List of Olympic gold medal winners from the 1956 Summer Olympics, listed alphabetically with photos when available. There was a lot of intense competition at the 1956 Summer Olympics, so these athletes who took home a gold medal should certainly be commended. These famous gold medal winning athletes all competed in their own particular event at the 1956 Summer Olympics, but what they all have in common is that they were able to rise above their competition and take home a medal for their country. Examples of athletes on this list include Betty Cuthbert and Boris Shakhlin.This list answers the question, "Which athletes won a gold medal at the 1956 Summer Olympics?" Every historic Olympic competitor from the 1956 Summer Olympics competed bravely, but only the ones on this list were lucky enough to win a gold medal.