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The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper. A mature jalapeño fruit is 5–10 cm long, and is commonly picked and consumed while still green, but occasionally it is allowed to fully ripen and turn crimson red. Originating in Mexico, the jalapeño is a cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum, which usually grows as a bush about 60–120 cm tall. It is named after Xalapa, Veracruz, where it was traditionally cultivated. About 160 km² are dedicate...

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