- 1WHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
- Unlike most animals, oil does not stick to a Dolphin's skin because their skin is smooth, and hairless. That's good. One less thing to worry about in the heap of other problems that BP has made for these highly intelligent mammals. The dolphins of the Gulf of Mexico will encounter problems such as inhaling oil and oil vapor (which they do very well). This will inevitably damage the animals' airways, lungs, and mucous membranes. This, in turn, can lead to death. It's the circle of life, BP style, and the dolphins are panicking their way in circles to death. Oh yeah, just so you know, they can increase their exposure to oil harm if they're stressed or panicking. Wonderful.
- A dolphin's eyesight is also sensitive to oil exposure.
- It is also possible that oil pollution impairs a dolphin's immune system and causes secondary bacterial and fungal infections.
- The transfer of petroleum hydrocarbons through the mothers milk to suckling young is another way oil affects dolphins and may affect not only current dolphin populations, but f*ture generations.
- Dolphins are marine mammals that are closely related to whales and porpoises. They are found worldwide, mostly in the shallower seas of the continental shelves, and are carnivores, mostly eating fish and squid. They might consume oil-affected food or may even starve due to the lack of available food given that in the gulf area they are pretty much at the top of the food chain.
BP will always have a negative connotation towards their company reputation and name. Their company has lost much respect, and I feel as though their new company slogans have to be something along the line of "Who needs animals, when we have oil?"
Young HeronWHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
- Impair reproduction. Studies have shown that 'microliter' quantities of fresh oil applied to the eggshell surface will cause death of the embryo. Birds exposed to sublethal quantities of oil during the nesting season can transfer oil onto their feathers, and then to their eggs, causing failure of the eggs to hatch.
- Underneath Mangrove, just inside the coast of Lousiana. The is home to hundreds of herons, brown pelicans, terns, gulls and roseate spoonbills.
- Almost all of these species are associated with water, they are essentially non-swimming waterbirds that feed on the margins of lakes, rivers, swamps, ponds and the sea.
- Majority found in tropics
- The diet includes a wide variety of aquatic animals, including fish, reptiles, amphibians, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic insects
- 4WHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM
- Sea turtles such as loggerheads and leatherbacks can be impacted as they swim to shore for nesting activities. Turtle nest eggs may be damaged if an oiled adult lies on the nest. All species of sea turtles are listed as threatened or endangered.
- Dr. Solangi's center recovered 13 sea turtles that had washed ashore, said to be the first victims of the BP oil spill.
- Inhabitants in all areas of the ocean and beach/dunes, except the arctic. A lifespan of 80 years is feasible for sea turtles. Sea turtles play 2 critical roles in ecosystem types - oceans and beaches/dunes. Green sea turtles eat sea grass that grows at the bottom of the ocean. Sea grass must be kept short in order to remain healthy, and beds of healthy sea grass are essential in areas of breeding and development for species of fish and marine life; making sea turtles (in jeopardy now more than ever) an INTEGRAL part of the ecosystem in the Gulf.
- Beach dunes depend on vegetation to protect against erosion, and turtle eggs that fail make it to the ocean, hatched or not, are nutrient sources for vegetation. If sea turtles become extinct, there will be a negative impact in both marine and human life.
WHAT TO DO
- The Minnesota Zoo is sending the center toothbrushes, towels and cleaning brushes to help remove the oil caked on the turtles, one of which weighs over 100 pounds. Veterinarians, zookeepers and animal technicians offering help with resources like animal food and providing vehicles. Caretakers plan to rehabilitate them and then temporarily redistribute them to aquariums across the country.
Least TernsWHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
- There is a potential for the oil spill to wipe out the entire population of Least Terns.
- Terns were once plentiful in Biloxi, Mississippi with 12,000 species living. Now there are only 2,000.
- Right now, least tern eggs are at a critical point in their life cycle because they're the most vulnerable to the oil. It takes about 20 days for least terns eggs to hatch, and another 20 days to leave the nest.
- A species of tern that breeds in North America and locally in northern South America. Sea birds have a high risk of contact to spilled oil due to the amount of time they spend on or near the surface of the sea and on oil affected foreshores.
Different Kinds of SharksWHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
-Given the amount of time whale sharks spend in, and at the surface of the water, there is potential harm or possible death of these mammals from direct exposure to the oil as well as contamination, typically from oiling or clogging of their gills, and consumption of oil-contaminated preys. Most of these animals spend a large percentage of their time filter feeding, so the impact of the spill will be tremendous.
-The process being used to ‘break up’ the oil will significantly increase the potential for exposure of sharks throughout the water.
-Although it is unclear whether or not sharks have the ability to detect the oil in the water, we can only hope that they will avoid these affected areas.
-Whale sharks are considered ‘vulnerable’ species because of their slow growth rate, late age maturity and low number of off springs. The oil spill will definitely impact the wildlife of Whale sharks in the Gulf of Mexico. If the BP oil spill causes the shark population to decline, there will be a slow recovery within the shark colony.
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE:
-Aeriel surveys will note whether these animals are traversing in or near these waters and satellite telemetry will actively detect if whale sharks are swimming within range of the spill or if they are affected at all.
PelicansWHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM
- Some brown pelicans couldn't fly away this Memorial Day weekend's Sunday. All they could do was hobble; their beautiful brown and white feathers now covered in jet black oil.
- The pelicans struggled to clean the crude from their bodies, splashing in the water and trying to preen themselves and their young. One stood at the edge of an island with its wings lifted slightly, its head drooping -- so encrusted in oil it couldn't fly.
- Pelicans are especially vulnerable to oil. Not only could they eat tainted fish and feed it to their young, but they could die of hypothermia or drown if they're soaked in oil and rendered immobile.
- A pelican is a large water bird with a large throat pouch, belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae. They’re birds of inland and coastal waters, mostly found in warm regions.
WHAT CAN BE DONE
- We can work on a chain of berms, reinforced with containment booms, that would skirt the coastline. Berms would close the door on an oil coming from a mile-deep gusher about 50 miles out in the Gulf. The berms would be made with sandbags and sand hauled in; the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers also is considering a broader plan that would use dredging to build sand berms across more of the barrier islands.
- 10WHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
- An accumulation of toxins in small organisms, such as snails and mole crabs, could hamper their reproduction. A decline in what blue crabs are eating could then hinder their own growth and survival. Contaminated food could also affect blue crab reproduction, thereby impacting the next generation.
- If they ingest tainted food, female blue crabs will inadvertently put the viability of their eggs and stored sperm at risk, resulting in an inordinate number of eggs being laid that aren’t fertile, endangering a very important crab for the U.S., Louisiana and the ecosystem.
- The United States is the world’s most important blue crab fishery. Its top producing state is Louisiana. Oil that’s been broken up by dispersants will affect all crabs' food source, which consists primarily of snails and mole crabs.
What You Can DoEveryone can make a difference. Do your part by visiting the National Wildlife Federation for more information how you can help save innocent animals during a major oil spill.
Saved cuteness is just a phone call away.
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