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ApacheWhy it is a success: The Apache HTTP Server has been the most popular web server software in the world since 1996, which is also the year it got started. Apache still has a strong lead, outclassing second runner up IIS in terms of number of deployed websites (according to Netcraft, Apache is currently used by 46% of all websites, while IIS is used by 29%). In 2009 it passed a huge milestone, becoming the first web server to be used by more than 100 million websites.
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BINDWhy it is a success: BIND (The Berkeley Internet Name Domain Server) is the most widely used DNS server software on the Internet. The first version of BIND goes all the way back to the early 1980s and has been the main DNS server on UNIX systems ever since. It can justly be called the world’s de facto standard DNS server.
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BSDWhy it is a success: FreeBSD, OpenBSD and NetBSD have been well-respected server OS alternatives for a long time. Derived from Berkeley Unix in the 1990s, we chose to put them into one group here. As an interesting aside, the core for Apple’s Mac OS X is derived from FreeBSD.
- 1Up 12Down 0Why it is a success: Mozilla’s crowning achievement so far, the Firefox web browser has become a mega success. Firefox 1.0 was launched in 2004 and the browser has since then taken away a huge chunk of the browser market from the previously dominant Internet Explorer, and is arguably the reason that Microsoft started to put more effort into updating IE with new versions. Although Firefox is still number two overall, it has become the dominant browser among the more "techie" crowd (this blog, for example, gets 59% of its visits from Firefox and just 18% from IE).
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LinuxWhy it is a success: Linux, hand in hand with GNU software as GNU/Linux, has come a long way since Linus Torvalds announced that he was creating an OS kernel based on Minix back in 1991. These days, a majority of web servers run Linux, and with Ubuntu (see below) it is also (finally) starting to make inroads into the desktop market, and maybe it will soon also be strong player in the mobile market with Android (which uses the Linux kernel).
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