<![CDATA[Ranker: Recent People Lists]]> http://www.ranker.com/list-of//people http://www.ranker.com/img/skin2/logo.gif Most Viewed Lists on Ranker http://www.ranker.com/list-of//people <![CDATA[Awful Supervillain Performances in Comic Book Movies]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/worst-supervillain-performances-in-movies/stewart-chyou

Bad actors have ruined plenty of films. This is especially true in the superhero genre, where taking on the role of a classic Marvel or DC villain can really challenge some actors. Classic examples include Topher Grace as Venom, Peter Sarsgaard as Hector Hammond, and Arnold Schwarzenegger, king of the one-liner, as Mr. Freeze.

Regardless of how good they are in other films, all the actors on this list are guilty of some really bad comic book movie acting. For some, it's how they fail to add depth to a character. Others were cast poorly and simply didn't have the right body types to bring bulky villains to life. Still others were the victims of poor directing, bad wardrobe choices, or horrible writing, and their performances suffered as a result.

Keep reading below to see some really bad actors playing villains, and remember to nominate your own in the comments. 


Awful Supervillain Performances in Comic Book Movies, film, videos, actors, people in tv, people, tv, Villains,

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Of all the members of Batman’s rogues gallery, Mr. Freeze has always been a villain that many fans sympathize with. Despite all the murders he commits, and all the heists he attempts, everything he does in the comics and animated series is not out of malevolence, but out of a desperate desire to save his ailing wife. You just have to feel sorry for the guy.

The former governator’s portrayal of the conflicted ice villain failed to stir up any these feelings in audiences. For decades, Arnold Schwarzenegger's propensity for delivering humorous one liners has always been culturally significant, and of course that was carried over in his role as Mr. Freeze. The result, though, is that Mr. Freeze ended up as the film’s comic relief, and one of several reasons why Batman and Robin pretty much sucked.


Jamie Foxx

In all honesty, Jamie Foxx’s performance as Max Dillon in early parts of The Amazing Spider-Man 2 wasn’t so bad. It was different from his usual work and he ran with it very well. And the special effects helped to bring the character justice, too. This all sounds like the makings of a fantastic supervillain performance, there was just one problem: the motivations.

Electro in the film was motivated by the fact that nobody gave him attention, which drove him insane. Once that motivation was established, it never really got off the ground. If this was a one-off episode of a TV series, it would’ve been feasible in that function. However, for a feature film, it’s expected that a character might actually develop. But Foxx continues his static portrayal of the character throughout the film and with little help from the writers, Electro never gets any added depth. In the end, he comes off as completely flat.


Jared Leto

A lot of true believers, including Leto himself, argue that the theatrical cut of Suicide Squad doesn't provide a lot of time and exposure to appreciate Leto’s take on the Clown Prince of Crime. But the truth is, his acting in the film wasn't great, and his laugh was downright awful. 

On an episode of Conan, Leto explained how he took great care in emulating the Joker’s iconic laugh. But when you look over the performances of Cesar Romero, Jack Nicholson, Heath Ledger, Mark Hamill, and even Cameron Monaghan (who wasn't even in costume and makeup), Leto's laugh sounded a lot like a creaking door and didn't quite live up to the laughs that came before him. 

Jared Leto’s Joker was the walking personification of everything that is wrong with the DC Extended Universe - he overcompensated, overacted, and ended up giving a performance that was completely underwhelming.


Jesse Eisenberg

Fans were, to put it lightly, doubtful about the idea of casting Jesse Eisenberg as Lex Luthor for Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. In the end, those doubts were justified.

Eisenberg’s portrayal of Lex was all over the place. It seemed like he was suffering a psychosomatic identity crisis on set. His performance has been likened to being a cross between the Joker and just Eisenberg being himself. It was also hard to believe that this portrayal was the same brilliant, calculating mastermind that Luthor is renowned for in the comics. He left a piss-filled jar in the Senate, set up his super secret server room next to his kitchen (easily breached via RF switch), and just fidgeted and stuttered all about.


John Leguizamo

The Clown has always been known as the most menacing and violent of Spawn’s enemies. Whenever he’s around, you can be sure mayhem and bloodshed are not too far behind. This was accurately portrayed in HBO’s animated Spawn series.

In the 1997 film, not so much. John Leguizamo’s portrayal of the Clown was stacked with toilet humor and painfully heavy attempts at levity. Every time he showed up, audiences prayed that he would just change into his CGI’d counterpart, Violator, and spare everyone from suffering anymore of his antics. According to the Nostalgia Critic’s review, there was supposedly a petition going around to get an apology from Leguizamo for his involvement in Spawn and Super Mario Bros, another awful film.


Oscar Isaac

As one of the X-Men’s most vicious villains, Apocalypse has terrorized mutant and humankind alike. His capacity for dominance is nothing short of biblical.

None of that is conveyed in Oscar Isaac’s portrayal of the character in X-Men: Apocalypse. This version of Apocalypse was utilized more as a shoe-horned, by-the-numbers villain who would obviously get killed off. Isaac’s Apocalypse was nowhere near imposing and his height definitely worked against him. Isaac's portrayal of the brutal villain felt flat and unimposing, and the most notable thing about the entire role was a billboard that rightfully pissed off Rose McGowen.


Peter Sarsgaard

Sarsgaard’s performance as Hector Hammond in Green Lantern told the story of one man’s journey to become a brilliant, cosmic, screaming pimple. It was so painful to watch, everyone was ecstatic when Parallax finally put him out of his - and the audience's - misery. If he wasn't being extremely creepy, he was yelling. And that was all there was to it.


Topher Grace

The release of Sam Raimi’s Spider-Man in 2002 was a momentous occasion as viewers finally got to see the wall crawler making his long-awaited big screen debut. Many fans started eagerly counting down the days until Spider-Man would face off against his arch nemesis, Venom.

And then, five years later, fans got Topher Grace, the guy from That ‘70s Show. The casting was beyond questionable because Grace was a far cry from being physically imposing, a signature trait of Venom. And even though Grace went through heavy weight training to prepare for his role, the transition was from a naturally skinny guy into an average built guy. In terms of character, this version of Eddie Brock came off more like an overdramatic whiner who even stopped by a church to ask God to put a hit out on Peter Parker. Remember that? That happened. Grace's timid acting didn't help add any menace to the character, and the performance overall was pretty terrible. In the end, this Venom was underwhelming and jarringly disappointing.


Toby Kebbell

It's frustrating to see one of the most badass supervillains of the Marvel Universe get so poorly portrayed time and time again. The Fantastic Four reboot from 2015 is best remembered as a movie that did a great job in taking too much time focusing on the things that didn’t matter, while taking too little to explore the things that did.

There was absolutely no exploration of Dr. Doom's time spent on Planet Zero prior to the moment when he received powers from his space suit. And the character's motivations throughout the film were murky at best. Toby Kebbell sported some charisma in his role as Doom, but the combination of horrible writing and direction hindered Kebbell’s performance. Dr. Doom ended up as a weak, plot-driven obstacle that the heroes overcame in less than half an hour. Terrible CGI, and a cheesy hood and cape didn't help, either. 


Vinnie Jones

While not a stranger to villainous roles, Vinnie Jones is often cast as a person sporting eloquence in speech and a calculating mindset. His characters often save the use of brute force for the last minute. These are qualities the Juggernaut does not possess, and Jones's resulting portrayal in X-Men: The Last Stand fell completely flat as a result. The awkwardness of this role drowned out any breathing room for exhibiting subtle emotions or any depth of character, and the acting is just awful as a result.  



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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 18:07:50 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/worst-supervillain-performances-in-movies/stewart-chyou
<![CDATA[The Trump's]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-trump-and-_39_s/mets

Trump's


The Trump's,

Donald Trump

Donald Trump, Jr.

Eric Trump

Fred Trump

Ivana Trump

Ivanka Trump

Marla Maples

Melania Trump

Barron Trump

Tiffany Trump


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 18:07:21 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-trump-and-_39_s/mets
<![CDATA[11 Scintillating Erotic Letters From Historical Figures in Love and Lust]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/historical-figure-sex-letters/lea-rose-emery

They don't make steamy love letters like they used. As 21st century children settle for a 3:00 am booty call, it's easy to forget sexts used to be a goddamned art form. You had to be literate, innovative, and incisive to articulate your point - you couldn't just take a poorly lit photo of your stubbly genitals (there's a reason poor stars wax) and hit "send." 

These famous historical perverts (or famous folks you didn't know were perverts) really went for it in letters to their lovers. In fact, some of these graphic love letters from historical figures are so explicit they'd get an NC-17 rating. Others use imagery, double entendre, and inference to create an erotic womb of words in which to incubate the reader. And then there's Kafka, whose vision of sex is as weird, dark, and f*cked up as his literature. Franz needed a hug more than a beejer. 

Who knows the last time someone actually sat down and wrote explicit sex letters, but they really pack more of a punch than an explicit quip at a bar or a "cum c me you liked it when i 8 it right?" text. This sexy snail mail from famous writers and other historical figures ranges from innuendos to the truly obscene and downright weird. You probably didn't know how much Mozart likes farts or James Joyce liked.. well, farts.

Basically, there's a lot of fart loving to be had. And also a whole lot of sex descriptions worthy of the novelists who wrote them (thankfully Joyce got his sex letters out his system before he deconstructed language). There's also a president who nicknamed his penis Jerry. 


11 Scintillating Erotic Letters From Historical Figures in Love and Lust,

Benjamin Franklin

Just because he was one of the founding fathers of America doesn't mean Ben Franklin wasn't interested in carnal pursuits. The guy discovered electricity, so it's no wondering he was lighting the ladies up. He also favored positive reinforcement as a management technique, and so was perhaps rewarded in the bedroom with good work for his encouraging sentiment and naughty bonuses. Sure, he didn't bathe every day, but that wasn't the main reason Ben was filthy. 

In this letter to Madame Brillon, he first makes a fuss that she wants a "monopoly on all my affection".— basically, that she doesn't want him to sleep around. And he's very concerned with "all that might be of the flesh in our affection"— and we all know what that means:

"Do you imagine that it is impossible for my affection (or my tenderness) to be divided without being diminished? You deceive yourself, and you forget the playful manner with which you stopped me. You renounce and totally exclude all that might be of the flesh in our affection, allowing me only some kisses, civil and honest, such as you might grant your little cousins. What am I receiving that is so special as to prevent me from giving the same to others, without taking from what belongs to you?

The sweet sounds brought forth from the pianoforte by your clever hand can be enjoyed by twenty people simultaneously without diminishing at all the pleasure you so obligingly mean for me, and I could, with as little reason, demand from your affection that no other ears but mine be allowed to be charmed by those sweet sounds."

So basically he made a very articulate, poetic argument for why it's fine for him to have a harem of women ready to make music with his upright organ. 


Charles Bukowski

Charles Bukowski doesn't beat around the bush (or maybe he did?). 

The American writer's letter to his girlfriend, poet Linda King, is one of the filthiest out there. It uses the word 'refrigerator' more than any other sexy letter you're likely to see, and also describes what's probably the hottest thing to ever happen in Burbank, summer weather not included.

"I liked your hand-walking act; that got me hotter than hell…. everything you do gets me hotter than hell…. throwing clay against the ceiling… you b*tch, you red hot shrew, you lovely lovely woman…. you have put new poems and new hope and new joy and new tricks into an old dog, I love you, your p*ssy hairs I felt with my fingers, the inside of your p*ssy, wet, hot, I felt with my fingers; you, up against the refrigerator, you have such a wonderful refrigerator, your hair dangling down, wild, you there, the wild bird of you the wild thing of you, hot, lewd, miraculous…. twisting after your head, trying to grab your tongue with my mouth, with my tongue…. we were in Burbank and I was in love, ultramarine love, my good god damned goddess, my goad, my b*tch, my my my my beating breathing hair-lined c*nt of Paradise, I love you… and your refrigerator, and as we grabbed and wrestled, that sculpted head watching us with his little lyrical cynical love-smile, burning…
I want you,
I want you,
I want YOU
YOU YOU YOU YOU YOU YOU!"


Franz Kafka

Franz Kafka, who wrote his novels with a mix of the fantastical and realistic, used a pretty similar method in his naughty letters. He might not spell out his libido as explicitly as others, but he was as randy as the best of them. You have enough dreams about fire and merging and beating and, well, something's certainly going on beyond Kafka's usual oblique paranoia about the faceless terrors of a bureaucratic world. 

We've all had weird sex dreams, but in this particularly letter, it's unclear if it's flattering, sexy, or just disturbing: 

"Last night I dreamed about you. What happened in detail I can hardly remember, all I know is that we kept merging into one another. I was you, you were me. Finally you somehow caught fire.

Remembering that one extinguished fire with clothing, I took an old coat and beat you with it.

But again the transmutations began and it went so far that you were no longer even there, instead it was I who was on fire and it was also I who beat the fire with the coat.

But the beating didn’t help and it only confirmed my old fear that such things can’t extinguish a fire.

In the meantime, however, the fire brigade arrived and somehow you were saved.

But you were different from before, spectral, as though drawn with chalk against the dark, and you fell, lifeless or perhaps having fainted from joy at having been saved, into my arms.

But here too the uncertainty of trans mutability entered, perhaps it was I who fell into someone’s arms." 


Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo gets weird. There's so much imagery in her letters, it can obscure the sex underneath, but it's definitely there. The painter had a famous list of lovers; while married to Diego Rivera she had affairs with former Soviet leader Leon Trotsky and performer Josephine Baker. Then again, Rivera did his share of sleeping around. Actually he probably did like four or five people's shares. 

But Kahlo's love letter's certainly get filthy, in their unsurprisingly very artsy way: 

"There was all manner of fruits in the juice of your lips, the blood of the pomegranate, the horizon of the mammee and the purified pineapple. I pressed you against my breast and the prodigy of your form penetrated all my blood through the tips of my fingers. Smell of oak essence, memories of walnut, green breath of ash tree. Horizon and landscapes = I traced them with a kiss. Oblivion of words will form the exact language for understanding the glances of our closed eyes. = You are here, intangible and you are all the universe which I shape into the space of my room. Your absence springs trembling in the ticking of the clock, in the pulse of light; you breathe through the mirror. From you to my hands, I caress your entire body, and I am with you for a minute and I am with myself for a moment. And my blood is the miracle which runs in the vessels of the air from my heart to yours.

The green miracle of the landscape of my body becomes in your the whole of nature. I fly through it to caress the rounded hills with my fingertips, my hands sink into the shadowy valleys in an urge to possess and I’m enveloped in the embrace of gentle branches, green and cool. I penetrate the sex of the whole earth, her heat chars me and my entire body is rubbed by the freshness of the tender leaves. Their dew is the sweat of an ever-new lover.

It’s not love, or tenderness, or affection, it’s life itself, my life, that I found what I saw it in your hands, in your month and in your breasts. I have the taste of almonds from your lips in my mouth. Our worlds have never gone outside. Only one mountain can know the core of another mountain."


Gustave Flaubert

It may be no surprise the author of Madame Bovary got filthy in his personal life. In fact, he was very open about his romps with male and female prostitutes while traveling. Flaubert's most lasting relationship was with Louise Colet, a married poet to whom he wrote some pretty explicit letters

"I will cover you with love when next I see you, with caresses, with ecstasy. I want to gorge yu [sic] with all the joys of the flesh, so that you faint and die. I want you to be amazed by me, and to confess to yourself that you had never even dreamed of such transports… When you are old, I want you to recall those few hours, I want your dry bones to quiver with joy when you think of them."


James Joyce

There's no shortage of filth in James Joyce's letters to Nora Barnacle, his muse and, later, wife. They had a heated relationship; in fact, he reportedly tried to burn his manuscript of The Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man after one of their fights. The passionate, obsessive nature of their relationship came tumbling out in their love letters. 

Well, 'love' might be a strong word for it. There is love, but there's also some of the most explicit filth you've ever read. They've even inspired a musical rendition, and a dramatic reading from Paget Brewset thanks to Funny or Die. They're definitely worth a read. If we learn anything about Joyce from letters, it's that he loved f*cking and he loved farts. : 

"My sweet little whorish Nora I did as you told me, you dirty little girl, and pulled myself off twice when I read your letter. I am delighted to see that you do like being f*cked arseways. Yes, now I can remember that night when I f*cked you for so long backwards. It was the dirtiest f*cking I ever gave you, darling. My prick was stuck in you for hours, f*cking in and out under your upturned rump. I felt your fat sweaty buttocks under my belly and saw your flushed face and mad eyes.

At every fuck I gave you your shameless tongue came bursting out through your lips and if I gave you a bigger stronger f*ck than usual, fat dirty farts came spluttering out of your backside. You had an arse full of farts that night, darling, and I f*cked them out of you, big fat fellows, long windy ones, quick little merry cracks and a lot of tiny little naughty farties ending in a long gush from your hole. It is wonderful to f*ck a farting woman when every f*ck drives one out of her.

I think I would know Nora's fart anywhere. I think I could pick hers out in a roomful of farting women. It is a rather girlish noise not like the wet windy fart which I imagine fat wives have. It is sudden and dry and dirty like what a bold girl would let off in fun in a school dormitory at night. I hope Nora will let off no end of her farts in my face so that I may know their smell also."


Oscar Wilde

Of course Oscar Wilde is on here, in all his witty, snarky glory. Wilde had a heated relationship with Lord Alfred Douglas, whose lavish lifestyle he funded. The two often fought and broke up, and this letter from Wilde shows that such passion was equally manifest between the sheets.

"My Own Boy,

Your sonnet is quite lovely, and it is a marvel that those red-rose leaf lips of yours should be made no less for the madness of music and song than for the madness of kissing. Your slim gilt soul walks between passion and poetry. I know Hyacinthus, whom Apollo loved so madly, was you in Greek days. Why are you alone in London, and when do you go to Salisbury? Do go there to cool your hands in the grey twilight of Gothic things, and come here whenever you like. It is a lovely place and lacks only you; but go to Salisbury first.

Always, with undying love,

Yours, Oscar"


Virginia Woolf

Virginia Woolf is best known for her novels Mrs Dalloway and A Room of One's Own, but being a respected writer and member of the Bloomsbury Group didn't stop her from having some fun on the side. Her Sapphic dalliances may be less well known than her novels, but they remain an indelible part of her identity, recorded in letters.  

Woolf had an affair with fellow writer Vita Sackville-West and implored in letters to, well, "come". Check out this pleading excerpt, because some feelings can only be stirred "by dark on the river": 

"Look Here Vita — throw over your man, and we’ll go to Hampton Court and dine on the river together and walk in the garden in the moonlight and come home late and have a bottle of wine and get tipsy, and I’ll tell you all the things I have in my head, millions, myriads — They won’t stir by day, only by dark on the river. Think of that. Throw over your man, I say, and come."


Warren G. Harding

The 29th president of the United States was one of the least popular presidents, but damn if he wasn't a freak with a pen. He had a long term mistress, Carrie Fulton Phillips, and they were prolific pen pals. Although their relationship and letters were kept secret for long after his death, they are now public, as his code word for his penis. He called it Jerry.

Jerry. That was the sexiest name he could come up with, so let's all feel bad for Harding for a minute. Check out these excerpts: 

"Jerry — you recall Jerry, whose cards I once sent you to Europe — came in while I was pondering your notes in glad reflection, and we talked about it. He was strongly interested, and elated and clung to discussion. He told me to say that you are the best and darlingest in the world, and if he could have but one wish, it would be to be held in your darling embrace and be thrilled by your pink lips that convey the surpassing rapture of human touch and the unspeakable joy of love’s surpassing embrace. I cordially agree with all he said. Perhaps it is not important maybe it is not even interesting, but he is devotedly, exclusively, for you. . ."

Remember that Jerry is his penis. Other times, he was less coded: 

"Honestly, I hurt with the insatiate longing, until I feel that there will never be any relief until I take a long, deep, wild draught on your lips and then bury my face on your pillowing breasts. Oh, Carrie! I want the solace you only can give. It is awful to hunger so and be so wholly denied. . . . Wouldn’t you like to hear me ask if we only dared and answer, 'We dare,' while souls rejoicing sang the sweetest of choruses in the music room?"


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, famed for his music. But maybe he should be famed for his obsession with wind and "muck". Yup, muck. You can see this it in the excerpts this letter, written to his cousin (and maybe cousin).

When he wrote this letter, Wolfgang he was 21 - way, way too old to be talking about his mama like ths. 

"Tomorrow we'll speak freak sensubly with each other. Things I must you tell a lot of, believe it you hardly can, but hear tomorrow it already will you, be well in the meantime. Oh my ass burns like fire! what on earth is the meaning of this!—maybe muck wants to come out? yes, yes, muck, I know you, see you, taste you—and—what's this—is it possible? Ye Gods!—Oh ear of mine, are you deceiving me?—No, it's true—what a long and melancholic sound!...

... . As I am in the middle of my best writing, I hear a noise in the street. I stop writing—get up, go to the window—and—the noise is gone—I sit down again, start writing once more—I have barely written ten words when I hear the noise again—I rise—but as I rise, I can still hear something but very faint—it smells like something burning—wherever I go it stinks, when I look out the window, the smell goes away, when I turn my head back to the room, the smell comes back—finally My Mama says to me: I bet you let one go?—I don't think so, Mama. yes, yes, I'm quite certain, I put it to the test, stick my finger in my ass, then put it to my nose, and—there is the proof! Mama was right! 

Now farewell, I kiss you 10000 times and I remain as always your 

Old young Sauschwanz
Wolfgang Amadé Rosenkranz"



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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 18:06:38 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/historical-figure-sex-letters/lea-rose-emery
<![CDATA[The Greatest Athletes in Ski Jumping of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-greatest-athletes-in-ski-jumping-of-all-time/julian-matthias

The Greatest Athletes in Ski Jumping of All Time,

Gregor Schlierenzauer

Janne Ahonen

Jens Weißflog

Martin Schmitt

Matti Nykänen

Noriaki Kasai

Simon Ammann

Sven Hannawald

Severin Freund

Peter Prevc


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:20:28 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-greatest-athletes-in-ski-jumping-of-all-time/julian-matthias
<![CDATA[Toughest Female Athletes]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/toughest-female-athletes/thonmaker

Toughest Female Athletes,

Gina Carano

Jessica Ennis-Hill

Laila Ali

Samantha Stosur

Ronda Rousey

Dafne Schippers

Claressa Shields

Paige VanZant

Camille Leblanc-Bazinet

CrossFit athlete


Annie Thorisdottir

CrossFit athlete



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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 17:51:33 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/toughest-female-athletes/thonmaker
<![CDATA[The November Report Card]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-november-report-card/jsbmbaggedmilk

The November Report Card,

Andrej Sekera

Mark Letestu

Adam Larsson

Cam Talbot

Tyler Pitlick

Connor McDavid

Leon Draisaitl

The Penalty Kill

Road Record

Matt Benning


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 18:01:36 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-november-report-card/jsbmbaggedmilk
<![CDATA[17 Little Old Ladies Who Were Actually Unspeakably Brutal Murderers]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/killer-grandmas/jacob-shelton

When most people think of serial killers, their thoughts turn to steely-eyed young men with a penchant for wearing a lady’s skin, not little old ladies. Grandmothers might not be the typical version of a bloodthirsty murderer, but when you think about it, being a sweet, beloved old woman is the perfect cover for murdering a bunch of strangers and burying them under your floorboards. Grandmas who kill are motivated for a lot of different reasons: sometimes it’s money, sometimes it’s because they felt God told them to, and sometimes it's out of pure boredom. 

Whatever the reason, old ladies who murdered are often the least expected suspect with the most gruesome of crimes. These geriatric female serial killers committed horrific acts of violence, and while most of them paid dearly for their crimes, at least one of them walks free despite her sins. Remember to be nice to grandmother the next time you see her, you never know what hidden talents are up her sleeve.


17 Little Old Ladies Who Were Actually Unspeakably Brutal Murderers,

Amelia Dyer

For 20 years Amelia Dyer is said to have killed more than 400 infants while she was working as a "baby farmer," someone who adopts children for lump sums of money. It was common practice in Victorian England for older women to take in children for a fee. She offered her services to young mothers who were unwed or unable to care for their children. 

Initially, she would neglect the children until they died, but when that began to take too long she started murdering them at the onset of their adoption in order to make more of a profit.

Police were only able to pin one murder on her, but investigators found concrete evidence of 12 and 50 children. However, it's widely speculated she killed hundreds more. She was sentenced to death and killed in the summer of 1896.


Dorothea Puente

At the age of 64, sweet old Dorothea Puente was put on trial for murdering nine people, including a former boyfriend. She was convicted after her victims' bodies were found buried under her unlicensed boarding home in Sacramento.

Puente went out of her way to murder victims who police referred to as shadow people: the elderly, alcoholics, and the disabled - people without friends or family. She would give her victims fatal doses of drugs, causing them to overdose, and then cash their Social Security checks. She was finally arrested in the early '90s, and sent to prison where she died at the age of 82. 


Juana Barraza

This old lady killer liked to off her own kind: other old ladies. Between 1998 and 2006, Barraza murdered close to 50 women while moonlighting as a luchador named La Dama del Silencio (The Silent Lady.) Most of the women she killed were over the age of 60, and she either strangled or bludgeoned them to death before robbing them. After her arrest she was sentenced to 759 years in prison. 


Leonarda Cianciulli

Italian serial killer Leonarda Cianciulli's murderous career only lasted one year, but this older woman with a penchant for the occult made the most of her victims. Between 1939 and 1940, Cianciulli killed three women as human sacrifices to break a family curse.

Cianciulli suffered numerous miscarriages and lost many of her children to illness when they were young. To protect her surviving children, she turned to the occult for answers, and chose to offer the dark powers human sacrifices in exchange for safety.

In order to dispose of the bodies, she dismembered them. She would turned them into soap or bake them into tea cakes. She noted that her final victim made excellent soap, and a wonderful snack: "The cakes, too, were better: that woman was really sweet.”


Nannie Doss

Nannie Doss was a sweet old lady who loved to fill her family up on home cookin' and arsenic. She began her silent murder spree at the age of 16 when she tried to poison her first husband. When she failed, she turned her murderous sights on two of her daughters.

For the next 30-some years, Doss would go on to allegedly kill four husbands, her mother, one of her mothers-in-law, her two sisters, a grandson, and a nephew. She was finally caught in 1954 when her fifth husband keeled over after drinking his morning coffee. The doctor who performed the autopsy found enough arsenic in his body to kill a horse and suspected foul play. In jail, she confessed to her killings and served a life sentence. This didn't seem to phase her. News reports from the time say she was cheery, going as far to joke to journalists about her dead husbands. 

When asked why she killed, she told investigators it was a case of "marital boredom." 


Helen Golay

These two Southern Californian women, dubbed the “Black Widows,” set up an elaborate scheme where they would take in homeless men, apply for life insurance policies for these men valued in the thousands, and then crush them with their cars in staged hit-and-run accidents. 

The ladies received $2.8 million in insurance payouts before their plot was unearthed. The two successfully killed two men, but were discovered after they botched a third killing. They tried to convince a homeless man named Jimmy Covington to apply for an $800,000 life insurance policy. He became suspicious and fled. Golay and Rutterschmidt were charged with two counts each of murder and conspiracy in the deaths of Kenneth McDavid and Paul Vados and were sentenced to life in prison.


Faye Copeland Made a Quilt Out of Her Victims' Clothes

Faye Copeland worked with her husband Ray to kill drifters who they would lure to their Missouri farm.

Ray Copeland was a known fraud in his small Missouri town. When money was tight, he would pick up drifters to act as farm hands to commit cattle fraud. The drifters would buy cattle using bad checks and then after the transaction was done, they would mysterious disappear. That's because the couple would kill them and bury them on the farm. Faye even sewed a quilt from her victims' clothes. 

They were arrested after a former employee called a Crime Stoppers tip line in 1989. Both Ray and Faye Copeland were sentenced to death. Faye is the oldest woman to be put on death row. Her sentence was reduced on appeal, and she died in 2003 after having a stroke. 


Hazel Dulcie Bodsworth Baked Cakes for Cops, Then Killed Her Husband

Hazel Dulcie Bodsworth had a reputation for baking cakes and delivering them to the local police station. That's why it was such a huge surprise when it was later revealed she killed three men, including the father of her four children.

Bodsworth, an Australian woman, had a penchant for staging her killings as accidents. Her first husband "accidentally" drowned, another of her victims was tragically burned in a "strange" house fire. She even tried killing her son-in-law by shoving him into a hole, but he survived the attack.

When she was finally caught by the police in 1964, she and her new husband were on their way to pick up their newly adopted son. She admitted everything and only had to go to prison for 14 years. 


Melissa Ann Shepard Tranquilized Her Husbands to Death

Melissa Ann Shepard might look like a sweet old lady, until you find out her nickname is "The Black Widow." This 81-year old woman from Halifax, Canada murdered two of her five husbands and tried killing the others over the span of two decades. Her method of choice was to give her husbands tranquilizers causing them to overdose. 

After the death of her second husband she was convicted of manslaughter and was sentenced to six years in prison. She was released early, and went on to kill another man. Evidence also shows she tried unsuccessfully to kill two of her other husbands as well. Police finally charged her with attempted murder after the near death of her fifth husband. Her husband had been admitted to the hospital for poisoning, and they found a stockpile of prescription pills from five different doctors at her home. 

She's out of jail now, but does have to report to police any potential relationship with a man and to report weekly either by telephone or in-person to the police.


Tamara Samsonova - Known as "Granny Ripper" - Ate and Dismembered Her Victims

Tamara Samsonova, also known as the "Granny Ripper," is a 68-year-old woman from Russia who confessed to killing 11 people over the span of two decades. Shortly after she was arrested the police found Samsonova's diaries, which included the gruesome details of how she would murder, dismember, and eat some of her victims.

As brutal as the details of her story are, her journals give a fairly straightforward version of each of her crimes: "I killed my tenant Volodya, cut him to pieces in the bathroom with a knife, put the pieces of his body in plastic bags and threw them away in the different parts of Frunzensky district." 

 



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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 11:51:54 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/killer-grandmas/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[Game 22: Capitals Vs. Islanders]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-22-capitals-vs-islanders/japersrink

Game 22: Capitals Vs. Islanders,

Alexander Ovechkin

Brooks Orpik

Justin Williams

Karl Alzner

Matt Niskanen

Nicklas Bäckström

Brett Connolly

Marcus Johansson

Braden Holtby

Jakub Vrana


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 18:01:35 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-22-capitals-vs-islanders/japersrink
<![CDATA[Game #24, December 1, 2016: Kings @ Coyotes]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_24-december-1-2016-kings-_-coyotes/emkveton

Game #24, December 1, 2016: Kings @ Coyotes,

Anže Kopitar

Dustin Brown

Marián Gáborík

Trevor Lewis

Jeff Zatkoff

Alec Martinez

Dwight King

Jordan Nolan

Kevin Gravel

Nic Dowd


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 13:11:32 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_24-december-1-2016-kings-_-coyotes/emkveton
<![CDATA[Red Wings Vs. Panthers December 1st]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-vs-panthers-december-1st/wingingitmotown

Red Wings Vs. Panthers December 1st,

Frans Nielsen

Henrik Zetterberg

Mike Green

Thomas Vanek

Tomáš Jurčo

Gustav Nyquist

Petr Mrázek

Anthony Mantha

Dylan Larkin

The Penalty Kill


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 17:21:24 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-vs-panthers-december-1st/wingingitmotown
<![CDATA[Rank The Bruins (vs. Canes 12/1)]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-bruins-_vs-canes-12-and-1_/commissartaco

Bruins v. Canes 12/1


Rank The Bruins (vs. Canes 12/1),

Brad Marchand

David Backes

Anton Khudobin

Torey Krug

Joe Morrow

Ryan Spooner

Kevan Miller

David Pastrňák

Brandon Carlo

Austin Czarnik


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 17:31:31 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-bruins-_vs-canes-12-and-1_/commissartaco
<![CDATA[Game 24: Philadelphia Flyers @ Ottawa Senators]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-24-philadelphia-flyers-_-ottawa-senators-v1/sheercraziness

Game 24: Philadelphia Flyers @ Ottawa Senators,

Dion Phaneuf

Kyle Turris

Tom Pyatt

Erik Karlsson

Mark Stone

Mike Hoffman

Cody Ceci

Chris Wideman

Ryan Dzingel

Mike Condon


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:11:33 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-24-philadelphia-flyers-_-ottawa-senators-v1/sheercraziness
<![CDATA[Who Was Your 80s Teenage Crush?]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/who-was-your-80s-teenage-crush-/martinaustin

So Who Was Your 80s Teenage Crush? Can be anyone around in the 80s, Please add to the list and Re rank, Thanks as always x


Who Was Your 80s Teenage Crush?,

Brooke Shields

Demi Moore

Heather Locklear

Jennifer Aniston

Lynda Carter

Madonna

Melanie Griffith

Patsy Kensit

Samantha Fox

Victoria Principal


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:41:05 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/who-was-your-80s-teenage-crush-/martinaustin
<![CDATA[Liverpool's November Player of the Month]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/liverpool-and-_39_s-november-player-of-the-month-v1/the-liverpool-offside

Voting on Liverpool's top performer in the Premier League and EFL Cup from November, 2016.


Liverpool's November Player of the Month,

Dejan Lovren

Joël Matip

Philippe Coutinho

Loris Karius

Divock Origi


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 17:31:31 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/liverpool-and-_39_s-november-player-of-the-month-v1/the-liverpool-offside
<![CDATA[Rate The Flames vs Toronto Maple Leafs]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-toronto-maple-leafs-v1/mpark14news

Rate The Flames vs Toronto Maple Leafs,

Matt Stajan

Michael Frolík

Mikael Backlund

Kris Versteeg

Deryk Engelland

Freddie Hamilton

Dougie Hamilton

Chad Johnson

Garnet Hathaway

Micheal Ferland


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 14:31:27 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-toronto-maple-leafs-v1/mpark14news
<![CDATA[Game #23, November 30, 2016: Sharks @ Kings]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_23-november-30-2016-sharks-_-kings/emkveton

Game #23, November 30, 2016: Sharks @ Kings,

Anže Kopitar

Drew Doughty

Dustin Brown

Jeff Carter

Marián Gáborík

Alec Martinez

Tyler Toffoli

Tanner Pearson

Kevin Gravel

Nic Dowd


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Thu, 01 Dec 2016 16:01:30 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_23-november-30-2016-sharks-_-kings/emkveton
<![CDATA[Player of the Month: November]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/player-of-the-month-november-v1/sheercraziness

Player of the Month: November,

Chris Neil

Craig Anderson

Derick Brassard

Kyle Turris

Erik Karlsson

Mark Borowiecki

Mark Stone

Mike Hoffman

Ryan Dzingel

Mike Condon


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 10:11:29 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/player-of-the-month-november-v1/sheercraziness
<![CDATA[All-time Dodgers]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/all-time-dodgers/udontneedtoknowmyname

Lineup

 

1. Robinson 2B

2. Furillo LF

3. Garvey 1B

4. Snider CF

5. Campanella C

6. Herman RF

7. Cey 3B

8. Russell SS

9. Koufax P

 

Closer Jansen

Manager Lasorda


All-time Dodgers,

Babe Herman

Bill Russell

Carl Furillo

Duke Snider

Jackie Robinson

Ron Cey

Roy Campanella

Sandy Koufax

Steve Garvey

Kenley Jansen


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 12:37:05 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/all-time-dodgers/udontneedtoknowmyname
<![CDATA[All-time Expos/Nationals]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/all-time-expos-and-nationals/udontneedtoknowmyname

Lineup

 

1. Raines LF

2. Desmond SS

3. Dawson CF

4. Carter C

5. Guerrero RF

6. Zimmerman 1B

7. Wallach 3B

8. Espinosa 2B

9. Martinez P

 

Closer Wetteland

Manager Alou


All-time Expos/Nationals,

Andre Dawson

Gary Carter

John Wetteland

Ryan Zimmerman

Tim Raines

Tim Wallach

Vladimir Guerrero

Ian Desmond

Danny Espinosa

Pedro Martinez


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 12:14:57 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/all-time-expos-and-nationals/udontneedtoknowmyname
<![CDATA[All-time Braves Team]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/all-time-braves-team/udontneedtoknowmyname

Lineup

1. Maranville SS

2. C. Jones LF

3.Aaron RF

4. Matthews 3B

5. McGriff 1B

6. McCann C

7. Prado 2B

8. A. Jones CF

9. Spahn P

 

Closer Kimbrel

Manager Cox


All-time Braves Team,

Andruw Jones

Brian McCann

Chipper Jones

Fred McGriff

Hank Aaron

Martín Prado

Rabbit Maranville

Warren Spahn

Craig Kimbrel

Eddie Matthews


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:31:27 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/all-time-braves-team/udontneedtoknowmyname
<![CDATA[The Best Offense in Tennis]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-offense-in-tennis/kasir-radojica

The most agressive tennis players in Open era.


The Best Offense in Tennis,

John McEnroe

Lindsay Davenport

Margaret Court

Maria Sharapova

Monica Seles

Pete Sampras

Roger Federer

Serena Williams

Stefan Edberg

Venus Williams


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:33:53 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-offense-in-tennis/kasir-radojica
<![CDATA[The Best Defense in Tennis]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-defense-in-tennis/kasir-radojica

The best retreving in Open era.


The Best Defense in Tennis,

Andy Murray

Björn Borg

Gaël Monfils

Gilles Simon

Kim Clijsters

Lleyton Hewitt

Michael Chang

Miloslav Mečíř

Rafael Nadal

Roger Federer


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Thu, 01 Dec 2016 18:40:59 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-defense-in-tennis/kasir-radojica
<![CDATA[Red Wings Vs. Stars November 29th]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-vs-stars-november-29th/wingingitmotown

Red Wings Vs. Stars November 29th,

Henrik Zetterberg

Thomas Vanek

Ryan Sproul

Tomáš Jurčo

Xavier Ouellet

Petr Mrázek

Anthony Mantha

Dylan Larkin

The Penalty Kill

The Power Play


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Thu, 01 Dec 2016 10:51:28 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-vs-stars-november-29th/wingingitmotown
<![CDATA[30+ Famous People Who Have Struggled with Heroin Addiction]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-heroin-addicts/celebrity-lists

Heroin is highly addictive – and highly damaging. Among its millions of users are some celebs you might recognize. Celebrity heroin addicts have made their name in a number of genres. Some famous people addicted to heroin are musicians while other famous dope fiends are actors. Sadly, many brilliant artists died from overdoses as a result of their heroin addictions.

Who will you find on this list of famous heroin addicts? Angelina Jolie appears at the top. Though she is now recovered, a candid video shot in 1999 supposedly showed a strung-out Jolie in the throes of heroin addiction. Courtney Love famously struggled with heroin addiction throughout the 1990s. In the 2015 documentary Kurt Cobain: Montage of Heck, she even admitted to using the drug while pregnant with her daughter Francis Bean Cobain.

Several famous men also struggled with heroin addiction. Eric Clapton reportedly had a $16,000 a week heroin habit in the 1970s, and comedian John Belushi died of a cocaine and heroin overdose in 1982. Other celebrities addicted to heroin include River Phoenix, Janis Joplin, and Kurt Cobain.

Are you surprised that so many celebrities were addicted to opiates? Take a look at this list and get in on the conversation in the comments section.


30+ Famous People Who Have Struggled with Heroin Addiction,

Angelina Jolie

A candid video shot in 1999 supposedly showed a strung out Angelina Jolie in the throes of heroin addiction. She has previously admitted to barely surviving a "dark and dangerous" time in her life.


Coco Chanel

Coco Chanel reportedly used heroin during her life.


Courtney Love

Courtney Love famously struggled with heroin addiction throughout the 1990s. In the 2015 documentary Kurt Cobain: Montage of Heck, she even admitted to using the drug while pregnant with her daughter Francis Bean Cobain.


Janis Joplin

Janis Joplin died of a heroin overdose in 1970.


Kurt Cobain

Kurt Cobain always said that he first used heroin as a way to self-medicate severe pain caused by a stomach condition. Large doses of the drug were found in the Nirvana musician's system when he committed suicide in 1994.


Nicole Richie

Nicole Richie was addicted to cocaine and heroin by the time she was 20 years old. She has been clean and sober since around 2003.


Philip Seymour Hoffman

After Philip Seymour Hoffman died from an overdose in 2014, 70 bags of heroin and prescription pills were found in his home.


Russell Brand

"I cannot accurately convey the efficiency of heroin in neutralizing pain. It transforms a tight white fist into a gentle brown wave, and from my first inhalation 15 years ago it fumigated my private hell," said Russell Brand of his heroin addiction. He has been clean since the early 2000s.


Samuel L. Jackson

Prior to becoming one of the most recognizable names in Hollywood, Samuel L. Jackson struggled with severe drug addictions until he entered rehab in 1991.


Steven Tyler

"I blew 20 million. I snorted my Porsche, I snorted my plane, I snorted my house in that din of drugs and booze and being lost," Steven Tyler said in his autobiography regarding his heroin and cocaine addiction.

 


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Tue, 29 Nov 2016 18:16:52 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-heroin-addicts/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[Game 23: Buffalo Sabres @ Ottawa Senators]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-23-buffalo-sabres-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness

Game 23: Buffalo Sabres @ Ottawa Senators,

Derick Brassard

Dion Phaneuf

Kyle Turris

Marc Methot

Erik Karlsson

Mark Borowiecki

Mark Stone

Mike Hoffman

Chris Wideman

Ryan Dzingel


]]>
Thu, 01 Dec 2016 19:21:31 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-23-buffalo-sabres-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness
<![CDATA[The Cruelest Rulers in History (Who Weren't Hitler)]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/most-cruel-rulers-in-history-besides-hitler/michael-anderson

When we think of the most evil rulers in history, names like Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Benito Mussolini rush to mind. But it's important to remember that brutality existed in rulers well before the 1930s.

Others, like Atila the Hun or Chinese Empress Wu, may seem like obvious choices. But, after looking deeper at the effects of their rule and how they were perceived by those they reigned over, it becomes clear that they're not the worst rulers in history. Instead, they suffered from then-contemporary historians' ire (Atila, because he wasn't Roman, and Wu, because she was a woman).

So it's time to focus instead on those despots who were truly the cruelest rulers in history, many of whom are less known, though there will definitely be a few names on this list that ring a bell. 


The Cruelest Rulers in History (Who Weren't Hitler),

Genghis Khan

Yes, it's ubiquitously known that Genghis Khan was a horrific ruler, that he sacked entire cities and was ruthless in his executions, all on his way to amass the largest empire the world had ever seen. But the sheer brutality of his rule is often softened by such generalizations. 

Khan was creative in how he would execute his enemies, especially when it came to nobles. Because he believed he couldn't spill their blood, he would snap their necks or choke them out. But that was rare. More popular was piling them under a large board on top of which he and his warriors would party until each noble had been crushed to death. 

In one instance, a chap with whom he sought to conduct trade affronted the Khan by killing his entire diplomatic party. In response, Khan sacked his entire city, killing hundred of thousands, and captured the impolite host. To teach this leader a lesson, Khan poured molten silver into his ears and eyes (remind you of anything from Game of Thrones?). 

Over the course of his empire-building career, Khan showed no mercy to his enemies, often completely wiping out entire cities or using hostages as human shields in battles. This led to wiping out an estimated 40 million people - or 11 percent of the world's population - between 1206 and his death in 1227.


Ivan the Terrible

Ivan IV of Russia, now commonly known as Ivan the Terrible, was bred amid a hotbed of political collusion and conspiracy. Before naming himself the first tsar of Russia in 1547, he witnessed conspiring boyars (nobles of the warrior class) rip power away from his mother (allegedly killed by poison). So by age 13, Ivan oversaw his first execution and endowed himself with ultimate power over the country. 

All seemed well in Russia until his first wife, Anastasia, mysteriously died at 26. Many claimed he was never the same again. The many advances in Russia's interior made in the first part of his reign were later undermined by his growing paranoia and erratic behavior. 

Ivan was forever wary of boyars, and in one instance rounded up as many as 100 of them in a public square so that he and his subjects could witness their torture and deaths. He was equally brutal in foreign excursions. After invading Novgorod, he had the archbishop clad in a bear skin and then hunted by ravenous hounds. He also had men, women, and children tied to sleighs before being run into freezing waters. 

In his later years, Ivan became so erratic that he accidentally gave his heir brain damage after striking him in the heat of an argument, leaving him mentally inept but still in line for the throne. Another instance saw Ivan beat his pregnant daughter, leading to her later miscarriage. 

Ivan the Terrible died of a stroke while playing chess in 1584, leaving Russia to wade through the Time of Troubles that sparked after his heir's death just a decade later. 


Leopold II of Belgium

In order to "protect" the inhabitants of what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo from Arab slavers and to more easily spread the word of the Christian God, Belgian King Leopold II carved out the world's first private colony, the Congo Free State, in the heart of Africa in the mid-to-late 19th century. What ensued was decades of forced labor and brutal beatings suffered by the local population.

Initially, Leopold facilitated the dehumanizing ivory trade in his private colony, the horrors of which were spelled out by Joseph Conrad in his novella Heart of Darkness after he visited the Congo. Once the demand for rubber increased, due to the invention of cars and bicycles, Leopold learned that his personal swath of land was abundant in wild rubber trees. The locals were thus impressed via kidnappings by colonizers to work in the jungle. The colonizers took part in vicious rapes of native women, and to prove that they weren't "wasting" ammunition on animals or shooting strays, they would cut the hands off living slaves and turn them into superiors, making them believe they had "only" killed insubordinate slaves.

For nearly a century, the atrocities perpetuated by Leopold's vicious greed were largely ignored by the Western world. It wasn't until about the turn of the 21st century that historians acknowledged that possibly as many as 10 million (though many now have lower estimates) Congolese were savagely murdered by the colonizers. 


Maximilien de Robespierre

Few historical figures are as controversial as Maximilien Robespierre. On one hand he advocated for universal suffrage, for unrestricted admission to national posts, and against racial and religious discrimination. On the other hand, he was the foremost ruler during the French Reign of Terror during the revolution, imprisoning roughly 300,000, and killing as many as 40,000.

He was an ardent Jacobin at the start of the French Revolution and was eventually elected head of the Committee of Public Safety in 1793. From that point on, his severe nationalism struck down or silenced any voice in opposition to the new republic that was emerging. His burgeoning egoism led to his liberal use of the guillotine, even on one-time allies such as Georges Danton after he suggested scaling down the Reign of Terror. 

Eventually Robespierre's autocracy and vicious punishments made him highly unfavorable - especially after he - in contradiction to his earlier beliefs - tried to instill a national religion called the cult of the Supreme Being. He was thus overthrown in 1794 amid one of the many power changes throughout the Revolution, and Robespierre himself was executed via guillotine that year.


Talaat Pasha

In the second decade of the 20th century, the Ottoman government saw the rise of a new political body known as the Young Turks. Headed by Talaat Pasha, Enver Pasha, and Jemal Pasha, the Young Turks sought to establish a new secular order and slowly siphoned power from the sultan, though he remained, if only in title, the head of state.

World War I broke out, and because the Young Turks sided with Germany and Austria, Armenians under Ottoman control saw a chance at independence should the Russians win. They therefore moved into eastern Anatolia, and many joined Russian forces.

As minister of the interior, Pasha couldn't let such open insubordination continue, so he forced the relocation of more than a million Armenians from Anatolia, Constantinople, and other provinces to a strongholds in Syria and Mesopotamia. What followed was widespread inhumane treatment to men, women, and children alike. 

Estimates of Armenian deaths range as high as 1.5 million during the deportation. Slow walkers were shot, and, in at least one case, a pregnant woman was forced to give birth on horseback so to not slow the process. Thousands likely died of exhaustion under the blistering Syrian sun. Those who were lucky enough to escape death were still displaced and often ripped from their families. 

Just before the Ottomans surrendered to Allied forces, Pasha resigned and fled with other Young Turks. He was assassinated by an Armenian in 1921. 

Though the mass relocation and death of Armenians today remains a hot-button issue, with the Turks and many prominent countries not acknowledging the act officially as genocide, the horrors executed at the behest of Pasha and his compatriots are among the most infamous of modern history. 


Pol Pot

Incited by the imperialistic US forces in Vietnam during the 1960s and '70s, Pol Pot and his fellow French-educated Cambodian natives sought to root out any remnants of capitalism in Cambodia in order to instill a purely agrarian communist society. It's thought that the movement may not have sounded so attractive to the Cambodian population had the US not indiscriminately bombed the country during its campaign against Vietnam. Nevertheless, the Khmer Rouge party took power in 1975 and quickly implemented its plan. 

Two million Cambodians were forced out of the cities to work the fields. The goal was to create a peasant class and Pol Pot saw urbanites and the intelligentsia as useless to the new order. Many of this "new class" were told, "to keep you is no benefit, to destroy you is no loss."

Between executions of the capitalist intelligentsia and the rampant starvation, disease, and overwork of the newly-formed peasant class, about 1.7 million people died between 1975 and 1979, all under Pol Pot's leadership. In one detention center that held nearly 20,000, less than 100 people are known to have survived. 

The Vietnamese army seized power from Khmer Rouge in 1979, but Pol Pot eluded capture for the rest of his life, leading a series of guerrilla attacks across the region until he died in 1998.


Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang is credited with having created the first unified Chinese empire (Qin dynasty, 221-207 BCE), but he was able to do so only through erratic ruling, the dismantling of any semblance of an education system, and working nearly his entire population to death. 

Huang seized power in 221 BCE and strictly followed seven principles, some of which advocated severe punishment, speaking in opposites and acting in contraries, and issuing unfathomable orders. He was unquestionably paranoid about the abilities of the educated and therefore burned books of inestimable value. He buried alive 460 Confucian scholars in just one year, allegedly because they were unable to make him immortal.

In trying to establish an elaborate transportation system and build a wall to keep out enemies (a precursor to the Great Wall of China), Huang relocated approximately 120,000 families. He established a peasant class, declaring all to be equal under one law, then taxed them heavily. This effectively abolished the preceding ruling elite. 

Because of the heavy taxes and strict overseeing of hard labor for the transportation and wall system, thousands were overworked, starved, or died of disease. And, despite his efforts, his constant striving toward ultimate unification fell apart less than a decade after his death in 210 BCE. He thought so highly of himself that he had laborers enshrine him in a massive tomb with 6,000 life-sized terra cotta warriors and horses to ride forth with the dead king, which was so well hidden, it wasn't found until 1974. 


Timur

Tamerlane the Great, who also went by the name Timur, was a Turkic conquerer whose reign lasted roughly 40 years, until his death in 1405. He believed he was a descendent of Genghis Khan and sought to emulate his forebear with an empire of his own, which ended up stretching from Russia to India and the Mediterranean region. 

Like Genghis Khan, Tamerlane was unflinching in his axiom of "no mercy." He annihilated whole cites, leaving tens of thousands dead. It's rumored that he killed 70,000 in Ifshahan, 20,000 at Aleppo, and 70,000 in Tikrit. He would sneak spies into opposing camps to tell of his exploits - such as burning down a mosque full of people in Damascus - to sow seeds of fear.

In Baghdad, it's believed he beheaded 90,000 people and built more than 100 towers out of the rotting skulls. Also significant was his foray into India, where he repeatedly decimated 100,000 people at a time, even after some cities offered to unconditionally surrender. 

Last, it's important to point out that this wasn't your everyday quick-death slaughter. Some historians point out that Tamerlane was well versed in the ways of torture, often skinning alive those who refused to accept Islam. 


Vlad the Impaler

Young Vlad was made a hostage to Ottoman Sultan Murad II in 1442 to ensure his father's acquiescence to the throne. On his way back to his father, Vlad learned of his assassination at the hands of boyars (nobles of the warrior class), leaving Vlad no other choice but to adopt the official title of Vlad III Dracula ("Son of Dracul") and embark on a series of campaigns against the Ottoman overlords. 

Though remembered as a hero in Walachian (present day Romanian) folklore, his tactics against his enemies comprised night raids, mass murder, disembowelment, and skinning and boiling victims alive. However, his by-far preferred method of torture was impalement, earning him the moniker Vlad the Impaler. 

His life was punctuated by a series of campaigns, some of which were more successful than others, though each was equally brutal. Between just two of these campaigns, he is believed to have impaled more than 43,000 people.

Vlad died as he lived: in battle. Though gone, he was not forgotten. Folklore has kept rumors of his sadistic practices alive, such as dining on impaled bodies and using their blood as a dip for his bread. In fact, many historians believe that he served as the inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula.



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Tue, 29 Nov 2016 15:25:09 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/most-cruel-rulers-in-history-besides-hitler/michael-anderson
<![CDATA[What Do You Want For Christmas?]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/what-do-you-want-for-christmas-/martinaustin

What Do You Want For Christmas? Either in the form of Gifts, Events,People , Wishes or anything else. Please add to the list, and please re ranks, Thank you.


What Do You Want For Christmas?,

Kim Kardashian

Snow

Time Off Work

To Win the Lottery

An Open Fire

To Be With the One You Love

Sweets

Your Stocking Filled

To Give Gifts

To Open Presents


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Thu, 01 Dec 2016 02:11:23 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/what-do-you-want-for-christmas-/martinaustin
<![CDATA[Rate The Flames vs NY Islanders]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-ny-islanders/mpark14news

Rate The Flames vs NY Islanders,

Matt Stajan

Michael Frolík

Mikael Backlund

Brian Elliott

Kris Versteeg

Michael Ferland

Sean Monahan

Matthew Tkachuk

Mark Jankowski

Sam Bennett


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 13:41:34 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-ny-islanders/mpark14news
<![CDATA[11 Killers Who Brought Their Victims in and Out of Consciousness]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/consciousness-killers/chuck-stern

It takes a sick person to be a serial killer, but it takes a really sick person to draw out the act, photograph the process, make conversation with the victim, and bring them in and out of consciousness. These brutal killers belong to a distinct breed of monsters - the ones who enjoy sadism and prolonged agony, vicious men who woke their victims up for more, lied to them about their chances, or about what had happened to them, and where they were.

Whether it's the promise of escape, the variety of techniques used, or the disorientation that comes with such trauma, the element of hope was always there, making these cases particularly gruesome. Victims regained consciousness, only to lose it again. Sometimes this process took minutes, sometimes days. These killers (this list only focuses on men, but that doesn't mean women aren't capable of cruelty) conjure up our deepest fears. They sexualized the pain and despair, and many had special rooms and tools prepared to maximize the suffering of their victims.

Most of them looked like us, acted like us, and some even exhibited bits of charm and personality. Many had families of their own, and jobs, which they performed diligently. The BTK Killer was a churchgoing census field operations supervisor with a wife and kids. The Muswell Hill Murderer was a security guard, who was active in the trade union movement. The Bike Path Killer enjoyed gardening, factory work, and coaching little league baseball.

Keep reading below to see the horrible ways these seemingly normal men tortured their victims by toying with them as they drifted in and out of consciousness. 


11 Killers Who Brought Their Victims in and Out of Consciousness,

Altemio Sanchez

Altemio Sanchez, nicknamed the "Bike Path Killer," was active in the Buffalo, NY area during the early 1980s. He is believed to have killed at least three people and raped 14 others, although the exact number may be "incomprehensible." His reign of terror lasted a shocking 25 years. He is currently serving 75 years in prison with no chance of parole.

Sanchez's murders were slow and painful, and they involved premeditation and specific tools. In the case of a 15-year-old female high school student, he lunged at her from behind, using a rope he had brought with him, tightening it around her neck and forcing her to the ground. Sanchez then tied her hands behind her back and, with white adhesive tape, bound her hands, eyes, and mouth, constricting her air supply, teasing her in and out of life, until she finally expired.


David Parker Ray

David Parker Ray, deemed the "Toy-Box Killer," was a serial killer who tortured and murdered as many as 60 people in Arizona and New Mexico in the '90s. His violent acts took place in his trailer truck, which was soundproofed and equipped with a recording device, through which he would describe to his victims what horrifying events were to come.

Ray wanted his victims to see everything, too. He mounted a mirror to a makeshift gynecological table, where he would bind and maim them. He used surgical blades, clamps, saws, generators, and other such tools. When victims regained consciousness, Ray replayed sections of the tape to them, as they lay powerlessly. In this way, he inflicted a great sense of dread in them and exerted total control.


Dennis Nilsen

Dennis Nilsen, also known as the "Muswell Hill Murderer" and the "Kindly Killer," is a British serial killer who strangled and then drowned his victims, at least 12 young men, between the years of 1978 and 1983. Like Dahmer, Nilsen deviously lured the men to his home with the promise of food or shelter, only to launch a surprise attack on them. Also like Dahmer, he kept parts of their bodies as trophies and engaged in necrophilia.

Nilsen used a ligature to strangle the men, sometimes only to the point of unconsciousness. He would then drown them in a bathtub, sink, or bucket of water. Or worse. In one case, he let the victim regain his breath, only to choke him three more times over the course of ten minutes. In another case, he lied to the victim about what caused him to pass out, engaging him in conversation. The man lapsed in and out of consciousness over the following two days, but somehow survived the incident!


Dennis Rader

Dennis Rader, better known as the "BTK Killer" (as in bind, torture, kill) sadistically snuffed out the lives of at least ten victims in and around Wichita, KS between 1974 and 1991. Rader taunted the authorities with notes after the killings, which eventually led them right to him. He was apprehended in 2005 and continues to sit in a prison cell.

Rader was known for his cruelty. He would bind his victims until they passed out from slow asphyxiation, only to regain consciousness and be forced to undergo the process again. As is the case with sexual sadists, Rader was aroused by their suffering and masturbated during the ritual, usually on top of items of their clothing. In court, he explained that he used a squeeze ball to tighten his grip after his hands grew numb from the manual strangulation. He would eventually choke them all to death.


Henry Louis Wallace

Henry Louis Wallace was convicted of killing nine women in Charlotte, NC over the span of 22 months in the early 1990s. Wallace knew his victims and gained their trust, lending a shoulder to cry on, posing as someone with compassion.

Sadly, Wallace's actual motive was rape, burglary, arson, and murder - slow, agonizing death by double-ligature strangulation. He would either carry tools with him (pillowcases or towels, mostly) or make use of what was around - anything that would compress the throats of his victims. He would choke and rape them simultaneously, bringing them in and out of consciousness through the use of ligatures, aroused by the trauma he inflicted. Wallace committed necrophilia, attended victims' funerals, and even attempted to strangle a baby!


Jeffrey Dahmer

Jeffrey Dahmer, one of America's most infamous serial killers, preyed on gay African American men in Milwaukee, WI during the late 1980s. He picked up the men in bars and brought them home, tempting them with sex, money, and alcohol (the alcohol was laced with drugs). Once unconscious, Dahmer would strangle his victims, although sometimes he kept them alive intermittently. He was finally captured after 13 years of barbarism.

Perhaps the single most disturbing thing Dahmer did was drill holes into his victims' skulls, deep into their brains, while they were still alive and drugged. He was also known to inject muriatic acid into them. Dahmer documented the process by taking photographs of the bodies in various stages of death and decomposition, in the aim of reliving the experience. He preserved pieces of his victims in his refrigerator and performed sex acts on them regularly.


Peter Sutcliffe

Peter Sutcliffe, also known as the "Yorkshire Ripper," spread chaos throughout Britain during the late 1970s, killing thirteen women - eleven prostitutes and two students. He was arrested in 1981, after cruising around creepily in the red-light district, prowling for his next victim. In court, he confessed to hearing voices, which emanated from the headstone of a dead Polish man.

Sutcliffe's routine was to attack his victims unexpectedly and bash them over the head with heavy ball and peen hammers. It was only then that the true horror began. Fading in and out of consciousness, the victims would endure multiple stabbings in the neck, chest, and stomach. Sutcliffe didn't always finish the job; many victims survived, severely mutilated and psychologically disturbed.


Ted Bundy

Ted Bundy, another notorious American serial killer, murdered at least 30 women between 1973 and 1978. Known to be charming, his methods were anything but: he would strangle them from behind, with a ligature, while raping them. Bundy's sickening spree began in Florida, but swerved all over the country. After five years, he was finally apprehended and died in the electric chair in 1989, probably a more humane choice than he ever offered.

Bundy was sexually turned on by unconscious women. He would beat them over the head with a crowbar and handcuff them to the inside of his car, attempting to "calm" them with lies about how they got there, should they regain consciousness. Afterwards, he would drive them to dump sites and continue the assault. In some cases, he would choke his victims within inches of their lives, only to revive them and do it all over again. He took pleasure in their disorientation.


Grim Sleeper

Lonnie Franklin Jr., known as the "Grim Sleeper," killed at least ten women in southern Los Angeles during a murderous rampage in the mid-1980s, and then another one in the early 2000s. Police actually believe him to be responsible for as many as 25 killings. He was apprehended in 2007 and currently sits on California's death row, where he continues to maintain his innocence, despite overwhelming DNA evidence that proves his guilt.

Franklin shot his victims randomly and at close range, sticking around to taunt them, take photographs, and rape them. One victim described blacking out and coming to, realizing at one point that Franklin was penetrating her. Of course, he documented all of this, reveling in the woman's uncertainty.


Sailson Jose das Gracas Strangled Victims Over and Over

Sailson Jose das Gracas, a 26-year-old serial killer from Brazil, murdered a total of 42 people, both men and women, over a nine-year period. His killings involved the use of firearms, knives, and manual strangulation. He took pleasure in what he did and considered his acts an adrenaline rush.

Gracas, now held in a maximum security prison in Rio de Janeiro, preferred white women. He would stalk them for months, and when the time came, he slid into their homes and attacked, relishing in their terror. He enjoyed the exchange and became aroused by their "fighting, screaming, and scratching." It was watching their lives end that turned him on. He often stuck around and masturbated while staring into their still-open eyes.



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Mon, 28 Nov 2016 17:05:28 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/consciousness-killers/chuck-stern
<![CDATA[22 Hilarious Pictures of World Leaders with Man Buns]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/world-leaders-with-man-buns/ashley-reign

Politics can be stressful. Maybe that's why some folks out there are asking, "What if world leaders had man buns?" Lately, funny man bun Photoshop pictures of politicians have surfaced online, daring to ask what the world might be like if the contemporary world leaders and even luminaries from history had more stylish hair.

Here you'll find a collection of some of the funniest photos of politicians wearing man buns that the web has to offer. You'll find everything from current politicians sporting the do to historical figures with man buns and even the occasional non-political man bun world leader, such as Pope Francis. 

So grab your own bros, gather round, and let the man bun goodness commence!


22 Hilarious Pictures of World Leaders with Man Buns,

Abraham Lincoln

Barack Obama

Bill Clinton

Donald Trump

George W. Bush

Pope Francis

Kim Jong-un

Tony Blair

Vladimir Putin

Behold: T Stoic Bun


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 21:51:27 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/world-leaders-with-man-buns/ashley-reign
<![CDATA[You Need to See These Yearbook Photos of the Cast of The Walking Dead]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/walking-dead-cast-member-yearbook-photos/nathandavidson

This is the moment all you zombie lovers out there have been waiting for! If you love The Walking Dead, then you'll definitely love these yearbook photos from cast members of the hit show. These amazing old photos of the cast of The Walking Dead capture many of the show's stars in much younger days. 

Remember those awkward school years that none of us ever live down? Well, they happened to the cast of The Walking Dead when they were young, too. Check out these amazing - and sometimes embarrassing - photos in the slideshow below. 


You Need to See These Yearbook Photos of the Cast of The Walking Dead,

David Morrissey

Jeffrey Dean Morgan

Jon Bernthal

Lauren Cohan

Michael Cudlitz

Norman Reedus

Scott Wilson

Steven Yeun

IronE Singleton

Emily Kinney


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 17:01:37 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/walking-dead-cast-member-yearbook-photos/nathandavidson
<![CDATA[The Greatest Black Female Rock Singers]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-greatest-black-female-rock-singers/ranker-music

Who are the best black female rock singers? This list includes some of the most well-known women who’ve rocked the music world, some of them for decades. If you’re putting together a playlist of the top black female rock singers of all time, you’ve come to the right place.

Black woman rock singers aren’t the norm in the genre, which is still dominated by (mostly white) men. Still, some incredibly talented women of color are rocking it out, powerfully – and a whole new up-and-coming scene featuring black female rock singers has emerged in recent years.

Many of the famous black female rock singers on this list have instantly recognizable names: Grace Jones. Nona Hendryx. Etta James. Tina Turner. Tracy Chapman. These names you very likely know. But, hopefully, this list will introduce you to some new and exciting black female rockers, too, like Alexis Brown of Straight Line Stitch or Tamar-Kali.

Check out all the artists listed here. Find out more about them and then, be sure to vote your favorites to the top!


The Greatest Black Female Rock Singers,

Betty Davis

Nona Hendryx

Solo and Labelle


Poly Styrene

X-Ray Spex


Santigold

Tina Turner

Tracy Chapman

Brittany Howard

Alabama Shakes and Thunderbitch


Alexis Brown

Straight Line Stitch


Joyce Kennedy

Mother's Finest


Grace Jones


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 12:29:10 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-greatest-black-female-rock-singers/ranker-music
<![CDATA[Rank the Predators: November]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-predators-november-v1/alexdaugherty

Rank the Predators: November,

James Neal

Mike Fisher

Pekka Rinne

P. K. Subban

Ryan Ellis

Roman Josi

Ryan Johansen

Viktor Arvidsson

Matt Irwin

Juuse Saros


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 22:31:22 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-predators-november-v1/alexdaugherty
<![CDATA[The Most Wonderful Older People]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-most-wonderful-older-people/martinaustin

No room for ageism here, just a list dedicated to those The Most Wonderful Older People in the Media,Arts,Sport and Music world, who are those fantastic living people that inspire us, and make us love older people? Please add to the list and re rank, Thanks again.


The Most Wonderful Older People,

Agnetha Fältskog

Angela Lansbury

Betty White

Dick Van Dyke

Glenn Close

Judi Dench

Maggie Smith

Meryl Streep

Pierce Brosnan

Whoopi Goldberg


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:49:54 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-most-wonderful-older-people/martinaustin
<![CDATA[Female Killers Who Served Their Victims for Dinner]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/female-killers-who-ate-their-victims/stacey-leigh-gonzalez

The horrendous practice of cannibalism is not limited to men. Although some of the more well-known cases of cannibalism involve men, there are a number of female murderers who ate their victims as well.

The rationale for eating victims varies between genders. Some studies show that men get sexual satisfaction out of eating their victims. On the other hand, women are more likely to consume the meat of their lover or spouse. There are exceptions to this theory however, as some of the women listed below have also consumed the meat of their own children, neighbors and even complete strangers.

This list includes female killers who ate their victims. In some cases, the women callously hacked through meat and bone, while others took the time to skillfully peel the skin off the meat and cut up the flesh of their victims. Some female killer cannibals enjoyed their appalling meals alone; other women turned their sadistic ritual into celebration by serving their manmade dishes to unsuspecting neighbors, friends, relatives or even their kids.


Female Killers Who Served Their Victims for Dinner,

Katherine Knight

In February 2000, Katherine Knight stabbed her then-partner John Charles Thomas Price at least 37 times, after Price revealed his reluctance to divorce his ex-wife. After killing Price, Knight, who was "obsessed" with knives, used her skills as an abattoir worker to peel all his skin off in one piece.

She left the skin hanging on a meat hook inside the living room. Soon after removing the skin, Knight removed his head and cooked part of his buttocks with pumpkin, baked potato, zucchini, beetroot, yellow squash, and cabbage, then served the dish with some gravy. When police arrived at the home, two plates containing the dead man’s remains were on the dining room table; Knight wanted to serve her partner’s fileted remains to his two adult children.

Knight’s experience slaughtering animals made her an expert with knives. As the skin was removed in one piece, this made it possible for the mortician to sew the skin back on after performing the post-mortem examination.


Leonarda Cianciulli

Italian Leonarda Cianciulli obtained the moniker "la Saponificatrice di Correggio," or "Soap-Maker of Correggio,” for killing three women and using their remains to make teacakes and soap. Cianciulli was a superstitious mother of four. When her eldest son Giuseppe signed up to join the military and fight in the World War II, she believed human sacrifices would protect her favorite child.

Between 1939 and 1940, Cianciulli drugged three female shop visitors and killed them using an axe. She then boiled their bodies in a pot filled with caustic acid. Cianciulli scooped the coagulated blood off the basin and cooked it in the oven. She mixed the blood with some flour, chocolate, milk, eggs, margarine, and sugar to make teacakes. Several shop visitors ate the crunchy desserts, as did Cianciulli and her son.

The court sentenced Cianciulli to 30 years in prison and an additional three years in an asylum. Herinfamous pot now sits in Rome’s Criminological Museum.


Omaima Nelson

In October 1991, 24-year-old Omaima Aree Nelson stabbed her husband of one month, William E. "Bill" Nelson, with a pair of scissors then bashed his head with an iron inside their home in California. Nelson chopped off her husband’s head and hands and peeled the skin off his torso and lower body; she fried his hands were fried vegetable oil. Police would later discover the husband’s cooked head stored inside a blue plastic container as well.

Omaima believed she needed to kill Bill or he would sexually abuse her. According to her psychiatrist’s testimony in 1993, Omaima admitted to cooking her husband’s ribs in barbecue sauce. She feasted on his ribs while wearing a red dress, hat, high heels, and lipstick. Approximately 80 pounds of his flesh, including his genitalia, have never been found.


Klara Mauerova

In May 2007, police stationed near Brno in the Czech Republic, responded to a call made by a neighbor of the Mauerova family. When the police explored the Mauerovas' cellar, they discovered the partially skinned body of a young boy. Klara Mauerova had been slowly torturing and eating her sons, 8-year-old Ondrej and 10-year-old Jakub.

The two boys had been chained and abused for months. They had also been given knives and forced to slice themselves. Mauerova installed a baby monitor so she could watch the boys’ torture sessions from inside the kitchen.

According to local news reports, police arrested the 31-year-old mother, along with her sisters Katerina Mauerova and Barbora Skrlova, her brother Jan Skr,i and friend Jan Turek were members of the Grail Movement. The cult’s leader, known only by the name “Doctor,” had instructed them to feast on Ondrej’s raw flesh.


Isabel Cristina Pires and Bruna Cristina da Silva

Much like the tale of Sweeney Todd's Margery Lovett, the women of this crime trio made pies out of human meat. In 2012, Jorge Beltrao Negromonte da Silveira, his wife Isabel Cristina Pires, and his mistress Bruna Cristina Oliveira da Silva were arrested and charged for the disappearance and murder of at least three women. After killing their victims, the trio dismembered the bodies, seasoned the meat with cumin and salt, and put it in pies. They ate some of the pastries and sold the others to neighbors, school children, and hospital personnel.

The Brazilian trio believed that eating their meat would cleanse their souls. Their most horrific crime involved killing a teenage mother in the presence of her 18-month-old daughter. Negromonte da Silveira admitted feeding the girl parts of her mother’s flesh. Silva raised the child for four years until the threesome was caught by police. In 2014, they were each sentenced to at least 20 years in prison.


Filita Mashilipa

In 1995, a 60-year-old woman was sentenced to six months in jail for illegally practicing witchcraft. Filita Mashilipa, a resident of western Zambia, was accused of killing seven of her nine children and eating their flesh. In her home, they found tools that she believed gave her magical powers. She believed these devices would help her fly and transform victims into little people.


Anna Zimmerman

In 1981, Anna Zimmerman, a 26-year-old resident of Monchengladbach, Germany, killed her boyfriend. She then cut up his body into small pieces and stored the meat in the freezer, including his penis and ear. Zimmerman served her lover’s meat to her two kids, aged four and six at the time. Prior to feeding her kids human meat, Zimmerman had also cut up their family pets and served them for dinner.


Philippa Mdluli

In 1983, restaurant owner Philippa Mdluli was hanged in the African nation of Swaziland for serving meals containing the body parts of young girls. The case for which she was convicted her involved a 5-year-old girl. In this region, young girls were considered a delicacy and Mdluli even had loyal customers who frequently purchased her dishes. She paid one of her employees to surrender his daughter to her and served the child in her restaurant. The 48-year-old woman was the last person in the country executed for this type of crime.


Valentina Dolbilina

In 2002, in the small town of Manturovo, Russia, 36-year-old mother Valentina Dolbilina spent a night of heavy drinking with four people. At some point, one of her drinking buddies, 26-year-old Vitaly Bezrodnov, got hungry. Together, the two got an axe and began hacking at one of their unconscious comrades. They selected and fried approximately 15 pounds of human meat. The smell of the meat cooking woke up their remaining companion. He decided to join them for an impromptu meal, not knowing that the meat came from his dead brother.


Olesya Mostovschikova

In March 2009 in Siberia, after a heated argument with her neighbor, Olesya Mostovschikova grabbed an axe and killed 32-year-old Tatiana Romanchuk. Mostovschikova used the weapon to slice off her ears, an arm, a hand, and an eye. She then cooked the body parts in her kitchen and ate the meat in front of her seven-year-old son.

One of Mostovschikova’s friends,identified only as "Julia," helped her hide the body in a cellar. She joined in the feast, which consisted of Romanchuk’s fried buttocks, cheeks and breast, and even asked for seconds.

A day after the murder, Mostovschikova took additional slices of the victim’s body, then dumped the legs in a nearby trash can. The rest of the body was buried in the garden. Mostovschikova’s neighbors contacted the police after discovering Romanchuk’s legs in the trash bin. Both Mostovschikova and Julia were picked up by police.



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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 11:18:32 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/female-killers-who-ate-their-victims/stacey-leigh-gonzalez
<![CDATA[Scientists Who Accidentally Paid for Their Research with Their Lives]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/scientists-who-died-because-of-experiments/jacob-shelton

One rarely thinks of scientific research as something dangerous or life threatening, but the number of scientists who accidentally died while doing their research is astounding. In many cases, the scientists who died were so committed to their research that they either threw caution to the wind and experimented on themselves, or they worked on something too complicated for their own time.

All of these scientists who gave their lives working on something that they loved, did so because they wanted the world to be a better place, and they deserve to be remembered.

Each of these scientists paid for their research with their lives, but before they died, they were deep in the throes of scientific research. Keep reading below, and always remember to be careful when you work on something, whether it’s science or not, because anything can - and will - go wrong. 


Scientists Who Accidentally Paid for Their Research with Their Lives,

Alexander Bogdanov

Alexander Bogdanov was a fascinating human being. He was a close friend of Vladimir Lenin, a science fiction author, a poet, and a doctor who was obsessed with hematology. One of Bogdanov's theories was that he could become immortal through blood transfusions - which is definitely not a thing, but in the 1920s you had to learn that the hard way. Bogdanov gave himself transfusion after transfusion, claiming that each one made him feel better than the last. Unfortunately, he swapped blood with a student who was suffering from malaria and died. 


Dian Fossey

Dian Fossey's life's work was studying gorillas in their native habitat in the forests of Rwanda, which is dangerous on so many levels. While primates can be aggressive, the animals didn't actually pose a threat to the to the primatologist and antrhopologist who had been studying gorillas for 18 years - it was humans who were the true danger to her and her work. 

In 1985, Fossey was found murdered in her cabin in Virunga Mountains, Rwanda. In spite of an investigation, Rwanda courts came to the conclusion that Wayne McGuire, her research assistant, killed Fossey and they tried him in absentia. McGuire had already gone home to the United States by the time the trial, which was dubious at best, had occurred. Since there's no extradition policy between America and Rwanda, McGuire has served no time for the murder. Most people doubt McGuire's guilt and believe that poachers, who frequently interrupted Fossey's research, were truly responsible for her murder. 


Harry K. Daghlian, Jr.

Daghlian began working on the atomic bomb in Los Alamos while still a graduate student at Purdue University in 1944. What should have been a huge career boost for the budding scientist turned out to be the worst decision of his life. While attempting to build a neutron reflector by stacking a set of 9.7 lb tungsten carbide bricks around a plutonium core, he dropped one of the bricks, causing the core to become critical. Daghlian received a dose of radiation that sent him into a coma, and he died 25 days after the accident. Daghlian was the first known fatality caused by a criticality accident.


Karen Wetterhahn

Karen Wetterhahn was a professor of chemistry at Dartmouth College, NH, who was studying toxic metal exposure, specifically the way mercury ions interact with DNA repair proteins. Wetterhahn was fully aware of the toxicity of the chemicals she was studying, but believed that she was taking all of the necessary precautions to ensure a safe testing area. Prior to her death, Wetterhahn recalled spilling a drop or two of dimethylmercury on her gloved hand, which later tests show would have penetrated the glove and started entering her skin within 15 seconds. Three months after the encounter Wetterhahn began showing signs of intense mercury poisoning, and two months after that she was admitted to the hospital where it was discovered that the single exposure to dimethylmercury had raised her blood mercury level to 4,000 micrograms per liter, or 80 times the toxic threshold. She died less than a year after her single exposure to the toxic chemical. 


Louis Slotin

This Canadian physicist and chemist who worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II wasn't just some nerd who spent his days in the lab. While at King's college, he was an amateur boxer who won the school's bantamweight boxing championship before fighting in the Spanish Civil War just for kicks. He was a real daredevil, so working on the atomic bomb probably wasn't a big deal to him. While demonstrating a fission reaction at Los Alamos, Slotin  accidentally caused a "prompt critical" reaction and a burst of hard radiation. He was rushed to the hospital, but nine days after his exposure to such intense radiation he began experiencing a series of radiation influenced traumas, including severe diarrhea, reduced urine output, swollen hands, erythema, large blisters on his body, intestinal paralysis, and gangrene. He had internal radiation burns throughout his body, which one medical expert described as a “three-dimensional sunburn.”


Marie Curie

Born in 1867, Marie Curie overcame massive hurdles for a woman growing up in the 19th century. She went to great lengths in order to attend school and become one of the most important scientists the world has ever known. To earn her PhD, Curie began investigating uranium and quickly discovered that uranium rays charge the air that they pass through. She also found that the number of rays coming from uranium depends on the amount of uranium present, not the chemical reaction. Over the next few decades Curie would win a Nobel prize and become the first female professor at the University of Paris. Unfortunately, she would also succumb to aplastic anemia, a disease of the bone marrow that was likely caused by the radioactivity she had been exposed to during her career. 


Harold Maxwell-Lefroy

Lefroy was an entomologist who came to fruition in the early 20th century as a guy who knew how to get rid of bugs. He was basically the inventor of the first version of Raid. He spent a lot of time in India studying their bugs, and was appointed as the first Imperial Entomologist - which is cool but also kind of awful. In the early 1920s he made it back to England where he was tasked with taking care of a beetle infestation that had taken over Westminster Hall, beside England's Houses of Parliament. That's when he started figuring out which chemicals killed bugs in spectacular fashions. Unfortunately, his success was short lived because he accidentally killed himself while working in his lab when he breathed in a lethal amount of Lewisite


John Isaiah Northrop

Northrop was kind of like Doctor Doolittle, minus all of the talking to animals. He was a zoologist who specifically studied marine invertebrates in Eastport, ME, and Grand Manan in the Bahamas. Unfortunately most of his work was published posthumously in the book A Naturalist in the Bahamas, which was released in 1910. Only two weeks before his son was to be born in Yonkers, NY, a freak accident at the zoology museum in the Columbia School of Mines caused an explosion and fire that claimed Northrop's life. His wife would go on to work closely with Columbia's Zoology department in order to introduce nature studies into the curriculums of New York schools. 


David A. Johnston Saw Mount St. Helens Erupt and Was Buried Under Lava

When Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980, USGS volcanologist David A. Johnston was the first scientist to send out a warning to let people know of the disaster. His storied career included stints studying extinct calderas in Colorado, and sheets of ash flow in the 1912 eruption of Mount Katmai in the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. Leading up to the blast on Mount St. Helens, Johnston was one of the few scientists who believed that volcanic activity was still possible on the mountain. He chose to take part in dangerous on-site monitoring and told journalists that it was like, "standing next to a dynamite keg and the fuse is lit." Before his radio went silent, after Johnston and his trailer were overcome by the volcano blast, he relayed: "Vancouver! Vancouver! This is it!"


Jack Parsons Made Rockets and May Have Blown Himself Up

Jack Parsons was probably one of the coolest scientists that ever walked the face of the Earth. Not only was he literally a rocket scientist, but he also helped create special effects in films, and he was a follower of Aleister Crowley, who hung out with L. Ron Hubbard. Parsons was uneducated, but when it came to making rockets he was described as having "an uninhibited and fruitful imagination" and kept his partners, "focused toward building actual rocket engines, not just solving equations on paper."

Unfortunately, Parsons was all over the place politically and wary about working for the US government (which he never technically did). He kicked around Mexico for a while (where he established an explosives factory for the Mexican government), was investigated by the FBI, and then in 1952 while working on a rush order for some explosives on a movie set, he accidentally blew himself up. Some people speculate that it was suicide, others believe that he was actually murdered by Howard Hughes, but the good money rests on the fact that he was probably high as a kite while he was making explosives. 



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Wed, 23 Nov 2016 13:34:08 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/scientists-who-died-because-of-experiments/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[How the Cast of Gossip Girl Aged from the First to Last Season]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/cast-of-gossip-girl-from-first-vs-last-season/jessica-lawshe

Gossip Girl ran on the CW for six seasons from 2007 to 2012. It let all of us in on the scandals, romance, bitter rivalries, and family secrets of Manhattan's high-class socialites. During the show's 121 episodes, we watched frenemies BFFs Blair Waldorf (Leighton Meester) and Serena Van Der Woodsen go through romances, schools, jobs, champagne, and some of the best fashion to hit the small screen.

From the steps of the Met, we also watched as this young cast of characters aged from (supposedly) high school students to young adults with careers as writers (Dan Humphrey), designers (Blair Waldrof), and potentially mayors (Nate Archibald). 

So how did the cast of Gossip Girl age from the first season to last season? Take a look at these photos of the cast of Gossip Girl young and then old(er) and read on as we reveal everything right here! XOXO


How the Cast of Gossip Girl Aged from the First to Last Season,

Blake Lively

Blake Lively was 20 when she took on the role of Gossip Girl's "It Girl," Serena van der Woodsen. During the course of the show, we watched Serena's moral compass sway from "good girl," to "not-so-good-girl." As Gossip Girl costume designer Eric Daman said during season three, “from a fashion stand-point, Serena’s in a little bit of an identity crisis.” As Lively has saidGossip Girl felt “personally compromising,” and playing Serena stopped being fun after awhile.

Lively actually took a break from acting following the show. She went on to marry Ryan Reynolds, and the two had two children. “I wanted to reset,” she said. “[acting] taps into so many of my own passions, but it also is a business that I can control. If I can be successful at this, I have security for my family and my babies.” 


Chace Crawford

Chace Crawford was 22 when Nate Archibald's long and semi-slicked-back hair first transfixed us on Gossip Girl. As the series evolved, we watched Nate's hair get shorter and shorter, just in time for him to take on the responsibility of leading a large news publishing company (and possible role as mayor). "I'm gonna look for my dignity," Crawford has said of his time spent filming the show. "My dignity is somewhere on set. I think it happened around season two. Leading into season three, it was all out the window."


Connor Paolo

Connor Paolo played Erik van der Woodsen for four seasons until he left in 2011 to join the cast of ABC's series Revenge.  As he said of his character on Gossip Girl, "Eric's going to college and he's going to stay there. He doesn't come home for Christmas anymore." When he returned for the final episode, it was with a lot more facial hair and a different hair color. 


Ed Westwick

Ed Westwick was 20 when he first stole our hearts as drug-loving, promiscuous, bad boy Chuck Bass. From shaggy, just-out-of-bed-head to an emo comb over, and then to a slicked back, debonair man-about-town look, we loved every version of Chuck (even when he was disappointing us).

As Westwick has said of his time on the show, “I tried to enjoy that part of instant fame but there were aspects of it, like coming out of your apartment in the morning and being photographed, that were annoying. I know that it goes with the territory but I’d never had an experience like it. I geeked out a bit. It was a crazy time. And of course your life changes when stuff like that happens."


Leighton Meester

Leighton Meester was 21 when she first started her role as head-banded, school-uniform wearing, queen bee, Blair Waldorf on Gossip Girl. Throughout the series, Blair's style remains quintessential Upper East-sider with a little bit of quirk.

While we watch Blair go from scheming high-school student to making a pact with God to save Chuck’s life to the perfect bride, it seems that Meester barely ages. "Any fear of aging, I think, is simply vanity," Meester has said. "Because what comes with age is so many wonderful things: wisdom, understanding. . . Every year, I'm always happy to be done with the previous age."


Michelle Trachtenberg

Michelle Trachtenberg, who was 22 when she joined the series, played the bad girl everyone loved to hate on Gossip Girl. Every time Georgina Sparks appeared it was with a slight new twist - like the time she showed up with "Dan's baby." From the first time she appeared at the end of the first season to the last episode, Georgina had a style all her own - a designer style, of course.

"I think with every evil character, there's some moments of deception, but there has to be some redeemable qualities there," Trachtenberg has said about her character."You're going to have to decide, as an audience, if those redeemable qualities are just a big trick to get everyone to love her. Then you've got to tune in to see if she pulls the wool over everyone's eyes!"


Penn Dayton Badgley

Penn Badgley was 21 when he first showed up on Gossip Girl as "Lonely Boy." While Dan retained that deer in headlights look throughout the seasons, his hair noticeably changed from season to season. From buzzed to sideburned, to long and unruly, to short and curly, we never knew just what version of Dan we were going to get. 

As Badgley has said about his character, "You're known as somebody that you're just not, and this is somebody who I so am not. He's not real. He's a tool on a show with soap-operatic arcs and he needs to be a judgmental douchebag sometimes. I get that. I don't hate anybody for that. But it sucks when people call me 'Dan' and think that I'm him."


Taylor Momsen

Taylor Momsen was 14 when she appeared in the first season of Gossip Girl. In 2010, the actress went on an "indefinite hiatus" from the CW series, and then six months later it was confirmed that she would no longer be playing Jenny Humphrey. It turns out that Momsen wanted to focus on her band, The Pretty Reckless, and had decided to quit acting altogether. She did, however, return for the final episode of Gossip Girl, looking much more grown up and blonde than when she left the show. 


Jessica Szohr

Jessica Szohr played Vanessa Abrams for four seasons of Gossip Girl before deciding to move on. "When I started the fourth season, I kind of had a talk with the producers," she said at the time. "We didn't know what we were going to do with the characters. After playing someone for four years, it can be a little repetitive. So I was ready for a change." She came back for a quick cameo in the last episode - although if you blink, you'll miss her. 


Zuzanna Szadkowski

Blair's devoted maid, Dorota (played by Zuzanna Szadkowski) was more of a background character at the beginning of the series. By the time the series ended, Dorota had become one of the most well-loved characters on the show.

During the series we watched Dorota not only fall in love and get married but also have a baby. As Szadkowski explained of her character's evolution on the show,  "Oh yeah! It was like a crazy dream come true, I had to pinch myself the whole time when I had the wedding and the baby. I never expected any of that for Dorota, and to have that huge storyline was really, really exciting for me."



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Mon, 28 Nov 2016 16:31:32 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/cast-of-gossip-girl-from-first-vs-last-season/jessica-lawshe
<![CDATA[14 Serial Killers Who Practiced Necrophilia]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/necrophilia-serial-killers/jacob-shelton

The Venn diagram of necrophiles and serial killers has surprisingly little crossover, but the serial killers who did enjoy having sex with corpses were (and are) some of the most brutal killers known to man. A serial killer's habits rarely change - at least, until the killer in question goes into their final, wild death march, when all rational thought goes out the window and they begin to get sloppy. Most serial killers who were necrophiliacs followed their modus operandi to a T, sometimes for years. And they all had sex with corpses for different reasons. Some killers couldn’t get a date; others were afraid to be abandoned or alone. And the most frightening necrophiliac killers simply had no regard for human life and wanted to instill as much fear in the general public as possible.

 

While many serial killers take a sick pride in their work, necrophiliacs rarely promote the fact that part of their sickness is the desire to make love to a corpse. In fact, most of the killers on here didn’t admit to having sex with a dead body until they were pressed on the facts by the police. The guys who did brag about their corpse love had either resigned themselves to the fact that they weren’t going to be seeing the outside of a cell ever again, or they might have been making it up to seem spooky. Keep reading to find out which serial killers eschewed dinner and a meal and got straight to the sex after they killed someone. 


14 Serial Killers Who Practiced Necrophilia,

Dennis Nilsen

Dennis Nilsen is the poster boy for process killers. From 1978 to 1983 he trapped and murdered women, then bathed and redressed their bodies to keep around until he finally dissected them and stored their body parts around his two apartments in London. Before the dissections, he would kiss, talk to, and sleep with the dead women, treating them like girlfriends.

During his confession, Nilsen was adamant about the fact that he never penetrated any of his victims after he murdered them, and made sure that police knew he only masturbated over the bodies or used his victims' thighs to get himself off. He said that his victims were "too perfect and beautiful for the pathetic ritual of commonplace sex."


Earle Nelson

Earle Nelson was a real piece of work. Nelson was known as "the Gorilla Man," and he was a devout Pentecostal with deeply ingrained sexual problems. His favorite way to kill was to pretend like he was going to rent an apartment, and then after he gained his prospective landlord's trust, he would strangle them to death, have sex with their corpse, and usually hide the body under a bed. Nelson never fully admitted to being a murderer or a necrophiliac, and most of the quotes from his trial are just about how only God could judge him.

His last words before his execution were: "I am innocent. I stand innocent before God and man. I forgive those who have wronged me and ask forgiveness of those I have injured. God have mercy!"


Edmund Kemper

Ed Kemper, or the Coed Killer, was similar to Jeffrey Dahmer in that he was trying to make a personal connection with the women he killed, albeit in the worst way possible. In Kemper's work, the killing and necrophilia that followed was a way to "transfer the affection" from whomever his victim loved to Kemper himself. One gets the feeling that each time Kemper killed someone he equated it to going on a date. He buried one girl's head in the backyard, "with her face turned toward my bedroom window and, sometimes at night, I talked to her, saying love things, the way you do to a girlfriend or wife." 


Ed Gein

Ed Gein was a killer and necrophile like no other. He did anything and everything he could imagine with the bodies of his victims and the corpses that he stole from local cemeteries. It seems like the one thing he didn't do with corpses was have sex with them because "they smelled too bad" after he dug them up. But he did make a "woman suit" out of the skin of his victims so that he could parade around the house and pretend to be his mother. Even though he never technically had sex with a corpse, the suit somehow seems worse. 


Henry Lee Lucas

Henry Lee Lucas was prone to telling tall tales if not outright lying about his life, so it's hard to know what he did and didn't really do. Upon his capture, he confessed to hundreds of murders, and even said that he was being told who to kill by a Satanic government program (it was a whole thing). This kind of flamboyant nature also applies to his statements about necrophilia. At different times Lucas noted that five percent of his victims were murdered so that he might have sex with the bodies; however, he has claimed that he never killed anyone for the purpose of sex. 

"Sex is one of my downfalls. I get sex any way I can get it. If I have to force somebody to get it, I do. If I don’t, I don’t. I rape them; I’ve done that. I’ve killed animals to have sex with them. I’ve had sex while they’re alive. It’s about the same thing as far as having sex. I’ve killed nobody for sex."


Jeffrey Dahmer

Jeffrey Dahmer is definitely one of the most outspoken and open necrophiliacs. After his arrest in 1991, he granted a number of interviews and laid out his reasons for killing multiple men and having sex with their dead bodies: "The only motive that there ever was was to completely control a person - a person I found physically attractive. And keep them with me as long as possible, even if it meant just keeping a part of them."

It would be heartbreaking and almost kind of romantic... if you didn't know he was talking about having sex with a corpse.


Jerry Brudos

This walking yikes of a human being not only had a thing for necrophilia (specifically masturbating over the dead bodies of his victims), but he also loved feet! Every time he killed a young woman he would dress in women's clothing, strangle them, masturbate, and then dump their body in a river. But his first victim received the special treatment of having her left foot cut off so she could "model" the shoes he bought for her. He was also known to keep a pair of breasts that he cut off a woman and used as paperweights. He rarely spoke about his crimes, but he did order a hefty collection of shoe magazines to his prison cell in Oregon. 


John Christie

Over the course of John Christie's ten-year career as a murderer and necrophile, he would redefine what it meant to have sex with corpses - and take part in the classic serial killer pastime of hiding corpses under his floorboards. Christie's brand of necrophilia was different than many, because he would asphyxiate and strangle his victims and then have sex with them as they were dying, and his release only came as their death spasms ended. While he never spoke about having sex with his victims, it's obvious that their rape was meant to be a final form of torture. 


Ted Bundy

You know Ted Bundy. He's the Republican serial killer who thought he could pull one over on the American justice system by representing himself in court. But before all of that, he was just another guy who had a serious ritualistic fetish when it came to having sex with his victims. His routine tended to be killing a woman and dumping her body somewhere in the woods, then returning at a later date to redress her corpse and have sex with it. Sometimes he even painted their nails and took photos of them. 

He told one interviewer: "When you work hard to do something right, you don't want to forget it."


Thor Nis Christiansen

This hunk of junk started out his career as a serial killer and necrophile after he took some time away from the scenic California town of Solvang and began picking up hitchhikers. From 1976 to 1979, Christiansen would pick up a woman, shoot them in the head with a .22 caliber pistol, and then sexually assault them post-mortem. He never spoke about his fetish for having sex with corpses, and he was murdered in prison two years after his arrest, but he is described by forensic science as having "typical class IX necrophiliac behavior." He had a preference for a very particular type of hair style, build, and style in his victims.



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Wed, 23 Nov 2016 15:59:26 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/necrophilia-serial-killers/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[Rate The Flames vs Buffalo Sabres]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-buffalo-sabres-v1/mpark14news

Rate The Flames vs Buffalo Sabres,

Mark Giordano

Matt Stajan

Michael Frolík

Mikael Backlund

T. J. Brodie

Jyrki Jokipakka

Dougie Hamilton

Garnet Hathaway

Micheal Ferland

Matthew Tkachuk


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Fri, 25 Nov 2016 02:11:24 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-buffalo-sabres-v1/mpark14news
<![CDATA[The Best Serve and Voleyer in Tennis]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-serve-and-voleyer-in-tennis/kasir-radojica

Tennis players with the best serve and volley game in Open era.


The Best Serve and Voleyer in Tennis,

Billie Jean King

Boris Becker

Jana Novotná

John McEnroe

Martina Navratilova

Michaël Llodra

Patrick Rafter

Pat Cash

Stefan Edberg

Tony Roche


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:28:49 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-serve-and-voleyer-in-tennis/kasir-radojica
<![CDATA[Best WWE Raw Superstars]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/best-wwe-raw-superstars/coldpizzany

Pick of your favorite male and female superstars in Monday Night Raw


Best WWE Raw Superstars,

Brock Lesnar

Chris Jericho

Prince Devitt

Inactive


Triple H

WWE COO - 2016 Royal Rumble Winner


Seth Rollins

TJ Perkins

Kevin Owens

WWE Universal Champion


Goldberg

Charlotte

Sasha Banks

Raw Women's Champion



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Thu, 01 Dec 2016 17:31:26 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/best-wwe-raw-superstars/coldpizzany
<![CDATA[The Best Baseliner in Tennis]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-baseliner-in-tennis/kasir-radojica

Tennis players with the best baseline style.


The Best Baseliner in Tennis,

Andre Agassi

Björn Borg

Chris Evert

Elena Dementieva

Jimmy Connors

Kim Clijsters

Miloslav Mečíř

Nikolay Davydenko

Rafael Nadal

Novak Djokovic


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Tue, 22 Nov 2016 20:23:50 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-best-baseliner-in-tennis/kasir-radojica
<![CDATA[17 Celebrities Who Were Diagnosed with Cancer Before the Age of 40]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-people-with-cancer-before-age-40/sara-lugardo

According to the American Cancer Society, “More than one million people in the United States get cancer each year.” It’s especially shocking when the diagnosis comes at an early age. Cancer doesn't discriminate, and many celebrities have been diagnosed with cancer before 40. Fortunately, it seems that more and more people are opting to be open about their diagnosis and treatment in an effort to raise awareness. While celebrities often seek to keep their personal lives out of the public eye, a cancer diagnosis is something that many have chosen to reveal to try to help others.

Which famous people were diagnosed with cancer at a young age? TV stars like Michael C. Hall and Christina Applegate both had cancer in their thirties, while Tom Green and Lance Armstrong were diagnosed while still in their twenties. Though some of these celebrities are now cancer-free, others weren't so lucky, leaving behind great work. Read on for the stories of these famous people who had cancer young and how they're doing today.


17 Celebrities Who Were Diagnosed with Cancer Before the Age of 40,

Lance Armstrong

After years of denial, Lance Armstrong admitted to Oprah Winfrey on the OWN network in 2013 that he indeed used performance-enhancing drugs as a cyclist and was ultimately stripped of his Olympic medal and Tour de France titles. While these accolades have been taken from him, no one can deny the good he has done for cancer survivors after founding the Lance Armstrong Foundation.

Diagnosed in 1996, at the age of 25, Armstrong had stage three testicular cancer that spread to his brain, lungs, and abdomen. He became a champion for the cause and was officially in remission by February 1997.


Andy Kaufman

Many remember Andy Kaufman for his role on Taxi, but he is equally remembered for his sketch comedy skills and over-the-top stunts (he was even banned from SNL). Following his death in 1984, at the age of 35, some thought he may have faked it, but sadly he had, in fact, succumbed to lung cancer. Jim Carrey’s Golden Globe-winning portrayal as Kaufman in Man on the Moon introduced the comedian to a whole new generation of fans.


Bob Marley

Bob Marley is one of the most famous musicians to come from Jamaica and is credited with bringing reggae music into the mainstream . In 1977 he was diagnosed with malignant melanoma in one of his toes, but disregarded his doctor’s order to amputate.

Ultimately, cancer had spread throughout his body to his brain and lungs and the singer died at the age of 36 in 1981. His last words - said to his son, Ziggy, at the now-University of Miami Hospital - were, “Money can’t buy life.”


Christina Applegate

Christina Applegate was first introduced to audiences as Kelly Bundy on the hit series, Married… with Children, but has since gone on to become hugely successful, both in television and on the big screen. She was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2008, at age 36, and underwent a prophylactic double mastectomy. In a 2011 interview with People magazine, Applegate credited the birth of her daughter, Sadie Grace, with helping her to see beyond her breast cancer diagnosis. Rather than constantly talking about and focusing on cancer, her child became the new focus. Applegate stated, “She’s healed me in so many ways.”


Cynthia Nixon

Best known for her role as Miranda Hobbes in the Sex and the City series, Cynthia Nixon was first diagnosed with breast cancer in 2002 when she was 36 years old. Although she was still filming the HBO series when she was diagnosed, Nixon chose to keep her diagnosis a secret to avoid increased scrutiny by the paparazzi.

After undergoing a lumpectomy and radiation treatment, Nixon chose to share her story to help inspire others and even became an ambassador for the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation in 2008. In a 2008 interview with ABC News, Nixon advocated early diagnosis by stating, “So the only thing to really be afraid of is if you don’t get your mammograms, because there’s some part of you that doesn’t want to know, and that’s the thing that’s going to trip you up.”


Giuliana Rancic

Giuliana Rancic is a celebrated television personality best known for her work on the red carpet and on E!’s Fashion Police. At 36 years old, Rancic was diagnosed with breast cancer; fans saw some of her struggles on Giuliana and Bill, the reality series she shared with her husband.

Rancic defended her decision to have a double mastectomy on TODAY by saying, “If I had chosen to just do another lumpectomy and then do radiation and then do anti-estrogen therapy, which means two to five years of medication, that basically puts me into early menopause, then I would have to put off having a baby for several years.” The couple welcomed their first child, Edward Duke Rancic, in 2012 via a surrogate.


Kylie Minogue

Aussie singer/songwriter and actress, Kylie Minogue, has been in the limelight ever since she released her first album and is still thought of as one of the most beloved Australian celebrities in the world today.

When the news of her breast cancer diagnosis was revealed in 2005, Minogue was only 37 years old. In 2012, Minogue opened up about how her diagnosis has affected her, saying, “I have reminders of it every day so it definitely affects my life in a small part, so you just have to adapt and do things slightly differently… just deal with it and move on.”


Mark Ruffalo

Mark Ruffalo is a highly respected actor with the unique ability to act in everything from mainstream blockbuster roles, like The Avengers film series, to smaller TV portrayals, like in The Normal Heart. Regardless of how big the film or how small the audience, Ruffalo has proven he has a special talent that can’t be denied.

Another of his unique abilities is apparently seeking out help after having bad dreams - or at least that's what happened when he was diagnosed with a brain tumor in 2000, at age 33. In a 2013 interview with the Acoustic Neuroma Association, Ruffalo recounted how he sought help from a set doctor and said, “Listen, I really had a scary dream last night and you’ll probably think I’m crazy but um… But I think I have a brain tumor and I would really like to get it uh… checked out.” Ruffalo made a full recovery.


Michael C. Hall

There aren’t many actors who can boast the same television success Michael C. Hall can. From being on the hit HBO series, Six Feet Under, to playing the most likable serial killer on TV on Dexter, Hall has been uncommonly lucky in his acting choices. It wasn't quite as smooth sailing in his personal life; in January 2010 Hall, age 38, revealed he was being treated for Hodgkin’s lymphoma. After undergoing chemotherapy, Hall was officially in remission by late April 2010.

Hall addressed his thoughts on battling cancer with a January 2016 interview with The Guardian stating, “When people go get chemo, they’re not injecting themselves with will – I have lost various loved ones to cancer, and I certainly don’t feel that I am any stronger or braver than them.”


Tom Green

When Tom Green was first introduced to audiences through the MTV series The Tom Green Show, people didn’t quite know what to make of his specific style of comedy. Ultimately, his relationship with Drew Barrymore, and a handful of legitimate acting roles helped to boost his status in Hollywood.

In 2000, at the peak of his popularity, Green (then 29) was diagnosed with testicular cancer. Green used his popularity to bring awareness to the disease through humor, whether it was The Tom Green Cancer Special, his song “Feel Your Balls,” or the Tom Green’s Nuts Cancer Fund.



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Tue, 29 Nov 2016 11:46:02 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-people-with-cancer-before-age-40/sara-lugardo
<![CDATA[The Absolute Worst People In History.]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-worst-people-in-history/bjr24

The worst people to ever step foot on the Earth. Don't like it? Vote and add your own choices.


The Absolute Worst People In History.,

George Soros

Angela Merkel

Barack Obama

Hillary Clinton

Jimmy Savile

Nat Turner

Nicolae Ceaușescu

Pol Pot

Saul Alinsky

William Randolph Hearst


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:41:31 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-worst-people-in-history/bjr24
<![CDATA[Arsenal Vs. Manchester United]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/arsenal-vs-manchester-united/shortfuse

Arsenal Vs. Manchester United,

Laurent Koscielny

Mesut Özil

Petr Čech

Nacho Monreal

Francis Coquelin

Olivier Giroud

Shkodran Mustafi

Alexis Sánchez

Granit Xhaka

Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain


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Wed, 23 Nov 2016 05:51:33 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/arsenal-vs-manchester-united/shortfuse
<![CDATA[NFL Players Most Likely to Be the 2016 MVP]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/nfl-players-most-likely-to-be-the-2016-mvp/jared-clark

Every year, the NFL names one player as the league's MVP. It's one of the highest honors in sports, given to the best players in the game, whose skills, determination, and drive help win game after game. MVPs are almost always natural leaders, guiding a team to a winning postseason and, as many have done in the past, the Super Bowl

So who will be the 2016 NFL MVP? Will Tom Brady receive the award for the third time, even after sitting out the first four games of the season with a suspension? Will Ezekiel Elliott run his way past the competition and become the first rookie MVP in history (Jim Brown won the AP MVP award, but not the NFL MVP award)? 

Take a look below and vote up the players you think have the best odds of winning the coveted MVP trophy. 


NFL Players Most Likely to Be the 2016 MVP,

Julio Jones

Matt Ryan

Sean Lee

Tom Brady

David Johnson

Derek Carr

Antonio Brown

Ezekiel Elliott

Le'Veon Bell

Dak Prescott


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 18:01:35 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/nfl-players-most-likely-to-be-the-2016-mvp/jared-clark
<![CDATA[Rank the Rangers @ Columbus 11-18-2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/ranking-the-rangers-_template_/bff50

Rank the Rangers @ Columbus 11-18-2016,

Marc Staal

Michael Grabner

Rick Nash

Ryan McDonagh

Mika Zibanejad

Antti Raanta

Derek Stepan

J.t. Miller

Kevin Hayes

Jimmy Vesey


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Fri, 18 Nov 2016 20:51:27 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/ranking-the-rangers-_template_/bff50
<![CDATA[Gay Athletes - Who's Coming Out]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/gay-athletes-who-and-_39_s-coming-out/deppy

Gay Athletes - Who's Coming Out,

Alessandro Del Piero

Cristiano Ronaldo

Djibril Cissé

Frank Lampard

Fredrik Ljungberg

Giuseppe Furino

Ivan Lendl

Jürgen Klinsmann

Nicola Berti

Thierry Henry


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Tue, 22 Nov 2016 16:51:27 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/gay-athletes-who-and-_39_s-coming-out/deppy
<![CDATA[Who Do You Want To See More Of In 2017?]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/who-do-you-want-to-see-more-of-2017-/martinaustin

So Who Do You Want To See More Of  in the Film,Sport or Music World In 2017? For some stars they have new Albums or Films out, or some people were a little quiet in 2016, so we want more of them in 2017. Please add to the list. Thanks as always.


Who Do You Want To See More Of In 2017?,

ABBA

Angela Lansbury

Chris Evans

David Boreanaz

Julie Andrews

Rick Astley

RuPaul

Sophie Ellis-Bextor

Tina Turner

Theo James


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 16:51:30 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/who-do-you-want-to-see-more-of-2017-/martinaustin
<![CDATA[18 Voice Actors Who Look Nothing Like Their Characters]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/voice-actors-look-nothing-like-characters/amanda-lynn

Precious few things in life are as amusing as cartoons who look nothing like the people voicing them. Just look at this live reading by the Archer cast, and pay particular attention to H. Jon Benjamin - priceless. 

Sure, it's also hilarious when actors look exactly like their cartoon counterparts (Alice in Wonderland, anyone?), but actors who bear zero resemblance to their cartoon characters evoke a far more hilarious wonder. Benjamin as the super-suave Sterling Archer will definitely raise some eyebrows. Keep reading below to see 19 of the most mismatched voice actors and the cartoon characters they help bring to the screen.


18 Voice Actors Who Look Nothing Like Their Characters,

Billy West

Good news, everyone! Billy West looks nothing like Professor Farnsworth, despite voicing the character for the show's entire run. The impressive voice actor also voices a number of other characters on Futurama, including Fry, Zapp Brannigin, and Dr. Zoidberg (there's definitely no resemblance there). He also voiced both Ren and Stimpy for the Nickelodeon cartoon in the '90s. West looks nothing like either of those characters, either, fortunately for him.


H. Jon Benjamin

H. Jon Benjamin first gave voice to suave, sarcastic Sterling Archer in 2009, and apparently initially panicked when he was asked to do the role. Benjamin thought that Archer would require a British accent, which wasn't his specialty. The Archer we know and love is definitely not British, and definitely not a Benjamin doppleganger. 


Mark Hamill

Mark Hamill began voicing the Joker on Batman: The Animated Series in 1992. Initially, Hamill was reluctant to play the role, saying he wanted to voice a lesser known character so as not to have expectations thrust upon him by fans who wanted a certain kind of Joker. Despite his reluctance, Hamill went on to voice the beloved character throughout and beyond the animated series, including for a slew of Batman video games. 


Matt Stone

South Park first started in 1997 (wow!) and fans of the show are lucky Matt Stone was on hand to voice the character. At no point during the show's run has he ever looked like Kyle, the little ginger in a green hat. 


Mila Kunis

You might have been living under a rock if you didn't know that the smoking-hot Mila Kunis voices the not-so-smoking-hot Meg Griffin. Take a minute to fully appreciate how amazing it is that someone so hot voices a character who's the butt of every ugly joke on Family Guy


Nancy Cartwright

Nancy Cartwright gives voice to the infamous Bart Simpson on The Simpsons. As her hair is distinctly lacking in triangles, it's safe to say she doesn't bear much of a resemblance to Bart. You can eat her shorts if you disagree.


Patrick Stewart

Alright, maybe this is cheating because it's a sort of inside joke, but we can all agree that Susie Swanson has a lot more hair than Patrick Stewart. The distinguished gentlemen and royal knight, lends his voice to the on-screen baby's infrequent-yet-hilarious inner monologues.


Seth Green

Family Guy began in 1999, and Seth Green was there to lend his voice to the character Chris Griffin. In an interview with Conan O'Brien in 2013, Green revealed that he based his take on Chris's voice on serial killer Buffalo Bill. Green doesn't look like either of them, that's for sure.


Seth MacFarlane

Seth MacFarlane is a tour de force in the voice acting world, most notably for his work in Family Guy. He voices five main characters in the series and countless other recurring and extra characters, not to mention his work on his other animated series, American Dad. Most of the characters to which MacFarlane provides voices look nothing like him - least of all, Peter Griffin.


Trey Parker

Trey Parker has voiced the infamous Eric Cartman on South Park since the show began in 1997. This clip from the film Six Days to Air, which documents the South Park creation process, shows just how little the actor resembles his on-screen counterpart. That's probably a good thing. 



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Sun, 27 Nov 2016 06:21:32 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/voice-actors-look-nothing-like-characters/amanda-lynn
<![CDATA[Game 16: Capitals Vs. Penguins]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-16-capitals-vs-penguins/japersrink

Game 16: Capitals Vs. Penguins,

Alexander Ovechkin

Karl Alzner

Nicklas Bäckström

T. J. Oshie

John Carlson

Marcus Johansson

Jay Beagle

Braden Holtby

Dmitry Orlov

Nate Schmidt


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Sun, 20 Nov 2016 02:11:19 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-16-capitals-vs-penguins/japersrink
<![CDATA[Rate The Flames vs Arizona Coyotes]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-arizona-coyotes-v1/mpark14news

Rate The Flames vs Arizona Coyotes,

Michael Frolík

Mikael Backlund

Deryk Engelland

Glen Gulutzan

T. J. Brodie

Dougie Hamilton

Chad Johnson

Garnet Hathaway

Micheal Ferland

Matthew Tkachuk


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Sun, 20 Nov 2016 02:11:19 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-arizona-coyotes-v1/mpark14news
<![CDATA[12 Terrifying Female Serial Killers]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/scary-female-serial-killers/isadora-teich

Serial killers are undoubtedly one of our darkest fascinations. With countless TV shows, books, and movies out there revolving around them, it's no secret that serial killers are compelling. However, what a lot of people don't know is that there are almost as many terrifying female serial killers out there as there are male serial killers. In fact, many female killers have astronomically high kill counts. 

While male serial killers often choose nearby strangers as victims, female serial killers are more selective. Their methods are often far more subtle, making them much harder to catch. Many have killed their husbands, children, relatives, and even their entire families. Some killed for monetary gain, and others for sexual thrills. Many, when put in positions of authority, or in the position of being caregivers, abused their positions horribly and murdered hundreds of the most vulnerable people. Many killed the sick, the elderly, and even babies. These scary killers who were women will shock and terrify you. Take a look at some of history's most disturbed female serial killers, below - then check out this list for even more depraved women.


12 Terrifying Female Serial Killers,

Aileen Wuornos

A sexually abused child that was thrown out of her home as a teenager, Aileen Wuornos worked as a prostitute on Florida's highways for decades. Between 1989 and 1990, she murdered at least six men, only to be caught after a minor traffic accident in one of her victim's cars. She claimed that all of the men had tried to rape her and she killed them all in self-defense. She sat on death row for ten years, only to be executed by lethal injection in 2002. 


Dagmar Overbye

Danish child serial killer Dagmar Overbye killed between 9 and 25 children in Copenhagen between 1913 and her arrest in 1920. A professional caretaker, Dagmar would strangle, burn, or drown the children in her care. One of them was even her own child. She cared for babies born out of wedlock, and after murdering them, would hide their corpses by cremating them, burying them, or hiding them in the loft. 

Dagmar Overbye was one of the three women sentenced to death in Denmark during the 20th century. However, like the others, she was reprieved and her sentence was changed to life in prison. Dagmar died in prison at the age of 42 in 1929. 


Darya Nikolayevna Saltykova

No one is sure just how many people this Russian noblewoman killed, but it is estimated to be over a hundred. Between 1757 and 1764, she killed dozens and dozens of her serfs, torturing many of them to death. Most of her victims were women. People complained about the many horrifying deaths at her estate for years, only to be ignored entirely or punished for speaking out against the well-connected noblewoman.   

Finally, relatives of the victims put a petition together and presented it to Catherine the Great. Saltykova was sentenced to stand trial in Moscow with a sign around her neck that read "This Woman has tortured and murdered" and was then imprisoned in the basement of a convent until her death. While she was officially charged for the deaths of 38 people, an investigation uncovered nearly 140 suspicious deaths on the property. 

 


Genene Jones

Unlike most of the serial killers on this list, Genene Jones might be out walking the streets again someday. While working as a nurse at Bexar County Medical Center in Texas in the 1970s and '80s, she secretly gave deadly injections to somewhere between 11 and 46 children. It could be far more, however. No one is certain as hospital officials destroyed the medical records to avoid public outrage after her first conviction in 1985. Genene would inject children with heparin and succinylcholine, making them severely ill, and then attempt to swoop in and "save" them, making herself appear to be a hero. Except when she failed, and children died.  

In 1985, she was convicted of the murder of Chelsea McCleallan and the attempted murder of Ronaldo Santos. She was sentenced to 99 years in prison, but may receive parole in 2018 due to a loophole in Texas law meant to prevent prison overcrowding. 


Jane Toppan

Jane Toppan was born in 1957. She had a tragic and impoverished childhood under the care of her alcoholic father after her mother died. As young children, she and her sister were taken away from their father and sent to Boston Female Asylum until they were adopted. Toppan knew that no one wanted to marry her, so she became a nurse when she was young. As an in-demand nurse at several hospitals, she did terrifying things to those under her care.   

Toppan would bring patients in and out of consciousness with drugs, kill them with morphine or atropine overdoses when she got bored, and even climb into bed with them afterward. She later said that being in bed with people near death turned her on; however, at the time no one suspected anything due to her sunny disposition. She killed 31 people while bustling around smiling, and would have continued to get away with it had she not finally set her sights on murdering people outside of hospital walls. She was declared insane, sent to an insane asylum, and died there in 1938. 


Myra Hindley

In the 1960s, Myra Hindley and her boyfriend Ian Brady raped and murdered five young people in England. In order to test Hindley's allegiance to him, Brady concocted violent and terrifying murders, which Hindley helped to carry out. After witnessing Brady hack 17-year-old Edward Evans to death with an axe, Hindley's brother-in-law David Smith ran to the police. He told them what he'd seen, and also that Brady had said that more victims were buried on Saddleworth Moor.  

In 1996, the pair were brought to trial and sentenced to life in prison. Hindley then severed all contact with Brady and began a life-long quest to regain her freedom. Of course, no one was ever letting her out of jail, and she died in 2002. 


Nannie Doss

Nannie Doss (born Nancy Hazel and known as "The Giggling Grandma") killed almost a dozen people between 1920 and 1954. This cheerful and seemingly sweet woman was a black widow who killed across the South and Midwest. She poisoned four of her husbands to collect the insurance money, as well as her sister, her grandson, her mother-in-law, and her mother. Nannie's poison of choice was arsenic.

She plead guilty in 1955 and died of leukemia in the hospital ward of Oklahoma State Penitentiary on June 2, 1965. 


Vera Renczi

Vera Renczi was allegedly a wealthy Romanian woman that killed all of her lovers, keeping them in coffins in her basement in the 1920s. A stunningly beautiful woman who was afraid of men leaving her or being unfaithful to her, she would poison them with arsenic and then keep their bodies in her basement, claiming that the dead men would never abandon her. 

Eventually the wife of one of her lovers followed her husband to Renczi's home one night, only for him never to emerge. When she called the police, their investigation revealed a basement with 32 coffins inside. Renczi confessed to killing both of her husbands and even her own son, who tried to blackmail her after discovering what was in her basement. 


Elizabeth Bathory

Known as "The Blood Countess" and often considered one of history's first alleged vampires, Countess Elizabeth Bathory was famous for torturing and murdering servant girls and peasants in her Hungarian castle. To keep her happy, her husband allegedly built her a torture chamber where she killed countless young women. She would kidnap them from neighboring villages and trap them in her castle where she would bite chunks out of their bodies, jam pins and needles under their fingernails, and drink their blood in the belief it would keep her young. In one case she even forced a girl to cook and eat her own flesh. 

As her family ran the local government, her crimes were ignored for years. After her husband's death her violence only escalated, becoming increasingly sadistic. When Bathory eventually turned her attention from the poor of Hungary to noblewomen, the king intervened. She was put on trial for 80 counts of murder in 1611 and locked in a room in a castle until her death in 1614. 


Julia Fazekas

Julia Fazekas was known in the town of Nagyrev, Hungary, for performing illegal abortions before the start of World War I. Once the war started, the men were sent off to fight and the town was overrun by POW camps. Many of the women began affairs with foreign soldiers. When their husbands returned, many of these women no longer wanted to be married to them. As divorce and abortion were both illegal in Hungary, Fazekas solved the problem by selling these women arsenic-tainted jams and jellies to feed to their husbands.  

Nagyrev became known as the Murder District, with at least 50 women considered known poisoners. The women of the town turned to Fazekas for help in getting rid of husbands, elderly relatives, and children they no longer wanted to care for. At least 300 people died due to Fazekas and her wares throughout the 1920s before authorities put a stop to it.  



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Mon, 28 Nov 2016 11:38:21 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/scary-female-serial-killers/isadora-teich
<![CDATA[How the Cast of Mad Men Aged from the First to Last Season]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/cast-of-mad-men-in-first-vs-last-season/jessica-lawshe

Mad Men premiered on AMC on July 19, 2007. By the time the series finale aired on May 17, 2015, viewers had watched the staff of Sterling Cooper grapple with the entire decade of the '60s and the changes it brought. From fashion to relationships to the Hare Krishna movement, the characters of Mad Men went through some serious transformations.

Just like their characters, the cast of Mad Men aged and changed throughout the series as well.  Even the great Jon Hamm couldn't escape the effects - although he does a pretty good job of retaining that swoon-worthy debonair air right until the end of the series. So how did the cast of Mad Men age over the course of the series? These then-and-now photos show it all.


How the Cast of Mad Men Aged from the First to Last Season,

Christina Hendricks

Throughout the seasons, Joan used her strengths and smarts to move from Head Secretary to Head of Accounts at Sterling Cooper Draper Price. Her style evolved accordingly, changing from the wiggle dresses of the early '60s to badass bosslady separates. As for Joan's cutting nature, Hendricks explained, "I talked to Matt [Weiner] about it early on. I said, 'oh, she’s so mean, she’s so mean, and he said, 'no, she’s not. She’s trying to help everyone. That’s just how she thinks she’s helping.'”


Elisabeth Moss

As Elisabeth Moss explained to TV Guide, Peggy, "becomes harder in a lot of ways. She gets her heart broken; she has bitter moments. . . But I hope that she still retains that sense of honesty and positivity and truth. She's earnest. She very much believes in whatever she's saying. I think she still has that despite the fact that she's had some hard knocks."

This change is reflected in Peggy's overall style. Her bangs are replaced by a sophisticated sweep and her checkered dresses are replaced by fashion-forward separates and a bad-ass sense of self.


January Jones

During Mad Men's seven seasons, viewers watched as Betty fought back against her limited role as a housewife and her stifling marriage to Don. As January Jones told Comic Book Resources, playing Betty Draper over the course of the series "certainly afforded me a lot more opportunities in my career, some good and bad. . . I’d become a mother [during the series], and I’ve been a better friend. . . I’ve been blessed by a lot. I have no complaints at all, actually."

Except for carrying (and then losing) a few extra pounds and her brief stint as a brunette, Betty maintained her icy blond, Grace Kelly-esque style and beauty.


Jessica Paré

As Megan Draper evolves from secretary-turned-babysitter-turned housewife to a television star, her fashion evolves accordingly. As Paré has said of her character's style, "Megan has been more fashion-forward than me from the time I started playing her. “And trust me, there have been pieces I’ve wanted to steal for years!"


John Slattery

While Roger Sterling, played by John Slattery, was always a silver fox, he sprouts a handlebar mustache in the last season, signifying the dawn of a new decade and perhaps the dawn of a new Roger. As Slattery has said of Roger’s evolution, “You take this person who’s well-off, he’s conservative, his name is on the shingle out front, and turn it into this character - LSD, pot-smoking, womanizing, ride in on the girl in her underwear singing cowboy songs, blackface, liar, cheater, really good businessman, really bad decision maker - it was a pretty deep well.”


Jon Hamm

Jon Hamm was 36 when the show premiered and 44 when it ended. Throughout the series, Don retains that slicked-back demeanor, even when he's in the midst of his alcoholism and crumbling relationships. And is it just us or did Jon Hamm continue to get more handsome as he aged?


Rich Sommer

According to Rich Sommer, people debate whether Harry becomes a jerk, or if he was always one, just in hiding. As Sommer concludes, "I think he was always a bit of a jerk." What's undebatable is how much Harry Crane's wardrobe changes throughout the years from "total nerdy character with short sleeves and bowties" to Mr. Hollywood "cool."


Vincent Kartheiser

As the seasons go on we watch as Campbell goes from a young, ambitious (and backstabbing) account executive to a tired, manipulative ad-man. That transformation is one that plays out visually too - in fact, Vincent Kartheiser, the actor that plays Pete Campbell shaved his hairline and gained 25 pounds for the role.


Kiernan Shipka

Kiernan Shipka was six when she landed the role of Sally Draper. Sally navigated her parents' divorce, the death of her grandfather, her father's alcoholism, and his wandering eyes with a maturity well beyond her years. As Sally grew up, she grew into a sophisticated young woman with her father's skills and her mother's sharp tongue.


Marten Holden Weiner

From the first season to the very end, Glen Bishop goes from a creepy neighborhood kid to a creepy 18 year old going to war, asking for beers, and trying to hit on Betty. As show creator Matt Weiner (and Marten's father) said of Glen's sideburns, "he didn't grow them for the show. That look has come around. We were, like, 'Hey, Wolverine!' We had to trim them, actually."



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Tue, 29 Nov 2016 13:51:34 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/cast-of-mad-men-in-first-vs-last-season/jessica-lawshe
<![CDATA[19 Celebrities Whose Shoe Collections Are Completely Out of Control]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/celebrity-shoe-collections/nathandavidson

The average person has, what? Five to 10 pairs of shoes at any given point in time? Some fashion forward men and women might have more, but most people have their work shoes, dress shoes, their whatever shoes, ~beachwear~, and maybe some comfy slippers. But celebrities, it turns out, are NOT just like us: these celebrity shoe collections are firmly on the "nutso" end of the spectrum.

Whether you call these celebrities shoe "collectors" or hoarders with a high heel issue, take a look at these insane celebrity shoe closets and judge for yourself. From pop divas who need pumps in all colors of the rainbow to the occasional pro athlete whose heart's desire is to own every single pair of Air Jordans, these famous people love themselves a new pair of kicks.


19 Celebrities Whose Shoe Collections Are Completely Out of Control,

Christina Aguilera

Chris Brown

Chris Paul

DJ Khaled

Elton John

Jessica Alba

Kaley Cuoco

Mariah Carey

Oprah Winfrey

Khloé Kardashian


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Wed, 16 Nov 2016 16:51:45 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/celebrity-shoe-collections/nathandavidson
<![CDATA[11 Stomach-Churning Cases Involving Poisoning]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/gruesome-poison-cases/lea-rose-emery

Poisoning, long considered the murder weapon of choice for women, is also the source of some of the most tragic murders. Both historically and in modern times, poison has been a popular choice for murderers - and a particularly creepy one. Maybe it's the idea that the victim blindly ingests the weapon themselves, or maybe it's because poisoning is almost always committed by someone close to the victim. Maybe it's just the idea of something attacking your body from the inside. 

There are plenty of poison murders - some were committed by serial killers who used poison, while other were just a one-time crime. In every case, one of the worst parts of a gruesome poisoning is how it affects the victim. Convulsions, vomiting, rashes, and even hallucinations and paralysis mean poisoning is not a pretty way to die. But often, these confusing symptoms also mean that poisoning cases appear at first to be just mysterious illnesses, and too many times there is a delay before authorities even know a killer is at work.

Here are some of the most gruesome and nastiest poisonings throughout history, because if regular old murder isn't enough, a hotel designed just for murder should keep you up and scared for the foreseeable future. 


11 Stomach-Churning Cases Involving Poisoning,

Genene Jones

To say nurse Genene Jones had a need for attention is an understatement. She injected infants and children with digoxin, heparin and later, succinylcholine in order to put them into a medical crises, the idea being that she would then come to the rescue and save the day. Of course, the problem was that in many cases, she didn't.

The number of children that died in her attempt to show off is unknown, but estimated to be as many as 46.  She was eventually charged with killing 15-month-old Chelsea McClellan with succinylcholine and for almost killing Rolando Santos with heparin. Due to misplaced (and maybe even destroyed) hospital records, we'll never know how many children she poisoned and put into medical shock. Or killed. 


Gilbert Paul Jordan

If you've ever thought you can't get too much of a good thing, an encounter with Gilbert Paul Jordan would be sure to change that. The "Boozing Barber" was a Canadian serial killer who hunted Aboriginal women in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside, many of whom were prostitutes. He would meet women and pay them for sex or buy their drinks, encouraging them to keep drinking until they passed out.

But he didn't stop there. He would continue to pour liquor down their throats while they were unconscious. Because the resulting death was deemed alcohol poisoning and therefore unsuspicious, it took a while for authorities to catch on. 

When they finally did, he was charged with manslaughter, though he was suspected of many other deaths. As if the story isn't creepy enough, court reports showed that police had been listening outside of his hotel room and heard him saying to a woman:

Have a drink, down the hatch baby, 20 bucks if you drink it right down; see if you're a real woman; finish that drink, finish that drink, down the hatch hurry, right down; you need another drink, I'll give you 50 bucks if you can take it; I'll give you 10, 20, 50 dollars, whatever you want, come on I want to see you get it all down; you get it right down, I'll give you the 50 bucks and the 13 bucks; I'll give you 50 bucks. I told you that. If you finish that I'll give you $75; finish your drink...

 


H. H. Holmes

Doctor, con artist, bigamist, and of course, serial poisoner, H. H. Holmes definitely qualifies as an all-around bad guy - and one of the earliest serial killers on record. The guy built a hotel for murder, which is both terrifying and a baller move. How many murders he committed is unknown; he confessed to nearly 30 - nine of which were confirmed - but some estimate it could be nearly 200. 

The upper two floors of his hotel were a terrifying labyrinth of stairs to nowhere and death rooms. Not only were various bottles of poison found on the premises, some of the rooms were fitted with gas lines, meaning he could asphyxiate his victims through gas poisoning whenever he pleased. Other victims were cut off from air and left to suffocate, while some died of hunger and thirst. As if that's not sickening enough, he also had lime pits to dispose of the bodies, furnaces to incinerate them, and stretching racks for... well, you can guess. 

 


Jane Stanford

You've probably heard of Stanford University, but you might not be so familiar with the mysterious death surrounding one of its founders. In 1904, the university co-founder Jane Stanford escaped poisoning when she thought her mineral water tasted off and she immediately vomited it out. Sure enough, testing found that it had been poisoned with strychnine.

But the story wasn't over. The next month in Hawaii, she asked for a bicarbonate soda after suffering from an upset stomach. Soon she was screaming that she had been poisoned again. She was right. The poison caused her to lose control of her body completely and spasm until she died, all the while having to deal with knowing she was poisoned. 

While a lot of theories have surrounded her death, the killer remains a mystery. 


Qin Shi Huang

The first emperor of unified China, Qin Shi Huang, did a lot of very memorable things, but his death makes for a particularly interesting and gruesome story. Obsessed with finding the secret to immortality, Qin Shi Huang had doctors and scientists of the court make him a pill that would help him live forever. That pill promptly killed him. The reason? It was filled with mercury.

Although it was not done on purpose, the irony of poisoning yourself to death while search for immortality (as well as the stinging, muscle weakness, peripheral vision loss, and impaired speech associated with mercury poisoning) make this a truly tragic and gruesome tale.


William Palmer

When Charles Dickens calls you "the greatest villain that ever stood in the Old Bailey [a prison in London]," you know you've done something truly dastardly. And William Palmer did a lot of horrible things. While he was convicted in 1855 for the murder of his friend John Cook by strychnine poisoning, it was his suspected murders that were perhaps even more tragic. Not only was he suspected of poisoning his wife, his brother, and his mother-in-law, all four of his children died before their first birthday. The cause? Convulsions, technically, but many suspected he had poisoned each and every one of the helpless infants. Talk about nasty.

Apparently before he was hanged he looked at the trapdoor and said "Are you sure it's safe?

His likeness appeared in Madame Tussaud's until 1979. 

 


Zhu Ling

When it comes to the horrific side effects of poisoning, Zhe Ling had them all - except, of course, death. In 1994, Ling, a university student in China, started losing her hair, suffering blurred vision, and having horrible stomach pains before falling into a coma. Her friends shared the symptoms on the Internet, where the public replied with suspicions of thallium poisoning, suspicions later confirmed by doctors.

Though she lived, she suffered significant neurological damage: the poisoning left her unable to speak and partially paralyzed. The poisoner was never found, but her roommate Sun Wei was considered the prime suspect. 


Francisca Ballesteros

Francisca Ballesteros's killings spread over 14 years, in a bone-chilling story of a killer biding her time. In 1990, she killed her five-month-old daughter by poisoning her with Colme, a drug intended to help treat alcoholism. She planned to kill the rest of her family, but nothing happened for 14 years. 

Finally, she decided she wanted to run away and join a man she met on the Internet, so she killed her husband and other daughter with a combination of Colme and sedatives. She attempted to kill her 12-year-old son in the same way, but he was admitted to the hospital and survived. She finally confessed to all of the murders.

The most chilling part of this story is the idea that she more than ten years knowing she had killed her daughter and just waiting to kill again.


John Bodle Set Out to Poison His Grandfather and Inadvertently Poisoned 4 Others

George Bodle sat down to his morning coffee one day in 1833, and his wife had some, too. The grounds were then re-boiled to make a new batch of coffee that was served to the three women who worked in the household. The grounds were then given to the charwoman's daughter, Mary, who would normally boil them yet again to provide her seven children with a drink. Luckily, Mary thought they looked off that day. They were. 

Everyone who drank the coffee suffered convulsions and vomiting. Only Bodle, who had consumed the most coffee, died. The others were just wracked with illness. Bodle's grandson, John Bodle, was accused and acquitted of the murder. Later, he admitted that he had indeed killed his grandfather, and he sold his story to the press. 

 


Cathie Gauthier Poisoned Her Children as Part of a Murder-Suicide Pact

This murder-suicide pact gone wrong shook Quebec in 2008. On New Year's Eve, Cathie Guathier and her husband Marc Laliberté poisoned their three children with a mixture of Gravol (dimenhydrinate, a medicine used for motion sickness) and a tranquilizer. Dimenhydrinate poisoning results in agitation, convulsions, rapid heart rate, and hallucinations, so you can see why they needed the sedative. 

That would be tragic enough, but it gets stranger. While Laliberté slit his wrists and died of blood loss, Gauthier called the police after slitting just one wrist. She tried to claim the entire thing had been her husband's plan but, as she had bought the medicine that poisoned her children, she was found guilty of murder and given a life sentence. 



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Wed, 16 Nov 2016 16:52:38 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/gruesome-poison-cases/lea-rose-emery
<![CDATA[26 Celebrities Who Look Just Like Video Game Characters]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/celebrities-who-look-like-video-game-characters/nathandavidson

Art constantly imitates life, and that is definitely the case when it comes to video game characters. These are celebrities who look like video game characters. Celebs who look like video game characters so much, in fact, it's possible they're actually the same entity. Come on, you don't think there's even a slight possibility that some video game characters are celebrities and vice versa? Take a look at these video game characters who look like celebrities below and judge for yourself. Just make sure you turn off your VR headset before you begin so you don't shatter the space-time continuum. 


26 Celebrities Who Look Just Like Video Game Characters,

Adam Sandler

Angelina Jolie

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Cameron Diaz

Conan O'Brien

Dennis Hopper

Johnny Knoxville

Josh Brolin

Leslie David Baker

Ron Perlman


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Tue, 29 Nov 2016 11:11:27 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/celebrities-who-look-like-video-game-characters/nathandavidson
<![CDATA[Worst Athletes Worldwide]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/worst-athletes-worldwide-v1/caminottoigor

Worst Athletes Worldwide,

Lance Armstrong

Andoni Goikoetxea Olaskoaga

Ben Johnson

Dario Frigo

Gaetano Scirea

Giorgio Chiellini

Leonardo Bonucci

O. J. Simpson

Ronald Koeman

Sebastian Vettel


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 07:11:32 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/worst-athletes-worldwide-v1/caminottoigor
<![CDATA[13 Badass Civil War Spies Who Played Huge Roles in the War]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/civil-war-spy-stories/setareh-janda

The American Civil War was not fought only on battlefields - Civil War spies also waged a secret war of intelligence and covert activities in North America and abroad. Espionage in the Civil War was neither formal nor centralized, and both the Union and the Confederacy relied on networks of amateur scouts, couriers, and secret agents to gather information about enemy plans and movement. 

In the North, General George McClellan hired Allan Pinkerton, founder of a successful Chicago detective agency, to head the Union's secret service in 1861. But as the war progressed, different generals hired their own spymasters who developed separate networks of agents. In the South, the Secret Service Bureau focused much of its energies on obtaining intelligence in Washington, D.C.

Men, women, soldiers, freedmen, and slaves fought this secret war and risked their lives on a daily basis. Civil War spy stories are filled with colorful characters who enlisted their wit, grit, and intelligence in the war effort. Though the identities of many agents were so well guarded that they have since been lost to history, these badass Civil War spies nonetheless made their mark on the war.


13 Badass Civil War Spies Who Played Huge Roles in the War,

Belle Boyd

This Southern "Belle" was one of the most colorful, dramatic Civil War spies. Her career for the Confederacy began with a bang: she shot a Union soldier in her home as a teenager. Dubbed the "Siren of the Shenandoah," Boyd often charmed information out of Union officers and delivered it to the likes of Stonewall Jackson and P.G.T. Beauregard. Before 1864, she would be arrested, banished, exiled in England, and, ironically, married to a Union officer. Like so many Civil War spies, in 1865 Boyd published a memoir chronicling her wartime experiences.


Elizabeth Van Lew

An ardent abolitionist deep in Confederate country, Elizabeth Van Lew secretly supported the Union in her native Richmond, VA. Her first brush with social alienation due to her political sympathies came in 1861 when she volunteered to nurse Union soldiers at Richmond's Libby Prison. Though she continued to profess her loyalty to the South, her friends and neighbors disapproved of her conduct and treasonously soft heart.

Rather than giving in to their tuts and sighs, Van Lew used her outsider status as a way to help the Union. She took advantage of her contact with Union prisoners by passing them secret notes and helping to coordinate prison breaks. By early 1864, she was managing a significant spy ring for Union General Benjamin Butler.

Despite her service to the country in one of its darkest hours, she did not get the happy ending she so deserved: after the war, her close ties to Ulysses S. Grant and the Reconstruction government further alienated her from her Southern neighbors, who labeled her a traitor and excluded her from Richmond society.


Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman is best known for helping thousands of slaves escape to freedom through the Underground Railroad. Lesser known - but no less important - are her subversive, badass contributions to the Union war effort. Tubman served as a spy for the Union by crossing enemy lines to gather information about Confederate movements. More often than not, her information came from slaves. Tubman thus not only helped slaves physically escape slavery; by relying on their intelligence, she also empowered them and gave then a chance to play a role in the very war that would bring about their freedom. Tubman also served as a scout and even led Union soldiers on raids in South Carolina in 1863.


James Dunwoody Bulloch

James Dunwoody Bulloch was the Confederacy's principle European agent. Based in England, Bulloch was in charge of financing and constructing ships for the Confederate navy in Liverpool shipyards - indeed, he was responsible for building the infamous raider the CSS Alabama. The problem? Great Britain was technically neutral in the American Civil War: Great Britain was opposed to slavery and could not find a way to acknowledge the Confederacy without abandoning those sentiments. As such, Bulloch was essentially a covert agent acting in the Confederacy's interests. As an operative on a secret mission in the heart of the British Empire, he came across as a dashing character, and his exploits even left a deep impression on his young nephew, and future US president, Theodore Roosevelt.


Mary Bowser

Mary Bowser, a former slave, was perhaps Elizabeth Van Lew's best agent. Her position was risky, but vital: she was placed as a spy in the so-called White House of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis's household in Richmond, VA. This meant that she had intimate access to all of the officials, documents, and secrets that passed through the door. Van Lew prized Bowser's intelligence - indeed, though Bowser was known to be witty and bright, she had to play the role of an unintelligent slave to avoid detection. Her position within the Davis household and contributions to the Van Lew spy ring were significant.


Pauline Cushman

An actress who appeared on stages across the country, Pauline Cushman's heart was with the Union. In fact, her husband served as a musician in the Union Army before dying of dysentery in 1862. While on tour in Kentucky, Cushman began her career as a Union spy: she gained entry into Southern society by publicly toasting Jefferson Davis and the ambitions of the Confederacy. The ruse worked, and she used her acting skills to collect information from high-ranking Confederates and pass it on to the Union Army. She was eventually caught, imprisoned, and rescued by the Union before she could be hanged. Post-war, she traveled around the country peddling her war stories as plays.


Rose O'Neal Greenhow

A Washington socialite, "Wild Rose" O'Neal Greenhow used her elite social connections to gather and smuggle information for the Confederacy. Indeed, it was the intelligence she supplied Confederate General Beauregard that allowed the South to win the Battle of Manassas in 1861. She was imprisoned by the Union twice and went on a tour for Europe to garner international support for the Confederacy.

Her death was as dramatic as her life had been. As she was returning from her European tour, a Union gunner wrecked her ship. Though she escaped on a lifeboat, it capsized and she drowned when the weight of the gold she carried pulled her under.


Timothy Webster

Timothy Webster was another Pinkerton agent who proved his worth early in the war. Initially working in divided Baltimore, he posed as a secessionist to infiltrate the "Sons of Liberty" rebel group. Indeed, he provided key intelligence that uncovered a plot to assassinate Abraham Lincoln in Baltimore in 1861. He later worked in Richmond with Hattie Lawton and John Scobell, but was eventually found out by the Confederacy and hanged on April 29, 1862. He holds the distinction of being the first spy to be executed during the Civil War.


Thomas Haines Dudley

If James Dunwoody Bulloch attempted to secretly construct Confederate ships in Liverpool, then Thomas Haines Dudley tracked him every step of the way. Dudley was appointed American Consul in Liverpool in 1861. He quickly built a spy network to serve as his eyes and ears. The goal was to block and limit Bulloch's success and protect the Union Navy. What resulted was a game of cat-and-mouse between Americans on both sides of the Civil War. Dudley also used his position to ensure the British government did not intervene on the side of the Confederacy.


John Scobell

Born as a slave in Mississippi, John Scobell was a literate, educated freedman by the time war broke out. In late 1861, Scobell got the opportunity to put his keen mind to good use, joining Allan Pinkerton's secret service. Pinkerton was recruiting former slaves as "black dispatches" for his spy ring - he believed their knowledge of and role within Southern society would make them essential players in the secret war. Impressed with Scobell's intelligence and acting skills, Pinkerton invited him to become an agent.

Working alongside fellow Pinkerton agents Hattie Lawton and Timothy Webster in Richmond, VA, capital of the Confederacy, Scobell proved to be a valuable asset. Confederate officers often viewed him as unintelligent, and Scobell was able to take advantage of their racism and low expectations by going unnoticed and gathering information. He also worked with the "Legal League," a slave resistance group in the South.



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Tue, 15 Nov 2016 12:29:57 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/civil-war-spy-stories/setareh-janda
<![CDATA[25+ Peter Griffin Quotes That Will Make You Laugh Every Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/funny-peter-griffin-quotes/nathandavidson

If you're looking for the perfect mixture of laughter and wisdom, look no further than this collection amazing Peter Griffin jokes. Think you know all of his greatest moments? Well, keep reading and see just how many Peter Griffin quotes you know by heart. These are the greatest Peter Griffin quotations and Peter Griffin lines from the last 15 seasons of Family Guy. Yeah, there have been 15 seasons of Family Guy...

If that doesn't make you feel so old you want to die, keep reading below to see some of the best sayings from one of the best animated characters ever. And always remember, "when you poop in your dreams, you poop for real."


25+ Peter Griffin Quotes That Will Make You Laugh Every Time,

Dino-mite!

Child's Play

From A to Z

The Straight Dope

License to Drink

White People Problems

Peter on Japan

Gears of War

Work of Fart

Right in the Feels


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 17:41:35 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/funny-peter-griffin-quotes/nathandavidson
<![CDATA[14 Crazy Scientists Who Used Themselves as Test Subjects]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/scientist-test-subjects/robert-f-mason

Sometimes science is a real pain - especially when a scientist acts as their own test subject. While not the most common practice in the history of hypotheses, many scientists, including famous thinkers like Isaac Newton and Marie Curie, have stepped up and performed experiments on themselves. 

Some really have no choice as their research is so cutting edge, testing their ideas out on anyone else would be a huge breach of ethics. Others have volunteered for experiments for a variety of reasons: ego, humanitarianism, getting around protocol to get faster results. In the face of death, disease, and general discomfort, these intrepid scientists decided they would be their own best test subjects.

While scientists subjecting themselves to their own experiments doesn’t always earn respect, sometimes it does pay off. Some of the world’s greatest discoveries have been made only after scientists decided to serve as their own guinea pig. From life-saving drugs to crazy acid trips, there’s no end to what these researchers did to their bodies in the name of discovery.

Don’t try this at home. Instead, keeping reading below to learn all about the professionals who risked it all in the pursuit of knowledge.


14 Crazy Scientists Who Used Themselves as Test Subjects,

Barry Marshall

People used to think that gastritis and its stomach ulcers were caused by too much stress. Dr. Barry Marshall had a different hypothesis: the bacterium Helicobacter pylori was responsible. He felt as though he was the only patient informed enough on the theory to consent to an experiment, so he swallowed a dose of H. pylori without telling his wife or the hospital ethics committee. And his gamble paid off, big time. After 10 days, a biopsy showed he had developed gastritis. Several more years of work on the condition earned him the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.


Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton voluntarily stuck a needle in his eye in the name of science. The experiment was designed to test optics and color perception - he thought if he slid a long needle behind his eyeball, between the eye and the eye socket, and started poking, his vision would change. And it did! He noticed that he saw different perceptions of color and light as small, colorful dots that appeared when he applied a bit of pressure. 

He also took meticulous notes with his free hand as he performed the experiment, which again, involved sticking a needle behind his own eye.


John Stapp

John Stapp was dubbed “the fastest man alive” because of his bone-breaking (literally) experiments measuring G forces on the human body. Stapp was an Air Force officer and surgeon who studied the human body’s ability to withstand abrupt deceleration from extremely fast velocities. He used to strap himself into a rocket sled, shoot himself forward at close to the speed of sound, then brake suddenly. He suffered multiple broken bones and a temporarily detached retina thanks to these violent experiments. He eventually learned that the human body can withstand 45 Gs of acceleration.


J. B. S. Haldane

A renowned polymath and one of the greatest scientists of the 20th Century, J.B.S. Haldane often experimented on himself. One of his most famous series of tests involved the effects of pressure and different kinds of gases experienced by submariners and other underwater workers. Using his own decompression chamber, Haldane regularly exposed himself to potentially lethal doses of oxygen and dangerously rapid rates of decompression. While studying nitrogen narcosis, he suffered from burst eardrums, but took a humorous attitude about it, saying "the drum generally heals up and if a hole remains in it, although one is somewhat deaf, one can blow tobacco smoke out of the ear in question, which is a social accomplishment." 


Stubbins Ffirth

Dr. Stubbins Ffirth went to extreme, unusual, and often disgusting lengths to prove his theory that yellow fever wasn't contagious. After the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793, Ffirth began an experiment where he poured fresh vomit from yellow fever patients into open sores, wiped it into his eyes, and even bathed in it to prove it did not transfer the disease. His theory was only slightly correct, despite his questionable and stomach-churning tests. About 50 years after Ffirth's findings, other researchers discovered yellow fever is transferred through an exchange of blood, usually spread by mosquitoes. 


David Pritchard Studied Autoimmune Function by Giving Himself Hookworm

After studying natives of New Guinea, University of Nottingham researcher David Pritchard had an idea: The natives suffered from a widespread hookworm infection, but at the same time had virtually no autoimmune disorders. Could the parasitic hookworms modify the human immune system in helpful ways, he wondered? In 2004, Pritchard put his hypothesis to the test, infecting himself with 50 hookworms (he would later discover the magic number was actually 10).

His hypothesis was correct, and now scientists study hookworms as a potential treatment for a range of autoimmune disorders.


Albert Hofmann Invented LSD and Went for a Hell of a Ride

In 1942, Albert Hofmann was hoping to discover a new medical or psychiatric drug. Instead he went on the world's first acid trip. While studying lysergic acid, he synthesized the chemical lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD 25. At first, Hofmann thought it was useless and discarded the chemical concoction. Five years later, he decided to test it again. This time his dosage of LSD produced a "not-unpleasant feeling," and he experienced what is considered a recreational acid trip. Next he upped the dosage to try and study the chemical and its affects. After taking a high dosage, he took a bike ride and reported being pursued by witches and demons. Sounds like a pretty bad trip. 


Herbert Woollard and E.A. Carmichael Put Weights on Their Testicles

In an attempt to study "referring pain," Herbert Woollard and E.A. Carmichael did something that hurts just thinking about: they put weights on their testicles and measured where else they felt pain in their bodies.

Referring pain is a phenomenon that occurs when one part of the body, usually an internal organ, produces pain in another, uninjured body part. In 1933, the two London-based doctors tried to figure out what causes referring pain. One would apply weights to the testicles of the other, who was lying spread eagle on the table. The person who received the weights (they never said which of them it was) would describe where in his body he felt pain and how intense it was. 


Marie and Pierre Curie Suffered for Their Research and Their Nobel Prize

The radiation discoveries that Marie Curie made - and the research she dedicated her life to - were the very things that eventually killed her.

Marie and her husband, Pierre Curie, developed the theory of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium. The couple won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on radiation. They both also voluntarily exposed themselves to radium burns during the course of their research. Pierre died in a street accident in 1906, while Marie died in 1936 from aplastic anemia, a condition she contracted after her long-term radiation exposure. It's theorized that had Pierre not died in a tragic accident, that his health would've also declined as a result of radiation exposure. 


Ralph Steinman Won a Nobel Prize for Fighting His Own Cancer

When immunologist and biologist Ralph Steinman was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2007, he turned this tragedy into an opportunity. He believed that certain types of cells called dendritic cells had the potential to fight his tumor, and designed immunotherapies for himself that he believed would help him and the rest of the world. Manipulating dendritic cells can help doctors and researchers design treatments that target "camouflaged" cancer cells that otherwise go unnoticed by the body.

Doctors originally told Steinman that he'd only live for a year, but he survived for more than four, remaining active and healthy during much of that time. His discovery won him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2011. Unfortunately, he died three days before he received the award, becoming one of the few people to win it posthumously. 



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Mon, 14 Nov 2016 15:34:32 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/scientist-test-subjects/robert-f-mason
<![CDATA[10 Incredibly Talented Actors Whose Skills Were Overshadowed by One Role]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/talented-actors-remembered-for-one-role/michael-anderson

Sometimes there's a simple explanation for one-hit wonder actors: they just aren't any good. But what about those actors who honed their craft at prestigious acting schools or rushed themselves from one open-mic night to another in perpetual hope of finally being discovered? Sometimes, it turns out their big break was actually a curse.

In the acting community, there can be no bigger shame than seeing exceedingly talented actors who are typecast into just one role. Even worse, it's usually the result of that actor doing such a standout job playing that role. Directors and casting heads then see them as being able to play only that one role, which can royally f*ck over an actor's career if that role is monumentally idiosyncratic.

So while, yes, there are some one-hit wonder actors who hit pay dirt with a role that was magically fitted to who they were in real life, there are a number of instances in which actors who are only remembered for one role are extremely talented and therefore miss out on receiving their due praise. Check out some really talented actors who could never break free of their iconic role below.


10 Incredibly Talented Actors Whose Skills Were Overshadowed by One Role,

Alfonso Ribeiro

Who knows the Carlton dance? That's right: everyone. But is everyone aware that Alfonso Ribeiro began his career as a child actor, dancing on Broadway and alongside the King of Pop, Michael Jackson, in a Pepsi commercial? In fact, before The Fresh Prince of Bel-AirRibeiro had already made a name for himself. 

However, after his tenure as the entitled, do-right snoot, Ribeiro was never again able to replicate that success. Instead, he turned to reality fare, participating as a contestant on Dancing with the Stars (where he reprised the Carlton dance) and gave a slew of appearances on daytime talk shows. 


Anthony Perkins

Early in his career, Anthony Perkins had been typecast as a nervous adolescent, especially in films such as Fear Strikes Out, The Tin Star, and Desire Under the Elms. And in these performances, the master of suspense Alfred Hitchcock saw the potential for one of cinema's most notorious murderers. 

Perkins's devilishly innocent good looks and adoption of a slight stutter to flesh out the murderous dichotomy within Norman Bates sealed his fate to forever be associated with the killing mama's boy.  

Even though Perkins was able to work steadily for the three decades after his iconic turn in Psycho, capturing such roles as Joseph K. in The Trial and Hector McQueen in Murder on the Orient Express, he ended up reprising the role of Bates in three more installments of the Psycho series and continued to be cast in the role of mentally disturbed characters, as in Edge of Sanity.


David Hyde Pierce

The precursor to such finicky fussbudgets as The Big Bang Theory's Sheldon (played by Jim Parsons), Niles Crane was rarely seen without a hanky to wipe down any seat and was almost always clad in fine Italian suits. Yet these traits do little to capture the idiosyncrasies that David Hyde Pierce was able to portray in his tenure as Frasier's always jealous younger brother.

While Frasier without a doubt exposed Pierce's skills to a massive audience, it effectively pigeonholed the actor into the role of the persnickety milquetoast. This drastically limited the TV and film work made available to him. 

His post-Frasier TV/film career is spotty at best, with his most notable appearances coming in the Wet Hot American Summer reboot and an eight-episode recurring role on The Good Wife (a show that features nearly every actor ever).

Thankfully, his career outside Hollywood has been more lucrative. He has won multiple Tony Awards and has been nominated for several other stage-related awards. Pierce was also exceptional in his role as a plague-victim collector in the acclaimed musical comedy Spamalot


Jason Alexander

Narcissistic, self-loathing, cheap, egomaniacal: these are just a few adjectives describing the memorable George Costanza from NBC's hit Seinfeld. He has eaten from the trash (though, to be fair, the pastry was on top) and has pushed children out of the way to save himself from a fire. Such acts of depravity have clung to Jason Alexander in his post-Seinfeld career, plaguing him in his struggle to land another substantial TV or film role.

Despite his lauded Broadway capabilities - evidenced by his Tony Award - Alexander has become typecast in Hollywood as a nit-picky sleaze in such insubstantial fare as Shallow Hal.

In fact, Alexander is perhaps the most iconic skilled actor to be typecast thanks to his recurring role in Curb Your Enthusiasm's second season, in which he (playing himself) and Seinfeld co-creator Larry David (again, playing himself) attempt to scrap together a sitcom based the troubles of a talented typecast actor. 


Kelsey Grammer

As an alumnus of Juilliard and the Old Globe Theatre company and a skilled Shakespearean actor, Kelsey Grammer's career by the early 1980s looked to be on track for renown and prestige. Then enter a young psychiatrist-turned-paramour of Diane Chambers, a barmaid in a bar where everyone knows your name. 

Over the following two decades, Grammer would play the unctuous, self-involved psychiatrist and radio personality across two highly acclaimed sitcoms: Cheers and its spin-off, Frasier. His portrayal of Frasier Crane earned him numerous accolades as well as led him to tie (with James Arness from Gunsmoke) the record for consecutive years of appearing as the same character. 

Even though Grammer went on to win a Golden Globe for his portrayal of Mayor Tom Kane on Boss, the series was ultimately short-lived, and he still struggles with escaping the looming shadow cast by Frasier Crane, leaving his blatant skill and silky voice to remain largely unutilized.


Kim Cattrall

If you think you're more of a Samantha, that may not bode well for your acting career. Kim Cattrall's identity has become inseparable from her character on Sex and the City. This is despite the fact that her career had been prolific, spanning back to the mid-1970s, before she landed the iconic role. 

It's clear that Cattrall has some serious acting chops based on her attending the American Academy of Dramatic Arts (the school's alumni include Jessica Chastain, Danny DeVito, and Paul Rudd, to name a few). After graduation, she consistently landed roles in diverse films from Otto Preminger's Rosebud to Police Academy

However, after playing the powerfully uninhibited socialite Samantha Jones, Cattrall has yet been able to enjoy the same amount of success as she did before her iconic role. 


Mark Hamill

If someone drops the name Mark Hamill at a party, there's a good chance many won't know who the hell that is. But drop Luke Skywalker, and nearly anyone could describe the swashbuckling Jedi whose fearless tactics saved the Rebellion from being squashed by Darth Vader and the Sith Empire.

Before the first Star Wars film, Hamill had been a middling actor who worked steadily from the start of the 1970s. After the initial Star Wars trilogy ended, however, the leading man of one of the most successful films series failed to land a standout leading role. Instead, he stuck to providing voices for animated series. This might be due to a car crash between A New Hope and The Empire Strikes Back that left him with some facial scars. In fact, Hamill didn't have another remarkable appearance on the silver screen until he reprised the role of Skywalker in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), a role that he will continue to play in movies to come.


Rainn Wilson

It can be argued that Dwight Schrute was the one consistently side-splitting character on The Office while Michael Scott left for Colorado, Pam and Jim's relationship ebbed and flowed, and Ryan the temp underwent random, unexplained disappearances from time to time. Much of the credit for this should be awarded to Rainn Wilson, who played the zany naturalist and aspiring regional manager with a core of compassion under a brick-hard exterior. 

Before The Office, Wilson notched several important small roles in Almost Famous and Six Feet Under. Despite these skillful turns, he was a relative unknown when cast as the assistant to the regional manager in the American take on The Office

Despite his nuanced turn as Dwight, Wilson failed to gain more substantial roles after The Office ran its course, arguably because his character was so perfectly idiosyncratic that it's hard to imagine him as anyone else. 


Rhea Perlman

The hot-tempered waitress from Cheers, who was always quick with a venomous one-liner, would arguably not be nearly as fondly remembered if she were played by any actress other than Rhea Perlman. Her knack for theatrics brought life to tired writing that all too often relied on rehashing the same jokes for Carla over and over: Carla hates Cliff, Carla hates Diane (and later Rebecca), and Carla is at some stage of becoming or being pregnant. 

Although Perlman's career hadn't quite reached its apex prior to joining Cheers, she notched a few important roles, including a recurring role on Taxi. And after Cheers, her filmography is long but riddled with small roles that never held the potential for her to demonstrate her obvious skill. 

Alas, it seems that she will forever be remembered as the acid-tongued barmaid slinging cocktails to keep her and her children afloat while the other characters bickered about the sweatiest movie


William Shatner

Although the entire Star Trek cast has had difficulty outrunning the shadow cast by the series, William Shatner is perhaps the most notable. In fact, few are even aware of his rigorous technical roots. 

The son of an elocution teacher,  Shatner pursued an acting career early on. He was able to establish himself as a prominent Shakespearean actor in addition to handling other serious fare, including as Alexei Karamazov in The Brothers Karamazov.

Then Shatner assumed the life-changing role of the independent though arduously loyal Captain James T. Kirk. He was an intergalactic heartthrob who could skillfully navigate his crew through any problem, a skill Shatner didn't own as he became forever married to the character, thanks to the series' somewhat obsessive fan base and his distinct intonation. 



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Mon, 14 Nov 2016 15:35:44 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/talented-actors-remembered-for-one-role/michael-anderson
<![CDATA[Greatest Athletes in the World Ever]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/best-athletes-in-the-world-ever/stefano-stilt-terrasi

Greatest Athletes in the World Ever,

Franco Baresi

Gianni Rivera

Ingemar Stenmark

John McEnroe

Julius Erving

Marco van Basten

Michael Jordan

Paolo Maldini

Pelé

Pete Sampras


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Tue, 22 Nov 2016 01:10:38 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/best-athletes-in-the-world-ever/stefano-stilt-terrasi
<![CDATA[Game 15: Minnesota Wild @ Ottawa Senators]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-15-minnesota-wild-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness

Game 15: Minnesota Wild @ Ottawa Senators,

Chris Neil

Craig Anderson

Dion Phaneuf

Kyle Turris

Erik Karlsson

Mark Borowiecki

Mark Stone

Cody Ceci

Jean-Gabriel Pageau

Ryan Dzingel


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Thu, 17 Nov 2016 02:11:20 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-15-minnesota-wild-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness
<![CDATA[Game #16: Kings @ Jets, November 13, 2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_16-kings-_-jets-november-13-2016/emkveton

Game #16: Kings @ Jets, November 13, 2016,

Devin Setoguchi

Drew Doughty

Peter Budaj

Tom Gilbert

Derek Forbort

Dwight King

Jordan Nolan

Tanner Pearson

Kevin Gravel

Nic Dowd


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Thu, 17 Nov 2016 02:11:20 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_16-kings-_-jets-november-13-2016/emkveton
<![CDATA[Who Would You Like To Throw Eggs At?]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/who-would-you-like-to-throw-eggs-at-/martinaustin

It's a long tradition that unpopular people often get and Egg thrown at them, many on the list have had this more than once, So Who Would You Like To Throw Eggs At? So many to choose from, add your ideas, but remember this is just for fun, so please don't pop out and do it! Think of the eggs!


Who Would You Like To Throw Eggs At?,

Chris Brown

Donald Trump

Jeremy Clarkson

Kanye West

Kim Kardashian

Kourtney Kardashian

Khloé Kardashian

Kris Jenner

Justin Bieber

Kylie Jenner


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 13:11:32 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/who-would-you-like-to-throw-eggs-at-/martinaustin
<![CDATA[Game 14: Capitals Vs. Hurricanes]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-14-capitals-vs-hurricanes/japersrink

Game 14: Capitals Vs. Hurricanes,

Alexander Ovechkin

Brooks Orpik

Lars Eller

T. J. Oshie

Evgeny Kuznetsov

Marcus Johansson

Jay Beagle

Philipp Grubauer

Dmitry Orlov

Andre Burakovsky


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Wed, 16 Nov 2016 02:11:24 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-14-capitals-vs-hurricanes/japersrink
<![CDATA[Rate The Flames vs NY Rangers]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-ny-rangers/mpark14news

Rate The Flames vs NY Rangers,

Matt Stajan

Michael Frolík

Mikael Backlund

Troy Brouwer

Deryk Engelland

Freddie Hamilton

Johnny Gaudreau

Hunter Shinkaruk

Brett Kulak

Micheal Ferland


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Wed, 16 Nov 2016 11:21:25 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-ny-rangers/mpark14news
<![CDATA[Red Wings at Canadiens October 12th]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-at-canadiens-october-12th/wingingitmotown

Red Wings at Canadiens October 12th,

Frans Nielsen

Henrik Zetterberg

Jimmy Howard

Mike Green

Gustav Nyquist

Petr Mrázek

Anthony Mantha

Dylan Larkin

The Refs

Tyler Bertuzzi


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Wed, 16 Nov 2016 02:21:16 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-at-canadiens-october-12th/wingingitmotown
<![CDATA[Rank the Bruins Vs. Arizona]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-bruins-vs-arizona/bruinshockeynowww

Rank the Bruins Vs. Arizona,

Brad Marchand

David Krejčí

Patrice Bergeron

Riley Nash

Tuukka Rask

Zdeno Chára

David Backes

Brandon Carlo

David Pastrnak

Austin Czarnik


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Wed, 16 Nov 2016 02:11:23 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-bruins-vs-arizona/bruinshockeynowww
<![CDATA[Who Should Play Dumbledore in Fantastic Beast 2?]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/who-should-play-dumbledore-in-fantastic-beast-2-/razzledazzle_crimsonny_

We already now that Dumbledore will be appear in Fantastic Beasts 2, and it will be a major role, of course, he's an important character in Harry Potter's universe. Because of that, and when the news arrived, a lot of sites started to publish options for who could play Dumbledore, but, there are various list of great actors and the choice is not very easy.

Who you think should play the head of Hogwarts in his youngers years?


Who Should Play Dumbledore in Fantastic Beast 2?,

Billy Boyd

Ewan McGregor

Hugh Dancy

Hugo Weaving

Iain Glen

James D'Arcy

Jared Harris

Michael Sheen

Richard Armitage

Theo James


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 14:41:42 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/who-should-play-dumbledore-in-fantastic-beast-2-/razzledazzle_crimsonny_
<![CDATA[Most Sexy Young Adult 2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/most-sexy-young-adult-2016/tomkristensenn

Vote and Elect 2016 Most Sexy Woman in 2016.


Most Sexy Young Adult 2016,

Taylor Spreitler

Katherine McNamara

Halston Sage

McKayla Maroney

Alycia Debnam Carey

23


Yara Khmidan

23


Demi Rose

Madison Justice Reed

20


Abby Kennemer

21


Oka Giner

23



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Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:51:21 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/most-sexy-young-adult-2016/tomkristensenn
<![CDATA[Game 13: Capitals Vs. Blackhawks]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-13-capitals-vs-blackhawks/japersrink

Game 13: Capitals Vs. Blackhawks,

Justin Williams

Karl Alzner

Matt Niskanen

Taylor Chorney

T. J. Oshie

Marcus Johansson

Jay Beagle

Braden Holtby

Tom Wilson

Dmitry Orlov


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Sun, 13 Nov 2016 15:41:29 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-13-capitals-vs-blackhawks/japersrink
<![CDATA[Game #15: Kings @ Senators, November 11, 2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_15-kings-_-senators-november-11-2016/emkveton

Game #15: Kings @ Senators, November 11, 2016,

Jeff Carter

Peter Budaj

Jeff Zatkoff

Derek Forbort

Dwight King

Tyler Toffoli

Kyle Clifford

Nick Shore

Tanner Pearson

Kevin Gravel


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Tue, 15 Nov 2016 07:41:28 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_15-kings-_-senators-november-11-2016/emkveton
<![CDATA[2016 Most Sexy Teen Election]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/2016-most-sexy-teen-election/tomkristensenn

Celebrate youth. Vote and elect the Most Sexy and Beautiful female teen in 2016.


2016 Most Sexy Teen Election,

Lia Johnson

19


Chloë Grace Moretz

Stefanie Scott

Hailee Steinfeld

Olivia Holt

Ava Elizabeth Sambora

Dove Cameron

Alexis Ren

19


Flavia Pavanelli

18


Scarlett Leithold

19



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Thu, 01 Dec 2016 18:21:25 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/2016-most-sexy-teen-election/tomkristensenn
<![CDATA[Game 14: Los Angeles Kings @ Ottawa Senators]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-14-los-angeles-kings-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness

Game 14: Los Angeles Kings @ Ottawa Senators,

Craig Anderson

Kyle Turris

Marc Methot

Erik Karlsson

Mark Borowiecki

Zack Smith

Mark Stone

Cody Ceci

Jean-Gabriel Pageau

Ryan Dzingel


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Mon, 14 Nov 2016 10:31:25 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-14-los-angeles-kings-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness
<![CDATA[People Who Pick Their Nose in Public Are...]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/people-who-pick-their-nose-in-public-are-/mansmarbles

Explore more of the gross things that drive you nuts @ MansMarbles.com!


People Who Pick Their Nose in Public Are...,

Who Cares

Other

All of the Above

Stupid

Assholes

Ignorant


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Thu, 17 Nov 2016 14:31:23 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/people-who-pick-their-nose-in-public-are-/mansmarbles
<![CDATA[The Most Adorable People]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-most-adorable-people/martinaustin

Who Are The Most Adorable People in the Film, TV, Sport, Music World? Those who are just lovely people, who do loads of charity work and who love animals. So no Kim Kardashian, Lady Gaga or Kayne West on this list. Please add to the list and rerank, Thanks as always.


The Most Adorable People,

Bette Midler

Betty White

Cyndi Lauper

Dolly Parton

Goldie Hawn

Helen Mirren

Maggie Smith

Tom Hanks

Nick Jonas

Theo James


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Fri, 02 Dec 2016 14:41:42 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-most-adorable-people/martinaustin
<![CDATA[10 Geniuses Who Vanished or Went Into Hiding]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/geniuses-who-vanished-or-went-into-hiding/kellen-perry

There’s a quote attributed to EB White that goes, “Genius is more often found in a cracked pot than in a whole one.” The list below appears to confirm that, with stories about geniuses who disappeared, geniuses who vanished, and, yes, some geniuses who seem to be some flavor of what people used to call, insensitively, “crazy.”

But the plural of anecdote, as they say, isn’t data. These so-called mad geniuses aren’t a homogeneous group of crackpots. Some of these geniuses went into hiding for perfectly sensible reasons, such as to flee the Gestapo or avoid pushy and privacy-invading press. Others simply vanished without a trace, leaving behind a mystery as looming as the brilliant work they left behind.


10 Geniuses Who Vanished or Went Into Hiding,

Chaim Soutine

Chaim Soutine, an acclaimed Russian Expressionist painter of Belarusian-Jewish origin, vanished from Paris and the public eye in 1941 to escape the Gestapo. For two years, he traveled, battling a stomach ulcer, with his girlfriend Marie-Berthe Aurenche, sleeping in forests, bouncing from hotel-to-hotel, constantly changing accommodations to avoid detection.

The art world discovered his whereabouts in 1943, after Aurenche took more than 24 hours to stealthily drive him 200 miles back to Paris for treatment for his ulcer (they did not trust any local doctors where they were hiding). Soutine died of internal bleeding on August 9, 1943.

Known best for his vivid paintings of animal carcasses, Soutine’s work was wildly popular in New York during the ‘30s and ‘40s. He was championed as a genius by Italian painter Amedeo Modigliani (responsible for the portrait of Soutine above) as early as 1917, but his work didn’t find acclaim until a prominent American collector purchased all of his work at once in 1922 (now permanently on display at a museum in Merion, PA).


Ettore Majorana

Theoretical physicist Ettore Majorana (1906-1938?) was considered one of the most deeply brilliant men in the world by Enrico Fermi, creator of the first nuclear reactor. Fermi even compared Majorana to Galileo and Newton. So the scientific community was shocked to learn Majorana disappeared without a trace in 1938, shortly after traveling on a ship headed from Palermo to Naples.

There are many theories as to what happened to Majorana, but no real evidence to back them up. Suicide is a popular theory. He wrote a letter to a friend saying he “made a decision that has become unavoidable,” but later sent another letter saying, “Don’t think I’m like an Ibsen heroine, because the case if different. I’m at your disposal for further details.”

Some think Majorana may have been killed by Nazis, joined a monastery, or just decided to start a new life (he did drain his bank account the day before he disappeared).


Grigori Perelman

Russian math god Dr. Grigori Perelman collected the super-prestigious $1,000,000 Clay Mathematics Institute Millennium Prize in 2010 for proving the Poincaré conjecture, and earned the super-awesome nickname “Mathsputin” for rejecting the prize to continue living in squalor with his probably pissed off mother and sister in St. Petersburg. The Poincaré conjecture states, “Every simply connected, closed 3-manifold is homeomorphic to the 3-sphere,” which you have to admit sounds a bit like rejected Pootie Tang dialogue unless you’re a Good Will Hunting-level math wizard.

The wild-bearded Perelman, who turned down teaching offers from Princeton and Berkeley, reportedly lives “extremely humbly,” which is wee bit of an understatement: an “astounded” neighbor said in 2010 that Perelman “only has a table, a stool and a bed with a dirty mattress.” Slightly more recent reports indicate Perelman has “all [he] needs,” and just doesn’t want the attention, likening it to being “on display like an animal in a zoo.”

After Perelman's sudden flight from obscurity to fame, he more or less disappeared from public view, so much so journalists went looking for him. Brett Forrest of British newspaper The Telegraph conducted a stakeout to find the reclusive genius in 2012, and apparently made brief contact with him. Meanwhile, Perelman's Wikipedia page is full of bizarre conjecture like "Some Russian news outlets have indicated that Perelman has had a job in Sweden since 2014" and "In April 2011, Aleksandr Zabrovsky, producer of President-Film studio, claimed to have held an interview with Perelman... A number of journalists believe that Zabrovky's interview is most likely a fake... "


J. D. Salinger

No list of reclusive geniuses would be complete without Catcher in the Rye author JD Salinger, who famously left Manhattan in 1953 to live on a “90-acre compound” in Cornish, NH. He remained there until his death in 2010, at age 91.

Salinger's most famous character, Rye protagonist Holden Caulfield, wanted to live in “a little cabin somewhere with the dough [he] made and live there for the rest of [his] life,” far from “any goddam stupid conversation with anybody.” If Caulfield was speaking for Salinger, the author got his wish, for the most part. In his first year in Cornish, he let local kids interview him for the “High School” section of the local paper, but the editors instead gave the interview prominence as a feature. Feeling betrayed, Salinger built a six-and-a-half feet fence around his property.

Salinger broke his legendary silence in 1973, speaking to the New York Times about his attempts to prevent his uncollected stories from being published without his consent: “Publishing is a terrible invasion of my privacy. I like to write. I love to write. But I write just for myself and my own pleasure.”


Margie Profet

Evolutionary biologist Margie Profet spent the '80s and early ‘90s publishing controversial, but influential, work regarding menstruation, morning sickness, and allergies, including the groundbreaking idea that menstruation has a function, and isn’t just a by-product. She won the six-figure MacArthur Foundation “genius grant” prize in 1993. In 2005, still living off the prize, she cut ties with her friends and family, and was considered a missing person.

Profet, amazingly, resurfaced and reunited with her family in 2012, thanks in large part to a feature in Psychology Today. She said she did not know anyone was looking for her, and had been in “severe physical pain” for years due to an undisclosed illness. She said she didn’t disclose her whereabouts or condition, because she didn’t want to trouble anyone. Unable to work because of the pain, she spent several years in poverty, “sustained largely by the religion she had come to early in the decade.” It’s unclear what that religion is. 


Thomas Pynchon

Like JD Salinger before him, author Thomas Pynchon is one of the world’s most famous reclusive literary geniuses, except Pynchon has maintained a relatively steady output of novels (Against the Day, Inherent Vice, Bleeding Edge) and even film adaptations (Inherent Vice) since his long, post-Gravity’s Rainbow drought in the ‘70s. Despite this, there are only four known photographs of Pynchon in circulation.

Gravity’s Rainbow earned Pynchon a Pulitzer consideration in 1974 (overruled by the advisory board for being “turgid” and “obscene”), and the William Dean Howells Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1975, which he declined via letter: “The Howells Medal is a great honor, and, being gold, probably a good hedge against inflation, too. But I don't want it. Please don't impose on me something I don't want.”

Pynchon has successfully remained out of the public eye his entire career, but he appeared, oddly enough, three times on The Simpsons in animated form. He even sent Executive Producer Matt Selman feedback on his first appearance, cutting a line where he calls Homer a “fat ass.” Pynchon wrote to Selman, “Homer is my role model and I can’t speak ill of him.”


William James Sidis

Proto-Doogie Howser William James Sidis (1898-1944) was an impossibly gifted lad: he could reportedly read the New York Times before he was two, knew several languages at six, and even invented his own language before being accepted into Harvard at age 11. The Wes Anderson-character-come-to-life had other interests, too, including writing French poetry, novels, and “a constitution for a utopia.”

But it was his astounding math skills that really wowed the grown-ups at Harvard, where he lectured, at age 11, on four-dimensional bodies. He graduated cum laude at age 16, but never really used his degree. After toiling in grad school, law school, and a professorship, Sidis went into hiding, bouncing from job-to-job and city-to-city, seeking to become a “regular working man.”

He wrote the occasional odd book, often using pseudonyms, including a book all about streetcar tickets under the name Frank Folupa, which his biographer calls "arguably the most boring book ever written." In 1937, he successfully sued the New Yorker for writing a sneaky piece about him he thought “made him sound crazy.” He died in 1944 from a brain hemorrhage, the same thing that killed his father.


Barbara Newhall Follett

Child prodigy Barbara Newhall Follett disappeared in 1939, at age 26, following a fight with her husband. She has never been seen again. Follett famously authored a novel, The House Without Windows, at age 12. It garnered near-unanimous praise. Anne Carroll Moore, of the New York Herald Tribune, found the story “exquisite,” but wrote, “I can conceive of no greater handicap for the writer between the ages of 19 and 39 than to have published a successful book between the age of nine and 12.” Moore wondered what price young Follett would “pay for her ‘big days’ at the typewriter?”

Follett authored follow-up The Voyage of the Norman D. the next year (“a fine, sustained, and vivid piece of writing”—The Saturday Review), but the week before publication, her father left her and her mother to live with a younger woman. Follett found work as a typist to make up for the income her father took with him. By age 20, she had written two more books, but had no editor and no high school diploma, making it hard to find work.

Follett married outdoorsman Nickerson Rogers in '34, and found happiness backpacking through Europe and taking dance classes. But in 1939, she wrote to a friend that Nick was cheating on her. On December 7, she disappeared forever, just the character Eepersip from The House Without Windows. Rogers later said he expected her to return, which is why it took him weeks to tell police. The media didn’t learn about Follett’s disappearance until 1966, because Rogers didn’t list her maiden name in the missing person report.


Beverley Thorne

Architect David Thorne received so much attention for his work on jazz giant Dave Brubeck’s house in 1954, he changed his professional name in the ‘60s, got an unlisted phone number, and didn’t “resurface” until the ‘80s. Brubek’s mid-century modern house in Oakland was considered a brilliant early example of the dramatic, steel-supported homes that would later fill the Hollywood hills.

Tired of attention from rich developers and “crooks,” Thorne changed his professional name to Beverley Thorne and largely dropped out of sight, quietly doing work that went largely unheralded. In the ‘80s, his profile increased on account of work he did in Hawaii. By 2006, he once again began speaking openly about his 1950s work.


Genius Chef Nick Gill Decided to Disappear

At just 21, Nick Gill was the youngest-ever British chef to win a Michelin star. He seemed destined for a life of fame and fortune, and was hailed as a culinary genius. By the time he disappeared, at 42, he had been jailed for attacking his ex-wife and lost contact with his two young children. He was also, reportedly, a “heavy drinker and drug user.”

In 1998, he told his older brother, writer and critic AA Gill, “I’m going to go and disappear. Please don’t look for me.” The elder Gill obliged, and Nick hasn’t been seen since. Strangely, a pencil sketch of Nick done by AA showed up for auction at Christie’s in 2014, but AA says it’s not a sign. “I don’t know where it came from. I didn’t pursue it. If Nick wanted to get in touch with me, I’m not hard to find.”



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Fri, 18 Nov 2016 13:19:48 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/geniuses-who-vanished-or-went-into-hiding/kellen-perry
<![CDATA[13 Twisted Before & After Stories of Lobotomy Victims]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/lobotomies-before-and-after/jacob-shelton

Throughout the history of medicine there have been few surgical practices more barbaric, cruel, and yet sometimes surprisingly helpful than the lobotomy. Famous lobotomy patients range from children of politicians and English lords, to singers who were on their way to stardom before finding themselves waylaid by mental illness. The personality, memory, and IQ of lobotomy patients before and after surgery varies wildly, and doctors were not able to fully understand what was happening and why. These true stories about lobotomy patients are at times emotionally draining, but a few of them also reveal an unexpected beacon of light.

When you think about the worst things that happened to lobotomy patients, it’s hard to decide which nightmare scenario is worse. When it comes to reading true stories about people that received a lobotomy, it's a bit like playing a twisted game of "would you rather?" So while you read this collection of stories about people who went under the knife to have their brains fiddled with, consider all the possible outcomes of this strange and dangerous surgery.


13 Twisted Before & After Stories of Lobotomy Victims,

Dave Rubinstein

From 1980 to1990, Reagan Youth bashed out an intense, politically charged form of hardcore that managed to tow the line between brilliant dumbed down circle pit anthems and trenchant critiques of the racist punk scene that was bubbling over throughout the '80s. Unfortunately, the band's singer, Dave Rubinstein, had a nasty heroin habit and ended up on the wrong end of a baseball bat one night during a drug deal gone bad. Rubinstein was put into a coma by the attack, and according to members of his band, the only chance that he could be saved was by giving him a lobotomy. (Yes, doctors were still performing lobotomies in the 1980s.) 

After the surgery, Rubinstein technically recovered, but he was never again the punk rock intellectual that he was while fronting Reagan Youth for a decade. He quit singing with the band and threw himself completely into his addiction. In 1993, he would end his own life after his girlfriend, Tiffany Bresciani (a prostitute and exotic dancer), was murdered by the serial killer Joel Rifkin. 


Josef Hassid

This Polish violinist was one of the most gifted classical musicians of the early 20th century, but he suffered from a severe mental disorder that sent him into violent mood swings where he would either grow silent and introverted, or destroy his violins. After being diagnosed as schizophrenic on June 19, 1941, he was admitted to St Andrew's Hospital in Northampton, where he received electroconvulsive therapy

Hassid's condition improved and he was able to leave the hospital in May 1942, but by December, his moods were swinging wildly back and forth from silent and morose to crazed laughter, and he was admitted to Long Grove Hospital in Epsom. Eight years later, he was given a bilateral prefrontal lobotomy, and shortly afterwards he developed a postoperative infection that progressed into meningitis. He died on November 7, shortly before his 27th birthday.


Rosemary Kennedy

When Rosemary Kennedy was born, the medical community was still decades away from understanding dyslexia, or learning disabilities. She was simply seen by her parents as a troubled child with deficient basic cognitive skills who lacked the ability to retain knowledge, and by the age of seven she was removed from the Edward Devotion School.

Throughout her teens, Rosemary never made it past a fourth grade reading or writing level and was shown to have an IQ somewhere between 60 and 70. By the time she was 23, her father, Joe Kennedy, had decided that what she needed was a frontal lobotomy. It was thought he was afraid his daughter might embarrass him and his son and hurt their chances in politics.

Prior to the procedure, Rosemary was described as being absolutely adoring of her brothers, especially Jack, but she could fly into a rage if she didn't get her way. One night when she was caught sneaking out of the house, she erupted in a violent tantrums that would soon turn to seizures. 

In November 1941, Dr. Walter Freeman performed the surgery with Dr. James Watts, and they sliced away at the young woman's frontal lobe until the left side of her body was partially paralyzed.

After the surgery Rosemary was sent off to a mental institution where she had to relearn how to brush her teeth, walk, and dress herself. The bubbly and sometimes volcanically angry young woman was replaced with someone who was just above an invalid, who could only grunt, shriek, or scream. Tragically, she could no longer even recognize her beloved brothers.


Alys Robi

Alys Robi was once described as "Canada's answer to the renowned Latin singer and dancer, Carmen Miranda" because of her high-voltage renditions of Tico TicoBesame Mucho, and You Belong to My Heart. Her obituary describes her as being an alluring, temperamental woman with magnetic eyes, but in 1952 she was sent to a mental institution following a car accident that left her mentally scarred and sent her into wild mood swings. Robi then suffered a mental breakdown, and afterwards was interred at the Quebec City asylum, where she received an alleged unwanted lobotomy. 

After five years in the institution, Robi was released, and actually credited the lobotomy with her new, calm demeanor. "I woke up better and later understood that I was one of the rare lobotomy success stories," she said.

 


Rose Williams

The older sister of Tennessee Williams, Rose was schizophrenic and described by her playwright brother as one of the sweetest, genuine people he ever knew. In his memoirs, Williams notes that when Rose would go on a date she “would talk with an almost hysterical animation which few young men knew how to take.”

In 1926, Rose wrote a letter to her grandmother describing her depression:

I don’t know what was the matter with me except that I was so nervous that I couldn’t hold the glass to take my medicine in. I stayed in bed all day long and had a big dose of calomel and I feel better but still weak. I just had finished a music lesson, and Miss Butell nearly drove me wild. It makes me nervous as a cat.

By 1943, Rose was beginning to lash out during manic episodes and agreed to undergo a frontal lobotomy. The surgery seemed to reduce Rose to the status of something just above a vegetable. She remained institutionalized, albeit in a swanky institution thanks to her brother's fortune. In a post-surgery letter she wrote to Tennessee, she said, "I want some black coffee, ice-cream on a chocolate bar, a good picture of you, Your devoted sister, Xxx Rose. P.S. Send me one 1 dollar for ice cream.”


Genevieve Pilarski

In 1944, Genevieve "Gennie" Pilarski was admitted to a state psychiatric facility known as the Manteno State Hospital in Manteno, Illinois, after she and her parents had a disagreement about where she should live post college. When she was admitted to the facility, a doctor described her as "neat, clean, tidy. Extremely quiet but friendly and agreeable. Cooperative in ward and routine." He even noted that there were "no signs of active pathology."

For some reason, instead of releasing Gennie on her own recognizance, the hospital staff subjected her to hydrotherapy, repeatedly plunging her into and out of ice water. Afterward, she asked: "Is life a farce?"

By May 1953, Gennie had undergone 187 electric shock therapies (two a week) and on February 18, 1955, she was subjected to an "extensive neurosurgery with bilateral extirpation of most of frontal and temporal lobes." This unnecessary surgery left Gennie "mute, [and] totally dependent on commands for functioning of everything from toilet urges on up."

None of this was reported to anyone, and for the next 45 years she was shuffled between nursing homes and mental wards until she passed away in 1998 at the age of 79. 


H.M.

At the tender age of 15, a young man only known by the initials "H.M." was hit by a cyclist and cracked his skull. From that injury he began suffering seizures that lasted for around 40 seconds at a time, and lost control of his bowels. H.M. sought out Dr. William Scoville, a man who was experimenting with “fractional” lobotomies, which destroyed less tissue and supposedly allowed patients to keep their original personalities. 

On September 1, 1953, Scoville used a hand crank and one-dollar drill saw from a local hardware store to remove a bottle cap’s worth of bone from above each one of H.M.'s eyes. He then removed a few key parts of H.M.'s brain. After the surgery, H.M. only suffered about two seizures a year (a vast improvement), and his IQ jumped from 104 to 117, but he couldn't form any new memories.

H.M. was forced to move back in with his parents where he performed odd jobs, despite having to ask multiple times what it was he was doing. It was later discovered that due to the loss of his hippocampus, H.M.'s brain began to understand time differently. According to Sam Kean: "Five minutes lasted, subjectively, just 40 seconds for him; one hour lasted three minutes; one day 15 minutes." 

H.M. passed away in a nursing facility at the age of 82 from respiratory failure, and his brain was removed immediately following his death, H.M.'s brain was shaved into 2,401 slices, each of which was mounted on a glass plate and photographed at 20x magnification, to form a digital, zoomable map down to the level of individual neurons. 


Ellen Ionesco

Ellen Ionesco was the reportedly the first person to receive a transorbital lobotomy - a surgery where an icepick (or something pick-like) is forced through the back of the eye sockets to pierce the thin bone that separates the eye sockets from the frontal lobe.

Prior to her surgery, Ionesco was described by her daughter as "absolutely violently suicidal." But after the lobotomy, performed on Jan. 17, 1946, the storm clouds seemed to evaporate: "After the transorbital lobotomy there was nothing. It stopped immediately. It was just peace. I don't know how to explain it to you, it was like turning a coin over. That quick. So whatever he did, he did something right."

Although the "soul surgery," as Doctor Freeman put it, had a mostly positive outcome, there was still one blemish - Ionesco couldn't remember anything about Freeman, including what he looked like. Fortunately, when she was interviewed at the age of 88 years old, Ioensco wasn't too worried about the blank spot in her memory. "He was just a great man. That's all I can say."


Patricia Moen

According to Patricia, after being married to her husband for 13 years, she suddenly started crying constantly in 1962 at the age of 36. She told NPR, "I just mentally was no good," and one night while she was home alone she took an entire bottle of pills in a last-ditch suicide attempt. That's when Dr. Walter Freeman suggested that she get a lobotomy, although he did warn her that there was a possibility that she would end up a vegetable. According to Patricia, even though she couldn't remember the surgery or her time at the hospital, she did feel different after the doctor tinkered with her brain. 

"I was a more free person after I'd had it. Just not to be so concerned about things... I just, I went home and started living, I guess is the best I can say - just started living again and was able to get back into taking care of things and cooking and shopping and that kind of thing..."


Anita McGee

In 1953 Anita McGee was treated by Doctor Walter Freeman for postpartum depression, and he definitely didn't prescribe therapy to help improver her mental state. Instead, the doctor gave McGee a lobotomy that left her institutionalized for most of her life, and her daughter believes that Freeman's desire to hand out lobotomies like they were pennies had something to do with whatever was going on in his own head: "I personally think that something in Dr. Freeman wanted to be able to conquer people and take away who they were." 



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Thu, 10 Nov 2016 11:48:54 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/lobotomies-before-and-after/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[Game 12: Capitals Vs. Sharks]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-12-capitals-vs-sharks/japersrink

Game 12: Capitals Vs. Sharks,

Justin Williams

Karl Alzner

Lars Eller

T. J. Oshie

Marcus Johansson

Jay Beagle

Tom Wilson

Dmitry Orlov

Nate Schmidt

Andre Burakovsky


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Sat, 12 Nov 2016 02:11:20 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-12-capitals-vs-sharks/japersrink
<![CDATA[Rank the Rangers V. Vancouver 11/8/2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-rangers-v-vancouver-11-and-8-and-2016/bff50

Van 5 NYR 3


Rank the Rangers V. Vancouver 11/8/2016,

Michael Grabner

Rick Nash

Mats Zuccarello

Jesper Fast

Antti Raanta

Brandon Pirri

Brady Skjei

Kevin Hayes

Jimmy Vesey

Pavel Buchnevich


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Tue, 15 Nov 2016 11:11:26 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rank-the-rangers-v-vancouver-11-and-8-and-2016/bff50
<![CDATA[Game #13: Kings @ Maple Leafs, November 8, 2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_13-kings-_-maple-leafs-november-8-2016/emkveton

Game #13: Kings @ Maple Leafs, November 8, 2016,

Anže Kopitar

Dustin Brown

Jeff Carter

Derek Forbort

Dwight King

Tyler Toffoli

Kyle Clifford

Nick Shore

Tanner Pearson

Nic Dowd


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Sat, 12 Nov 2016 02:11:20 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-_13-kings-_-maple-leafs-november-8-2016/emkveton
<![CDATA[Red Wings at Flyers November 8th]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-at-flyers-november-8th/wingingitmotown

Red Wings at Flyers November 8th,

Darren Helm

Frans Nielsen

Henrik Zetterberg

Jimmy Howard

Mike Green

Jonathan Ericsson

Tomáš Tatar

Andreas Athanasiou

Dylan Larkin

Tyler Bertuzzi

Ice Hockey Player



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Sat, 12 Nov 2016 02:11:20 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-at-flyers-november-8th/wingingitmotown
<![CDATA[Game 12: Ottawa Senators @ Nashville Predators]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-12-ottawa-senators-_-nashville-predators/sheercraziness

Game 12: Ottawa Senators @ Nashville Predators,

Bobby Ryan

Chris Neil

Craig Anderson

Dion Phaneuf

Kyle Turris

Erik Karlsson

Mark Borowiecki

Fredrik Claesson

Matthew Puempel

Ryan Dzingel


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Sat, 12 Nov 2016 02:11:20 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-12-ottawa-senators-_-nashville-predators/sheercraziness
<![CDATA[24 Famous People with Meth Problems]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-meth-addicts/celebrity-lists

Addiction is a powerful force. So it's not surprising, although still tragic, to note that a number of celebrities have become hooked on illicit substances, including methamphetamine. Famous meth addicts come in many forms. Some celebrity meth addicts are famous actors while other recognizable people addicted to meth are legendary musicians. Many of the most famous celebrity methheads have even been arrested on possession charges.

Who will you find on this list of famous people addicted to meth? Lindsay Lohan lands in the top spot. In 2011, the Mean Girls actress' father said that he suspected that she was smoking meth. "She’s smoking either crack or meth, one or the other. I’m not going to shade it," he said. Britney Spears has also been accused of being a meth addict. And not all infamous addicts are entertainers – according to a 47-page U.S. military report, Adolf Hitler was regularly prescribed a pill which contained crystal meth. He was also on barbiturate tranquilizers, morphine, and other drugs. Other famous meth addicts include John F. Kennedy, Marilyn Monroe, and Robert Downey, Jr.

Are you surprised that so many celebrities have struggled with meth addiction? Take a look at this list of celebrity meth users and get in on the conversation in the comments section.


24 Famous People with Meth Problems,

Adolf Hitler

According to a 47-page U.S. military report, Adolf Hitler was regularly prescribed a pill which contained crystal meth. He was also on barbiturate tranquilizers, morphine, and other drugs.


Amy Winehouse

Amy Winehouse reportedly suffered brain damage after overdosing on a drug cocktail comprised of meth, heroin, cocaine, and ecstasy. She died of alcohol poisoning in 2011.


Andre Agassi

"There is a moment of regret, followed by vast sadness. Then comes a tidal wave of euphoria that sweeps away every negative thought in my head. I've never felt so alive, so hopeful – and I've never felt such energy," said tennis pro Andre Agassi of his early experiences with crystal meth.


Britney Spears

In 2012, Britney Spears's former manager Sam Lufti claimed that the pop star had a problem with meth.


Fergie

Singer Fergie has been very open about her previous drug use. "From ecstasy it went to crystal meth. With any drugs, everything is great at the beginning, and then slowly your life starts to spiral down. [I was] 90 pounds at one point," she said.


John F. Kennedy

A doctor reportedly gave President John F. Kennedy shots of methamphetamine to treat chronic back pain.


Lindsay Lohan

In 2011, Lindsay Lohan's father Michael said that he suspected that the Mean Girls actress was smoking meth. "She’s smoking either crack or meth, one or the other. I’m not going to shade it," he said.


Marilyn Monroe

Dr. Max Jacobson reportedly injected Marilyn Monroe with a "secret vitamin formula" which was actually methamphetamine.


Robert Downey Jr.

In 2000, Robert Downey, Jr. was arrested when he was found in possession of methamphetamine and cocaine. He eventually went to rehab, got healthy, and went on to enjoy renewed career success.


Truman Capote

Truman Capote reportedly received pills containing meth from the same doctor who treated John F. Kennedy.



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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 12:29:09 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-meth-addicts/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[30+ Famous People Who Struggled with Cocaine Addiction]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-cocaine-addicts/celebrity-lists

Cocaine is highly stimulating – and highly addictive. So it should come as no surprise that its countless users have included a number of celebrities from all corners of the entertainment industry. Some celebrity coke addicts are actors while other famous people addicted to cocaine are legendary musicians. Many of the most notorious celebrity cokeheads have even been arrested on possession charges.

Who will you find on this list of famous people addicted to cocaine? Angelina Jolie lands in the top spot. The actress and director was reportedly addicted to cocaine and heroin in the 1990s. “I went through heavy, darker times, and I survived them. I didn’t die young. So I’m very lucky,” she said. And she's not the only actress to fall under the drug's sway. By the age of 13, Drew Barrymore had already entered rehab for cocaine addiction.

"Cocaine for me was a place to hide. Most people get hyper on coke. It slowed me down," said iconic comedian Robin Williams. He finally kicked his habit after his friend John Belushi died of a drug overdose in 1982. Other famous people addicted to cocaine include Kate Moss, Whitney Houston, and Tim Allen.

What do you think is the best way to treat cocaine addiction? Take a look at his celebrity coke addicts list and share your thoughts in the comments section.


30+ Famous People Who Struggled with Cocaine Addiction,

Angelina Jolie

Angelina Jolie was reportedly addicted to cocaine and heroin in the 1990s. “I went through heavy, darker times, and I survived them. I didn’t die young. So I’m very lucky,” she said.


Drew Barrymore

By the age of 13, Drew Barrymore had already entered rehab for cocaine addiction. "I never want to go back to my old ways. I know that. That is my future. One day at a time. I’m Drew, and I’m an addict-alcoholic," she said.


Kate Moss

Supermodel Kate Moss has reportedly struggled with cocaine and alcohol addiction for much of her adult life.


River Phoenix

River Phoenix died of a cocaine and heroin overdose in 1993. Though only 23 years old, he reportedly struggled with addiction for much of his young life.


Robert Downey Jr.

In 1996, Robert Downey, Jr. was arrested for possession of heroin and cocaine. He continued to struggle with drug addiction until 2003 when he completed a 12-step program, and started meditating and practicing yoga.


Robin Williams

"Cocaine for me was a place to hide. Most people get hyper on coke. It slowed me down," said Robin Williams. He finally kicked his habit after his friend John Belushi died of an overdose in 1982.


Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison reportedly consumed cocaine tonics for the "miraculous" effects.


Whitney Houston

Cocaine ingestion was one of the contributing factors to Whitney Houston's death in 2012.


Stephen King

"One snort and cocaine owned me body and soul. It was my on-switch, and it seemed like a really good energizing drug," said author Stephen King of his addiction.


Steven Tyler

Aerosmith frontman Steven Tyler estimates that he spent millions of dollars on cocaine in the '70s and '80s. "You could also say I snorted half of Peru, but, you know, it's what we did," he said.



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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 12:29:10 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-cocaine-addicts/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[Who Hollywood’s Most Elite Celebrities Are Voting For in 2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/celebrity-votes-2016/jacob-shelton

As the most important election of the 21st century continues to unfold, the biggest question people have isn't about foreign policy, or which Presidential candidate is going to legalize weed - it’s who the country's favorite celebrities are voting for. Some celebs' choices are pretty obvious, like Kid Rock who plans to vote for Donald Trump, but what about people like Samuel L. Jackson? He’s such a wild card than anything might be possible. Even though the polls are supposed to be a private place where we can let our personal politics loose, some people don’t mind spreading the gospel of their favorite candidate.

If you haven’t been paying attention to the news (and who can blame you?), then you aren’t aware of which stars are stumping for Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. Keep reading to see which candidate your favorite celebrity plans to vote for. 


Who Hollywood’s Most Elite Celebrities Are Voting For in 2016,

Beyoncé Knowles

“I want my daughter to grow up seeing a woman lead our country, and know that her possibilities are limitless." - Time Magazine


Gene Simmons

"Trump is not a politician. He does not need your money, and he will speak his mind, God damn it, whether you like it or not. And he has no problem saying, 'F*ck off.' I like that. Even if I disagree." - Rolling Stone


James Franco

“She didn’t just bring Iran to the table. She whittled the table from a single piece of oak.” - Entertainment Weekly 


Jon Voight

"[Donald Trump] is an answer to our problems." - Breitbart


Joss Whedon

"I think Hillary Clinton is vastly intelligent and good-hearted and extremely qualified. She's more in the center of things than I am, but she also knows how to work with the opposition, which is a necessary talent in politics right now." - Mother Jones


Mike Tyson

"He should be president of the United States... Let's try something new. Let's run America like a business, where no colors matter. Whoever can do the job, gets the job." - Huffington Post


Samuel L. Jackson

“I’m forever a Democrat, you know, and I’m gonna vote for Hillary.” - The Daily Caller

 


Scarlett Johansson

"I think Hillary Clinton would make a wonderful president. I think we could only benefit from having someone in office who has been a mother; women have a different perspective and appreciation of humanity because of that maternal instinct. It can only be a step forward." - Harpers Bazaar


Shonda Rhimes

"I'm with her because I want to maintain my freedoms. I'm with her because I want my daughters to grow up safe. And I'm with her because every child in this country deserves an equal shot at the American Dream." - Today


Lena Dunham

"I want Hillary Clinton to be President. I think she’d do a fantastic job, better than anyone else." - Time Magazine 



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Tue, 08 Nov 2016 15:03:33 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/celebrity-votes-2016/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[How Much Does Your Favorite Celebrity Charge for an Autograph?]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/how-much-celebrities-charge-for-appearances/jacob-shelton

If you’ve never been to a comic convention, or anywhere with some kind of celebrity appearance, then you may not know the outlandish cost of celebrity autographs. From the outside it might seem like celebrity appearance costs shouldn’t exist; that actors make enough money from their “jobs,” and that they don’t need bilk their fans out of even more cash. But some actors would rather be doing anything else than hanging out with their fans, and some of the smarter celebs know that their fame may not last, so why not make some quick cash for taking photos while they can still charge a ton of money?

How much does it cost to hire a celebrity? It depends on whom you’re trying to rent and for how long, but the short answer is a lot. The cost of celebrity appearances starts somewhere near five months of rent and only climbs from there, so think wisely about whom you want to show up at your birthday party. Can you really afford Kim Kardashian? Or is you bank account nudging you towards Lindsay Lohan? Maybe you could just hang out with your friends instead!

There’s a wide world of celebrities who can ask for a lot of money on the convention circuit. Some of them that you’ve heard of, and others who have made a tidy living off appearing in one beloved show before disappearing off the face of the earth. If you’re going to a local convention any time soon you might want to study these prices of celebrity appearances so you know what you’re getting into. 


How Much Does Your Favorite Celebrity Charge for an Autograph?,

Andrew Lincoln

Photo: $70

As the star of The Walking Dead, Lincoln probably rakes stacks on stacks in photo money, but he reportedly donates all the proceeds from his convention appearances to charity.


Chris Hemsworth

Photo: $150
Everything Else: $200

Okay, so what does this "everything else" entail? A hug? A kiss? Letting him carry you around the convention on his shoulders? Sounds good.


Kim Kardashian

Selfies: $700,000

In 2016, Kim K. was paid almost a million dollars to take selfies with Instagram stars at the Revolve Hamptons House party for a little over an hour. 


Lindsay Lohan

Appearances: Between $5,000 and $15,000

During a trip to London in 2014, Lindsay Lohan allegedly brokered a deal to receive a nice chunk of change for hanging out and having a drink. Sounds good!


Mark Hamill

Autograph and photo: $195 

The Star Wars star brought in a healthy revenue from his appearance at Fan Expo Canada. We don't know how many autographs he gave but he could probably buy a yacht from how much he made.


Norman Reedus

Autograph: $100

Despite looking like a trailer park that grew up in a Coors Light factory, Reedus not only makes a Benjamin per autograph, he's also rumored to make $200,000 per convention appearance.


Robert Downey Jr.

Appearance: $1.5 Million

Of course Iron Man wants to make over a million dollars per convention appearance, he's basically been the cornerstone of the Marvel Cinematic Universe since 2008.


Stan Lee

Photo: $400 minimum

At New York Comic-Con in 2013 fans had to pay a minimum of 400 bones to chat with and take a photo with Stan Lee. What do you think you get if you spent $500? What about $1,000?


Sylvester Stallone

Autograph: $395
Photo: $445 

If you saw Sylvester Stallone at New York Comic-Con in 2013 then there's a good chance you were bilked out of close to $1,000. Honestly, this seems like a price set to keep autograph seekers at an arm's length.


Matt Smith

Autograph: $100

According to the Hollywood Reporter Smith brought in $250,000 a weekend while he was The Doctor.



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Mon, 14 Nov 2016 17:07:36 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/how-much-celebrities-charge-for-appearances/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[7 Historical Figures Who Claimed to Have Been Visited by Ghosts... of Themselves]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/historical-figures-with-mysterious-doubles/chuck-stern

Sometimes it's horrific enough just to be in your own skin, so imagine the shock of seeing your double! The German word doppelgänger describes just that: a mysterious twin - perhaps real, perhaps buried only in the dark recesses of your mind. Mythical doubles are rumored to live among us, bending perceptions and testing identities. Some have even appeared as eerie omens or harbingers of doom.

History is full of such sightings, and in many cases, public figures have been involved. Abraham Lincoln was reportedly visited by his double on the night of his election. Writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was haunted by one, and so was Russia's Catherine the Great. Author Guy de Maupassant interacted regularly with his spook; it even dictated a story to him! Read on for a list of mysterious doubles from history.


7 Historical Figures Who Claimed to Have Been Visited by Ghosts... of Themselves,

Abraham Lincoln

According to his biography, President Abraham Lincoln was greeted by two versions of his visage on the evening of his first election in 1860. Tired as he was, Lincoln took detailed notes of the phantom, which appeared twice in his office that night. Its features were skewed, he said, and one face was significantly paler than the other. His wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, believed the pallid half to be an omen indicating that he, Lincoln, would be elected to a second term, but would die during that term.


Guy de Maupassant

French writer Guy de Maupassant not only had a double, but he spent time with it regularly. It even dictated a short story to him, which was published in the 1880s as one of his final works. The story, The Horla, involves a parasitic and all-consuming double that drove the protagonist mad, a portent of what was to come for the author himself. Sadly, Maupassant's own mind was in disarray, and he sank deeper and deeper into despair, eventually dying alone in an insane asylum. Many have chalked his supposed "double" up to mental illness.


Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

In the early 19th century, German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe stared down his double while riding on a footpath. Using his "mind's eye," Goethe realized that the figure was, indeed, him. Goethe felt strangely comforted by the encounter and went about his life. Eight years later, while walking the exact same footpath (backwards, this time), he realized he was wearing the clothes his double had been on that fateful day!


Percy Bysshe Shelley Was Questioned by a Mysterious Double

Poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, husband of Frankenstein scribe Mary Shelley, had his own scare when he was visited by a double on multiple occasions. One particularly haunting encounter took place on a terrace. His double confronted him with the question, “How long do you mean to be content?” Not surprisingly, Shelley didn't last much longer; he was killed in a mysterious sailing accident in 1812.


Emilie Sagee Cast a Spectral Shadow

Emilie Sagee, an ordinary teacher at a girls' school in France, reportedly radiated a double, something she herself never actually saw! It was everyone else that saw it, and understandably, they were pretty freaked out. The school did some research and learned that Sagee had always been possessed with this gift. At 13, she was observed with a "spectral twin" standing alongside her and mimicking her every move. Sagee would pass in and out of consciousness during these periods. Fellow students tried to touch the phantom twin, only to be met with a "strange resistance," something akin to touching thick fabric.


Queen Elizabeth I Encountered Her Dying Self Lying in Bed

Elizabeth I, who reigned in England from 1558-1603, was the last ruling Tudor, and someone known for her practicality and level-headedness. That's why people were more than a little shocked when she claimed to have a mysterious double. Still, the Queen insisted she had seen a corpse-like version of herself sprawled out on her bed, appearing very ill. Naturally, she died soon after.


Catherine the Great Found Her Double Sitting on Her Throne and Ordered Her Shot

In the late 18th century, Russia's Catherine the Great caught a glimpse of her evil twin, after her servants alerted her to its presence. Shamelessly, it sat atop her very throne! Catherine insisted that the spook vacate the premises. When it didn't, she ordered her sentries to shoot it dead. The rest is foggy, but what is known is that Catherine herself soon died, as is so often the case in these sightings. Perhaps her alter ego was there to share the bad news?



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Fri, 11 Nov 2016 14:21:00 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/historical-figures-with-mysterious-doubles/chuck-stern
<![CDATA[The Sexiest Bare Footed Celebrities]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-sexiest-bare-footed-celebrities/martinaustin

Who Are The Sexiest Bare Footed Male Celebrities?


The Sexiest Bare Footed Celebrities,

Colin Farrell

Denzel Washington

Donny Osmond

Eddie Cibrian

Gerard Butler

James Purefoy

Nick Lachey

Paul Walker

Nick Jonas

Adam thomas


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Mon, 28 Nov 2016 20:01:28 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-sexiest-bare-footed-celebrities/martinaustin
<![CDATA[Who Is The Villain Of 2016?]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/who-was-the-villain-of-2016-/martinaustin

Any thoughts? Film, music, TV, crime, sports, policitics, or anything else.


Who Is The Villain Of 2016?,

Bill Cosby

Chris Brown

Jared Fogle

Kim Kardashian

For basically just being a vile person


Piers Morgan

Ryan Lochte

For basically just being a vile person


Vladimir Putin

Kris Jenner

For basically just being a vile person


Justin Bieber

For basically just being a vile person


Kim Davis

For being a hypocrite, How many divorces?



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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 19:51:27 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/who-was-the-villain-of-2016-/martinaustin
<![CDATA[The All-Time Best Nobel Laureates in History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-all-time-best-nobel-laureates-in-history/baruchlalaev

The Nobel Prize is a prize awarded annually to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine (and economics since 1969.)


The All-Time Best Nobel Laureates in History,

Albert Einstein

Carl Bosch

Karl Landsteiner

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Menachem Begin

Mother Teresa

Nelson Mandela

Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama

Theodore Roosevelt

Winston Churchill


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Fri, 25 Nov 2016 19:41:35 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-all-time-best-nobel-laureates-in-history/baruchlalaev
<![CDATA[The Greatest Philosophers of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-greatest-philosophers-of-all-time/wahrheit

List of the greatest and most important philosophers of all countries, all times and in all fields of philosophy.


The Greatest Philosophers of All Time,

Aristotle

Arthur Schopenhauer

Blaise Pascal

Friedrich Nietzsche

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

Immanuel Kant

Plato

Pythagoras

Søren Kierkegaard


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Wed, 30 Nov 2016 03:51:44 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/the-greatest-philosophers-of-all-time/wahrheit
<![CDATA[Red Wings at Flyers November 2nd]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-at-flyers-november-2nd/wingingitmotown

Red Wings at Flyers November 2nd,

Brendan Smith

Henrik Zetterberg

Mike Green

Jonathan Ericsson

Tomáš Tatar

Gustav Nyquist

Xavier Ouellet

Petr Mrázek

Andreas Athanasiou

Dylan Larkin


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Sun, 06 Nov 2016 02:11:19 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/red-wings-at-flyers-november-2nd/wingingitmotown
<![CDATA[9 Bizarre Nicknames the Nazis Used]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/weird-nazi-nicknames/abbi-magder

Everybody loves a fun and quirky nickname. Sometimes those names represent our personalities, while other times they are reflections of our physical features. More often, however, nicknames can be cruel, and nobody knew this better than the Nazis. Does it really surprise you that there are a lot of weird Nazi nicknames?

Poking fun at their fellow members was something Nazis thoroughly enjoyed doing. While there was a select group of Nazis that were given names that reinforced their reputation in the party, there were others that received nicknames that were not only mean-spirited but also downright bizarre. This list will give you a closer look into how these soldiers and Nazi party officials got their nicknames and why these names appeared to suit them so well.


9 Bizarre Nicknames the Nazis Used,

Albert Kesselring

A fighter and leader in both world wars, Albert Kesselring was one of Nazi Germany’s top commanders. Kesselring was given the nickname “Smiling Albert” by the Allies as well as “Uncle Albert” by his troops because of his wild sense of humor. He stayed true to his nickname by proving that he could still crack a smile amidst the chaos that ensued throughout the course of the war.

On the morning of March 10, 1945, when Allied troops took the Rhine, Kesselring met with his staff. Knowing that the war was soon coming to an end, Kesselring, with a large grin on his face, said to his staff, “Well, gentlemen, I am the new V-3,” in reference to the German V-3 cannon. Unfortunately for him, he turned out to be less than deadly, surrendered to the Allies, and was tried for and convicted of war crimes.


Erwin Rommel

At the start of World War II, Erwin Rommel was in charge of overseeing the troops that guarded Hitler’s headquarters. Surely this was an important job in the SS, but for Rommel, who fought on the front lines during World War I, it wasn’t a role he was too thrilled about.

To his satisfaction, though, in 1941, Rommel was given control of the troops that had been sent to North Africa to assist Germany’s ally, Italy. It was here that Rommel earned his nickname, “Desert Fox” as he quickly became known for his fox-like surprise attacks on the enemy. Rommel later joined a small number of German soldiers who tried to assassinate Hitler and overtake the government. Their plot failed and he was given two options: be tried for treason, publicly, or commit suicide. He chose the latter in 1944. 


Franz Ritter von Epp

Franz Ritter von Epp was a German general and politician who began his career in Imperial Germany. In recognition of his military service during the war, von Epp was given knighthood in 1916. In 1928, the general was elected to be a member of the Reichstag, a position he held until Nazi Germany’s final days. 

Von Epp received the nickname “Mother of God General” because he was religious and used to yell “Gottesmutter,” meaning “Mother of God.”


Gotthard Heinrici

Gotthard Heinrici was praised for his tenacity by his colleagues as a German Army general during World War II. Heinrici became known for having the most efficient defense strategies the German Army had ever seen. He was given the nickname “Unser Giftzweg” which literally translates into "Our Poison Dwarf." He was given this nickname in the sense that it meant, “our tough little bastard,” as he was small in stature but mighty in combat. 


Hermann Göring

Hermann Göring was a good buddy of Hitler’s. Along with Hitler, Göring was a member of the Nazi Party since it began. In 1935, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the German Air Force and held that position until the end of the Third Reich. Göring was known as the mind behind Germany’s Four Year Plan and was in charge of much of Germany’s finances throughout the war.

Göring was nicknamed “Fat Hermann” simply because he was overweight - there’s no mystery there. When Göring was being transported via airplane to interrogation at the end of the war, the pilot of the plane asked for a bigger aircraft because he was worried that it wouldn’t be able to handle Göring’s weight.


Rudolf Hess

When the Nazis took control of Germany in 1933, Rudolf Hess was immediately appointed Deputy Fuhrer of the Nazi Party and was given a position in Hitler’s cabinet. Needless to say, he was up there in the ranks and considered to be the third most powerful man in Germany right under his buddies, Hitler and Goring. Rudolf Hess was in charge of a lot in Nazi Germany - he often spoke on Hitler’s behalf at rallies and was the one who signed the Nuremberg Laws into law in 1935, the laws that took away the rights of all German Jews, ultimately leading to the Holocaust.

To the people of Germany, Hess was feared. But to the people who knew him, he was a lot less threatening. It was rumored that Hess was gay, which, obviously, was not acceptable in Nazi Germany. As a result of these rumors, Hess was given the female nickname “Fraulein Anna.”


Werner Mölders

A leading pilot for the German Air Force, Werner Mölders is remembered as the first pilot in aviation history to claim 100 aerial victories during World War II. Amongst his fellow soldiers, Mölders was known for his strength of character. His men gave him the nickname “Vati,” or in English, “Daddy.” He was given this nickname in recognition of his paternal instincts toward his men and how he looked after them during battle.

Unlike the majority of his fellow officers, Mölders had a kinder spirit. He was a religious man who firmly believed that any Allied aviators that were captured by the Luftwaffe were to be treated with kindness and was also known to invite captured pilots to dine with him. Not that that makes up for being a Nazi.


Werner von Blomberg

Werner von Blomberg held a reputation for being a bit obsessed with Hitler and his ideals. Essentially Hitler’s servant, Blomberg was given the nickname "Rubber Lion" by German critics of Hitler. In 1934, when Paul von Hindenberg wanted to declare martial law in order for Hitler to end the political tension in Germany, the task of informing Hitler of these potential plans was placed on Blomberg.


Emil Lang

A flying ace during World War II, Emil Lang earned 173 aerial victories throughout his military career. He went on to receive several more awards for his service and played a large role in the Normandy Invasion in 1944. With his broad chest, Lang’s physical characteristics were what gave him the nickname "Bully." He was given this name due to his bulldog-like looks.



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Mon, 07 Nov 2016 11:44:05 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/weird-nazi-nicknames/abbi-magder
<![CDATA[The Weirdest Third-Party Candidates in US History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/weird-fringe-third-party-political-candidates-in-us-history/danielle-ownbey

Wacky presidential candidates are a dime a dozen these days, with every megalomaniac with a YouTube account proclaiming to the masses that they have the key to unlock America's potential. Ever since the dawn of media, hoax and joke campaigns have kept Americans entertained during tense election years and poked satirical holes in the flawed system. (Candidates like "Nobody," Deez Nuts, and Limberbutt McCubbins come to mind.) 

Yet some third-party candidates throughout history have taken their campaigns for the highest office in the land very seriously. Whether their fringe political beliefs seemed intriguing or insane and their policies compelling or crazy, they fought tooth and nail for the miniscule number of votes not guaranteed to one of the two major parties. From ultra conservatives to ultra liberals, from Nazi supporters to drag queens, from Pentecostal pastors to Transcendental Meditation practitioners, the group of people who have tossed their hats into the presidential ring is as diverse as the American populace itself. 


The Weirdest Third-Party Candidates in US History,

Gene Amondson

Even if his party never gets many votes, Gene Amondson's National Prohibition Party gets the prize for most oxymoronic name. Born in 1943, Amondson was a preacher for almost 40 years in Washington state before the National Prohibition Party asked him to be their candidate in 2004. 

His campaigns in 2004 and 2008 were met with some curiosity. Amondson even got an invitation to present his platform on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. He told a Seattle newspaper that "Prohibition was America's greatest 13 years... Drinking responsibly is like teaching a pig to eat with a spoon. Can't happen."


Jello Biafra

In an ironic twist of fate, the frontman of punk band the Dead Kennedys ended up in the same boat as Kennedy himself when the New York chapter of the Green Party nominated him for President in 2000. Jello Biafra actually had previous experience running for public office - he ran against Dianne Feinstein for Mayor of San Francisco in 1979, coming in 4th place out of 10.

For his presidential running mate, Biafra chose Mumia Abdul Jamal, the journalist on death row for murdering a police officer, in an effort to bring awareness to Jamal's situation. As a presidential candidate, Biafra's policy proposals ranged from intriguing (ending the War on Drugs, an election system for police officers to increase accountability) to unlikely (instituting a maximum wage, lowering the voting age to 5 years old).


John G. Schmitz

John G. Schmitz was the 1972 candidate of the ultraconservative American Independent Party (which is VERY DIFFERENT than declaring as an independent!). Like other recent political candidates, Schmitz's words, often about race, continually got him into trouble. He called Martin Luther King a "notorious liar." He called Gloria Allred a "slick, butch lawyeress." About Hispanics, he said, "I may not be Hispanic, but I'm close. I'm Catholic with a mustache." Then again, the person he replaced on the third party ticket was George Wallace, so the public should have expected nothing less - or more. 

His hate speech became so offensive that he started to turn off even his most conservative supporters. In another cliché twist, the bottom fell out for the family values candidate when it was discovered that he had a secret family, with a young son by his mistress and another baby on the way. Wanting to ensure his family's legacy for generations to come, he clearly passed his passion for family values along to his daughter, Mary Kay LeTourneau.


Lyndon LaRouche

For many of us, our only experience with Lyndon LaRouche is his overzealous followers cornering us on college campuses with brochures that often end up in the trash unread. However, opening those pamphlets and delving i to the man's beliefs reveals that the one thing crazier and more dedicated than his followers is the man himself.

LaRouche ran in every election between 1976 and 2004, never amassing more than 80,000 votes in any race despite his claims of extensive networks of organizations and followers. It was only in his first campaign in 1976 that he ran on a third-party ticket, founding the US Labor Party as a platform for his run. Since then, he has run, very unsuccessfully, as a Democrat. He has called for the quarantining of AIDs patients and claimed that the US military, in cahoots with Israel, launched the attacks on 9/11 as an unsuccessful coup, among many other things. Larouche's craziness could easily fill a list unto itself.


Roseanne Barr

Potentially the most well-known name on the list, actress Roseanne Barr's run for office in 2012 garnered curious coverage from the media. The TV star campaigned on behalf of the Peace & Freedom Party alongside controversial anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan as her Vice Presidential pick. Her main policy objectives included ending the Federal Reserve, promotion of marriage equality, and legalization of marijuana. Known for her fiery comedic personality, she insisted that she was completely serious about her bid for the presidency when she announced her candidacy on The Tonight Show. Despite her claims, the documentary she released about her run, Roseanne for President!, is consistently described as a comedy. 


Victoria Woodhull

The 2016 presidential election cycle featured the first nomination of a woman by a major party, but it wasn't the first time a woman ran for President. That happened almost 150 years ago, when Victoria Woodhull ran for office, long before any member of her own gender could even vote for her. Her story was a colorful and eccentric one, with her contributions to the history of women's rights often overshadowed by the more sordid details of her past.

Raised by dysfunctional nomadic parents as a child preacher/fortune teller, Woodhull married three times over the course of her life and spent time making money as a traveling spiritualist. She also described herself as a "free lover" (100 years before the hippies adopted a similar philosophy) and may have even carried on an affair with Cornelius Vanderbilt. Vanderbilt set Woodhull and her sister up with a stock brokerage on Wall Street, making them the first female stockbrokers in history. Her radical social ideals extended into politics, where she believed in the scandalous concept of equality for women and ran for president to promote that view.

However, in addition to being a woman, she also didn't fit the societal requirements of the job because she was a year younger than the minimum age requirement of 35. There was also the small problem that she was in jail on obscenity charges on Election Day. She was put in jail because the Marxist newspaper she ran published details about famed preacher Henry Ward Beecher's adultery. She published the scandalous facts to call out Beecher's hypocrisy after his scathing critiques on her radical views about sex and marriage.


William Dudley Pelley

When constituents expect their politicians to maintain strong relationships with other world leaders, Hitler probably isn't the person they had in mind. Nevertheless, American Nazi sympathizer William Dudley Pelley thought it would be a good idea to run for president in 1936 to spread the good word about the Nazis.

Inspired by Hitler's rise to power in 1933, Pelley created an organization called the Silver Legion of America, known colloquially as the Silver Shirts in homage to Hitler's Brown Shirts. Pelley traveled the United States, making speeches and hosting rallies in support of his favorite fascist. The adoration wasn't one-sided - records aren't completely clear, but it appears that the Nazi party may have given Pelley money to build a Nazi stronghold on a piece of land in Los Angeles once owned by Will Rogers.


Homer Aubrey Tomlinson

In a political climate where the separation of church and state is debatable, Homer Aubrey Tomlinson ran with the goal to close that gap completely. The son of a well-known Pentecostal preacher, Tomlinson ran in four separate elections (1952, 1960, 1964, and 1968) but always for the same party, his own Theocratic party, and always with the same grandiose mission - to bring the kingdom of God to politics. He proposed two new cabinet positions, Secretary of Righteousness and Secretary of the Holy Bible.

After four unsuccessful campaigns, he decided to cut out the middle man and just declare himself "King of the World" or "King of All Nations of Men."


Leonard Jones

In an election year that has made an issue out of the health of two of the oldest candidates ever to run for the presidency, maybe Leonard Jones was onto something when he promised potential voters that he could live forever. Born in 1797, Leonard Jones bounced from religion to religion in his early adulthood, searching for a cure for a broken heart brought about by a broken engagement. His life changed when he met a man named McDaniel, who preached that "a man by faith could live forever." Jones was McDaniel's first convert, and the men traveled together in search of others who wanted to spread the "live-forever" doctrine.

After McDaniel died (an awkward thing for Jones to explain) and Jones survived a spell of cholera, he turned his eye from church to state and decided to try politics. He created his own political party, the High Moral party, and became its only member. He ran in multiple campaigns over the course of many years in the mid-19th century, including multiple attempts at the presidency. Residents of Kentucky generally thought him harmless and even entertaining, attending his rallies and even throwing a vote or two his way. After a bout of pneumonia that went untreated because of his insistence that the disease was moral and not physical, Jones died in 1868. 


John Maxwell, American Vegetarian Party

In one of the ultimate hipster moves of the 20th century, John Maxwell was a vegetarian before it was cool. As the first candidate of the newly-formed American Vegetarian Party, the 84-year-old Maxwell threw his name into the ring for the 1948 election, claiming he hadn't eaten meat for 45 years. The party, made up mostly of naturopathic doctors, also didn't believe in consuming alcohol, tobacco, or medicine. It wasn't Maxwell's taste in food that ultimately got him disqualified from the race - it was the fact that he was born in England. 



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Thu, 03 Nov 2016 14:15:31 PDT http://www.ranker.com/list/weird-fringe-third-party-political-candidates-in-us-history/danielle-ownbey
<![CDATA[Arsenal Vs. Ludogorets]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/arsenal-vs-ludogorets/shortfuse

Arsenal Vs. Ludogorets,

Aaron Ramsey

Arsène Wenger

Laurent Koscielny

Mesut Özil

Francis Coquelin

Olivier Giroud

Alexis Sánchez

Granit Xhaka

Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain

Mohamed Elneny


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Sat, 05 Nov 2016 02:11:21 PDT http://www.ranker.com/list/arsenal-vs-ludogorets/shortfuse
<![CDATA[Game 9: Carolina Hurricanes @ Ottawa Senators]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/game-9-carolina-hurricanes-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness

Game 9: Carolina Hurricanes @ Ottawa Senators,

Craig Anderson

Derick Brassard

Dion Phaneuf

Kyle Turris

Tom Pyatt

Erik Karlsson

Mark Borowiecki

Mike Hoffman

Cody Ceci

Chris Wideman


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Mon, 07 Nov 2016 09:21:25 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/game-9-carolina-hurricanes-_-ottawa-senators/sheercraziness
<![CDATA[Rate The Flames vs Chicago Blackhawks]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-chicago-blackhawks-v1/mpark14news

Rate The Flames vs Chicago Blackhawks,

Matt Stajan

Michael Frolík

Mikael Backlund

Troy Brouwer

Brian Elliott

Deryk Engelland

Jyrki Jokipakka

Dougie Hamilton

Sam Bennett

Matthew Tkachuk


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Mon, 14 Nov 2016 16:38:39 PST http://www.ranker.com/list/rate-the-flames-vs-chicago-blackhawks-v1/mpark14news