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Astronomer List of Famous Astronomers

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List of famous astronomers, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top astronomers in the world? This includes the most prominent astronomers, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable astronomers is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic astronomers were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned astronomers.

List people include Stephen Hawking, Samuel Pierpont Langley and more.

From reputable, prominent, and well known astronomers to the lesser known astronomers of today, these are some of the best professionals in the astronomer field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous astronomers ever?" and "What are the names of famous astronomers?" then you're in the right place. 
Isaac Newton is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. His book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, first published in 1687, laid the foundations for ...more

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Age: Died at 84 (1643-1727)

Birthplace: Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, United Kingdom

Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Chemist, Scientist Philosopher, + more

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#16 on People We Wish Were Still Alive

#2 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

#15 on Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person

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Stephen Hawking is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works include a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems ...more

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Age: 75

Birthplace: Oxford, United Kingdom

Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Professor, Screenwriter Scientist, + more

Credits: A Brief History of Time, Stephen Hawking's Universe, Hawking, The 11th Hour

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#71 on The All-Time Greatest People in History

#23 on Famous Men You'd Want to Have a Beer With

#19 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

#47 on Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person

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Galileo Galilei is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Galileo Galilei, often known mononymously as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical ...more

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Age: Died at 78 (1564-1642)

Birthplace: Pisa, Italy

Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist, Astrologer Astronomer

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#12 on The All-Time Greatest People in History

#35 on People We Wish Were Still Alive

#4 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

#35 on Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person

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Carl Sagan is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Carl Sagan appeared in the 2012 documentary film Beyond Expression Bright. ...more

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Age: Died at 62 (1934-1996)

Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America

Profession: Physicist, Novelist, Scientist, Author Writer, + more

Credits: Contact, Cosmos, Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, The Earth Day Special

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Archimedes is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the ...more

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Birthplace: Europe, Sicily, Eurasia, Italy Syracuse, + more

Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Scientist Philosopher, + more

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#45 on The All-Time Greatest People in History

#9 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

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Nicolaus Copernicus is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium just before his death in 1543 is considered a major event ...more

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Age: Died at 70 (1473-1543)

Birthplace: Toruń, Second Polish Republic

Profession: Mathematician, Diplomat, Physician, Economist Artist, + more

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#21 on The Greatest Minds of All Time

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Avicenna is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Avicenna Arabic: أبو علي الحسين ابن عبد الله ابن سينا‍; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. Of the 450 works he is known to have written, around 240 have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 ...more

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Age: Died at 57 (980-1037)

Birthplace: Bukhara, Uzbekistan

Profession: Mathematician, Physicist, Chemist, Scientist Physician, + more

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Neil deGrasse Tyson is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list List of Famous Astronomers
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Neil deGrasse Tyson is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, and science communicator. Since 1996, he has been the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York City. The center is part of the American Museum of Natural History, ...more

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Age: 58

Birthplace: Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States of America

Profession: Astrophysicist, Author, Actor, Television Editor Writer, + more

Credits: Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, Nova ScienceNow, How Life Began, The Colbert Report

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