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List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries Anything
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List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries

A list of famous Indian inventions and innovations. Ancient cultures have long been known to discover, create, and produce new and useful tools, medicines, and foods, and ancient Indian inventions are among the most popular discoveries still used today. This list of Indian inventions includes items like calico, playing cards, and plastic surgery as well as modern Indian discoveries such as cashmere the number pi.

Over the years, historical inventions from India have helped move society forward, enabling humans to hunt, eat, and travel in much more efficient ways. Ancient India inventions have also allowed people to learn more about the world, keep safe from wildlife, and stay healthier longer.

These inventions by Indian inventors are labeled by era from which they came. Vote for your favorites to move them to the top of the list, and add any that you see missing.
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  1. 1

    Button, ornamental 2000 BCE

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    Calico

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    Carding, devices for 2nd century

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    Chaturanga and Shatranj 280 CE

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    Chintz

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    Coherer, iron and mercury 1899

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    Cotton gin, single-roller 5th century

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    Crescograph Early 20th century

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    Crucible Steel 300 BCE

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    Dock (maritime) 2400 BCE

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    Incense clock

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    India ink, carbonaceous pigment for 4th century BCE

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    Indian clubs 18th century

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    Kabaddi 1500 BCE

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    6th century

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    9th century

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    Palampore

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    Prayer Flags 800 CE

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    Prefabricated home and movable structure 16th century

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    Rocket artillery, iron-cased and metal-cylinder 1780

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    Ruler 1500 BCE

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    Seamless celestial globe

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    Stepwell 2500 BCE

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    3rd century BCE

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    Toe stirrup 500 BCE

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    Wootz steel

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    Cashmere wool 11th century CE

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    Cotton, cultivation of 5th millennium BCE

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    Jute, cultivation of 1855

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    Sugar refinement 647 CE

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    Brahmagupta's theorem 598

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    AKS primality test 2002

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    Algebraic abbreviations 7th century

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    Basu's theorem 1955

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    Brahmagupta–Fibonacci identity 598

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    Chakravala method 1114

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    Hindu number system 1500 BC

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    Zero 500 AD

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    Infinite series for Sine, Cosine, and arctangent

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    Law of signs in multiplication 2nd century BC

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    Pell's equation 598

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    Pi, infinite series 1340

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    Ramanujan theta function early 20th century

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    Shrikhande graph 1959

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    Sign convention 6th century

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    Trigonometric functions, adapted from Greek 5th century

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    Urea Stibamine 1873

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