<![CDATA[Ranker: Recent Politics & History Lists]]> http://www.ranker.com/list-of//politics--and--history http://www.ranker.com/img/skin2/logo.gif Most Viewed Lists on Ranker http://www.ranker.com/list-of//politics--and--history <![CDATA[The Best War Movies Ever]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/top-war-movies
This list ranks the best movies about war, battles, and military conflicts. These films recreate some of the most significant events in world history from a variety of perspectives and with a variety of purposes and intentions. Some top war films attempt to recreate as realistically as possible the events that they depict, either from an omniscient perspective permitted by historical study or from the point of view of the soldiers and civilians involved in the conflict itself. Ridley Scott's Black Hawk Down, for example, was both praised in its time and heavily criticized for bringing a "you are there" sense of realism - and little outside or cultural perspective - to a recreation of the Battle of Mogadishu. The best war movies of all time differ widely in their handling of the subject matter, but they all strike a chord with viewers now and in the time when they came out.

Some of the greatest war films use war as a backdrop to look at larger issues - such as man's inhumanity to man or the crippling impact of post-traumatic stress - or just as a meditation on war itself. Still other films like Glory and Band of Brothers examine the personal drama of a few individuals, and mine it for larger insights about the meaning of war and the impact that violence has on individual human lives.

Finally, some war films - particularly those made during the classic Hollywood era - are simply adventure films with war providing a compelling setting and situation. The Great Escape, for example, remains a classic not because of its grand ideas about the nature of war, but because it is a ceaselessly entertaining spectacle. No matter what type of film, there's no denying that these are certainly the best war movies ever.

Vote for your favorite war films to move them up the list. And if your favorites are not yet represented, make your own version of the list and add them!
The Best War Movies Ever, film, history, politics & history, films, military conflicts, events, War Movies, war, Wars, best movie genres,

300

Apocalypse Now

Black Hawk Down

Braveheart

Full Metal Jacket

Patton

Platoon

Saving Private Ryan

Schindler's List

The Bridge on the River Kwai


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<![CDATA[Insane Laws You Can't Believe Passed in America in the 2010s]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/backwards-laws/mike-rothschild
The 2010s have been a banner decade for bad laws. States in the US have passed a stack of new voter ID laws in response to a non-existent rash of voter fraud, fought with the federal government about same-sex marriage and LGBT rights, and done almost everything possible to criminalize homelessness.

Some of these laws have made it difficult for married women to vote in Texas, they've given states a license to discriminate in the guise of "religious freedom," criminalized behavior between consenting adults, regulated what bathroom people can use, and on and on. Some of the worst laws never actually made it to the governor's desk for signature but just the fact that they were proposed should be chilling to freedom-loving people everywhere.

Here are some of the most backwards and insane laws passed throughout the 2010s so far.

Insane Laws You Can't Believe Passed in America in the 2010s,

Ft. Lauderdale made it illegal for homeless people to own things.
In 2014, the city of Ft. Lauderdale took up a resolution that would make it illegal for homeless people keep their possessions anywhere on public property. Police were allowed to confiscate any property stored on a public ground, provided 24-hours notice is given. And just to extort money from people who don't have any, the city would allow the confiscated property to be retrieved, if the owner pays a “reasonable” fee for storage and transportation.

It was part of a slew of anti-homeless laws the Florida city passed, but it wasn't enforced for two years, until April 2016, when police began confiscating the possessions of the city's small homeless community.

North Carolina's "bathroom bill."
Criticized as everything from reactionary and shoved through the legislature (it was passed in one day) to a solution looking for a problem, North Carolina's HB2 was the so-called "bathroom bill" that mandated people use the restroom that matches the gender on their birth certificate. It also eliminates anti-discrimination protections for the state and individual cities.

The bill was supposedly passed as a "common sense" measure that disallowed an ordinance passed by Charlotte which prohibited discrimination in public facilities. That ordinance was seen by supporters as enabling child predators and perverts to go into women's bathrooms and claim they were transgender. The bill was seen by critics as unconstitutional, massively bigoted, and a reaction to a crime that had never been documented. Numerous cities in North Carolina itself objected to the law, and vowed not to enforce it.

The bill brought a host of boycotts on the state, as artists canceled concerts and business scuttled plans to expand into North Carolina. The state's governor had to clarify what the bill was about, amend it, and continuously explain it, while he still defended its necessity. In May 2016, the Department of Justice sued the state's governor on the grounds that the bill violates federal law. The state promptly sued the Obama administration right back, and the matter is tied up in court.

Illinois banned teens from tanning, even with parental approval.
Going into effect in 2014, Illinois barred those under 18 from using tanning beds at salons, even if they have permission from their parents. While proponents of the law claimed it would reduce incidents of skin cancer, opponents said that it essentially removed the ability of teenagers to make choices, and of parents to allow their kids to carry them out.

Oklahoma banned local cities that were increasing the minimum wage.
At the same time as Democrats are fighting for an increased minimum wage, and individual cities have raised theirs as high as $15/hour, Oklahoma is going in the opposite direction. The state's governor signed a law in 2014 banning individual cities from enacting their own minimum wage increases.

The law was seen as a response to Oklahoma City considering raising their minimum age to $10.10 per hour, and was sold as protection against "artificial" increases in the wage. While most states have raised their own minimum wage past the federal mark of $7.25, Oklahoma still hasn't.

Texas disenfranchised married women who have their maiden name on their ID.
While the issue of voter fraud has had a much more impassioned response than it warrants (a Washington Post investigation found about 30 cases total in every election from 2000 to 2014), Texas took its voter ID crusade one step too far in 2012. That's when the state passed a restrictive new ID law that, among other things, won't let a woman use an ID with her maiden name if she changed it after marriage.

A federal court struck down the law, but the Supreme Court overturned that decision when it ruled parts of the Voting Rights Act were unconstitutional. As a result, a complex set of rules sprung up as to what ID women could use, and countless women in Texas had trouble voting, including a federal judge and the state's governor, Wendy Davis.

Mississippi's soda ban, ban.
In 2013, Mississippi bravely led the charge against being denied massive restaurant portions or Super Big Gulps when the state's governor signed a law preventing counties and towns from enacting portion size laws. The bill was a reaction to New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg's law, since struck down, that allowed the city to regulate the size of soda cups and restaurant portions. Mississippi's law would only allow the state legislature to make such laws - and the governor made clear that wasn't going to happen.

Mississippi has one of the highest obesity rates in the nation, with 35% of its population massively overweight.


A California town taxed dispensaries to fund raids on dispensaries.
Voters in Vallejo, California passed Measure C in 2012, allowing the city to tax marijuana dispensaries 10% of their income plus $500. But because of state and federal laws, Measure C didn't actually legalize the sale of marijuana - meaning the city was collecting revenue from a criminal activity.
 
The taxes collected by Measure C were partially used to fund police raids on dispensaries, and within a few years, virtually every dispensary in Vallejo had been shut down, with the city refusing to collect Measure C taxes.

Tennessee outlawed mass transit.
Shockingly, Tennessee has no mass transit system, even in its biggest cities. Nashville attempted to remedy this with a seven-mile bus system called Amp that would connect various parts of the city and cut down the city's rapidly increasing commute times. But a coalition of wealthy residents, business owners, and the Koch Brothers got involved and helped scuttle the plan. The state legislature passed a bill making it illegal "for buses to pick up or drop off passengers in the center lane of a state road." This specifically barred the design of the Amp bus system, and any other train system.

But the law became moot when the legislature negotiated better oversight of the Amp project and the project was killed for good in 2015.


Tennessee approved a law letting mental health counselors discriminate.
In April 2016, Tennessee's state legislature approved a measure that would allow therapists to refuse to treat LGBT patients based on religious objections. One of a raft of laws that LGBT advocates claim are nothing more than legalized bigotry, the measure protected mental health counselors from legal or civil ramifications if they deny services to clients whose religious beliefs conflict with their own. The state's governor signed the law several weeks later.

Mississippi legalized discrimination against unmarried couples who have sex.
Not content to strip legal protections from just LGBT citizens, Mississippi took it a step further in April 2016 with HB1523. The law is specifically meant to protect the "religious freedom" and "moral convictions" of citizens. It outlines a host of actions that can now be discriminated against, including those that run counter to the belief that "marriage is or should be recognized as the union of one man and one woman" or that "sexual relations are properly reserved to such a marriage."

It also allows those with "moral convictions" against, say, women wearing pants to establish “sex-specific standards or policies concerning employee or student dress or grooming,” at a business they own. Many companies in the state are already protesting the bill, which is seen as imperiling Mississippi's already-beleaguered economy, ranked worst in the nation.



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<![CDATA[The Most Important Military Leaders in World History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/most-important-military-leaders-in-the-world/mike-rothschild
Military history has a few figures who didn't just win battles or campaigns, but changed the world and the destiny of their nations. From the earliest world conquerors, men who laid waste to the entire known world; to modern tactical geniuses using weapons that previous generations only dreamed of, these are the best military leaders, those who were known, feared and respected by both their people and their opponents.

Some of the best army generals in the world and best international army leaders are known even by people who know little else about military history. Others are less well-known but no less important. And every country in history has their own heroes, leaders who commanded forces in the battles that shaped their destiny. This list is far from comprehensive, and can never be, but attempts to find a cross-section of legendary warrior-kings, great strategists, modern innovators, and legendary blood and guts men and women who personally fought in combat.

Vote up the greatest military leaders below, and vote down the ones who might be overrated. Be sure to add other famous military leaders who aren't already listed to make the debate even more complete.

The Most Important Military Leaders in World History,

Alexander the Great
Never lost a battle and spread Hellenistic civilization across the known world.

Charles Martel

Erwin Rommel
Legendary field commander who virtually created modern tank warfare.

Frederick II of Prussia

Genghis Khan
Brutal conqueror who sacked much of the known world.

Hannibal
Legendary Carthaginian general who nearly sacked Rome and spread fear through the Empire.

Julius Caesar
Personally led the Roman armies at the height of their power.

Napoleon Bonaparte
Conquered continental Europe and revolutionized military tactics.

Robert E. Lee
Legendary general of the Confederate States of America.

William the Conqueror
Led the Norman Conquest of England and planted the seeds for modern Anglo culture.


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<![CDATA[Wacky Ways People Were Voted Into Power Throughout History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/weird-ways-people-got-elected/triciapsarreasmurray
People tend to get super serious during political discussions because politics are a pretty serious matter - most of the time. Amidst the world of powerful people doing powerful things is an arena full of stories about funny election results, zany ways election ties were settled, and the many weird ways people got elected in the first place. The political figures in these stories may have done important things once they were officially in power, but their journeys to elected office are far more entertaining than what they did with their position once they held it. 
 
Some of these political stars earned their “Seriously?!” positions by not quite winning their seats of power. Unlike the days when politicians could just pull out their pistols or swords to settle their disputes - a practice that was almost universally outlawed in the 18th century - modern stalemates are usually settled by games of chance. Depending on the location, tie-breakers are typically broken with a flip of a coin, a name pulled out of a box, a roll of the dice, a pick of a card, or any other game that relies on luck rather than skill.
 
Of course, those who gained their power through actual wins had a fair amount of luck on their sides, too. While it would be nice to say the rest of these victories were well-earned, this list of weird election results tells a slightly different story - and honestly, you couldn’t make this stuff up if we tried.

Wacky Ways People Were Voted Into Power Throughout History,

Martin Heydon Cruises Into an Irish Parliament Seat via a DeLorean

In 2016, Martin Heydon was voted into Irish Parliament after releasing one of the strangest, most epic campaign videos ever. The video starts with Heydon talking about the elections and takes an abrupt turn when a DeLorean appears. In true Back to the Future fashion, a flustered Doc Brown yells out “Quick, Marty! You’ve got to come with me! The future of Kildare South and the country depends on it!” Apparently ol’ Doc still knows what he’s talking about because this viral video did, indeed, change the future.


George Washington Was Just Sort of There and Became President

During the Revolutionary War, people were so focused on winning their freedom that they didn’t really stop to think about what they would do once they won it. So when the first presidential election occurred in 1789, George Washington was elected unanimously. With nobody else seeming a more logical choice, the newly formed United States chose Washington to lead the country basically because it seemed like a good idea at the time.


Official Raving Loony Party Candidate Finally Gets Elected in England

When a political party promises to protect unicorns, legalize broccoli, and never enforce their policies, a win from said party is sure to bring in some funny election results. That was the case for Alan “Howling Laud” Hope, the first Official Raving Loony Party candidate to be elected into office.

In 1987, Hope ran unopposed for a seat in Devon, England’s Ashburton Town Council. His fellow Loonies were initially upset because their rules stated that any politician who won an election must be thrown out of the party. Fortunately, the party remembered their rule about not enforcing their promises, ultimately allowing Hope to keep his office and win higher political seats in future elections.


Henry II Holds a Corpse Captive in the Start of a Long Rise to Power

In 1002, Duke Henry of Bavaria made what could very well be the most drastic attempt to gain a political seat in the history of forever. After the death of Emperor Otto III, Henry stole his corpse and kidnapped the archbishop who was moving the emperor’s remains. He kept them hostage and refused to free them until the archbishop promised to help Henry win the crown.

Soon after, the body thief became the crowned King of Germany and eventually moved on to become the Holy Roman Emperor. Unstoppable even in death, he was later canonized as Saint Henry, which really has to be one of the craziest paths to sainthood.


Satirical Candidate Visar Arifaj Seriously Deserved His Election Win

Partia e Fortë, also known as the Strong Party, is unlike any political group in Kosovo - or any other country, for that matter. Led by Visar Arifaj - who refers to himself as “Legendary Chairman” - the satirical group is headquartered at a bar; wears uniforms that consist of dress shirts, neck ties, and cargo shorts; and lives by the slogan, “We always promise,” as a snub to politicians who are all talk.

The political party may consist of a bit more party than politics, but that didn’t stop Arifaj from being elected in Prishtina’s Municipal Assembly in 2013. Joking aside, the Strong Party understands the people it represents, encourages citizens to stay positive, and probably deserves a “Transparent Residence” as a gift from Prishtina’s people as Arifaj flippantly suggested.


Pessimistic Brazilian Clown Understands His Voters

Does anyone really know what happens behind closed governmental doors? That was the question Tiririca the Brazilian Clown asked when he ran for Sao Paulo federal deputy in 2010. The candidate literally said, “What does a federal deputy do? Truly, I don't know. But vote for me and I will find out for you.” Apparently, people were curious to find out the answer to that question because Tiririca won with more than double the votes of the second-place candidate. Perhaps this weird election result is best summed up by one of Tiririca’s most popular slogans: “It can’t get any worse.”


Mississippi State Rep Reelected After Drawing Straws

In November 2015, two contenders for a Mississippi state representative seat were stuck at a standstill when they each received exactly 4,589 votes. The Democratic nominee, Blaine Eaton II, and his Republican opponent, Mark Tullos, settled the tie through a ceremonial game of chance. With the Governor and Secretary of State presiding, each candidate chose a silver box from a bag. Incumbent Representative Eaton’s box contained the longer straw and kept him in office for another term.


Man Unintentionally Beats His Friend in Italian Election

In 2012, Gino Bertolo stood unopposed as the only mayoral candidate in a small town Italian election. Embarrassed by the prospect of not enough people voting since he was a guaranteed winner, he asked his friend Fabio Borsatti to add his name to the ballot. The reluctant would-be mayor agreed to help his buddy but apparently forgot to share the plan with the rest of Cimolais’s 507 voters. When he learned that he had won, Borsatti was shocked and could only say, “I wanted Gino to win. Even my relatives voted for him.” Fortunately, no friendships were ruined, but it’s probably safe to say that neither man will make that mistake again.


French President Elected for Keeping It as Offensively Real as a White Guy Can

In 2012, French presidential candidate Francois Hollande took some notes from the Obama campaign and decided he needed to get down with the homies for an election win. With a an equally gutsy and offensive campaign soundtrack set to Jay Z and Kanye West’s “N***** in Paris,” Hollande did all he could to win minority votes. With lyrics like “Doctors say I’m the illest cause I’m suffering from realness,” the most unballin’ looking man in all of France sold his pitch and became president. Either that, or the voters just felt bad for him. In any case, Hollande dominated the election and that much is fo’ sho.


United States Presidential Election Ruined by Hanging Chads

As if electoral votes versus popular votes wasn’t a hard enough concept to grasp, the topic of hanging chads entered the equation in the United States 2000 presidential election. With the rest of the votes cast, everything came down to the near tie vote in Florida. Though Al Gore won the popular vote, the electoral votes were up in the air because some ballots were over or under punched. In other words, a whole lot of voters and machines were apparently too weak to punch a proper hole through a piece of paper.

People still question the validity of George W. Bush’s victory, but the more important question is whether or not he celebrated his victory with round confetti that year.



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<![CDATA[The All-Time Worst People in History]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-all-time-worst-people-in-history
The absolute worst people in history, ranked by the wisdom of the crowd. Who are the worst people in history? This list includes mass-murdering dictators, psychopathic serial killers, sociopathic religious leaders, insane politicians, deceptive political commentators, and who make our eyes and ears bleed. Who are the worst people of all time? This human scum has incited genocide, executed ethnic cleansing, enslaved entire races of people, practiced cannibalism, orchestrated arbitrary homicide, brainwashed people who trusted them, yelled at film crew members, and been paid by TV studios to be awful.

Anyone can vote on this list of vile villains and evil lunatics, making it an accurate, real-time ranking of the world's worst people ever. Call out history's biggest scumbags, and see how your picks stack up against everyone else's. Because those who do not rank the worst people in history are doomed to repeat it. Or something like that.
The All-Time Worst People in History,

Adolf Hitler

Idi Amin

Joseph Stalin

Kim Jong-il

Mao Zedong

Talaat Pasha

Osama bin Laden

Pol Pot

Robert Mugabe

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi


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<![CDATA[Best Democratic Candidates of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/best-democratic-candidates-of-all-time/jimmyfinkelsteine
Democratic List
Best Democratic Candidates of All Time,

Alben W. Barkley

Edmund Muskie

Estes Kefauver

Franklin D. Roosevelt

James K. Polk

John F. Kennedy

John Glenn

Lyndon B. Johnson

Wesley Clark

Harry S Truman


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<![CDATA[The Greatest Minds of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/greatest-minds-of-all-time/walter-graves
List of the Greatest Minds of All Time, throughout history. This list represents the most influential thinkers across various disciplines, ranked in a way that represents the power of their ideas and their impact on the world. The wisest men and women include top philosophers, physicists, famous poets, thinkers, teachers, physiologists, artists, inventors, engineers, the most irreplaceable CEOs in the world, economists and politicians and those whose talents span across many fields of study.

This list takes a historic perspective, so the greatest thinkers who are included on this list come from many different eras. The greatest minds of the 21st century may be quite different from great geniuses from the distant past, but each person should be judged within the context of the time that they were living. For example, inventing a new type of telephone in 2013 would not qualify one as "the most brilliant mind of all time," but in 1876 when Alexander Graham Bell first patented the telephone, it was an act of genius not seen before.

See Also: The Most Influential People of All Time.
The Greatest Minds of All Time,

Albert Einstein

Archimedes

Aristotle

Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Leonardo da Vinci

Nikola Tesla

Plato

William Shakespeare

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


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<![CDATA[The Worst U.S. Presidents]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-10-worst-u-s-presidents
The worst U.S. presidents of all time, measured by their negative impact on the nation, its citizens health and happiness, and its future prosperity. (In some cases – such as the popular selections of Warren G. Harding and Richard Nixon – the negative view of the president and his administration is due to various scandals and perceived corruption within its ranks. Nixon, of course, remains the only president to step down from the office amidst threats of impeachment.)

Much of a president's job – including serving as the figurative head of the American state and setting the nation's general legislative and diplomatic agenda – is sort of intangible and hard to evaluate in strict "good vs. bad" terms. This makes any list of the "best" or "worst" US presidents essentially subjective, and though there were administrations with a significant series of positive or negative outcomes, it's rarely clear just how much these had to do with the person in office and how many were simply due to accidents of fate or circumstance. Nonetheless, in particularly extraordinary cases – such as the administration of Abraham Lincoln, which kept the nation intact during the Civil War crisis, or the administration of Andrew Johnson immediately after that threatened the entire success of the Reconstruction project – it is clear which presidents did an overall good or bad job.

So who were the worst presidents of all time? We're ranking them here, based on your votes! When you've had enough political negativity, be sure to check out Ranker's ultimate uplifting presidential list: The Best US Presidents.
The Worst U.S. Presidents,

Andrew Johnson

Barack Obama

Bill Clinton

George W. Bush

Herbert Hoover

James Buchanan

Jimmy Carter

Lyndon B. Johnson

Richard Nixon

Woodrow Wilson


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<![CDATA[The Most Ridiculous Political Pundits]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-ridiculous-political-pundits
This is a CrowdRanked list of the most over-the-top, spittle-stained, fist-thumping, hyperbolic political pundits of all time. Speakers, Writers, TV personalities or Radio Hosts... each of these people has a special place in the Hallowed Halls of Partisanship. The most obnoxious political pundits have a partisan point of view, and they are not afraid to share it!

Odds are if you hate annoying politicians, you already know and detest these obnoxious pundits. This list of political commentators includes men and women, Democrats, Republicans and Independents. If you see someone missing from this list, add them by making your own list that will add to the consensus. Or... just rank those that are already here as you see fit.

So who are the most obnoxious political pundits? This list will answer that question based on your votes.
The Most Ridiculous Political Pundits,

Al Sharpton

Ann Coulter

Bill O'Reilly

Chris Matthews

Glenn Beck

Jesse Jackson

Karl Rove

Keith Olbermann

Rush Limbaugh

Sarah Palin


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<![CDATA[The Greatest U.S. Presidents of All Time]]> http://www.ranker.com/crowdranked-list/the-u-s-presidents-from-best-to-worst
The Greatest United States Presidents in history, ranked from best to worst. Who's the greatest U.S. president? Anyone can vote on or make their own version of this collaborative list of the men who shaped American policy - a fascinating insight into all the US Presidents and how their presidencies were perceived. Who were the best presidents? We expect this list of the Chief Executives to change over time as history's perceptions also change.

And be sure to check out Ranker's ultimate list of the Worst-Ever US Presidents as well, for comparison's sake.
The Greatest U.S. Presidents of All Time,

Abraham Lincoln

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Franklin D. Roosevelt

George Washington

Harry S. Truman

James Madison

John F. Kennedy

Ronald Reagan

Theodore Roosevelt

Thomas Jefferson


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