination and the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation ...more

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    • Age: Died at 55 (1509-1564)
    • Birthplace: Noyon, France
    • Profession: Theologian, Lawyer
  6. 6
    John Wesley
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    John Wesley was an Anglican divine and theologian who, with his brother Charles Wesley and fellow cleric George Whitefield, is credited with the foundation of the evangelical movement known as Methodism. His work and writings also played a leading role in the development of the Holiness movement and ...more

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    • Age: Died at 88 (1703-1791)
    • Birthplace: North Lincolnshire, Eurasia, Epworth, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom, + more
    • Profession: Priest, Theologian, Preacher
  7. 7
    Desiderius Erasmus
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    Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, known as Erasmus of Rotterdam, or simply Erasmus, was a Dutch Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian. Erasmus was a classical scholar who wrote in a pure Latin style. Amongst humanists, he enjoyed the sobriquet "Prince of the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 70 (1466-1536)
    • Birthplace: Rijnmond, Netherlands, Rijnmond, South Holland, European Netherlands, + more
    • Profession: Theologian, Philosopher
  8. 8
    Søren Kierkegaard
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    Søren Aabye Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher. He wrote critical texts on organized religion, Christendom, morality, ethics, psychology and the philosophy of religion, displaying ...more

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    • Age: Died at 42 (1813-1855)
    • Birthplace: Denmark, Eurasia, Copenhagen
    • Profession: Theologian, Novelist, Writer, Philosopher
    • Credits: Le Journal du séducteur
  9. 9
    Avery Cardinal Dulles
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    Avery Robert Dulles, S.J. was a Jesuit priest, theologian, cardinal of the Catholic Church and served as the Laurence J. McGinley Professor of Religion and Society at Fordham University from 1988 to 2008. He was an internationally known author and lecturer.more

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    • Age: Died at 90 (1918-2008)
    • Birthplace: Auburn, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Cardinal, Theologian, Professor
  10. 10
    Dietrich Bonhoeffer
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    Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a German Lutheran pastor, theologian, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church. His writings on Christianity's role in the secular world have become widely influential, and his book The Cost of Discipleship became a modern classic. Apart from his ...more

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    • Age: Died at 39 (1906-1945)
    • Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
    • Profession: Theologian, Pastor, Writer
  11. 11
    Reinhold Niebuhr
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    Karl Paul Reinhold Niebuhr was an American theologian, ethicist, public intellectual, commentator on politics and public affairs, and professor at Union Theological Seminary for more than 30 years. The brother of another prominent theological ethicist, H. Richard Niebuhr, he is also known for authoring ...more

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    • Age: Died at 79 (1892-1971)
    • Birthplace: Wright City, Missouri, United States of America
    • Profession: Editor, Theologian, Professor
  12. 12
    Ian Bradley
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    Ian Campbell Bradley is a British academic, author, theologian, Church of Scotland minister, journalist and broadcaster. At the University of St Andrews, he is Reader in Practical Theology and Church History, Principal of St Mary's College, and a University chaplain. He is also the associate minister of ...more

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    • Age: age 65
    • Birthplace: Berkhamsted, England
    • Profession: Journalist, Educator, Theologian, Lecturer, Chaplain, + more
  13. 13
    Mary Daly
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    Mary Daly was an American radical feminist philosopher, academic, and theologian. Daly, who described herself as a "radical lesbian feminist", taught at Jesuit-run Boston College for 33 years. Daly retired in 1999, after violating university policy by refusing to allow male students in her advanced ...more

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    • Age: Died at 82 (1928-2010)
    • Birthplace: Schenectady, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Theologian, Professor, Writer, Philosopher
  14. 14
    Nasir al-Din Tusi
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    Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī, better known as Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī, was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, physicist, scientist, theologian and Marja Taqleed. He was of the Ismaili-, and subsequently ...more

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    • Age: Died at 73 (1201-1274)
    • Birthplace: Tous, Iran
    • Profession: Mathematician, Biologist, Physicist, Chemist, Theologian, + more
  15. 15
    Pierre Abélard
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    Peter Abelard was a medieval French scholastic philosopher, theologian and preeminent logician. He was also a composer. His affair with and love for Héloïse d'Argenteuil has become legendary. The Chambers Biographical Dictionary describes him as "the keenest thinker and boldest theologian of the 12th ...more

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    • Age: Died at 63 (1079-1142)
    • Birthplace: Palets
    • Profession: Theologian, Logician, Writer, Philosopher
  16. 16

    Mercy Oduyoye

    Mercy Amba Oduyoye is a Methodist theologian known for her work in African women's theology. She is currently the director of the Institute of African Women in Religion and Culture at Trinity Theological Seminary in Ghana. Oduyoye earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Ghana in 1963, a second ...more

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    • Age: age 81
    • Birthplace: Ghana
    • Profession: Theologian
  17. 17

    Elizabeth A. Johnson

    Elizabeth A. Johnson is a Christian feminist theologian. She is a Distinguished Professor of Theology at Fordham University, a Jesuit institution in New York City. She is a member of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Brentwood.more

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    • Age: age 74
    • Profession: Theologian, Professor
  18. 18
    Johan Heyns
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    Johan Adam Heyns, was an influential Afrikaner Calvinist theologian and moderator of the general synod of the Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk in South Africa. He was assassinated at his home in Waterkloof Ridge, Pretoria. Although his murder was never officially resolved it is widely believed that it was ...more

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    • Age: Died at 66 (1928-1994)
    • Profession: Theologian, Philosopher
  19. 19

    Karl Barth was a Swiss Reformed theologian who is often regarded as the greatest Protestant theologian of the twentieth century. His influence expanded well beyond the academic realm to mainstream culture, leading him to be featured on the cover of Time on April 20, 1962. Beginning with his experience ...more

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    • Age: Died at 82 (1886-1968)
    • Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
    • Profession: Theologian, Author, Pastor
  20. 20
    Karl Jaspers
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    Karl Theodor Jaspers was a German psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry and philosophy. After being trained in and practicing psychiatry, Jaspers turned to philosophical inquiry and attempted to discover an innovative philosophical system. He was often ...more

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    • Age: Died at 86 (1883-1969)
    • Birthplace: Oldenburg, Germany
    • Profession: Psychiatrist, Theologian, Philosopher
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