The politics of Washington DC are always changing. The differences between the political parties seem more widespread and insurmountable than ever in 2016, but there was a time when Democrats and Republicans were very different. Times change, as do demographics, and parties follow votes. The stalwart Democrats of today have much in common with the progressive Republicans of old, and some steadfastly conservative states used to be unwaveringly Democrat.
So what happened? While the Civil War set the stage for liberal Republicans and socially conservative Democrats (especially where race was concerned), the Civil Rights movement started a chain reaction that ended up completely flipping the electoral map. When Democrats had no choice but to push for civil rights, the Republicans changed their platform to scoop up disenfranchised southern votes. Within thirty years, political battle lines and the electoral map we’re familiar with in 2016 was cemented. The differences between the parties today and 50 years ago are shocking to say the least.
Read on to learn how the Republic party changed, how the Democratic party changed, and about differences between political parties.
Democrats Opposed Abolishing Slavery
Originally, the Democratic Party was the ultra-conservative group in American politics. Democrats controlled the South, and many of them opposed the abolishment of slavery in the 1860s. But as times changed, so did party members. The Civil Rights movement was a juggernaut in the South, and Democrats couldn’t ignore it. When President Lyndon Johnson championed the 1964 Civil Rights Act, it became the beginning of the end for Democrats in the South.
Democrats Actually Voted for Republican Candidates
Believe it or not, there were times over the last fifty years that voters didn’t vote down party lines. In the late '70s, people were fed up with President Carter’s limp administration and his inability to resolve issues such as the Iranian Hostage Crisis. When the 1980 election pitted Carter against Ronald Reagan, the latter was able to reach across party lines and convince democrats to vote for him. The liberals who did vote for the Republican candidate were known as Reagan Democrats. While the occurrence has yet to repeat itself (at least, to the same extent), it proved that under the right circumstances, people were more open to voting for the other side than they are today.
The Ku Klux Klan Were Very Anti-Republican
In 2016, it seems easy to associate the KKK with Republicans, but in the past, nothing could have been further from the truth. Founded in 1866, the KKK quickly spread across the south to oppose the Republican’s Reconstruction-era policies. In the wake of the Civil War and the emancipation of slaves, the Republicans were working on creating an equal political and economic environment for blacks, a policy that was quickly met with resistance. Though Congress tried to curtail KKK activities, several Democratic victories in the states legislatures made it much harder to enact legal retribution against violent white supremacists. It wasn’t until the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s that a spotlight was put on the KKK and efforts were made to bring their actions to light.
The Republicans Originally Wanted Universal Healthcare
When the Affordable Care Act rolled out, Republicans were extremely unhappy with it. There were claims that the bill was unconstitutional because of the individual mandate, which essentially says you need to have health insurance or else you could pay a penalty. As a result, Republicans called to repeal the bill. However, individual mandates were part of a proposal in 1989 by the Heritage Foundation, a proposal that was backed by a large number of Republicans. President Obama has gone on record saying the Heritage Foundation’s proposal influenced his bill, which doesn’t seem to matter to modern day Republicans.
Republicans Used to Be More in Favor of Civil Rights
While it’s true that a Democratic president was in charge when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, at that time, Republican politicians were typically much more likely to vote for legislation pertaining to racial equality. In fact, if you look at the statistics, more Republicans voted for the Civil Rights Act than Democrats. Democrats in the House and Senate worked hard to filibuster the bill. Many Democrats left to join the changing Republican party after the Civil Rights Act became law
Democrats Used to Be Tougher on Crime
While many Democrats have a reputation for being more gentle on crime than their Republican counterparts, there was a time when the opposite was true. In the mid-60s, crime was as a national problem, and eradicating it became central to the Democratic Party’s platform in the 1964 election. President Johnson’s solution was a War on Poverty, to stop crime at the source. Thirty years later, Bill Clinton enacted legislature such as the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, which allocated more money to prisons, led to harsher sentencing, and resulted in hundreds of thousands more incarcerated citizens by 1995.
Republicans Had Such a Hard Time in the South They Changed Their Strategy
After President Johnson passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the political landscape in America changed forever. Before then, Democrats ruled the South. When Republican Barry Goldwater ran against Johnson in 1964. he made history by winning many southern states, and losing everywhere else. When Nixon ran, he adopted a Southern Strategy, which retired the Republican’s backing of civil rights in favor of Southern values. The racist sects of the South were so unhappy about the policy switch the Democrats underwent that many states flipped allegiances, and by the '80s were unwavering in their support of the GOP.
The Most Famously Racist US Politian Ever Was a Democrat
There is no better characterization for George Wallace than the following line, from his inaugural speech as the Governor of Alabama, “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever.” The Democratic Governor was also famous for leading a stand-in at a schoolhouse to prevent two black students from enrolling in the University of Alabama. Though the National Guard eventually ended Wallace’s stand in, that didn’t stop him from continuing to oppose integration. He would later run in two presidential primaries, but lost to George McGovern and Jimmy Carter. He eventually changed many of his policies and apologized for earlier actions.