<![CDATA[Ranker: Recent Politics & History Lists]]> http://www.ranker.com/list-of//politics--and--history http://www.ranker.com/img/skin2/logo.gif Most Viewed Lists on Ranker http://www.ranker.com/list-of//politics--and--history <![CDATA[The Worst U.S. Presidents]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-10-worst-u-s-presidents
The worst U.S. presidents of all time, measured by their negative impact on the nation, its citizens health and happiness, and its future prosperity. (In some cases – such as the popular selections of Warren G. Harding and Richard Nixon – the negative view of the president and his administration is due to various scandals and perceived corruption within its ranks. Nixon, of course, remains the only president to step down from the office amidst threats of impeachment.)

Much of a president's job – including serving as the figurative head of the American state and setting the nation's general legislative and diplomatic agenda – is sort of intangible and hard to evaluate in strict "good vs. bad" terms. This makes any list of the "best" or "worst" US presidents essentially subjective, and though there were administrations with a significant series of positive or negative outcomes, it's rarely clear just how much these had to do with the person in office and how many were simply due to accidents of fate or circumstance. Nonetheless, in particularly extraordinary cases – such as the administration of Abraham Lincoln, which kept the nation intact during the Civil War crisis, or the administration of Andrew Johnson immediately after that threatened the entire success of the Reconstruction project – it is clear which presidents did an overall good or bad job.

So who were the worst presidents of all time? We're ranking them here, based on your votes! When you've had enough political negativity, be sure to check out Ranker's ultimate uplifting presidential list: The Best US Presidents.
http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-10-worst-u-s-presidents, history, politics & history, us presidents, politicians, people, world leaders, us history, politics,

Andrew Johnson

Barack Obama

Bill Clinton

George W. Bush

Herbert Hoover

James Buchanan

Jimmy Carter

Lyndon B. Johnson

Richard Nixon

Woodrow Wilson


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<![CDATA[The Most Ridiculous Political Pundits]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-ridiculous-political-pundits
This is a CrowdRanked list of the most over-the-top, spittle-stained, fist-thumping, hyperbolic political pundits of all time. Speakers, Writers, TV personalities or Radio Hosts... each of these people has a special place in the Hallowed Halls of Partisanship. The most obnoxious political pundits have a partisan point of view, and they are not afraid to share it!

Odds are if you hate annoying politicians, you already know and detest these obnoxious pundits. This list of political commentators includes men and women, Democrats, Republicans and Independents. If you see someone missing from this list, add them by making your own list that will add to the consensus. Or... just rank those that are already here as you see fit.

So who are the most obnoxious political pundits? This list will answer that question based on your votes.
http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-ridiculous-political-pundits,

Al Sharpton

Ann Coulter

Bill O'Reilly

Chris Matthews

Glenn Beck

Jesse Jackson

Karl Rove

Keith Olbermann

Rush Limbaugh

Sarah Palin


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<![CDATA[The Best U.S. Presidents in the Past 50 Years]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/best-u-s-presidents-in-the-past-50-years
Who are the best U.S. presidents of the past 50 years? The presidents listed here are among the greatest leaders of the free world in modern history and are some of the best recent presidents. The men listed here are those who served as president since the early 1960s, so while Teddy Roosevelt and Dwight D. Eisenhower might have been excellent, they don't count -- at least, as far as this list is concerned. You can always go vote for these presidents (and more) on this list of the overall greatest U.S. presidents of all time.

What specific qualities determine whether a POTUS was great or not-so-hot? Factors to consider may vary and will often depend on your particular political affiliation. Certainly, voting on any good or bad list where a president is concerned is subjective.

Commitment to the betterment of the United States, an ability to lead under difficult or trying circumstances, and great character are just a few of the qualities people might consider when deciding on the president they think was the best. Over the past 50 years, 10 men have served as president -- some of them served for just one term and others served two full terms in office. Of these, only one can be top. . . so get voting!

If you're curious, you might want to see if any of the presidents listed here also appear on this list of the worst U.S. presidents of all time.


http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/best-u-s-presidents-in-the-past-50-years,

Barack Obama

Bill Clinton

George H. W. Bush

George W. Bush

Gerald Ford

Jimmy Carter

Lyndon B. Johnson

Richard Nixon

Ronald Reagan


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<![CDATA[The Greatest U.S. Presidents of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-u-s-presidents-from-best-to-worst
The Greatest United States Presidents in history, ranked from best to worst. Who's the greatest U.S. president? Anyone can vote on or make their own version of this collaborative list of the men who shaped American policy - a fascinating insight into all the US Presidents and how their presidencies were perceived. Who were the best presidents? We expect this list of the Chief Executives to change over time as history's perceptions also change.

And be sure to check out Ranker's ultimate list of the Worst-Ever US Presidents as well, for comparison's sake.
http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-u-s-presidents-from-best-to-worst,

Abraham Lincoln

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Franklin D. Roosevelt

George Washington

Harry S. Truman

James Madison

John F. Kennedy

Ronald Reagan

Theodore Roosevelt

Thomas Jefferson


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<![CDATA[The Most Influential People of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-influential-people-of-all-time
This is a list of the most influential people of all of human history. This means that the individuals on this list have had a significant effect on how regular people live their lives today and have had a large impact on how modern society works. The names on this list include religious figures, scientists and inventors, and some of the most important leaders in world history. Vote for your top choices and re-rank this list your way.

What makes an individual worthy of a spot on a list of the most influential people ever? Certainly, some of the greatest minds of all time deserve to be ranked highly. Examples include Leonardo da Vinci, Sir Isaac Newton, and certainly Albert Einstein. Each one of these incredible people used the power of their minds to change the world. Not surprisingly, several names on this list are also among the most famous role models we'd like to meet in person.

And modern-era figures also deserve to be listed here. Can anyone argue that Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg aren't among the most influential contemporary Americans? It's time to add your opinions on who you believe are the most influential people who ever lived, with your votes and your rankings.
http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-influential-people-of-all-time,

Adolf Hitler

Albert Einstein

Aristotle

Charles Darwin

Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Jesus Christ

Leonardo da Vinci

Muhammad

Plato


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<![CDATA[The Craziest Political Campaign Ads of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/crazy-political-campaign-ads/paul-nyhart
It's that time of year again, when aspiring politicians, farmers, yahoos, or possibly a combination of all three are trying to count on your vote to place them into office. Because pamphlets and word of mouth just aren't what they used to be, many of these would-be politicians have created video ads to help get the word out. . . which means we can relive these bizarre moments again and again. 

We were able to track down the weirdest campaign ads for everything ranging from U.S. Senate seats to Presidential elections and even the local Head of Agriculture. We may not have given these candidates our votes when they were actually running, but we sure can now! Vote for the strangest political ads that make you wonder what they were thinking. 

http://www.ranker.com/list/crazy-political-campaign-ads/paul-nyhart,

The Famous Daisy Ad
We heard they shot this all in one take
Donkeys Can't Vote. . . Yet Jackasses Can Run?
This is either some weird extended metaphor gone awry or this congressional candidate is one of those people you see on the side of the road talking to himself. 
Jerry Springer Wants To Be Your Governor. . . Oh He's Also Sorry For Soliciting a Prostitute That One Time
Wait, this is serious? This is serious.
Christopher Knight For Your Local School Board
How can you take someone holding a lightsaber seriously??
Basil Marceaux Wants To Be Your Governor. . . Because "Creepy Uncle" Just Doesn't Have The Same Ring To It

The Sanest Man on This List
Mandatory tooth brushing laws, time travel research, defense against zombies. . . if these are your issues, we have your candidate.
Joni Ernst Knows A Thing Or Two About Washington. . . and Castrating Hogs

This Ad Makes a Lot of Good Points
Political ad or drug flashback?
Throwback: A Vote for Barry Goldwater Would be a Vote for the KKK

Chuck Norris Probably Could've Won the Nomination Too. . .
Unfortunatly, he wasn't the candidate

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<![CDATA[26 OTHER People Who Are Running for President in 2016]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/alternative-presidential-candidates-2016/jacob-shelton
The 2016 US presidential election is still a few years away, and even though the two primary candidates have probably already been chosen in a secret Illuminati cabal, a bunch of local yokals have come out of the woodwork to throw their hats into the ring as third party candidates. On this list, we’ve got culture jammers that wear boots on their heads, guys who can’t stop typing apostrophes, and your usual handful of mixed nuts. The men and women listed here may not be the best or the brightest but they’re certainly alternative candidates and they’re all running for President of the United States of America.

If the jokers on this list can do anything, it’s inspire you to greatness. How can you not feel motivated when you see people like Pogo Mochello Allen-Reese and Sammy Murel Brown throwing their hat into the Presidential ring? We’re not saying that you should run for president (you probably shouldn’t) but you should at least be an informed voter, starting by getting to know the fringe third party candidates running in the 2016 election

We’re not telling you who to vote for; if you want to write in Robert Milnes on Election Day, do it. You can’t make things any worse! Which one of these crazy and funny candidates do you think would paint the White House the brightest shade of crazy??

At the very least, vote for the best alternative 2016 candidates running for president here, or tell us in the comments which candidate best appeals to your insane streak.
http://www.ranker.com/list/alternative-presidential-candidates-2016/jacob-shelton,

Waka Flocka Flame
Well, well, well. Do you want Presidential Kush to be a thing? Do you want "no f*cking animals in restaurants" and people with size 13 feet or over to not be allowed to walk aroun in public? Here's your candidate. Of course, he also thinks women have all the rights they need already. Carefully consider this decision.
Vermin Supreme
Vermin is a registered Republic/Anarchist who wants to ensure that every American gets a free pony and that we FINALLY do some time travel research. He has ran regularly in various local, state, and national elections since 1998.
Charles Perry "Skip" Andrews, III
Skip is running as a Republican candidate from Kansas and he seems like a fairly middle of the road conservative. In other news, he has 11 kids (!!!) and he's all for decriminalizing drugs.
Scott Stephens
Scott Stephens "has seen a lot..." so says the Presidential introduction video on his website. For a guy with a pony tail he really wants to change some things, like child poverty and stop hydro fracking. But that pony tail...
Barbara Joy Waymire
Despite not really having a hard stance on any issue, Waymire seems like a nice lady and she's one of the only people left on the Internet with a guest book.
Robert Allen MacLeod, Jr.
Robert Macleod Jr. is running as the "New White Candidate," and his campaign website is his personal Facebook page - so you know he's a winner.
David "Da Vid" Raphael
"Da Vid" is a "human ecologist/artist" who is running as a candidate for The Light Party, "a synthesis of the finest elements of the Republican, Democratic, Libertarian and Green Parties [with a] formulated, practical, synergistic 7-point program which addresses and serves to resolve our current socioeconomic and ecological challenges." Whatever that means. 
Edie Atkinson-Bukewihge
Ms. Edie is a Democratic candidate from California, and according to her campaign website, she's partial to German Shepherds and freedom. Don't get it twisted. 
Kevin Deame
Not much is known about Kevin, other than he hails from Connecticut, he's a member of the Pirate Party (!!!), and he believes in an "open, participatory society which gives everyone a voice."
Pogo Mochello Allen-Reese
We don't know much about Pogo other than that he's running as a Republican candidate, he likes to ride bikes, and his campaign website looks like it was designed by a crazy person. He is also a poet, specializing in acrostic poetry.

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<![CDATA[The Greatest Minds of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/greatest-minds-of-all-time/walter-graves
List of the Greatest Minds of All Time, throughout history. This list represents the most influential thinkers across various disciplines, ranked in a way that represents the power of their ideas and their impact on the world. The wisest men and women include top philosophers, physicists, famous poets, thinkers, teachers, physiologists, artists, inventors, engineers, the most irreplaceable CEOs in the world, economists and politicians and those whose talents span across many fields of study.

This list takes a historic perspective, so the greatest thinkers who are included on this list come from many different eras. The greatest minds of the 21st century may be quite different from great geniuses from the distant past, but each person should be judged within the context of the time that they were living. For example, inventing a new type of telephone in 2013 would not qualify one as "the most brilliant mind of all time," but in 1876 when Alexander Graham Bell first patented the telephone, it was an act of genius not seen before.

See Also: The Most Influential People of All Time.
http://www.ranker.com/list/greatest-minds-of-all-time/walter-graves,

Albert Einstein

Archimedes

Aristotle

Charles Darwin

Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Leonardo da Vinci

Nikola Tesla

Plato

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


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<![CDATA[The Most Important Leaders in World History]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-important-leaders-in-world-history
For good or for bad, our leaders can be powerful forces for change in the world. But who are the most impaction people to ever hold prominent positions of power? This is a list of the most important and influential leaders in the history of the world.

Who are the most important world leaders? Anyone can vote on this definitive list of the men and women who shaped our civilization – for better or worse – making it a collaborative list of the greatest leaders of all time.

Visionaries, pragmatists, conquerors, and humanitarians all share this list. Rank these famous world leaders in terms of importance and add anyone you see missing. But remember: the most influential leaders (those who changed the face of world politics and forever altered their own countries) weren't necessarily good leaders. Some famous conquerors changed the world but let destruction in their wake. Others actually worked for the good of their people and became the great leaders in history.

So, who are the historical leaders that left their permanent mark (for good or bad)? Find out below!

http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-important-leaders-in-world-history,

Abraham Lincoln

Charlemagne

George Washington

Julius Caesar

Mahatma Gandhi

Napoleon Bonaparte

Otto von Bismarck
Lead to the unification of Germany in 1871, and first chancellor of the German Empire.
Winston Churchill

Augustus Caesar

Alexander The Great


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<![CDATA[The Longest Wars in History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/longest-wars/mike-rothschild
Some conflicts are passed down from generation to generation, either because of their size, or because they simmer at a low boil with little violence. Others were ostensibly declared wars that never ended due to various diplomatic irregularities or political quirks. In either case, the wars listed here are the longest wars in history.

In fact, the longest war in history, the Punic Wars, lasted over two thousand years - but only had 80 years of combat. Another incredibly long war, the 335 Years War, never had a shot fired and had been forgotten about until a ceremonial treaty was signed ending it.

At the same time, some conflicts that have lasted for decades have seen incredible violence, massacres and bloodshed - often between countrymen. There's nothing fun about the longest war, and these wars all long wars all lasted longer than 30 years, either because they just dragged on for a long time or there was never an official peace treaty. Read on to learn more about the longest wars ever, some of which are still being fought today.

Sources: Mental Floss, Akorra


http://www.ranker.com/list/longest-wars/mike-rothschild,

Punic Wars
Three brutal wars between Rome and Carthage between 264 BCE and 146 BCE ended with Carthage destroyed, conquered and the city itself sacked and burned. That would seem to be the end of it, except for the fact that due to the destroying, sacking, and burning, Carthage never actually signed a peace treaty that ended the war with Rome.

This wasn’t rectified until 1985, when the mayor of Rome and the mayor of modern Carthage (now a suburb of Tunis with about 16,000 residents) signed a ceremonial peace treaty as a sign the past had been put to bed.

While it makes for a good story, most historical scholars don’t accept this diplomatic irregularity, and have the Punic Wars lasting about 45 years – still an extremely long time for two nations to be killing each other.

Hundred Years War (116 years)
The 100 Years War was so long that there’s actually an extra 16 years that just got rounded off. In fact, the “war” was actually three wars, separated by fairly long periods of peace: the Edwardian Era War (1337–1360); the Caroline War (1369–1389); and the Lancastrian War (1415–1453).

In 1337, a long squabble over recognition and title broke out in war between France and England. Three years later, King Edward III of England crossed the English Channel and destroyed the French fleet – with a full scale invasion happening six years later. England won the Edwardian phase and took possession of France, France pushed the English out in the second phase, then disintegrated into internal conflict, but pulled it together to win the third phase of the war – generations after everyone who fought the first phase was dead. A broke and defeated England soon fell apart into the Wars of the Roses and relinquished their claim on the French throne.

Huéscar vs. Denmark (142 years)
In 1809, the Spanish municipality of Huéscar declared war on Denmark, which was itself at war with Napoleonic France. Spanish troops had been cut off in French-occupied Denmark during the war against France, and the Danish were forcing them to swear loyalty oaths to Napoleon’s brother. Despite the patriotic outburst, war fever apparently wasn’t all that contagious, as the people promptly forgot about it and went on with their lives.

Long a local legend, it wasn’t until 1981 that a Spanish historian discovered the original declaration of war. A ceremony was arranged and on November 11 of that year the mayor of Huéscar and the Ambassador of Denmark officially ended their bloodless, forgotten war.

Kuril Islands Dispute (160 years and counting)
Japan and Russia have been feuding over the small island chain of the Kurils, located between Hokkaido in the south and Kamchatka in the north, since relations were established between the two nations in 1855. Various occupations of the islands came and went, until August 1945, when Russian forces invaded and captured the islands as part of their Manchurian Strategic Operation against Japan.

Confusingly, the San Francisco Peace Treaty of 1951, which formally ended the war with Japan, ordered Japan to give up all claims to the Kuril Islands, but didn’t recognize the Soviet Union's sovereignty over them. They fell into a quasi-legal zone, but Russia still had physical control over them. Both nations claim dominion, with Japan calling them the “Northern Territories” and Russia calling them the “South Kuril District.” Two nations are still squabbling over who has claim to what.

Arauco Wars (around 290 years)
A series of irregular conflicts, the Arauco Wars began in 1536 when the Spanish tried to colonize the Mapuche tribe in what’s now Chile. Spain met a strong army in the course of exploring the Strait of Magellan, and though outnumbered, killed thousands of Mapuches with their superior firepower, and forced them to retreat.

Despite multiple attempts to break the tribe, the Mapuche remained independent from Spanish rule, thanks in part to the natural boundary of the Bio Bio River. Battles were common during the 300 years of Spanish presence, until 1609, when a maintenance treaty was signed between the Spanish-appointed governor of Chile and the Mapuche chiefs. Spain was later expelled from Chile in the War of Chilean Independence, beginning in 1810, and Mapuche tribesmen fought on both sides of the conflict.

Peace was established on January 7, 1825 – but even then, the fiercely independent Mapuches weren’t integrated into Chilean society until their land was conquered in 1883 – and some are still protesting Chilean rule. 


Kashmir Conflict (67 years and counting)
India and Pakistan have fought three violent wars in their dispute over who has possession of the Kashmir territory. As soon as British rule of India ended in 1947, Pakistan attempted to annex Kashmir, which had a predominately Muslim population. But the Maharaja of the region didn’t want to join either country, and India took the opportunity of a revolution in the area to move troops in.

The first war lasted about a year from 1947 to 1948 and the second ended after just a few weeks in 1965. Both conflicts were bloody and caused high casualties on both sides, and the conflict remained at various intensities until peace talks took place in 2008. Even then, no real solution has been found to the problem, and since then, Al-Qaeda has moved into the area.

335 Years War
Three centuries is a long time to be at war, but it’s more or less okay if nobody actually shoots at each other. This was the quirk of the war between the Scilly Islands and the Netherlands.

The Isles of Scilly are a small archipelago off the southwest corner of Britain, currently part of the county of Cornwall, with 2,200 residents. During the English Civil War, they were a royalist naval stronghold, nobly resisting the republican onslaught. In 1651, the Dutch, (taking a break from their 359 year war with Taiwan), who were supporting Oliver Cromwell’s forces, declared war on the tiny island group – mostly to protect their fleet, which was taking heavy losses from royalist ships berthed at Scilly. Cromwell’s forces finished off the loyalists soon after, and the entire thing was forgotten about – with nobody ever having raised a finger in anger against each other.

In 1985 (a good year for symbolic peace treaties, apparently), historian and Chairman of the Isles of Scilly Council Roy Duncan wrote to the Dutch Embassy in London to clear up what actually happened between the two countries. After some research, it was determined that the war was actually real, and technically still going on. The next year the Dutch ambassador to the United Kingdom came to the islands and ended the conflict for good.

Taiwan vs. the Netherlands (359 years)
The Dutch arrived on Taiwan in 1623, and within a year tried to Christianize the native tribes. Some converted willingly, but others resisted. The Dutch response was decidedly un-Christian: they burned their villages. In 1651, the Taromak tribe took up arms against their oppressors and the Dutch declared war. The Dutch were defeated and expelled from the island in 1662 by a Ming Dynasty loyalist named Koxinga, but no official peace was ever declared.

In 2010, Dutch diplomat Menno Goedhart sought out the tribe’s current leader for an official end to the conflict. The peace process was simple: Goedhart went to the village’s spirit hut and asked for forgiveness and understanding from the tribe’s ancestors. Thus ended one of the longest declared wars in history.

Montenegro vs. Japan (101 years)
A diplomatic irregularity of the Russo-Japanese War, the “conflict” between Montenegro and Japan existed on paper only, with virtually no military effort expended on either side. Montenegro declared war on Japan in support of Russia, but provided only a few volunteers to fight, having no navy or standing army. When the war ended in 1905, Montenegro was rudely left out of the peace treaty. However, this was only an issue for 14 years, since Montenegro was absorbed by Serbia in 1919 and stopped being a country.

In 2006, Montenegro again established itself as an autonomous country, and when a Japanese envoy arrived in the country, he also carried a letter from the Japanese Prime Minister declaring the century-long state of war finally over.

Town Line, NY vs. the United States (84 years)
For some reason that's been lost to history, when the Confederate States of America left the US in 1861, a tiny town in upstate New York voted to join them. With a small population and no military significance, along with being a thousand miles from the Confederacy, the Union wasn’t particularly worried about Town Line fomenting a behind-the-lines rebellion. Taxes were still paid, mail was still delivered, and a few local men even joined the Union.

Nevertheless, many locals felt the town was the last stronghold of the Confederacy; others were embarrassed about the whole thing. It went on until the symbolic act of a peace treaty signing was held in the post-war afterglow of 1946. Even then, the vote was closer than one would think, going 90-23 for the town to “rejoin” the Union and end this bloodless, bizarre "conflict."


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