List of Famous Archaeologists People

List of Famous Archaeologists

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List of famous archaeologists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top archaeologists in the world? This includes the most prominent archaeologists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable archaeologists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic archaeologists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned archaeologists.

Examples of people on this list include Thomas Jefferson and Stuart Struever.

From reputable, prominent, and well known archaeologists to the lesser known archaeologists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the archaeologist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous archaeologists ever?" and "What are the names of famous archaeologists?" then you're in the right place. (389 items)

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  1. 1

    Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States. He was a spokesman for democracy, and embraced the principles of republicanism and the rights of the individual with worldwide influence. At the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 83 (1743-1826)
    • Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, USA
    • Profession: Statesman, Inventor, Author, Farmer, Architect, + more
  2. 2

    Mark Lehner

    Mark Lehner is an American archaeologist with more than 30 years of experience excavating in Egypt. His approach, as director of Ancient Egypt Research Associates, is to conduct interdisciplinary archaeological investigation. Every excavated object is examined by specialists to create an overall picture ...more

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    • Profession: Archaeologist
  3. 3
    Howard Carter
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Howard Carter was an English archaeologist and Egyptologist who became world famous after discovering the intact tomb of 14th-century BC pharaoh Tutankhamun in November 1922.more

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    • Age: Died at 65 (1874-1939)
    • Birthplace: Kensington, London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Egyptologist, Archaeologist
  4. 4
    Stuart Struever
    Photo: Freebase/CC-BY

    Stuart McKee Struever is an American archaeologist and anthropologist best known for his contributions to the archaeology of the Woodland Period in the US midwest and for his leadership of archaeology research & education foundations. He was a professor of anthropology at Northwestern University.more

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    • Age: age 84
    • Birthplace: Lima, Illinois, United States of America
    • Profession: Anthropologist, Archaeologist
  5. 5
    Jesse Fewkes
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Jesse Walter Fewkes was an American anthropologist, archaeologist, writer and naturalist.more

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    • Age: Died at 80 (1850-1930)
    • Birthplace: Newton, Massachusetts, United States of America
    • Profession: Anthropologist, Archaeologist
  6. 6

    Jerald T. Milanich is an American anthropologist and archaeologist, specializing in Native American culture in Florida. He is Curator Emeritus of Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History at the University of Florida in Gainesville; Adjunct Professor, Department of Anthropology, College of ...more

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    • Birthplace: United States of America
    • Profession: Anthropologist, Archaeologist
  7. 7
    Arthur Evans
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Sir Arthur John Evans FRS FREng was an English archaeologist most famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete and for developing the concept of Minoan civilization from the structures and artifacts found there and elsewhere throughout the eastern Mediterranean. Evans was the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 90 (1851-1941)
    • Birthplace: Nash Mills
    • Profession: Archaeologist
  8. 8
    Gertrude Bell
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, archaeologist and spy who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her knowledge and contacts, built up through extensive travels in Greater Syria, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 58 (1868-1926)
    • Birthplace: Washington, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Mountaineer
  9. 9
    Louis Leakey
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    Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey, also known as L. S. B. Leakey, was a Kenyan paleoanthropologist and archaeologist whose work was important in establishing human evolutionary development in Africa, particularly through his discoveries in the Olduvai Gorge. He also played a major role in creating ...more

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    • Age: Died at 69 (1903-1972)
    • Birthplace: Kenya, Kabete, Africa
    • Profession: Archaeologist
  10. 10
    Karl Vollmöller
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Karl Gustav Vollmöller, usually written Vollmoeller was a German playwright and screenwriter. He is most famous for two works, the screenplay for the celebrated 1930 German film Der Blaue Engel, which made a star of Marlene Dietrich, and the elaborate religious spectacle-pantomime Das Mirakel, which he ...more

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    • Age: Died at 70 (1878-1948)
    • Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
    • Profession: Linguist, Poet, Entrepreneur, Screenwriter, Author, + more
    • Credits: The Blue Angel, Das Mirakel, The Miracle, The Miracle
  11. 11

    Leonard Woolley

    Leonard Woolley
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Sir Leonard Woolley was a British archaeologist best known for his excavations at Ur in Mesopotamia. He is considered to have been one of the first "modern" archaeologists, and was knighted in 1935 for his contributions to the discipline of archaeology.more

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    • Age: Died at 80 (1880-1960)
    • Birthplace: Upper Clapton, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Archaeologist
  12. 12

    Alpheus Hyatt Verrill, known as Hyatt Verrill, was an American zoologist, explorer, inventor, illustrator and author. He was the son of Addison Emery Verrill, the first professor of zoology at Yale University. Hyatt Verrill wrote on a wide variety of topics, including natural history, travel, radio and ...more

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    • Age: Died at 83 (1871-1954)
    • Birthplace: Eastern United States, New Haven, New England, New Haven County, Connecticut, + more
    • Profession: Novelist, Inventor, Science writer, Writer, Archaeologist
  13. 13

    John Garstang

    John Garstang
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    John Garstang was a British archaeologist of the ancient Near East, especially Anatolia and the southern Levant. John Garstang was born to Walter Garstang of Blackburn and was the younger brother of Professor Walter Garstang, FRS, a marine biologist and zoologist. He was educated at Queen Elizabeth's, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 80 (1876-1956)
    • Birthplace: United Kingdom
    • Profession: Archaeologist
  14. 14
    John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    The Right Honourable John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury PC FRS DCL LLD, known as Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet from 1865 until 1900, was a banker, Liberal politician, philanthropist, scientist and polymath. He was a banker and worked with his family’s company, but also made significant contributions in ...more

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    • Age: Died at 79 (1834-1913)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Biologist, Politician, Banker, Archaeologist
  15. 15
    Robert Ballard
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Robert Duane Ballard is a former United States Navy officer and a professor of oceanography at the University of Rhode Island who is most noted for his work in underwater archaeology: maritime archaeology and archaeology of shipwrecks. He is most known for the discoveries of the wrecks of the RMS ...more

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    • Age: age 73
    • Birthplace: Wichita, Kansas, United States of America
    • Profession: Television producer, Professor, Film Producer, Film Director
    • Credits: The Search for Kennedy's PT 109
  16. 16
    Jan Potocki
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Count Jan Nepomucen Potocki was a Polish nobleman, Polish Army Captain of Engineers, ethnologist, Egyptologist, linguist, traveler, adventurer and popular author of the Enlightenment period, whose life and exploits made him a legendary figure in his homeland. Outside Poland he is known chiefly for his ...more

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    • Age: Died at 54 (1761-1815)
    • Birthplace: Kalynivka Raion
    • Profession: Linguist, Politician, Adventurer, Historian, Military Officer, + more
    • Credits: The Saragossa Manuscript
  17. 17

    Ignace Jay Gelb was a Polish-American ancient historian and Assyriologist who pioneered the scientific study of writing systems.more

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    • Age: Died at 78 (1907-1985)
    • Birthplace: Tarnów, Poland
    • Profession: Historian, Archaeologist
  18. 18
    Alfred L. Kroeber
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Alfred Louis Kroeber was an American cultural anthropologist. He received his Ph.D. under Franz Boas at Columbia University in 1901, the first doctorate in anthropology awarded by Columbia. He was also the first professor appointed to the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 84 (1876-1960)
    • Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, United States of America
    • Profession: Anthropologist, Archaeologist
  19. 19
    Thor Heyerdahl
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    Thor Heyerdahl was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany, and geography. He became notable for his Kon-Tiki expedition in 1947, in which he sailed 8,000 km across the Pacific Ocean in a hand-built raft from South America to the Tuamotu Islands. The expedition was ...more

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    • Age: Died at 88 (1914-2002)
    • Birthplace: Europe, Northern Europe, Nordic countries, Larvik, Vestfold, + more
    • Profession: Adventurer, Ethnographer, Film Producer, Cinematographer, Scientist, + more
    • Credits: Kon-Tiki, Ra, Aku-Aku, Galapagos
  20. 20

    Kwang-chih Chang

    Kwang-chih Chang, also known as K.C. Chang, was a Chinese/Taiwanese archaeologist and sinologist. He was a professor of archaeology at Harvard University, a Vice-President of the Academia Sinica and a curator at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. He helped to bring modern, western methods ...more

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    • Age: Died at 70 (1931-2001)
    • Birthplace: Beijing, China
    • Profession: Sinologist, Archaeologist
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