Since the days of Straight Out Of Compton, West Coast hip-hop has been characterized by mainstream media and the unlearned as all gangsta rap. In fact, California's contribution to hip hop does not begin and end with N.W.A. and Too $hort.
Those who know better understand that since the early-mid 1980’s rappers, DJ’s and producers from Bay Area to Los Angeles have been making a wide variety of rap music including social-conscious hip hop that attacks every day issues. There are a plethora of artists who spit knowledge in their bars about politics, community and other issues. Here are ten of the best conscious MC’s from the left coast.
After Ice Cube left N.W.A., the LA MC began dropping more socially aware bars in his songs, starting with Amerikkka’s Most Wanted. This made perfect sense given Cube’s new creative freedom and his alignment with Public Enemy and their production partners The Bomb Squad. It wasn’t until Kill at Will that we really heard Cube tackle the plight of Black America head on with songs like “Endangered Species,” “The Product” and “Dead Homiez.” With Death Certificate, Cube balanced socially conscious bars with hood tales like no one else before him and very few after.
Kendrick Lamar is the most popular conscious rapper alive today. Much like 2Pac, the Compton native balances street tales, braggadocios bars with socially relevant lyrics. The artist formerly known as K. Dot began his career rapping about things he hadn’t experienced, but quickly realized that being true is what worked for him as an artist. Since the Kendrick Lamar EP was released, the now superstar has upped the ante with each release, both musically and stylistically. From “Keisha’s Song” to “Humble,” he has covered all of the societal ill that his peers are faced with on a daily. As far as transparency and artistry are concerned, Kendrick is the closest thing we have to Pac today.
Tupac could be considered a gangsta rapper, conscious rapper, political rapper, poet, actor and/or activist. That is the beauty of his artistry. Being the son of a Black Panther, Pac has always mixed in socially relevant lyrics and songs in his projects. Hell, before the baggy jeans and bandanas, he was introduced to the world wearing traditional African garb in the “Same Song” video. Shakur was able to touch people’s souls because of the passion and honesty he put into his most meaningful songs. He was adept at discussing police brutality (“Trapped”), relationships between men and women in the black community (“Keep Your Head Up”) and hopelessness (“Brenda’s Got a Baby”) with equal fervor, which makes him, perhaps the greatest of all-time.
Before Boots Riley caught Hollywood’s attention with his film Sorry to Bother You, he was the leader of the anti-establishment, hella revolutionary outfit The Coup. Since debuting in 1993, the band has undergone a few lineup changes with Boots and the recently deceased Pam the Funkstress being the mainstays. Despite the roster moves, they have maintained the same message of anti-capitalism and revolution. One of the groups strongest aspects is their storytelling. Check out the masterful “Me and Jesus the Pimp in a ’79 Grenada Last Night” and "Fat Cats and Bigga Fish” for proof.