indian List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries

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A list of famous Indian inventions and innovations. Ancient cultures have long been known to discover, create, and produce new and useful tools, medicines, and foods, and ancient Indian inventions are among the most popular discoveries still used today. This list of Indian inventions includes items like calico, playing cards, and plastic surgery as well as modern Indian discoveries such as cashmere the number pi.

Over the years, historical inventions from India have helped move society forward, enabling humans to hunt, eat, and travel in much more efficient ways. Ancient India inventions have also allowed people to learn more about the world, keep safe from wildlife, and stay healthier longer.

These inventions by Indian inventors are labeled by era from which they came. Vote for your favorites to move them to the top of the list, and add any that you see missing.

1
Button, ornamental is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Button, ornamental 2000 BCE

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2
Calico is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Calico

3
Carding, devices for is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Carding, devices for 2nd century

4
Chaturanga and Shatranj is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Chaturanga and Shatranj 280 CE

5
Chintz is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries

6
Coherer, iron and mercury is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Coherer, iron and mercury 1899

7
Cotton gin, single-roller is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Cotton gin, single-roller 5th century

8
Crescograph is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Crescograph Early 20th century

9
Crucible Steel is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Crucible Steel 300 BCE

10
Dock (maritime) is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Dock (maritime) 2400 BCE

11
Incense clock is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Incense clock

12
India ink, carbonaceous pigmen... is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
India ink, carbonaceous pigment for 4th century BCE

13
Indian clubs is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Indian clubs 18th century

14
Kabaddi is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Kabaddi 1500 BCE

15
Ludo is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Ludo 6th century

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16
Muslin is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Muslin 9th century

17
Palampore is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Palampore

18
Playing Cards is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries

19
Prayer Flags is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Prayer Flags 800 CE

20
Prefabricated home and movable... is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Prefabricated home and movable structure 16th century

21
Rocket artillery, iron-cased a... is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Rocket artillery, iron-cased and metal-cylinder 1780

22
Ruler is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Ruler 1500 BCE

23
Seamless celestial globe is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Seamless celestial globe

24
Snakes and Ladders is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries

25
Stepwell is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Stepwell 2500 BCE

26
Stupa is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Stupa 3rd century BCE

27
Toe stirrup is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Toe stirrup 500 BCE

28
Wootz steel is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Wootz steel

29
Cashmere wool is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Cashmere wool 11th century CE

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30
Cotton, cultivation of is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Cotton, cultivation of 5th millennium BCE

31
Indigo Dye is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries

32
Jute, cultivation of is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Jute, cultivation of 1855

33
Sugar refinement is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Sugar refinement 647 CE

34
Brahmagupta's theorem is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Brahmagupta's theorem 598

35
AKS primality test is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
AKS primality test 2002

36
Algebraic abbreviations is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Algebraic abbreviations 7th century

37
Basu's theorem is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Basu's theorem 1955

38
Brahmagupta–Fibonacci identity is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Brahmagupta–Fibonacci identity 598

39
Chakravala method is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Chakravala method 1114

40
Hindu number system is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Hindu number system 1500 BC

41
Zero is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Zero 500 AD

42
Infinite series for Sine, Cosi... is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Infinite series for Sine, Cosine, and arctangent

43
Law of signs in multiplication is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Law of signs in multiplication 2nd century BC

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44
Pell's equation is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Pell's equation 598

45
Pi, infinite series is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Pi, infinite series 1340

46
Ramanujan theta function is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Ramanujan theta function early 20th century

47
Shrikhande graph is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Shrikhande graph 1959

48
Sign convention is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Sign convention 6th century

49
Trigonometric functions, adapt... is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Trigonometric functions, adapted from Greek 5th century

50
Urea Stibamine is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list List of Indian Inventions and Discoveries
Urea Stibamine 1873