L The List
- 1WHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
- Unlike most animals, oil does not stick to a Dolphin's skin because their skin is smooth, and hairless. That's good. One less thing to worry about in the heap of other problems that BP has made for these highly intelligent mammals. The dolphins of the Gulf of Mexico will encounter problems such as inhaling oil and oil vapor (which they do very well). This will inevitably damage the animals' airways, lungs, and mucous membranes. This, in turn, can lead to death. It's the circle of life, BP style, and the dolphins are panicking their way in circles to death. Oh yeah, just so you know, they can increase their exposure to oil harm if they're stressed or panicking. Wonderful.
- A dolphin's eyesight is also sensitive to oil exposure.
- It is also possible that oil pollution impairs a dolphin's immune system and causes secondary bacterial and fungal infections.
- The transfer of petroleum hydrocarbons through the mothers milk to suckling young is another way oil affects dolphins and may affect not only current dolphin populations, but f*ture generations.
- Dolphins are marine mammals that are closely related to whales and porpoises. They are found worldwide, mostly in the shallower seas of the continental shelves, and are carnivores, mostly eating fish and squid. They might consume oil-affected food or may even starve due to the lack of available food given that in the gulf area they are pretty much at the top of the food chain.
BP will always have a negative connotation towards their company reputation and name. Their company has lost much respect, and I feel as though their new company slogans have to be something along the line of "Who needs animals, when we have oil?"
Young HeronWHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
- Impair reproduction. Studies have shown that 'microliter' quantities of fresh oil applied to the eggshell surface will cause death of the embryo. Birds exposed to sublethal quantities of oil during the nesting season can transfer oil onto their feathers, and then to their eggs, causing failure of the eggs to hatch.
- Underneath Mangrove, just inside the coast of Lousiana. The is home to hundreds of herons, brown pelicans, terns, gulls and roseate spoonbills.
- Almost all of these species are associated with water, they are essentially non-swimming waterbirds that feed on the margins of lakes, rivers, swamps, ponds and the sea.
- Majority found in tropics
- The diet includes a wide variety of aquatic animals, including fish, reptiles, amphibians, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic insects
- 4WHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM
- Sea turtles such as loggerheads and leatherbacks can be impacted as they swim to shore for nesting activities. Turtle nest eggs may be damaged if an oiled adult lies on the nest. All species of sea turtles are listed as threatened or endangered.
- Dr. Solangi's center recovered 13 sea turtles that had washed ashore, said to be the first victims of the BP oil spill.
- Inhabitants in all areas of the ocean and beach/dunes, except the arctic. A lifespan of 80 years is feasible for sea turtles. Sea turtles play 2 critical roles in ecosystem types - oceans and beaches/dunes. Green sea turtles eat sea grass that grows at the bottom of the ocean. Sea grass must be kept short in order to remain healthy, and beds of healthy sea grass are essential in areas of breeding and development for species of fish and marine life; making sea turtles (in jeopardy now more than ever) an INTEGRAL part of the ecosystem in the Gulf.
- Beach dunes depend on vegetation to protect against erosion, and turtle eggs that fail make it to the ocean, hatched or not, are nutrient sources for vegetation. If sea turtles become extinct, there will be a negative impact in both marine and human life.
WHAT TO DO
- The Minnesota Zoo is sending the center toothbrushes, towels and cleaning brushes to help remove the oil caked on the turtles, one of which weighs over 100 pounds. Veterinarians, zookeepers and animal technicians offering help with resources like animal food and providing vehicles. Caretakers plan to rehabilitate them and then temporarily redistribute them to aquariums across the country.
Least TernsWHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
- There is a potential for the oil spill to wipe out the entire population of Least Terns.
- Terns were once plentiful in Biloxi, Mississippi with 12,000 species living. Now there are only 2,000.
- Right now, least tern eggs are at a critical point in their life cycle because they're the most vulnerable to the oil. It takes about 20 days for least terns eggs to hatch, and another 20 days to leave the nest.
- A species of tern that breeds in North America and locally in northern South America. Sea birds have a high risk of contact to spilled oil due to the amount of time they spend on or near the surface of the sea and on oil affected foreshores.
Different Kinds of SharksWHAT OIL WILL DO TO THEM:
-Given the amount of time whale sharks spend in, and at the surface of the water, there is potential harm or possible death of these mammals from direct exposure to the oil as well as contamination, typically from oiling or clogging of their gills, and consumption of oil-contaminated preys. Most of these animals spend a large percentage of their time filter feeding, so the impact of the spill will be tremendous.
-The process being used to ‘break up’ the oil will significantly increase the potential for exposure of sharks throughout the water.
-Although it is unclear whether or not sharks have the ability to detect the oil in the water, we can only hope that they will avoid these affected areas.
-Whale sharks are considered ‘vulnerable’ species because of their slow growth rate, late age maturity and low number of off springs. The oil spill will definitely impact the wildlife of Whale sharks in the Gulf of Mexico. If the BP oil spill causes the shark population to decline, there will be a slow recovery within the shark colony.
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE:
-Aeriel surveys will note whether these animals are traversing in or near these waters and satellite telemetry will actively detect if whale sharks are swimming within range of the spill or if they are affected at all.
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