Weird History

The Most Influential People of the Cold War 

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Originally by Ranker Community
Updated October 8, 2019 12.2k votes 2k voters 49.3k views 63 items
The Cold War was a period of confrontation between the two superpowers of the world, the United States and the Soviet Union. During the war, which simmered from 1947 to 1991, the USA and the USSR used different methods and tactics to expand their own global influence and reduce the other's. The impact and effects of this 'war' -although not a violent one - continues to have repercussions well into the 21st Century. Many politicians and political leaders played roles in the Cold War, both from the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies) and the Eastern Bloc (including USA and members of NATO). Among them, which people were the most important?
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26
Konrad Adenauer is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 91 (1876-1967) from Cologne, Germany
27
Helmut Kohl is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Age 88 from Ludwigshafen, Germany

Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (German: [ˈhɛlmʊt ˈkoːl]; born 3 April 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. He served as Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 (of West Germany 1982–90 and of the reunited Germany 1990–98) and as the chairman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 1973 to 1998.

His 16-year tenure was the longest of any German chancellor since Otto von Bismarck, and oversaw the end of the Cold War. Kohl is widely regarded as the main architect of the German reunification, and together with French president François Mitterrand, he is also considered the architect of the Maastricht Treaty, which established the European Union.[1]

Kohl and Mitterrand were the joint recipients of the Charlemagne Prize in 1988.[2] In 1996, he won the prestigious Prince of Asturias Award in International Cooperation.[3] In 1998, Kohl was named Honorary Citizen of Europe by the European heads of state or government for his extraordinary work for European integration and cooperation, an honour previously only bestowed on Jean Monnet.[4]

Kohl was described as "the greatest European leader of the second half of the 20th century" by U.S. Presidents George H. W. Bush[5] and Bill Clinton.[6]

28
Vladimir Lenin is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 54 (1870-1924) from Ulyanovsk, Russia
29
Indira Gandhi is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
outlel added Dec. at 67 (1917-1984) from Allahabad, India
30
Pelé is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
vascaino123ful added Age 75 from Três Corações, Brazil
31
Charles de Gaulle is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
RobLein added Age 70 from Dijon, France
32
Robert McNamara is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 93 (1916-2009) from California, United States of America
33
Chiang Kai-shek is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 88 (1887-1975) from Xikou, China
34
Lech Wałęsa is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
null98Jeff added Age 75 from Popowo, Gmina Tłuchowo, Poland
35
Yuri Andropov is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 70 (1914-1984) from Stavropol, Russia
36
Zbigniew Brzezinski is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Age 90 from Warsaw, Second Polish Republic
37
Helmut Schmidt is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Age 100 from Hamburg, Germany
Helmut Schmidt was born in Hamburg in 1918, the only son of two teachers, Ludovica (born Koch) and Gustav Ludwig Schmidt.[2] Schmidt studied at Hamburg Lichtwark School, graduating in 1937. Schmidt's father was the illegitimate son of a German Jewish businessman, although this was kept a family secret for many years.[3][4] This was confirmed publicly by Helmut Schmidt in 1984, after Valéry Giscard d'Estaing revealed the fact to journalists, apparently with Schmidt's assent. Schmidt himself is a non-practising Lutherian.
 Concerned about the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the Soviet superiority regarding missiles in Central Europe, Schmidt issued proposals resulting in the NATO Double-Track Decision concerning the deployment of medium-range nuclear missiles in Western Europe should the Soviets not disarm. He was re-elected as chancellor in November 1980. In October 1981, Schmidt was fitted with a cardiac pacemaker. 
38
John Foster Dulles is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 71 (1888-1959) from Washington, D.C., United States of America
39
Willy Brandt is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 79 (1913-1992) from Lübeck, Germany
40
Deng Xiaoping is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 93 (1904-1997) from Guang'an, China
41
Gamal Abdel Nasser is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 52 (1918-1970) from Alexandria, Egypt
42
Gerald Ford is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 93 (1913-2006) from Omaha, Nebraska, United States of America
43
George F. Kennan is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 101 (1904-2005) from Milwaukee, Wisconsin
44
Walter Ulbricht is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 80 (1893-1973) from Leipzig, Germany
45
Boris Yeltsin is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
RobLein added Dec. at 76 (1931-2007) from Butka, Russia, Russia
46
J. Edgar Hoover is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
null98Jeff added Dec. at 77 (1895-1972) from Washington, D.C., United States of America
47
Francis Gary Powers is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
RobLein added Dec. at 48 (1929-1977) from Jenkins, Kentucky
48
Subhash Chandra Bose is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
baishampayan-dasz added Dec. at 48 (1897-1945) from Cuttack, India
49
Vyacheslav Molotov is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
Dec. at 96 (1890-1986) from Sovetsk, Russia
50
Curtis LeMay is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list The Most Influential People of the Cold War
johannes-vaneyck added Dec. at 84 (1906-1990) from Columbus, Ohio, United States of America