Canada and the Canadian Question was an 1891 book written by British-Canadian author Goldwin Smith. The book analyzes 19th-century Canada, with Smith arguing that the country was a profoundly unnatural one that had no real reason to exist. He argued that it would be far more natural for the Canadian confederation and the United States to merge into a single country, as there were few significant differences between the two peoples. He also argued that the Canadian system of government was fundamentally worse than the US model, with Canada being a far more elitist ruled country. He argued that the Canadian nation was a geographic, ethnic, economic, and political absurdity whose ultimate destiny lay in political union with the United States. Smith's analysis would later inspire a 1986 "update" by Peter Brimelow entitled The Patriot Game.