Military

List Of Mediterranean Theatre of World War II Battles

Reference
Updated October 13, 2018 4k views 48 items

List of every major Mediterranean Theatre of World War II battle, including photos, images, or maps of the most famous Mediterranean Theatre of World War II battles when available. While it is not a comprehensive list of all skirmishes, conflicts, or battles that took place in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II, we have tried to include as many military events and actions as possible. All the battles on this Mediterranean Theatre of World War II list are currently listed alphabetically, but if you want to find a specific battle you can search for it by using the "search". Information about these Mediterranean Theatre of World War II battles are included below as well, such as their specific locations and who was involved in the fight.

Examples of battles on this list: Second Battle of El Alamein, North African Campaign and more.
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Battle of Alam el Halfa ... is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list List Of Mediterranean Theatre of World War II Battles
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/Public domain

The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between 30 August and 5 September 1942 south of El Alamein during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War. Panzerarmee Afrika—a German-Italian force commanded by Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel—attempted an envelopment of the British Eighth Army, commanded by Bernard Montgomery. In the last major Axis offensive of the Western Desert Campaign, Rommel had planned to defeat the British Eighth Army before Allied reinforcements made an Axis victory in Africa impossible. Montgomery, who had been forewarned of Rommel′s intentions by Ultra intelligence intercepts, left a gap in the southern sector of the front, knowing that Rommel planned to ...more on Wikipedia

Locations: El Alamein, Egypt

Part of: Middle East Theatre of World War II, Western Desert Campaign, North African Campaign, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

Combatants: Kingdom of Italy, United Kingdom, Nazi Germany, New Zealand

Commanders: Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Erwin Rommel

Battle of Bir Hakeim is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list List Of Mediterranean Theatre of World War II Battles
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/GNU Free Documentation License

Bir Hakeim is an oasis in the Libyan desert and the site of a former Ottoman Empire fort. During the Battle of Gazala, the 1st Free French Brigade of Général de brigade Marie Pierre Kœnig defended the site, from 26 May – 11 June against much larger German and Italian forces, commanded by Generaloberst Erwin Rommel. The battle was later used for propaganda purposes by all involved parties. Tobruk was taken ten days later by Panzerarmee Afrika but the delay imposed on the Axis offensive by the defence of the fortress, influenced the cancellation of Operation Herkules, the planned invasion of Malta. Rommel continued to advance against delaying actions by the British until halted at the First ...more on Wikipedia

Locations: Libya

Part of: Western Desert Campaign, World War II, Battle of Gazala, North African Campaign, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

Combatants: Kingdom of Italy, Nazi Germany, Free French

Commanders: Erwin Rommel

Battle of Calabria is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list List Of Mediterranean Theatre of World War II Battles
Photo: Metaweb (FB)/Public domain

The Battle of Calabria, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in World War II. It was fought between the Italian Royal Navy and the British Royal Navy and the Royal Australian Navy. The battle occurred 30 miles to the east of Punta Stilo, the "toe" of Italy, on 9 July 1940. It was one of the few pitched battles of the Mediterranean campaign during World War II involving large numbers of ships on both sides. Both sides claimed victory, but in fact the battle was a draw and everyone returned to their bases as soon as possible. After the battle the Allies claimed to have achieved some sort of "moral ascendancy" over the Italian Navy; conversely, the Italian propaganda ...more on Wikipedia

Locations: Mediterranean Sea

Part of: World War II, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

Combatants: Kingdom of Italy, United Kingdom, Australia

Commanders: Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope

The naval Battle of Cape Bon took place on December 13, 1941 during the Second World War, between two Italian light cruisers and an Allied destroyer flotilla off Cape Bon, Tunisia. The loss of the two cruisers was a serious setback for the Regia Marina. ...more on Wikipedia

Locations: Mediterranean Sea

Part of: World War II, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

Combatants: Kingdom of Italy, Netherlands, United Kingdom