List of Famous Geologists People

List of Famous Geologists

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List of famous geologists, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Who are the top geologists in the world? This includes the most prominent geologists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. This list of notable geologists is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic geologists were born and what their nationality is. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned geologists.

List ranges from John Muir to Charles Darwin and more.

From reputable, prominent, and well known geologists to the lesser known geologists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the geologist field. If you want to answer the questions, "Who are the most famous geologists ever?" and "What are the names of famous geologists?" then you're in the right place. (1068 items)

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  1. 1
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented ...more

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    • Age: Died at 67 (1452-1519)
    • Birthplace: Vinci, Italy
    • Profession: Military Engineer, Musician, Scientist, Inventor, Architect, + more
  2. 2
    Harrison Schmitt
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Harrison Hagan "Jack" Schmitt is an American geologist, retired NASA astronaut, university professor and former U.S. senator from New Mexico. In December 1972, as one of the crew on board Apollo 17, Schmitt became the first member of NASA's first scientist-astronaut group to fly in space. As Apollo 17 ...more

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    • Age: age 80
    • Birthplace: Santa Rita, New Mexico, United States of America
    • Profession: Astronaut, Scientist, Geologist
  3. 3
    Charles Darwin
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that ...more

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    • Age: Died at 73 (1809-1882)
    • Birthplace: The Mount, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Biologist, Scientist, Naturalist, Geologist, Writer
  4. 4

    George Gibbs was an American ethnologist, naturalist and geologist who contributed to the study of the languages of indigenous peoples in Washington Territory. Known for his expertise on Native American customs and languages, Gibbs participated in numerous treaty negotiations between the U.S. government ...more

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    • Age: Died at 58 (1815-1873)
    • Birthplace: Astoria, New York City, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Author, Geologist, Ethnologist
  5. 5
    John Bidwell
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    John Bidwell was known throughout California and across the nation as an important pioneer, farmer, soldier, statesman, politician, prohibitionist and philanthropist. He is famous for leading one of the first emigrant parties, known as the Bartleson–Bidwell Party, along the California Trail, and for ...more

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    • Age: Died at 81 (1819-1900)
    • Birthplace: New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Inventor, Scientist, Geologist, Writer
  6. 6
    William Smith
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    William 'Strata' Smith was an English geologist, credited with creating the first nationwide geological map. He is known as the "Father of English Geology" for collating the geological history of England and Wales into a single record, although recognition was very slow in coming. At the time his map ...more

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    • Age: Died at 70 (1769-1839)
    • Birthplace: Churchill, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Geologist, Engineer
  7. 7
    John Muir
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    John Muir was a Scottish-American naturalist, author, and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States. His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions. His activism helped to ...more

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    • Age: Died at 76 (1838-1914)
    • Birthplace: Dunbar, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Environmentalist, Inventor, Scientist, Geologist, Writer, + more
  8. 8
    James F. Reilly
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    James Francis Reilly, II, Ph.D. is an American geologist and a former NASA astronaut who has flown on three space shuttle missions: STS-89, STS-104 and STS-117. He was born at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.more

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    • Age: age 61
    • Birthplace: Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, United States of America
    • Profession: Astronaut, Geologist
  9. 9
    Florence Bascom
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Florence Bascom was the first woman hired by the United States Geological Survey, known for her innovative use of petrography in studying crystalline rocks and identifying their origins.more

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    • Age: Died at 83 (1862-1945)
    • Birthplace: Williamstown, Massachusetts, United States of America
    • Profession: Geologist
  10. 10

    Colin J. Campbell, PhD Oxford is a retired British petroleum geologist who predicted that oil production would peak by 2007. He claims the consequences of this are uncertain but drastic, due to the world's dependency on fossil fuels for the vast majority of its energy. His theories have received wide ...more

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    • Age: age 84
    • Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
    • Profession: Geologist
  11. 11

    Anthony R. "Tony" Barringer was a Canadian/American geophysicist. He made numerous contributions to mineral exploration technology. His most famous work was the development of the INPUT airborne electromagnetic system, which has been credited in the discovery of tens of billions of dollars' worth of ore ...more

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    • Age: Died at 84 (1925-2009)
    • Profession: Inventor, Geologist
  12. 12
    Walter Alvarez
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Walter Alvarez is a professor in the Earth and Planetary Science department at the University of California, Berkeley. He is most widely known for the theory that dinosaurs were killed by an asteroid impact, developed in collaboration with his father, Nobel Prize winning physicist Luis Alvarez.more

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    • Age: age 75
    • Birthplace: Berkeley, California, United States of America
    • Profession: Geologist
  13. 13
    Eugene Merle Shoemaker
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Eugene Merle Shoemaker, also known as Gene Shoemaker, was an American geologist and one of the founders of the field of planetary science. He is best known for co-discovering the Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 with his wife Carolyn Shoemaker and David Levy.more

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    • Age: Died at 69 (1928-1997)
    • Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States of America
    • Profession: Geologist, Astronomer
  14. 14
    Charles Francis Richter
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Charles Francis Richter was an American seismologist and physicist. Richter is most famous as the creator of the Richter magnitude scale which, until the development of the moment magnitude scale in 1979, quantified the size of earthquakes. Inspired by Kiyoo Wadati's 1928 paper on shallow and deep ...more

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    • Age: Died at 85 (1900-1985)
    • Birthplace: Overpeck, Ohio, United States of America
    • Profession: Seismologist, Physicist
  15. 15
    Richard Mourdock
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Richard Earl Mourdock was the 53rd treasurer of the state of Indiana, serving from February 10, 2007, to August 29, 2014. Running with the support of the Tea Party movement, he defeated six-term incumbent U.S. Senator Richard Lugar in the May 2012 Republican primary election. He lost the November 6, ...more

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    • Age: age 64
    • Birthplace: Wauseon, Ohio, United States of America
    • Profession: Geologist
  16. 16
    John Wesley Powell
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    John Wesley Powell was a U.S. soldier, geologist, explorer of the American West, professor at Illinois Wesleyan University, and director of major scientific and cultural institutions. He is famous for the 1869 Powell Geographic Expedition, a three-month river trip down the Green and Colorado rivers, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 68 (1834-1902)
    • Birthplace: Mount Morris, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Soldier, Geologist, Explorer
  17. 17
    Carl Reichenbach
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Baron Dr. Carl Ludwig von Reichenbach was a notable chemist, geologist, metallurgist, naturalist, industrialist and philosopher, and a member of the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences. He is best known for his discoveries of several chemical products of economic importance, extracted from tar, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 81 (1788-1869)
    • Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
    • Profession: Business magnate, Chemist, Astrologer, Geologist, Philosopher
  18. 18
    Bruce C. Murray
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Bruce C. Murray was born November 30, 1931 in New York, NY. He is a professor emeritus of planetary science and geology at Caltech and was Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from April 1, 1976 to June 30, 1982. He received his Ph.D. in geology from MIT in 1955 and was employed by Standard Oil of ...more

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    • Age: Died at 82 (1931-2013)
    • Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States of America
    • Profession: Geologist
  19. 19
    Charles Lyell
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain

    Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet, FRS was a British lawyer and the foremost geologist of his day. He is best known as the author of Principles of Geology, which popularised James Hutton's concepts of uniformitarianism—the idea that the Earth was shaped by the same processes still in operation today.more

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    • Age: Died at 78 (1797-1875)
    • Birthplace: Angus, United Kingdom
    • Profession: Geologist, Lawyer
  20. 20
    Henry Fairfield Osborn
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    Henry Fairfield Osborn, Sr. ForMemRS was an American geologist, paleontologist, and eugenist, and the president of the American Museum of Natural History for 25 years.more

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    • Age: Died at 78 (1857-1935)
    • Birthplace: Fairfield, Connecticut, United States of America
    • Profession: Paleontologist, Conservationist, Geologist
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