ElephantitisMost commonly seen in the legs male genitals, Elephantiasis is a disease that causes the thickening of skin and the underlying tissues, causing the affected body parts to swell to abnormally large sizes. The disease is carried by microscopic, parasitic worms transferred by mosquitoes. Once present in the body, a chain of reactions can lead to the lymph system to shutting down, causing the swelling characteristic of the disease.
There is no cure, per se, for Elephantitis, nor is there a vaccine currently available. Treatments include prescription drugs, rigorous washing of the affected ares, binding in elastic bandages, and in some cases surgery.
Flesh Eating DiseaseClinically known as necrotizing fasciitis, flesh eating disease is an infection that travels across the subcutaneous tissues and lower layers of skin destroying the healthy tissues as it spreads. The disease typically affects those with already compromised immune systems (those debilitated with cancer or other chronic diseases) and is caused by organisms normally found on the skin.
Treatment early on in the infection is largely guesswork, with antibiotics being administered as soon as there is suspicion of the disease. A high incident of suspicion will lead to surgery and, in extreme cases, amputation.
Skin SheddingClinically known as Harlequin Ichthyosis, this severe genetic disorder that mainly affects the skin only affects infants. The most common cause of death is systemic infection and sufferers rarely survived for more than a few days.
There have, however, been improvements in care, most notably the drug Isotretinoin (Isotrex). Some patients have survived into adolescence and, in very rare cases, lived to adulthood.
- 5Liver disease just makes life awful. There are several common varieties (Hepatitis, Fatty Liver Disease, and Cirrhosis among them) which can cause indigestion, reflux, gallstones, hemorroroids, nausea, bloating, constipation, and alcohol intolerance. Aside from the physical effects, there are psychological effects resulting from liver disease that can include depression, headaches, and mood changes.
Treatments include steroid-based therapy, reduction of alcohol consumption, and improving diet and quality of physical activity.
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