List of Famous Biologists People

List of Famous Biologists

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List of famous biologists, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Renowned like those found below have helped make a great impact on the world, through a combination of hard work and dedication to their profession. This list includes the most prominent biologists, living and dead, from every country in the world. Interesting information is included in this list of notable biologists, such as where these historic biologists were born and what their nationality is. If your dream job is to be a popular biologist then you should look to these people for inspiration.

This list features people like Charles Darwin and Carl Sagan.

If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous biologists?" and "Who are the best biologists?" then you're in the right place. (395 items)


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  1. 1
    Charles Darwin
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that ...more

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    • Age: Died at 73 (1809-1882)
    • Birthplace: The Mount, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Biologist, Scientist, Naturalist, Geologist, Writer
  2. 2
    Alfred Kinsey
    Photo: Freebase

    Alfred Charles Kinsey was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, now known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction. He is best known for writing Sexual Behavior in ...more

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    • Age: Died at 62 (1894-1956)
    • Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist, Professor, Researcher, Psychologist, Scientist
  3. 3
    Rachel Carson
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Rachel Louise Carson was an American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement. Carson began her career as an aquatic biologist in the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, and became a full-time nature writer in ...more

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    • Age: Died at 57 (1907-1964)
    • Birthplace: Springdale, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    • Profession: Marine biologist, Biologist, Conservationist, Author, Essayist, + more
  4. 4
    Stephen Jay Gould
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    Stephen Jay Gould was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and historian of science. He was also one of the most influential and widely read writers of popular science of his generation. Gould spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working at the American Museum of ...more

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    • Age: Died at 61 (1941-2002)
    • Birthplace: Bayside, New York City, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Paleontologist, Biologist, Historian, Professor, Scientist, + more
  5. 5
    Carl Linnaeus
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of ...more

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    • Age: Died at 71 (1707-1778)
    • Birthplace: Råshult, Sweden
    • Profession: Biologist, Scientist, Physician, Botanist
  6. 6
    Alexander Fleming
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Sir Alexander Fleming, FRSE, FRS, FRCS was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist and botanist. He wrote many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the antibiotic substance penicillin from the mould Penicillium notatum in ...more

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    • Age: Died at 74 (1881-1955)
    • Birthplace: Lochfield
    • Profession: Pharmacologist, Biologist, Scientist
  7. 7

    Mike Phillips is a Democratic Party member of the Montana House of Representatives, representing District 66 since 2007.more

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    • Age: age 57
    • Birthplace: Charleston, Illinois, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist
  8. 8
    Nasir al-Din Tusi
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī, better known as Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī, was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, physicist, scientist, theologian and Marja Taqleed. He was of the Ismaili-, and subsequently ...more

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    • Age: Died at 73 (1201-1274)
    • Birthplace: Iran, Eurasia, Tous
    • Profession: Mathematician, Biologist, Physicist, Chemist, Theologian, + more
  9. 9
    James D. Watson
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    James Dewey Watson is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick. Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning ...more

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    • Age: age 87
    • Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
    • Profession: Geneticist, Biologist, Physicist, Molecular Biologist, Professor, + more
  10. 10
    Dr. Kiki Sanford
    Photo: Freebase/Fair use

    Kirsten "Kiki" Sanford is an American science communicator. After working at the University of California, Davis as a research scientist in neurophysiology, she left research work to pursue a career in science communication. Her work has included multiple audio and video programs, including the This ...more

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    • Age: age 41
    • Birthplace: Santa Rosa, California, United States of America
    • Profession: Radio producer, Biologist, Journalist, Physiologist, Television producer, + more
  11. 11
    E. O. Wilson
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    Edward Osborne "E. O." Wilson FMLS is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author. His biological specialty is myrmecology, the study of ants, on which he is considered to be the world's leading expert. Wilson is known for his scientific career, his role as "the father of ...more

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    • Age: age 86
    • Birthplace: Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist, Professor, Researcher, Conservationist, Scientist, + more
  12. 12

    Barry Commoner was an American biologist, college professor, and politician. He was a leading ecologist and among the founders of the modern environmental movement. He ran for president of the United States in the 1980 U.S. presidential election on the Citizens Party ticket. He served as editor of ...more

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    • Age: Died at 95 (1917-2012)
    • Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist, Environmentalist
  13. 13
    Oliver Sacks
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    Oliver Sacks is a film story contributor.more

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    • Age: age 82
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Neurologist, Author, Physician, Writer, Teacher
  14. 14

    Paul Ralph Ehrlich is an American biologist and educator who is the Bing Professor of Population Studies in the department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University and president of Stanford's Center for Conservation Biology. By training he is an entomologist specializing in Lepidoptera, and ...more

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    • Age: age 83
    • Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist, Educator, Population Biologist, Scientist, Author
  15. 15

    Christine Lee is an English medical researcher. She is Emeritus Professor of Haemophilia in the University of London, and founding Editor of Haemophilia. She trained in medicine at the University of Oxford, where she was awarded First Class Honours and was the first female scholar of the University of ...more

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    • Profession: Editor, Biologist, Educator, Researcher
  16. 16

    Professor Elizabeth Helen Blackburn, AC, FRS, FAA, FRSN is an Australian-American biological researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, who studies the telomere, a structure at the end of chromosomes that protects the chromosome. Blackburn co-discovered telomerase, the enzyme that ...more

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    • Age: age 67
    • Birthplace: Hobart, Australia
    • Profession: Biochemist, Biologist, Molecular Biologist, Professor, Researcher, + more
  17. 17

    Joan Roughgarden is an American ecologist and evolutionary biologist. She is well known for her theistic evolutionism and critical studies on Charles Darwin's theory of sexual selection.more

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    • Age: age 69
    • Birthplace: Paterson, New Jersey, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist, Science writer
  18. 18
    Ernest Everett Just
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Ernest Everett Just was a pioneering African-American biologist, academic and science writer. Just's primary legacy is his recognition of the fundamental role of the cell surface in the development of organisms. In his work within marine biology, cytology and parthenogenesis, he advocated the study of ...more

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    • Age: Died at 58 (1883-1941)
    • Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist, Teacher
  19. 19
    Stuart Kauffman
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    Stuart Alan Kauffman is an American medical doctor, theoretical biologist, and complex systems researcher who studies the origin of life on Earth. In 1967 and 1969 Kauffman proposed applying models of Random Boolean networks to simplified genetic circuits. These were very early models of large genetic ...more

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    • Age: age 76
    • Profession: Evolutionary Biologist, Biologist, Physicist, Physician
  20. 20

    Richard A. Lerner is an American research chemist. Best known for his work on catalytic antibodies, Lerner served as President of The Scripps Research Institute until January 1, 2012, and is currently a member of its Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, in La Jolla, California.more

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    • Age: age 77
    • Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
    • Profession: Biologist, Chemist, Entrepreneur, Professor, Novelist, + more
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