Self-Immolations as Protests People
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Self-Immolations as Protests

A list of people who lit themselves on fire as a form of activism or protest, typically for political reasons. "Self-immolation" is the technical term for setting one's self on fire, though it is typically used when the purpose of the act is a protest or for martyrdom, as opposed to insanity or other personal reasons. (The term "immolate" comes from a Latin word that implies ritual sacrifice.)

Though the practice rose to international prominence during the Vietnam War protests of the 1960s, when images of Buddhist monks immolating themselves introduced the concept to the larger world, the act of self-immolation in protest goes back hundreds of years in some cultures, particularly those of India. (There are also accounts of Russian martyrs committing what was called "fire baptism" in the 17th Century, and scattered reports of Jesuit priests in France engaging in the behavior at roughly the same time.)

This list contains all self-immolation acts reported by the media from 1963 until the present, all for political or activist purposes.
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  1. 1

    Alain Escoffier Died at 28 (1949-1977) Protesting Communism. Feb 10, 1977

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  2. 2

    Died at 40 (1958-1998) Protesting Roman Catholic Church's condemnation of homosexuality. Jan 13, 1998

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  3. 3

    Alice Herz Died at 83 (1882-1965) Protesting Vietnam War. Mar 16, 1965

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  4. 4

    Antanas Kalinauskas Protesting Communist rule in Lithuania. Aug 10, 1976

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  5. 5

    Artin Penik Died at 61 (1921-1982) Protesting ASALA attack at Esenbo?a International Airport. Aug 10, 1982

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  6. 6

    Chan I-hua Died at 32 (1957-1989) Protesting Blocking of funeral procession of Cheng Nan-jung. May 19, 1989

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  7. 7

    Cheng Nan-jung Died at 42 (1947-1989) Protesting For Taiwan independence. Apr 7, 1989

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  8. 8

    Chinnasami Protesting For preservation of the Tamil language. Jan 25, 1964

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  9. 9

    Choepel Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Oct 7, 2011

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  10. 10

    Dawa Tsering age 79 Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Oct 25, 2011

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  11. 11

    Eleftheriya Fortulaki Protesting Treatment of the Kurds in Turkey. Mar 28, 2006

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  12. 12

    Evžen Plocek Protesting Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. Apr 2, 1969

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  13. 13

    Florence Beaumont Protesting Vietnam War. Oct 15, 1967

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  14. 14

    George Winne, Jr. Protesting Vietnam War. May 10, 1970

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  15. 15

    Gregory Levey age 36 Protesting First Gulf War. Feb 18, 1991

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  16. 16

    Hartmut Gründler Died at 47 (1930-1977) Protesting Atomic policy. Nov 16, 1977

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  17. 17

    Heo Se-uk Died at 54 (1953-2007) Protesting South Korea – United States Free Trade Agreement. Apr 1, 2007

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  18. 18

    Homa Darabi Died at 54 (1940-1994) Protesting Women's rights after the Iranian Revolution. Feb 21, 1994

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  19. 19

    Huguette Gaulin Died at 28 (1944-1972)

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  20. 20

    Israfil Shiri Protesting Rejection of his asylum claim. Aug 27, 2003

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  21. 21

    Died at 21 (1948-1969) Protesting Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. Jan 16, 1969

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  22. 22

    Jan Zajíc Died at 19 (1950-1969) Protesting Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. Feb 25, 1969

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  23. 23

    Jeon Tae-il Died at 22 (1948-1970) Protesting For more robust labour laws and the government's opposition to reform. Nov 21, 1970 ...

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  24. 24

    Joseba Elosegi Died at 75 (1915-1990) Protesting Bombing of Guernica in 1937. Sep 19, 1970

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  25. 25

    Kathy Change Died at 46 (1950-1996) Protesting For directly democratic community-based self-government. Oct 22, 1996

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  26. 26

    Kayang Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Oct 7, 2011

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  27. 27

    Kelsang Wangchuk Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Oct 3, 2011

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  28. 28

    Died at 22 (1948-1970) Protesting Greek military junta of 1967–1974. Sep 19, 1970

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  29. 29

    Kumar Muthukumar Protesting Killing of the Sri Lankan Tamils. Jan 29, 2009

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  30. 30

    Liviu Cornel Babe? Protesting Communist rule in Romania. Mar 2, 1989

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  31. 31

    Lobsang Kelsang Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Sep 26, 2011

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  32. 32

    Lobsang Kunchok Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Sep 26, 2011

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  33. 33

    Died at 52 (1954-2006) Protesting War in Iraq. Nov 3, 2006

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  34. 34

    Marton Moyses Protesting Communist rule in Romania. Feb 13, 1970

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  35. 35

    Mohamed Bouazizi Died at 27 (1984-2011) Protesting Corruption by dictatorship government. Dec 17, 2010

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  36. 36

    Mohsen Bouterfif Protesting Unemployment and housing. Jan 16, 2011

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  37. 37

    Musa Mamut Protesting Persecution of Crimean Tatars. Jun 23, 1978

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  38. 38

    Necla Co?kun Protesting Arrest of Abdullah Öcalan. Feb 16, 1999

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  39. 39

    Nh?t Chi Mai Protesting Vietnam War. May 16, 1967

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  40. 40

    Norbu Damdrul Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Oct 15, 2011

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  41. 41

    Died at 32 (1933-1965) Protesting Vietnam War. Nov 2, 1965

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  42. 42

    Oleksa Hirnyk Died at 66 (1912-1978) Protesting Communist rule in Ukraine. Jan 21, 1978

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  43. 43

    Oskar Brüsewitz Died at 47 (1929-1976) Protesting Communist rule in East Germany. Aug 22, 1976

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  44. 44

    Palden Choetso Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Nov 3, 2011

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  45. 45

    Died at 61 (1920-1981) Protesting Taxes. Mar 21, 1981

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  46. 46

    Pravin Joshi Protesting Screening of Fanaa. Jun 11, 2006

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  47. 47

    Rajiv Goswami Protesting Reservation in India. Sep 19, 1990

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  48. 48

    Ramiro Guillén Tapia Protesting Local government in the city of Xalapa. Oct 1, 2008

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  49. 49

    Reinhold Elstner Died at 75 (1920-1995) Protesting Demonization of the German soldiers after World War II. Apr 25, 1995

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  50. 50

    Rigzin Phuntsog Protesting Political situation in Tibet. Mar 16, 2011

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