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- 1One of the fathers of science fiction, H.G. Wells, coined the term "time machine," which inspired f*ture science fiction writers to let their imagination run free. Many authors have attempted a sequel to the dystopia.
An English scientist and inventor living during the Victorian era travels to the year 802,701 A.D. He meets a group of docile humanoids called Eloi, who live comfortably among large technological buildings and seem to have figured out how to live peacefully and without struggling for survival. When he returns to the site where he left his time machine, it’s gone.
Turns out another group of pale, ape-like creatures called Morlocks who are afraid of light are the ones who operate the technology above ground. At night they come out and hunt Eloi, which means the f*ture is actually a gloomy place where humans have become cannibals. The Time Traveller, Wells’ name for the English gentleman, finds a way to get back to his time machine and return to Victorian England.
The next day he sets out for another journey in time and is never seen again hence, the sequels attempting to figure out just where the Time Traveller ended up.
- 2Although we know 1984 came and went without Orwell’s prediction coming true, 1984 is considered a classic. The novel gave us the term "Big Brother," among others, to symbolize an authoritarian government that infringes on the privacy of its citizens, watching their every move.
The hero, Winston Smith, whose job it is to rewrite history as the Party wants it to be remembered, begins to rebel against the brotherhood by writing all his negative and illegal thoughts about the state in a journal like a hormonal and oppressed teen and by having a romantic affair with Julia, during which they frolic in the woods.
Not to give away too much of the ending but the novel portrays the profound psychological power of a totalitarian ideology, which can possibly even defeat human resistance.
- 3Atwood criticizes extreme religious views in this dystopia, which motivate the "Sons of Jacob" to overthrow the U.S. government and create a new republic. Women’s bank accounts are emptied and they are taken away from their families to facilities where they are "re-educated."
The story follows Offred ("Of Fred," named for the Commander because women don’t even deserve their own names in this society) who is taken to the Commander’s house simply for reproductive reasons. She participates in a sickening and awkward ritual in which she has sex with the Commander while lying on top of his wife.
Feminists, lesbians, widows, nuns and handmaids who are unable to get pregnant after two three-year terms are sent to the colonies, along with anyone else who no longer has a role in society, such as homosexuals, to do agricultural work in a polluted area. Writing in the eighties, Atwood was an active feminist and in the novel, humanizes female characters by giving them agency against their subjugation.
- 4Huxley transports us to 2540 AD, where The World State has created a socialist nightmare. Every human is produced in a laboratory and conditioned to have the values of the state from birth through sleep learning. For example, a beta would have these phrases repeated to him all night:
"Alpha children wear grey. They work much harder than we do, because they're so frightfully clever. I'm awfully glad I'm a Beta, because I don't work so hard. And then we are much better than the Gammas and Deltas. Gammas are stupid. They all wear green, and Delta children wear khaki. Oh no, I don't want to play with Delta children. And Epsilons are still worse. They're too stupid to be able to read or write. Besides they wear black, which is such a beastly color. I'm so glad I'm a Beta."
The society reduces humanity by erasing serious emotional ties, both romantic and familial and enforcing promiscuity instead. Those higher up in the caste spend time drugged up on soma, which meets their spiritual needs by making them chant in a mock religious ceremony that ends in an orgy. The growth of the lower castes’ intelligence is cut off, making them nonresistant slaves who carry out mass production.
Bernard, who is a shorter-than-usual Alpha Plus and psychologist, feels like an outcast. He takes his date Lenina to a Savage Reservation to see how natives live. They come across a woman from the State, Linda, who had gotten lost on a visit and integrated herself into the savage lifestyle after giving birth to John eighteen years prior. They had been treated like outcasts, especially because Linda slept around with all the men (she had been conditioned to be promiscuous after all).
Bernard brings John back to the "brave new world" but he is appalled by this manipulative and artificial society. It’s worth reading the whole book to find out how John deals with his mental breakdown.
- 5Published at the height of the women’s liberation movement in the seventies, a young British guy named Evelyn comes to America and ends up in the hands of a militant feminist colony in the desert headed by a mother goddess with four nipples who decides to turn him into a woman...yeah. Now our hero becomes the heroine, Eve.
Be prepared for numerous gender swaps, a one-eyed, one-legged villain called Zero and a cave that literally symbolizes a vagina as Eve, mentally unprepared to be a woman, takes on the roles of virgin, whore and mother. Carter’s business is to demythologize absolutist and traditional stories such as the good old Creation story, which blames the female for humanity’s fall and does so through a technique she called "moral p*********y." And now you want to read it.
- 6Written during the Cold War, Bradbury was attempting to criticize the increasing censorship in the U.S. In the novel’s f*ture American society, which is on the brink of war, citizens are motivated solely by pleasure, which leads to chaos and the banning of critical thinking and reading.
The main character, Guy Montag is a fireman, not a traditional civil servant that arrives in a red truck and fights fires, but one that actually causes them when someone is caught with books. Guy is curious about literature and starts collecting confiscated books in his home. When his Captain finds out, his house is burned and he flees to the wild. There he joins a group of men dedicated to memorizing books and passing them on orally.
Bradbury’s famous dystopia has been alluded to in practically every medium, from Michael Moore’s documentary title Fahrenheit 9/11 to a Simpsons’ episode to a flame-throwing character in StarCraft named Gui Montag, making it a pop culture phenomenon.
- 7A popular young adult trilogy that’s being turned into a movie, The Hunger Games is a genius examination of power and Collins takes risks with graphic content despite her young audience.
In the novels, Panem has replaced North America, led by a Capitol full of wealthy citizens hiding behind excessive plastic surgery. The twelve districts that surround the Capitol are dirt poor and each has its own industry, whose product supplies the Capitol.
To discourage rebellion, the Capitol holds an event called The Hunger Games, during which two young tributes from each district are put into an arena and forced to fight to death until one winner remains.
Katniss Everdeen takes the place of her younger sister and throughout the course of the three books in the series, becomes a symbol of resistance for the people in the districts and a major threat to the Capitol. A love triangle is thrown in, of course, but Gale, her childhood friend and Peeta, her fellow District 12 tribute, who are both men, are a more realistic, human variation of the Twilight triangle.
- 8Another young adult novel that has heavy allegorical traits and counteracts, say religious stories teaching kids to obey, is the Giver. The conformist society in which the twelve-year-old protagonist Jonas lives in is disguised as utopian, as dystopias often are. The members of the society live in perfect nuclear families without even giving birth to their own children. Everyone has the same color eyes and are colorblind and deaf. No animals exist within the society and the weather is kept constant.
Jonas, who has unique light eyes and can see color as well as hear, has a wet dream one night about being in a bathtub with his friend Fiona and his mother makes him take pills to suppress his emotion. At the Ceremony of Twelve, he is given a job called "Receiver of Memory." The Giver becomes his teacher, passing on memories that give Jonas a deep emotional impression of both dark experiences like violence and sadness and happy ones like love and beauty.
His family takes in a baby named Gabe who cries at night and can’t sleep. Jonas realizes the baby can receive memories and runs away with him when Gabe is sentenced to be released, or killed by lethal injection.
Critics were unsurprisingly appalled by the mature content of the young adult novel but its defense of freedom won it the 1994 Newbery Medal.