List of diseases that include muscle atrophy as a symptom. Any major, well-known medical conditions associated with muscle atrophy are included below, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Any maladies, sicknesses or illnesses with muscle atrophy as a symptom can be seen below. For any real, further diagnosis of something you feel you might have, please consult a doctor. This list includes information about each disease, such as what risks are associated with it. This list below has everything from Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to Cushing's syndrome.This list answers the questions, "What risks are associated with muscle atrophy?" and "What disease can I have if I have muscle atrophy?"