Seven Wonders of the Modern World All Places

Seven Wonders of the Modern World

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List of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, as determined by the American Society of Civil Engineers (or ASCE). In 1994, the ASCE asked for nominations from experts around the world for the greatest achievements in civil engineering in the 20th Century. Responses were varied, but based on this survey, a final list of 7 "Modern Wonders" was determined. The idea was to draw comparisons to the well-known original concept of "The Seven Wonders of the World," which refers to amazing structures created during classical antiquity.

The original "Seven Wonders" included the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. These structures were all built between 2584 and 280 BC, and remarkably, only the oldest - the Great Pyramid - remains standing. Others were destroyed by earthquake, fires (including an arson that destroyed the Temple of Artemis) or flood.

The original concept dates back to at least 140 BC, when Gree epigrammist Antipater of Sidon wrote about the Temple of Artemis and compared it to a number of the other structures now considered part of the original Seven Wonders group. Since then, a variety of competing designations and lists of Wonders have been offered. Today, this original list is known as "The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" to differentiate it from the more modern list created by the ASCE.

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    Originally completed in 1931, the Empire State Building (which takes its name from the nickname of New York State) was for a long time the world's tallest building. It was surpassed in 1972 by the World Trade Center, and later by a number of other buildings around the world. As of 2001, with the destruction of the World Trade Center in the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Empire State once again became the tallest building in New York City. It has 102 stories and stands at 1,250 feet (1,454 if you include the antenna spire.)

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    Itaipu Dam

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    The CN Tower of Downtown Toronto, Canada, serves as both a communications and observation tower. It stands at 553 meters (or about 1,815 feet), and was the world's tallest free-standing structure and world's tallest tower when it was completed in 1976. (It was later surpassed as "tallest tower" by the Burj Khalifa and Canton Tower but remains the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, and an internationally recognized symbol of Canada.) The name "CN" originally stood for Canadian National, the railway company that helped sponsor the tower. Today, it is sometimes referred to as "The Canadian National Tower" or "Canada's National Tower."

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    The canal is a 51 mile man-made waterway connecting the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean, cutting through the Isthmus of Panama. Since its completion in 1914, it has been an important route for international trade, as it eliminated the need for ships to sail around Cape Horn below South America to travel between the two oceans. Construction of the Canal took over 30 years and remains one of the most complex and significant engineering projects ever attempted. Its construction is often credited with allowing greater settlement in the US West Coast and making that area more viable to participate in international trade and the world economy.

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    The Channel Tunnel (sometimes shorted as the "Chunnel") is an undersea railway connecting the United Kingdom with France. The tunnel, which opened in 1994, runs beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover. At its lowest point, it is about 250 feet deep. The Channel Tunnel contains the longest undersea tunnel segment in the world, though overall Japan's Seikan Tunnel is longer and deeper. The Chunnel runs between Folkestone, Kent, in the UK and Coquelles, near Calais, in Northern France. It is currently operated by the Eurostar passenger train company.

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