<![CDATA[Ranker: Recent natural disasters Lists]]> http://www.ranker.com/tags/natural-disasters http://www.ranker.com/img/skin2/logo.gif Most Viewed Lists on Ranker http://www.ranker.com/tags/natural-disasters <![CDATA[16 Times Natural Disasters Almost Ended the World]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/natural-disasters-that-almost-ended-the-world/daveesons

The beauty and mystery of nature and outer space are awe-inspiring - until one considers that these forces, like plastered hooligans at a soccer match, could quickly and without warning hit us over the head with a break and make humanity a thing of the past. Earthquakes, super storms, exploding stars, and rocketing space debris have all had our name on them from the beginning! From deep freezes that created ice deserts to comets that almost ended the world, here are some of the worst natural disasters we narrowly avoided.

16 Times Natural Disasters Almost Ended the World, natural disasters, disasters, other, world history,

The Laki Volcano Erupted and Nearly Wiped Out Agriculture

Volcanoes seem to be a strong argument that our planet is the equivalent of an angsty teenager: moody, unpredictable, and plagued by pimples that can take out entire continents. The 1783 eruption of Laki, on Iceland, might as well have been a screaming match about curfews. Only instead of slamming doors, close to quarter of the Icelandic population may have been killed off. 

The cataclysmic eruption occurred around June 8 and lasted for eight months, spewing lava and ash along a range a little over 14 miles (23 km) out of many volcanic vents rather than a single volcano. While the eruption wasn't the largest in recorded history, the amount of material ejected had a far more lasting impact than other volcanoes. 

In Iceland alone, the eight mega-tonnes of sulfur dioxide and fluorine that were released stayed relatively close to the earth's surface and mixed with vapor in the air to cause acid rain. Other gases were heavier and collected on grass, trees, plants, and crops, asphyxiating livestock and humans alike. It's estimated that close to a quarter of the Icelandic population died of the resulting famine and disease caused by the eruption. Because of the effects of the eruption and successive gases released, the entire northern hemisphere experienced colder temperatures and the haze left over from sulfur and fluorine. 

The Inuit people, Russian explorers, continental Europeans, and even the Chinese give several repots from the time of colder temperatures and a gas haze. 

Had the eruption taken place in a part of the world with a higher population or in a major breadbasket, like Ukraine, the immediate and long term effects could have been far worse for the entire world. 

An Ice Age Cornered Humans in South Africa on the Brink of Extinction

At the ever-contested crossroads of religion and science lies an apocalyptic event 195,000 years ago that brought all humanity and possibly all life on earth to the brink of extinction. 

According to Niall Firth of the Daily Mail, an ice age expanded down to as far as South Africa, blanketing forests, grasslands, and vital water sources in sheets of ice and snow until it cornered humans up against the South African coast and halted before it began to recede.

Firth emphasizes that Prof. Curtis Marean of Arizona State University found evidence of human habitation in caves of an area now known as Pinnacle Point. He believes that the human race was reduced to several hundred reproducing individuals and that all modern humans today descend from those isolated individuals and several other small populations in what are now Morocco and Ethiopia. 

While the situation our ancestors found themselves in was critical, the silver lining was that the area in which they were cornered is considered a Garden of Eden because of the variety and plentiful availability of edible plants, game, and the ocean all within close proximity.

It's nothing short of a miracle that the coast of South Africa is where humans were trapped and able to survive rather than in an area with fewer resources. Otherwise, our species may have not rebounded.

The Shaanxi Earthquake Was the Most Destructive Seismic Activity Ever Recordered

Our modern world enjoys the luxury and security of global communication, advanced medical technology, fast and efficient air transportation, and the ability to accurately monitor weather and geological events. We're lucky, and naturally many of us might take it for granted. However, what would likely be a contained local disaster today could have been a catastrophe with the potential to set off more disasters just a few hundred years ago. 

In 1556 in Shaanxi, which is now part of the central People's Republic of China, the largest and most destructive earthquake in recorded history struck the southern part of the province in an area known as Huaxian (according to records of the time) on January 23rd. The magnitude-8 quake resulted in the death and injury of over 830,000 people. It is also reported, though not confirmed, that entire mountains crumbled under the strength of the quake even though it lasted only seconds. 

The locals who lived through the ordeal began rebuilding Shaanxi by constructing houses and other structures with bamboo and lightweight or more resilient materials. It's believed that this is the only known earthquake that was strong and sudden enough to even alter the course of some rivers in the area. 

Today, a terrible event like the Shaanxi earthquake could be handled well and perhaps destruction and death would be reduced, but in 1556, a force of that magnitude could have caused out-of-control fires, further quakes, and released gases and lava or perhaps even tsunamis with no way of preparing or handling them. 

The Jose Barilla Comet of 1883 Just Missed Earth

For thousands of years, people have gazed in wonder at the majestic beauty of the cosmos. Philosophers, writers, religious leaders, and star-crossed lovers all immortalized themselves referring to the stars. Little did they know that some of these heavenly bodies were coming straight for us!

In 1883, at the Zacatecas Observatory in Mexico, astronomer Jose Bonilla caught sight of a comet in August of that year. Unsure of exactly what it was that he was observing, Bonilla reported his findings to a French newspaper, L'Astronomie, three years later. At the time it was believed that dust or debris was just covering his lens, but modern analysis is painting a more grim picture. 

Hector Manterola of the National Autonomous University in Mexico believes that what Bonilla saw was a collection of pieces of a large comet, all of which had come very close to earth. He and his fellow scientists believe that the smaller pieces were part of one large comet roughly a billion tonnes in mass now known as the Bonilla Comet.

When Manterola and other scientists used parallax calculations (that is, comparing how an object looks when viewed from different directions), they confidently concluded that the comet and its smaller fragments were as close as 600 kilometers above the earth. Furthermore, they were sure that if the fragments alone had made contact with the earth, human extinction could have occurred.

A Stone Age Supernova Star Exploded and Singed the Planet

Did British rock band Oasis know something the rest of us didn't when they released Champagne Supernova? Whether they are magical shape-shifters who traveled through time and space to warn us about intergalactic threats, we'll never know, but there is mounting evidence that 340,000 years ago, a star exploded and radiation collided with earth, disrupting our ozone layer. 

The Type II supernova left a gas bubble hovering very close to our solar system, as was discovered in 1972 by Italian astronomers, chiefly Dr. Giovanni Bignami. The modern astronomical community agrees that the effect of the initial explosion and the radiation reaching earth was felt by our ancestors as a sunburn. According to Dr. Jules P. Halpern of Columbia University, what can be observed today is a small neutron star, all that remains of what was once an explosion that dwarfed our own sun in comparison. 

Had the supernova, its collapse and explosion been closer, it would have had a devastating effect on all life and destroyed twenty percent of the earth's atmosphere.

Mount Tambora Erupted, Kicking Off the Year Without Summer

The brobdinagian effect that an isolated geological event can have on the entire world is fascinating and frightening. Thankfully, while it did happen in 1815, we're all still here. For now. 

Mount Tambora was destructive both during its eruption and afterward. In the immediate aftermath, the volcano's eruption and subsequent tsunamis took the lives of 10,000 Indonesian people. While this in itself is heartbreaking, the lingering effects that the eruption caused have been studied ever since. 

The Year Without Summer, known 'round the world as a result of the Tambora Explosion, was an event where snow fell during the summer months as far away as New England in the United States and crucial crops were killed off.

According to Smithsonian Magazine,

In Europe and Great Britain, far more than the usual amount of rain fell in the summer of 1816. It rained nonstop in Ireland for eight weeks. The potato crop failed. Famine ensued... After hunger came disease. Typhus broke out in Ireland late in 1816, killing thousands, and over the next couple of years spread through the British Isles.

The cold, dark year on the east coast of the United States pushed many to relocate out west, shifting the nation's population centers. In Virginia, it snowed on the Fourth of July.

Additionally, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was dreamt up as a result of Ms. Shelley being stuck indoors because of the abnormal weather patterns outside during summer. 

While the immediate explosion wasn't a direct threat to remote areas of our world, the steam-rolling ash and gas mixing within the atmosphere, causing acid rain and reducing temperatures, came dangerously close to plunging us into permanent famine.

The 2012 Solar Storm Missed Humanity by a Week

Movies and TV are escapist fun: it's why we flock to them, especially all those apocalypse and natural disaster movies from the 1990s and early 2000s. But the real thing is far from a laughing matter.

In 2014, NASA confirmed that two years prior, in July 2012, a solar storm more powerful than any in over a hundred years almost hit our planet. Known as a CME, or coronel mass ejection, a solar storm or solar flare is ultraviolet radiation and X-rays followed by clouds of magnetized plasma ejecting from the sun. In our case, this dangerous combination could have reached Earth at light speed.

Specialists at NASA believe it would take about a full day for this kind of storm to reach us. Then, upon contact, all of our electrical grids and anything relying on them would be fried, setting us back several hundred years as far as technology is concerned. This is in addition to what it could potentially do to biological life forms and the environment. An earth-wide blackout.

According to Daniel Baker, a physicist at the University of Colorado, "If it had hit we would still be picking up the pieces," and according to The Washington Post, if the solar flare had happened a week earlier, our planet would have been in the storm's direct trajectory.

Siberia's Tunguska Meteor Would Have Destroyed a More Populated Place

The Siberian taiga is sparsely populated, with some areas being remote they're accessibly only by helicopter. Once there, one of the most unsettling experiences you can have is walking through a petrified forest of trees felled by something other than humans. This is the site of the Podkamennaya Tunguska Explosion. 

The year is 1908. Russia has lost a war against Imperial Japan (three years prior) and experienced a failed popular revolution that ended in blood. Meanwhile, above the river Tunguska, an explosion tears through the sky with enough power to shred timber on the ground in all directions - timber that is still visible to this day.

Even now and more so a century and change ago, the remoteness of the Siberian Taiga makes visiting the area difficult, but the limited observations and study of the phenomenon strongly support the possibility that a comet burned up in the atmosphere and exploded above the area. Because of the nature of ballistics, the blast pressure forced towards earth brushed trees, flora, and fauna aside with ease and left what is essentially an open field to this day. Leonid Kulik was the first person to survey the site in 1921 and discovered that there was no crater. 

Based on the very limited information available, it is believed that the meteor was roughly sixty meters across and exploded around ten miles above the earth's surface. 

It is a miraculous stroke of luck that the Tunguska explosion occurred over the Siberian taiga where very few people live and not over a major metropolitan area. 

The Toba Supervolcano Pushed Humans to Near-Extinction

Thousands of years ago, Earth buried the most destructive volcano ever known to exist. But it still lurks...

Thankfully for the human species and perhaps all life on Earth, the Toba Supervolcano is now submerged under a lake on the Indonesian island of Sumatra - so we're safe for now. 

However, 70,000 years ago, a level-8 cataclysmic explosion erupted from Toba, spewing 2,800 cubic kilometers of of ash, rock, and magma. Science writer Sam Kean theorizes that the eruption's cloud of ash blocked out the sun for several years; temperatures dropped dramatically; grasslands, big game, and types of fruit disappeared. All of this reduced the relatively small human population to around 5,000 individuals who had to experience another Ice Age for quite some time.

The Chelyabinsk Meteor Could Have Ended Human Civilization

Speaking about the distant past often lulls us into a false sense of security by thinking that if something happened in the past, it won't happen again. The simple fact is that constant danger has always been a reality of life and always will be.

Enter the Chelyabinsk Meteor. On February 15, 2013, a meteor large and close enough to temporarily block out sunlight rocketed towards earth and exploded above Chelyabinsk, Russia, just north of Kazakhstan. 

With a blast concussion stronger than a nuclear warhead, according to Elizabeth Howell of Space.com, the pressure knocked out windows, injured close to 1,200 people without direct impact and was detected as far away as Antarctica. 

Imagine what could have happened if it had made direct contact with the earth's surface in a heavily populated area!

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<![CDATA[11 Amazing & Rare Natural Phenomena]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/10-amazing-and-rare-natural-phenomenons/analise.dubner
This natural phenomena list chronicles some of the most stunning, and rare, occurrences in nature (with photos). The natural world is packed to the brim with amazing life forms and spectacular accomplishments, but there are some things that just stand out. Mostly because they are so rare and unusual.

What are some natural phenomenons that occur in nature? Some of the examples on this list have yet to be fully understood, and others have been well documented throughout history... but one thing is for certain, if you witness even one of these amazing and rare occurrences in your lifetime, consider yourself lucky.
11 Amazing & Rare Natural Phenomena,

Rogue Wave
Rogue waves (also known as freak waves, monster waves, killer waves, extreme waves, and abnormal waves) are large and dangerous surface waves that occur far out to sea. These are not tsunamis, but instead seem to form from a variety of possible causes.

There are three types of rogue waves, the "Wall of Water", the "Three Sisters" and single, giant storm waves that can collapse within moments of their formation. These waves seem to occur in deep water or where a number of physical factors converge and can cause a number of waves to join together.
Ice Circles
That ice circles and discs form is no mystery, but how they form is still a little up in the air. Ice circles are thin, circular slabs of ice that rotate slowly in the water. It is believed that they form in eddy currents, but some new theories involving rising methane have been brought forward in Russia.
Aurora Borealis
Superintendant Chalmers: Good Lord, what is happening in there?
principal Skinner: The Aurora Borealis?
Superintendant Chalmers: The Aurora Borealis? At this time of year? At this time of day? In this part of the country? Localized entirely within your kitchen?
principal Skinner: Yes.
Superintendant Chalmers: May I see it?
principal Skinner: No.

An aurora is a natural light display in the sky particularly in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, caused by the collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the thermosphere. These charged particles come from the magnetosphere as well as solar winds and are directed by the Earth's magnetic field into the atmosphere.

The altitude and the density of the atmosphere determine the colors you see, when the energetic electrons are strong enough to split the air molecules into nitrogen and oxygen. Oxygen atoms tend to display in two typical colors: green and red. The red is a brownish red that is at the limit of what the human eye can see, and although the red auroral emission is often very bright, we can barely see it.

To see aurora you need clear and dark sky. During very large auroral events, the aurora may be seen throughout the US and Europe, but these events are rare. I saw the Aurora in the middle of Utah once... looked like the sky was on fire in the middle of the night.
Sailing Stones
The method by which these stones travel is still an unsolved mystery. At a place called The Racetrack Playa in Death Valley, there's a dry lake bed that is surprisingly flat, with only a 4cm height differential between the north and south ends. The high mountains surrounding the Racetrack are made mostly of dark dolomite and tower over the lake bed. When the heavy desert rains come, water pours down these mountains and onto the lake bed, forming a very shallow lake. Due to the hot temperatures of the region (because, you know, Death Valley), the water evaporates, leaving behind a layer of soft, very slick mud. There is a theory that high winds move the rocks at this time, the thin layer of mud acting as a lubricated surface. However, the fact that some stones move and others do not, or that some will simply change direction... makes the wind theory slightly suspect.

These rocks seem to only move every 2 or 3 years, and some tracks develop over 4 years. There have been research teams on the Playa since the 70s, but no one has yet to witness the stones actually moving.

Update: In 2014, a team of scientists and engineers were finally able to capture on video how it happens
Fire Rainbow
Also called a circumhorizontal arc, a fire rainbow is an optical phenomenon formed by ice crystals in high altitude cirrus clouds. If you are very lucky and live at the right latititude, you might see one, possibly two in your entire lifetime. Cirrus clouds are those spread-out, wispy looking clouds that you see way up past the regular, fluffy ones. They are so wispy because there is very little moisture in the air at that altitude.

Despite the fact that cirrus clouds are common, fire rainbows are not. This is for the same reason that you only see a regular rainbow under certain circumstances. The light from the sun has to hit these particular ice crystals at exactly the right angle or the light will not separate (refract) into its colorful components - at least 58 degrees above the horizon. Because of the absolutely specific height of the sun you will not see a fire rainbow south or north of 55 degrees.
Raining Animals
Raining animals is a rare meteorological phenomenon in which animals fall from the sky. There are a few theories about how this happens, one suggests that strong winds traveling over water sometimes pick up creatures such as fish or frogs, and carry them for up to several miles. However, while people have witnessed the animals actually falling, this initial stage of where and how the animals get grabbed up in the first place has never been witnessed or scientifically tested.

In some reported cases, the animals fall to the ground intact and alive, and in some they are found frozen or shredded.
Water Spout
A water spout is technically a non-supercell tornado over water... and while it's usually weaker than its land-brother the tornado, stronger ones are possible.

Usually found in the tropics, they've been known to form over lakes as well. There are generally three types: non-tornadic, tornadic and snowspout. The first, non-tornadic (or fair weather waterspouts) are the most common and tend to live only about 20 minutes. A tornadic spout is much stronger, and basically an actual tornado over water. These, like tornados, are connected with severe thunderstorms. Finally, the snowspout (also known as a snow devil) is the rarest of the three types. Only six known pictures exist (four from Ontario, CA), and they require extremely cold temps over a body of warm water with a difference of a specific 34 degrees to form at all.
Ball Lightning
Ball lightning is an unexplained atmospheric electrical phenomenon that refers to a luminous, usually spherical object (and it's not a piece o' the car) which can vary from pea-sized to several meters in diameter. It is usually associated with thunderstorms, but lasts considerably longer than the split-second flash of a lightning bolt.

Laboratory experiments have produced effects that are visually similar to reports of ball lightning, but it is presently unknown whether these are actually related to any naturally occurring phenomenon. Scientific data on natural ball lightning are scarce owing to its infrequency and unpredictability. The presumption of its existence is based on reported public sightings, and has therefore produced somewhat inconsistent findings. Because there is a real lack of data on the phenomenon, the true nature of ball lightning is still unknown.
Penitentes are a snow formation found only at high altitudes. They take the form of tall thin blades of hardened snow or ice closely spaced and pointing in the general direction of the sun. Penitentes can be as tall as a person.

The key climatic condition that leads to the formation of penitentes is that dew point is always below freezing. Thus, snow will sublimate, because sublimation requires a higher energy input than melting. The surface geometry of the growing penitente produces a positive feedback mechanism, and radiation is trapped by multiple reflections between the walls of the points. The hollows become almost a black body for radiation, while decreased wind leads to air saturation, increasing dew point temperature and the onset of melting. In this way peaks and walls remain, which intercept only a minimum of solar radiation and in the spaces between, ablation is enhanced, leading to a downward growth of penitentes. A mathematical model of the process has been developed, but the initial stage of penitente growth, from granular snow to the birth of a new penitente, still remains unclear.
Algal Bloom
Algal blooms are a natural phenomenon, the occurrence of which may be increased by nutrient pollution. Algae can multiply quickly in waterways with an overabundance of nitrogen and phosphorus, particularly when the water is warm and the weather is calm. This proliferation causes "blooms" of algae that turn the water green, orange or red. 

 The ones that most folks take note of, of course, are the ones that turn the ocean to blood. Or, you know, "red tide", even though it has nothing to do with the tide. This is known as one of the 'harmful blooms', although not only the red and brown algea are harmful. These HABs can produce neurotoxins (which affect the nervous system) and hepatotoxins (which affect the liver). These toxins can potentially impact the health of people who come into contact with water where HABs are present in high numbers.Even though these blooms have been around since before biblical times, there has been increased public awareness of the negative impacts of these blooms to marine resources -- such as strandings and deaths of marine mammals, birds, and sea turtles. In addition, scientists have determined that there are more toxic algal species, algal toxins, affected fisheries resources, food-web disruption, and economic losses from harmful algal blooms than ever before.

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<![CDATA[The Worst Droughts and Famines in History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/the-worst-droughts-and-famines-in-history/drake-bird
Wiping out portions of the populations in these unfortunate areas, the worst droughts and famines in history date back several centuries and chronicle some of the worst natural disasters on record. What are the worst droughts in history? Sadly, droughts and famines still occur to this day with starvation and malnutrition an unfavorable reality in many parts of the world.

What are the worst famines of all time? Famine and drought differ from other devastating natural disasters like the worst earthquakes and the most destructive tornadoes in the length of time of the suffering. Tornadoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis last a matter of minutes, while famine and drought can last years at a time. Similarly, as many other natural disasters are considered acts of God, many of these historical famines were party caused by poor policies by local governments.

To put things in perspective a bit more, the deaths from the worst famine in history greatly exceed all the deaths in the worst earthquakes of the 21st century combined. Affecting China from 1958 to 1961, the recent Great Chinese Famine claimed an estimated 43 million lives. That is more than the entire modern population of Canada.

As sad as it is, if nothing else, this history of famine and drought has brought awareness to the ongoing issues of malnutrition and starvation. While both continue to this day, there are also organizations and charities trying their best to end this unfortunate reality.
The Worst Droughts and Famines in History,

Great European Famine
Creating the worst famine ever seen in Europe, the Great Famine of 1315–1317, also known as the Great European Famine, was actually a series of crises. The tragedy, that killed an estimated 7.5 million people, was caused by strange weather and unrelenting rains.
Soviet Famine of 1932-–33
Affecting the top grain-producing areas of the Soviet Union over several months, the Soviet famine of 1932–1933 is remembered by some as the Holodomor, a term that translates to "hungry mass death." Between seven and 10 million were killed in the area, which is now part of the Ukraine and Siberia, among other areas.
Chinese Famine of 1936
Hitting China over a few months in 1936, the Asian country lost an estimated five million people during the Chinese Famine of 1936. This incident was one of several to affect China during the first part of the 20th century.
Russian Famine of 1921
Though it may have killed as many as 10 million, the Russian Famine of 1921 is considered to have resulted in five million deaths. This disaster affected the Volga-Ural region and was believed to be as a result of hard times during Word War I.
Indian Famine
Affecting the presidencies and provinces of British India, the Indian Famine was a six-year event that took place between 1896 and 1902. One of many famines to hit India throughout the years, this one was the worst, claiming an estimated 19 million lives.
Bengal Famine of 1770
Killing one-third of the population of Bengal over a five-year period, the Bengal Famine of 1770 took place between 1969 and 1773 in what is now parts of Bangladesh. An estimated 15 million perished in the famine, which was blamed on greedy principles from the British East India Company's rule.
Northern Chinese Famine
As the name suggests, the Northern Chinese Famine affected the northern portion of the country of China. As the fifth-worst famine in history, this disaster lasted from 1876 to 1879 and is believed to have killed 13 million people.
Indian Great Famine of 1876-–78
Known simply as the Great Famine of 1876–78, this tragedy that took the lives of as many as 10.3 million, affected over 250,000 square miles in India. The two-year famine also distressed over 58 million in the Madras, Mysore, Hyderabad and Bombay areas.
Great Chinese Famine
Lasting three years from 1958 to 1961, the Great Chinese Famine is the worst on record. While statistics of the loss of life are disputed, as few as 15 million and as many as 43 million were killed as a result.
Chinese Famine of 1907
Coming in second, a brief but deadly famine hit China in 1907 and is accordingly known as the Chinese Famine of 1907. In a matter of months an estimated 24 million people were killed.

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<![CDATA[20 Unbelievable Aftermath Pictures of the Worst Floods Throughout History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/historical-pictures-of-floods/jordan-love

There's just something about natural disasters that people find tragically fascinating. From Vietnam to New Orleans, pictures from around the world capture the majesty and destructive force of floodwaters.

Hurricanes or tsunamis cause some floods, others simply occur after copious amount of rainfall. Whatever the reason, certain parts of the world have to deal with severe flooding on a yearly basis. Places like southern Asia and the American South are highly represented when it comes to historical pictures of floods because they see significant flooding almost every year. 

On rare occasions, there are floods of things other than water. Take the Great Molasses Flood of 1919 for example. It covered the streets of Boston in sticky molasses, killing several people in the process.

Some of these historical photos of floods are quite old, others are from more recent history. Either way, they are fascinating for the floods they depict. Vote up your favorite crazy flood pictures below. 

20 Unbelievable Aftermath Pictures of the Worst Floods Throughout History,

Flooding From Hurrican Carol in 1954

The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927

A Flood of Dust and Dirt Buried Everything in Its Path During the Dust Bowl in 1936

Debris Flow From Caraballeda Flooding in 1999

A Town Near Sumatra Devastated by Flooding in 2004

1936 Potomac River Flood

With the Capitol Building visible in the top right of the image.

Beach Homes Destroyed by Flooding From Hurricane Sandy in 2012

Rowing Through City Streets After the 1910 Paris Flood

Nepalese Flooding in 2013 Eroded Away The Hillside

Square Trousseau During the 1910 Flooding of Paris

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<![CDATA[People Who Do Not Curb Their Dog Are...]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/people-who-do-not-curb-their-dog-are-/mansmarbles

Explore more of the animalistic things that make you feel crappy or piss you off @ MansMarbles.com

People Who Do Not Curb Their Dog Are...,

Who Cares





All of the Above

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<![CDATA[The Most Essential Things to Stock in Your Bomb Shelter]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/bomb-shelter-essentials/jakebaumgart

You may think you have your home pretty well stocked - comfy couch, new TV, and a freezer full of pizza bagels. Sure, that may be all you need to get through a normal week, but what happens when the power goes out, the government collapses, and the starving hoards arrive at your door? You're going to need supplies. The items on this list are the most important thing you need to turn your rec room into a survival shelter!

What do you need to survive a bug in situation? For some background, a "bug in" is any dangerous scenario where you have to stay inside your home for a prolonged period of time, and when normal resources are scarce. This could be anything from a serious storm to an all-out zombie invasion. These items will make sure that you not only survive, but thrive. Real survivors always have plans for any situation.

Some of the items you'll need in your fallout or underground shelter kits might already be in your home! Everyone should have, at bare minimum, some working flashlights and a stocked first aid kit. After that, you can think about moving up to some of the bigger ticket items like a HAM radio, propane heater, or gas mask.

Many of the items on this list aren’t even specialty items- you can pick them up at your local grocery store. Do you already have a surplus of food and water tucked away? How about a few extra cans of gas in case there is another shortage? Things like this are easy to come by and could make the difference between life and death.

So hunker down and pay attention! Fallout shelters aren't complete without these life-saving items.

The Most Essential Things to Stock in Your Bomb Shelter,

Inevitably, things will break. It doesn't matter how much money you sink into this project, there is always some aspect that will need repairing. It's important to keep a fully-stocked tool kit nearby so that you can get the work and get your shelter up and running again!
A Camping Stove
If space is at a premium in your shelter or home, then consider a small camping stove for your cooking solution. These larger model camp stoves can be purchased at almost any major retailer and utilize the plentiful camping propane canisters. 
Dehydrated Food
You're definitely going to get sick of eating can after can of beans and pie filling. So adding some dehydrated camp meals to your stockpile is smart. Not only do they offer variety, but they store incredibly easy and last a long time.

Canned and Packaged Foods
This is your cheapest and easiest way to store food when the world is on the brink of destruction. Just make sure you pay attention to expiration dates and rotate out your stock!
Bottled Water
The most important supply you need to have stashed away is a surplus of water. When the grid goes down, there is no guarantee that water will be running to your home. In fact, even if it is, it might not be safe to drink! Water is one of your most precious of resources!
First Aid
A first aid kit is one of the most important (and overlooked) items in a home or bomb shelter. Not only do you want to be prepared for scrapes and scratches, but you want to be knowledgeable on how to treat larger injuries. A well-stocked first aid kit is one of the most important things you can own - even if the world isn't ending.

A Generator
When it's TEOTWAWKI (The End Of The World As We Know It), one of the first things to go down is the power grid. A generator is going to be your best friend when it comes to getting even simple electronics like lights back on. Plus, these things are great in severe weather storms!
A Bug Out Bag
Pack a backpack with all the necessities for surviving on foot for three days. Supplies should include a way to make shelter, food, water, and tools.
A HAM Radio
If that emergency radio isn't doing it for you, then you might want to upgrade to a HAM radio. With these bad boys, you can send out directions and communications over frequencies that are sure to connect you to other survivors and help them find your location.
It's a sad fact, but in a major disaster, you might have to protect yourself and your group from raiders or there desperate survivors. Although a lot of doomsday preppers harbor a Rambo-like fantasy involving their cache of weapons, it is true that weapons will become important. You may even need to hunt down some food with them.

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<![CDATA[The Worst California Wildfires in History]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/worst-california-wildfires/mike-rothschild
California wildfires have been among the most destructive in American history, and with the state in the teeth of a prolonged drought, they're only getting more numerous and more dangerous. Every fire season, from late summer until fall, seems to bring more blazes, more acres destroyed, and more money spent battling them. Things are getting so bad that the very idea of "fire season" is becoming an anachronism.

But wildfires aren't a new phenomenon, with massive blazes going back to the founding of the state, including maybe the worst ever in terms of acres burned, the Santiago Canyon Fire, taking place in 1889. Since then, advances in firefighting technology and tactics have made fires easier to contain, but often at terrible costs in lives, such as during several fires in the '50s and '60s. The deadliest fires often happen because of a combination of large fires, scorching hot weather, changes in wind direction, and the terrain the fire is spreading into.

Even with the hot, dry weather, and numerous warnings to not start fires in vulnerable areas, fires break out. Sometimes it's an act of nature, such as a lightning strike causing forest fires - but other times it's arson or carelessness. These incidents are harshly prosecuted, with the arsonist behind one of the most deadly fires in California history receiving the death penalty.

Here are the worst fires in California history, ranked first by number of lives lost, then by acres.

The Worst California Wildfires in History,

1991 Oakland firestorm
Date: October 1991
Cause: Brushfire
Acreage burned: 1,520
Deaths: 25
The costliest fire in California history began as a simple brush fire in the backyard of a home in a suburban Oakland community. Embers from the extinguished fire hit dried out ground and sparked a fire that raced through the Berkeley Hills, with embers being blown by strong winds around the area, starting more small fires that eventually merged. The dry air, closely packed wooden houses on steep hills, and high canyon walls whipped up strong winds and temperatures that eventually hit an astounding 2,000 degrees. The fire was so powerful that ash blew all the way across the bay into Candlestick Park, where an NFL game was being played.

When the wind finally shifted, firefighters were able to put the blazes out. But 25 people were killed, 150 were injured, 2,500 houses were destroyed, and over $1.5 billion in damage was done.

Rattlesnake Fire
Date: July 1953
Cause: Arson
Acreage burned: 1,340
Deaths: 15
Arsonist Stan Pattan started several small fires in Mendocino National Forest, and while one was quickly contained, the other spread quickly. While that fire was eventually contained, a small spot fire started near the firefighters' campground, which quickly burned while the men were taking a dinner break. The firefighters made a run for it, but most were killed by the fast moving blaze.

The fire changed how forest fires were handled, and led to a number of improvements in tactics. Pattan was eventually caught and sent to prison for several years.

Laguna Fire
Date: September 1970
Cause: Downed power lines
Acreage burned: 175,000
Deaths: 8
In September and October of 1970, California was hit by a vicious spate of wildfires, the worst of which was the Laguna Fire. High winds knocked down power lines in eastern San Diego County, and within a day, the fire had advanced 30 miles west, destroying multiple communities in its path. Firefighting efforts were hampered by the continued high winds, grounding all aircraft but one, flown by a Canadian pilot gone rogue. Over three weeks, the fire destroyed nearly 400 homes and killed eight people. Afterward, the devastation prompted Congress to establish a system allowing military aircraft to fight civilian fires – which is still in place today.

Old Fire
Date: October 2003
Cause: Arson
Acreage burned: 91,000
Deaths: 6
Another of the massive spate of fall 2003 fires, which included the Cedar Fire, the Old Fire was smaller, but extremely deadly. It began when arsonist Rickie Lee Fowler threw a lit flare out of a moving car into a pile of dry growth. The fire sparked quickly, then merged with a number of other fires, forming a massive blaze. Five people died in the blaze, with another suffering a fatal heart attack during the evacuation. Dozens of homes burned and a number of large communities were threatened by the blaze before it was contained by firefighters helped by a large snow storm.

Fowler was arrested in 2009 and charged with arson and six counts of murder. After a recanted confession and a trial, Fowler was found guilty and sentenced to death. Tragically, the ground stripped of vegetation was hit with a massive storm, causing a mudslide that killed 14 people.

Inaja Fire
Date: November 1956
Cause: Arson
Acreage burned: 44,000
Deaths: 11
A boy from a local Indian tribe made the unfathomable decision to throw a match into dry grass to see if it would burn. It did, and the fire quickly spread due to hot wind and drought conditions. It burned 25,000 acres within a day, and resisted all efforts to put it out. The next day, as a group of “fellers” were cutting trees to make a firebreak, the fire jumped up and hit a patch of gas tanks. The explosion and fireball killed 11 men – and led to a complete overhaul of firefighting techniques, including the creation of the “10 Standard Orders” of forest fire fighting.

Witch Creek Fire
Date: October 2007
Cause: Downed power lines
Acreage burned: 197,000
Deaths: 2
California’s October 2007 wildfire season was one of the worst on record at that point, and the worst of these fires was the Witch Creek Fire (sometimes just called the Witch Fire), in remote Western San Diego County. It began when high Santa Ana winds knocked down a power line, igniting brush that was dried out from drought conditions.

The fire jumped over Interstate 15 and quickly headed west, where it merged with another fire, threatening the entire San Diego region. 500,000 residents had to be evacuated, and numerous major roads were closed. By the time it was contained, nearly 1,600 homes and buildings were destroyed, and two people were killed. A fire near the Witch Fire, the Harris Fire, burned less area, but killed 8 people, including four firefighters.

Loop Fire
Date: August 1966
Cause: Downed power line 
Acreage burned: 2,200
Deaths: 12
A small fire in terms of acreage, the Loop Fire was one of the deadliest to California firefighters, with 12 men killed battling the blaze. It started when a power line sparked dry grass near Pacoima Dam, and burned so hot that huge clouds of smoke drifted into the San Fernando Valley. When a crew of firefighters entered a narrow canyon to contain it, the wind shifted and brought the fire right on top of them.

The lessons learned from the Loop Fire included better use of communications gear and a greater understanding of how canyons can trap and push superheated gas.

Cedar Fire
Date: October - December 2003
Cause: Signal fire in dry wood
Acreage burned: 273,246
Deaths: 15
The Cedar Fire is considered to be the largest and most destructive in California history. It broke out in Cleveland National Forest in central San Diego County, on October 25, when novice hunter Sergio Martinez became lost, and rather than shout for help (which would have scared away animals) he started a signal fire.

The blaze quickly grew out of control, and within a few hours had burned 5,000 acres. Errors in the initial response, compounded by the dryness of the surrounding area, led the fire to explode to 62,000 acres with 10 hours of it breaking out. It moved so quickly that residents in nearby Wildcat Canyon had no time to escape, and 12 people were killed almost instantly – with three firefighters killed a few days later. Within a day it had expanded 30 miles and 100,000 acres, and was threatening San Diego two days later. Airports in both San Diego and Los Angeles were badly disrupted by the smoke, and air travel across the country was snarled.

The Cedar Fire was finally contained on November 5, but continued to burn in some areas for another month. To the outrage of local residents, Sergio Martinez was given only supervised work and a relatively small fine.

Iron Alps Complex Fire
Date: August 2008
Cause: Lightning
Acreage burned: 108,000
Deaths: 10
A lightning strike set the Shasta-Trinity National Forest in Northern California ablaze. Since the location was fairly remote, firefighters had to be flown in via helicopter. Sadly, one of these flights crashed, killing 10 men on board and badly injuring several others. The fires in the Iron Alps complex burned for several days before being contained by firefighting crews and weather changes.

Griffith Park Fire
Date: October 1933
Cause: Unknown
Acreage burned: 47
Deaths: 29
A small fire by the standards of the huge wildfires that currently plague California, the 1933 Griffith Park fire was nonetheless the deadliest in California history. Thousands of workers were toiling to build LA’s Griffith Park, mostly clearing brush and debris. A small fire started in a pile of debris and quickly raced through hastily built firebreaks.

There were no firefighters in the area and no pumped water, so the untrained workers tried to beat the fire out with shovels and heavy cloths. This only made the blaze worse, and a botched backfire attempt pushed the fire into a canyon, where it overwhelmed a group of workers. Fire fighters finally arrived, but were hampered by the horde of untrained workers everywhere – and when it was all over, 29 people were dead, and 150 injured.

At the time, the media blamed a Communist arsonist, but the true cause of the disaster was almost certainly the incompetently set backfires meant to contain the initial fire.

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<![CDATA[15 Times the World Was Almost Completely Destroyed]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/times-the-world-almost-got-destroyed/mel-judson
These 15 times the world almost ended will shock you to the core, though they thankfully, but narrowly, missed the Earth's core. Armageddon was almost a real-life event both in the olden days of yore and in the 21st century. These near apocalypses, whether due to mechanical failures, miscommunications, natural disasters, and barely avoided cosmic and nuclear events, almost ruined everyone's day at some point in the history of the Earth.

Remember how the Mayan calendar supposedly indicated that the apocalypse was headed for us in 2012? Well, they weren't that far off. As it turns out, a solar superstorm in the summer of 2012 narrowly missed blasting planet Earth. That would've sucked. And that's just one of the many times humanity and all of Earth's creatures have escaped extinction at the last second.

In fact, our planet is no stranger to "the end is near" concerns or real apocalypses, and it wasn't just Y2K. The Black Plague possibly killed as many as 200 million human beings, and you don't even want to hear the numbers when it comes to the Spanish Flu pandemic (that bad boy hit in the early 1900s). From comets, to volcanoes, to accidentally announcing nuclear war and setting off rockets, these are the times that the End of Days was almost just around the corner.

15 Times the World Was Almost Completely Destroyed,

Cuban Missile Crises
The closest we ever came to completely annihilating human existence came during a combination of missteps in 1962. On October 25, an American air base guard activated the wrong alarm, which signaled WWIII from Wisconsin. The next day, America accidentally launched two missile tests in Russia because they had been scheduled before the Crisis began.
Simulation Confused With Reality
The movie War Games is a lot like what actually happened in 1979. The Pentagon thought 1,000 Soviet nukes were headed towards America when an Air Force officer checked out a simulation of exactly that. His computer happened to be hooked up to the mainframe in government control rooms, and the U.S. got ready to launch.
The Black Plague
One of the worst pandemics in the history of civilization, up to 200 million people were killed by the plague. The blame can likely be placed at the feet of Asian rat fleas and black rats that traveled with merchants. Not only was Europe's total population nearly cut in half, but the world population as a whole diminished substantially in the 14th century.
Spanish Flu
The 1918 influenza pandemic infected 500 million people and killed 3-5% of the entire globe's population. One of history's deadliest natural disasters killed 10-40% of those it infected and may have taken the lives of 25 million individuals over just 25 weeks. It topped the charts, killing more humans in one year than the Black Death in 100 years and killed more in 24 weeks than AIDS did in 24 years.
Yeltsin Almost Nukes America
The year was 1995 and the Cold War was over. But when Russia saw what looked exactly like a U.S. ballistic missile on its way, President Boris Yeltsin opened a briefcase with the nuclear codes for the first time. With ten minutes to figure out whether or not to nuke America, Yeltsin ultimately (and fortunately) got word that it was a science experiment he hadn't been warned about.
1950 Broken Arrow
"Broken Arrow" is a code name for a nuclear incident, which is exactly what happened in August of 1950. During the Korean War, a B-29 headed for Guam crashed at a California Air Base. The result? 5,000 pounds of explosives were detonated, 19 people died, and if the bomb had been armed with its fissile capsule, which thankfully it wasn't, potentially 100,000 people could have been killed
1961 Faded Giant
Idaho Falls almost blew itself up when an SL-1 reactor went off and caused a nuclear disaster. Emergency officials could not go into the control room because of absurdly high radiation levels. When they did, they found three victims, one of whom was pinned to the ceiling and impaled by a control rod due to the explosion.
NORAD Says Armageddon Is Nigh
In the winter of 1971, a teletype operator stuffed the wrong tape into an alert system machine. So, instead of saying "this is only a test," it said that the president of the United States was about to broadcast an emergency alert. 45 terrifying minutes later, NORAD realized their error, but one radio DJ said they were considering billing the agency "for three sets of underwear."
2012 Solar Storm
In the summer of 2012, a massive cloud of hot plasma erupted from the sun and went through our planet's orbit. Had it happened a single week earlier, Earth would have had GPS errors, radio blackouts, and fried satellites. In fact, resulting power blackouts would have been so bad that most of us would have had trouble flushing the toilet.
Comet Hyakutake
The Great Comet of 1996 was great in size but the opposite of great in potential effect. It was the closest approach to Earth of any comet in the previous 200 years. Amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake saw it approaching us, leading astronomers to notice X-rays being emitted from a comet for the first time ever.

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<![CDATA[The Best Tsunami Movies]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/best-tsunami-movie/lanayoshii
Tsunamis create vast destruction to so many communities. And they can provide great themes for disaster movies. Which tsunami-themed films are the coolest to watch?
The Best Tsunami Movies,

Atlantis: The Lost Empire

Deep Impact

The Perfect Storm

The Poseidon Adventure

Tidal Wave


The Impossible

The Tsunami and the Cherry Blossom

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<![CDATA[The Best Tornado Movies]]> http://www.ranker.com/list/best-tornado-movie/lanayoshii
Tornadoes can be terrifying. In movies, they can be even worse. Which tornado-themed films are the most enjoyable to watch?
The Best Tornado Movies,

Category 6: Day of Destruction

Category 7: The End of the World

The Day After Tomorrow

The Perfect Storm

The Wizard of Oz

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Flying Swords of Dragon Gate

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Into the Storm

Sharknado 2: The Second One

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