List of the people in the line of succession to become President of the United States
upon the death, incapacity, resignation, or removal of the acting president or president-elect. Who becomes President if Barack Obama dies? The first up is VP Joe Biden, followed by the Speaker of the House John Boehner. In the unlikely event that the American President dies or leaves the office, this is the order in which other U.S. politicians would be in line for to become the Acting President.
The current line of succession is unique because it skips two people who would otherwise be in line for the United States Presidency. The first person is Sally Jewell, the Secretary of Interior. Though she should be #8 after Attorney General Eric Holder, she is not on the list at all because, though she is a naturalized US citizen, she was born in the UK. The second person omitted from the line of presidential succession under Obama's administration is Seth Harris, the Acting Secretary of Labor. He assumed the role when Hilda Solis resigned in January 2013 at the start of Obama's second term.
The line of succession has only come into play a few times in American history. A few times, a vice president has become president when the President has died of natural causes, which has happened 4 times:
-William Henry Harrison died in 1841 after 30 days in office; he was succeeded by John Tyler
-Zachary Taylor died in 1850 after 1 year and 4 months in office; he was succeeded by Millard Fillmore
-Warren G. Harding died in 1923, 2 years and 4 months in office; he was succeeded by Calvin Coolidge
-Franklin D. Roosevelt died in 1945 after 12 years in office, 1 month into his 4th term; he was succeeded by Harry S. Truman
Several American Vice Presidents have also risen to the presidency following the assassination of the President. This has also happened four times:
-Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, 1 month into his second term; he was succeeded by Andrew Johnson
-James A. Garfield was assassinated in 1881, after 6 months in office; he was succeeded by Chester Arthur
-William McKinley was assassinated in 1901, 6 months into his second term; he was succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt
-John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963 after 2 years and 10 months in office; he was succeeded by Lyndon B. Johnson
The one other time a Vice President succeeded to the Presidency followed the resignation of Richard Nixon in 1974, after which Gerald Ford became President.
Gosh, that's actually a lot of Vice Presidents-becoming-President, when you consider that there have only been 44 total American Presidents. So far. And in "Battlestar Galactica
," Secretary of Education Laura Roslin was #43! in line before the Cylons surprise attacked the Twelve Colonies and killed the whole government. I guess I'm just saying: it doesn't hurt to be prepared.