List of diseases that include back pain as a symptom. Any major, well-known medical conditions associated with back pain are included below, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Any maladies, sicknesses or illnesses with back pain as a symptom can be seen below. For any real, further diagnosis of something you feel you might have, please consult a doctor. This list includes information about each disease, such as what risks are associated with it. Examples include Osteoporosis and Yellow fever.This list answers the questions, "What risks are associated with back pain?" and "What disease can I have if I have back pain?"