The Maniacs Behind the Worst Genocides in History

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A list of the worst genocides in history, with pictures of the men responsible. While Hitler was a monster, his infamy unfortunately overshadows two men who were much worse in terms of the sheer number of lives lost. As awful as Hitler was, he was small potatoes compared to the likes of Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong, the latter having killed as many as 78 million people compared to Hitler's 12 million.

A recent study suggests that Hitler's notoriety was enhanced, because instead of killing his own people in general, he singled out select ethnic groups. In other words, many consider it worse to perform genocide on a group different from your own.

This list of genocides and the monsters responsible for them includes all methods of extermination, from those sent to concentration camps to the civilians individually purged for various reasons. These genocidal maniacs were all behind the worst atrocities in human history. Note that this list does not include war casualties.

Source: http://www.scaruffi.com/politics/dictat.html


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  1. 1
    Mao Zedong
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 78,000,000

    Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.more

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    • Age: Died at 83 (1893-1976)
    • Birthplace: Shaoshan, China
    • Profession: Librarian, Politician
    • Died: 1976
  2. 2
    Joseph Stalin
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 23,000,000

    Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian Revolution of 1917, Stalin was appointed general secretary of the party's Central Committee in 1922. He ...more

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    • Age: Died at 75 (1878-1953)
    • Birthplace: Eastern Europe, North Caucasus, Europe, Caucasus, Shida Kartli, + more
    • Profession: Politician, Soldier
    • Died: 1953
    • Cause Of Death: Cerebral hemorrhage
  3. 3
    Number of People Killed: 12,000,000

    Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party. He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As effective dictator of Nazi Germany, Hitler was at the centre of World War II in Europe, and the Holocaust. Hitler was ...more

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    • Age: Died at 56 (1889-1945)
    • Birthplace: Braunau am Inn, Austria
    • Profession: Politician, Soldier, Writer, Artist
    • Died: 1945
    • Cause Of Death: Suicide, Gunshot
  4. 4
    Leopold II of Belgium
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 8,000,000

    Leopold II was the second King of the Belgians, and is chiefly remembered for the founding and exploitation of the Congo Free State as a private venture. Born in Brussels as the second son of Leopold I and Louise of Orléans, he succeeded his father to the throne on 17 December 1865, reigning for exactly ...more

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    • Age: Died at 74 (1835-1909)
    • Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
    • Profession: Politician
    • Died: 1909
  5. 5
    Hideki Tōjō
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 5,000,000

    Hideki Tojo was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army, the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941 to July 22, 1944. As Prime Minister, he was responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, which initiated ...more

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    • Age: Died at 64 (1884-1948)
    • Birthplace: Kōjimachi, Tokyo
    • Profession: Politician, Military Officer
    • Died: 1948
    • Cause Of Death: Capital punishment, Hanging
  6. 6
    Enver Pasha
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 2,530,000

    Ismail Enver Pasha, commonly known as Enver Pasha, was an Ottoman military officer and a leader of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution. He was the main leader of the Ottoman Empire in both Balkan Wars and World War I. Throughout his career, he was known by increasingly elevated titles as he rose through ...more

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    • Age: Died at 41 (1881-1922)
    • Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
    • Profession: Politician
    • Died: 1922
  7. 7
    Number of People Killed: 1,700,000

    Pol Pot, born Saloth Sar, was a Cambodian socialist revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until 1997. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. As such, he became the leader of Cambodia on 17 April 1975, when his forces captured Phnom Penh. From ...more

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    • Age: Died at 73 (1925-1998)
    • Birthplace: Kampong Thom Province, Cambodia
    • Profession: Politician, Teacher
    • Died: 1998
    • Cause Of Death: Myocardial infarction
  8. 8
    Number of People Killed: 1.6 million

    Kim Il-sung was the leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, commonly referred to as North Korea, for 46 years, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994. He held the posts of Prime Minister from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to his death. He was also the leader of the ...more

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    • Age: Died at 82 (1912-1994)
    • Birthplace: Pyongyang, Pyongan, North Korea
    • Profession: Politician
    • Died: 1994
  9. 9
    Number of People Killed: 1,500,000

    Mengistu Haile Mariam is an Ethiopian politician who was the most prominent officer of the Derg, the Communist military junta that governed Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987, and the President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991. Mengistu has ethnic Konso ancestry from his mother ...more

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    • Age: age 78
    • Birthplace: Ethiopia
    • Profession: Politician
  10. 10
    Yakubu Gowon
    Photo: Freebase/Fair use
    Number of People Killed: 1,000,000

    General Yakubu "Jack" Dan-Yumma Gowon was the head of state of Nigeria from 1966 to 1975. He took power after one military coup d'état and was overthrown in another. During his rule, the Nigerian government successfully prevented Biafran secession during the 1967–70 Nigerian Civil War.more

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    • Age: age 81
    • Birthplace: Kanke, Nigeria
    • Profession: Politician
  11. 11
    Leonid Brezhnev
    Photo: Freebase/CC-BY-SA
    Number of People Killed: 900,000

    Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen-year term as General Secretary was second only to that of Joseph Stalin in duration. During Brezhnev's rule, ...more

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    • Age: Died at 76 (1906-1982)
    • Birthplace: Dniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine
    • Profession: Politician, Engineer
    • Died: 1982
    • Cause Of Death: Myocardial infarction
  12. 12
    Number of People Killed: 800,000

    Jean Kambanda was the Prime Minister in the caretaker government of Rwanda from the start of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. He is the only head of government to plead guilty to genocide, in the first group of such convictions since the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide ...more

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    • Age: age 60
    • Birthplace: Butare Province, Rwanda
    • Profession: Politician
  13. 13
    Suharto
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 800,000

    Soeharto is one of the founders of Balai Perguruan Tinggi Gadjah Mada.more

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    • Age: Died at 87 (1921-2008)
    • Birthplace: Kemusuk, Indonesia, Asia, Southeast Asia
    • Profession: Politician, Soldier
    • Died: 2008
    • Cause Of Death: Heart failure, Cardiovascular disease, Renal failure, Respiratory failure
  14. 14
    Saddam Hussein
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 600,000

    Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party, and later, the Baghdad-based Ba'ath Party and its regional organization Ba'ath Party – Iraq ...more

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    • Age: Died at 69 (1937-2006)
    • Birthplace: Al-Awja, Iraq
    • Profession: Politician, Party leader, Writer
    • Died: 2006
    • Cause Of Death: Capital punishment, Hanging
  15. 15
    Number of People Killed: 570,000
  16. 16
    Number of People Killed: 500,000

    Prince Fumimaro Konoe was a Japanese politician in the Empire of Japan who served as the 34th, 38th and 39th Prime Minister of Japan and founder/leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association. He was Prime Minister in the lead-up to Japan entering World War II.more

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    • Age: Died at 54 (1891-1945)
    • Birthplace: Tokyo City
    • Profession: Politician
    • Died: 1945
    • Cause Of Death: Suicide
  17. 17
    Number of People Killed: 400,000

    Jonas Malheiro Savimbi was an Angolan political and military leader. He founded and led the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola. UNITA first waged a guerrilla war against Portuguese colonial rule, 1966–74, then confronted the rival People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola during ...more

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    • Age: Died at 68 (1934-2002)
    • Birthplace: Moxico Province, Angola
    • Profession: Politician, Warlord, Rebel
    • Died: 2002
    • Cause Of Death: Firearm, Assassination
  18. 18

    Mullah Omar - Taliban

    Number of People Killed: 400,000
  19. 19
    Idi Amin
    Photo: Freebase/Fair use
    Number of People Killed: 300,000

    Idi Amin Dada was the third President of Uganda, ruling from 1971 to 1979. Amin joined the British colonial regiment, the King's African Rifles in 1946, serving in Kenya and Uganda. Eventually, Amin held the rank of major general in the post-colonial Ugandan Army and became its commander before seizing ...more

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    • Age: Died at 78 (1925-2003)
    • Birthplace: Koboko, Uganda
    • Profession: Politician, Soldier
    • Died: 2003
  20. 20
    Yahya Khan
    Photo: Freebase/Public domain
    Number of People Killed: 300,000

    Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan, popularly known as Yahya Khan was a four-star general and statesman who served as the third President of Pakistan from 1969 until the fall of East-Pakistan as a follow-up to Pakistan's defeat in the war with India in 1971. Serving with distinction in World War II as a British ...more

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    • Age: Died at 63 (1917-1980)
    • Birthplace: Chakwal, Pakistan
    • Profession: Politician
    • Died: 1980
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